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¡¡¡¡ChinesescientistshaveidentifiedthesecretofbatsthatharborhighlypathogenicviruseslikeEbola,MarburgandSARScoronavirusbutdonotshowclinicalsignsofdisease.InapaperpublishedonThursdayinthejournalCellHostMicrobe,scientistsattheWuhanInstituteofVirologyinChinafindthatinbats,anantiviralimmunepathwaycalledtheSTING-interferonpathwayisdampened,sobatscanmaintainjustenoughdefenseagainstillnesswithouttriggeringaheightenedimmunereaction."Webelievethereisabalancebetweenbatsandthepathogenstheycarry,"saidthepaper'sseniorauthorZhouPeng."Thisworkdemonstratedthatinordertomaintainabalancewithviruses,batsmayhaveevolvedtodampencertainpathways,"Zhousaid.Accordingtoresearchers,inhumansandothermammals,animmune-basedover-responsetooneoftheseandotherpathogenicvirusescantriggersevereillness.Forexample,inhumans,anactivatedSTINGpathwayislinkedwithsevereautoimmunediseases."Inhumanhistory,wehavebeenchasinginfectiousdiseasesoneafteranother,"saidZhou,"Butbatsappeartobea'super-mammal'tothesedeadlyviruses."ByidentifyingaweakenedbutnotdefunctSTINGpathwayinbats,researchershavesomenewinsightintohowbatsfine-tuneantiviraldefensestobalanceaneffective,butnotanovert,responseagainstviruses.Theyhypothesizethatthisdefensestrategyevolvedaspartofthreeinterconnectedfeaturesofbatbiology:theyareflyingmammals,havealonglifespan,andhostalargeviralreservoir."AdaptationtoflightlikelycausedpositiveselectionofmultiplebatinnateimmuneandDNAdamagerepairgenes,"Zhousaid.TheseadaptationsmayhaveshapedcertainantiviralpathwaysincludingSTING,interferontomakethemgoodviralreservoirhostsandachieveatolerablebalance.ZhoutoldXinhuathatthestudyhasprovidedapossibilitythatpeoplecanlearnfrombatsincombatingvirusalthoughwhetherthismechanismcanbedirectlyusedinhumansisstillunknown.¡¡¡¡ChinesescientistshaveidentifiedthesecretofbatsthatharborhighlypathogenicviruseslikeEbola,MarburgandSARScoronavirusbutdonotshowclinicalsignsofdisease.InapaperpublishedonThursdayinthejournalCellHostMicrobe,scientistsattheWuhanInstituteofVirologyinChinafindthatinbats,anantiviralimmunepathwaycalledtheSTING-interferonpathwayisdampened,sobatscanmaintainjustenoughdefenseagainstillnesswithouttriggeringaheightenedimmunereaction."Webelievethereisabalancebetweenbatsandthepathogenstheycarry,"saidthepaper'sseniorauthorZhouPeng."Thisworkdemonstratedthatinordertomaintainabalancewithviruses,batsmayhaveevolvedtodampencertainpathways,"Zhousaid.Accordingtoresearchers,inhumansandothermammals,animmune-basedover-responsetooneoftheseandotherpathogenicvirusescantriggersevereillness.Forexample,inhumans,anactivatedSTINGpathwayislinkedwithsevereautoimmunediseases."Inhumanhistory,wehavebeenchasinginfectiousdiseasesoneafteranother,"saidZhou,"Butbatsappeartobea'super-mammal'tothesedeadlyviruses."ByidentifyingaweakenedbutnotdefunctSTINGpathwayinbats,researchershavesomenewinsightintohowbatsfine-tuneantiviraldefensestobalanceaneffective,butnotanovert,responseagainstviruses.Theyhypothesizethatthisdefensestrategyevolvedaspartofthreeinterconnectedfeaturesofbatbiology:theyareflyingmammals,havealonglifespan,andhostalargeviralreservoir."AdaptationtoflightlikelycausedpositiveselectionofmultiplebatinnateimmuneandDNAdamagerepairgenes,"Zhousaid.TheseadaptationsmayhaveshapedcertainantiviralpathwaysincludingSTING,interferontomakethemgoodviralreservoirhostsandachieveatolerablebalance.ZhoutoldXinhuathatthestudyhasprovidedapossibilitythatpeoplecanlearnfrombatsincombatingvirusalthoughwhetherthismechanismcanbedirectlyusedinhumansisstillunknown.¡¡¡¡GovernmentstillsupportslegaloutboundinvestmentChina'scross-bordercapitalflowswerestableandbalancedinthefirsthalfofthisyear,"thebestphaseinnearlythreeyears,"whileindividualsdevelopedanincreasedawarenessofhowtouseforeigncurrencylegally,theStateAdministrationofForeignExchange(SAFE)announcedatapressconferenceonThursday.Domesticindividuals'desiretoholdforeigncurrencyhasbeendecreasingingeneral.Inthefirsthalfof2017,individualpurchasesofforeigncurrencyslumpedby4percentyear-on-year,comparedwith14percentgrowthinthesameperiodlastyear,WangChunying,aspokespersonoftheSAFE,saidattheconference.Wangdidn'tdisclosetheexactamountofforeigncurrencypurchasedbyindividualsduringtheperiod.Domesticresidents'foreigncurrencyholdingsfell.7billionyear-on-yearinthefirstsixmonthsthisyear,Wangsaid.LiuXuezhi,asenioranalystatBankofCommunications,saidthatthefiguresshowedtheeffortsofthegovernment'sintensifiedmanagementofthecurrentaccountinrecentmonths.Thecurrentaccountincludesthebalanceoftradeandnettransferpaymentslikethoseinvolvingtourism."Somepeopletransferredmoneyabroadtoengageinoverseasinvestment(inearlierperiods),whichincreasedthepressureofcapitaloutflows.Butthisphenomenoneasedalotafterthegovernmentlaunchedaguidelineinearly2017thatbannedindividualsfromacquiringforeigncurrencytobuypropertiesorinvestinsecuritiesonoffshoremarkets,"LiutoldtheGlobalTimesonThursday.Inthefirstsixmonthsof2017,domesticbankssoldforeignexchangeworth5.95trillionyuan(9billion)andbought5.31trillionyuanworthofforeigncurrency.Chinesebanks'netforeignexchangesettlementdeficitreached.8billion,down46percentonayearlybasis,accordingtodatarevealedbyWangfromtheSAFE.Thesupply-demandbalanceintheforeigncurrencymarkethelpedChina'sforeigncurrencyreservestocontinuerising.AsoftheendofJune,reservesreached.06trillion,up.3billioncomparedwiththeendof2016.Itwasthefifthconsecutivemonthlygaininthereserves.Wangsaidthatcapitaloutflowsvianon-bankinginstitutionsdecreasedalot,whichmeansthatChinahascontinuedtoemergefromthe"shadows"involvingcapitaloutflowsthathoveredoverthenationaround2016.ZhouYu,directoroftheResearchCenterofInternationalFinanceattheShanghaiAcademyofSocialSciences,saidthatapartfromgovernmentmanagement,otherfactorsliketheweakeningdollarandtheimprovingdomesticeconomyhavealsohelpedstabilizetheforeigncurrencymarket.TheUSDollarIndexhaddroppedfrom102attheendof2016to95asof5:56pmBeijingtimeonThursday.China'sGDPgrew6.9percentinthefirsthalfof2017,comparedwith6.8percentgrowthinthefourthquarterof2016."ButIdon'tthinkthatwecancompletelyletourguarddownaboutfuturecapitaloutflows,becausethedollarmightstrengthenagainandtheimpactoftheslumpingrealestatesectoronthedomesticeconomymightbecomeevidentlaterthisyear,"ZhoutoldtheGlobalTimesonThursday.Liusaidthat"instabilityfactors"inChina'sforeigncurrencymarket,suchasdomesticeconomicinstabilityorexternalpressurefromastrongerdollar,aredecreasingandtheforeigncurrencysituationwillimprovefurther.WangnotedthattheSAFE'spolicyinvolvingcurrencymovementshasbeenconsistent,anditwillinsistuponsupportinglegaloutbounddirectinvestmentandpromotingtheconvenienceofoverseastradeandinvestmentwhilebeingalerttopossibleinvestmentrisks.AccordingtoLiu,thegovernmentshouldconsidereasingitsgriponforeigncurrencymanagement,sincethepressureofcapitaloutflowshaseased.Healsosaidthatmeasuresshouldbetakentowardreformsinvolvingthecapitalaccountsuchasspeedingupthebondconnectprogram.¡¡¡¡

¡¡¡¡PoliticalsympathyfromEuropewithIran'snucleardealis"notenough"andtheyshouldtakemore"practicalsteps"toguaranteeIran'seconomicinterestsfromthedeal,IranianForeignMinisterMohammadJavadZarifsaidonSunday."WiththeexitoftheUnitedStatesfromthenuclearagreement,expectationsfromthetheEuropeanUnion(EU)topreservetheachievementsofthedealarehigh,"ZarifmadetheremarksinameetingwiththevisitingEU'sEnergyChiefMiguelAriasCanete."Underthecurrentcircumstances,politicalsupportofEuropetothenukedealisnotsufficient,"Zarifsaid."EUshouldtakefurtherpracticalstepstocontinueeconomiccooperationwithIran,"hesaid,addingthat"EUshouldboostinvestmentsinIran."HeexpresseddoubtthatEurope'scommitmenttoimplementingthedeal,knownasJointComprehensivePlanofAction(JCPOA),isincontradictionwiththewithdrawalofmajorEuropeancompaniesfromIran'sprojectsaftertheUnitedStatespulledout.Forhispart,CanetesaidthatfollowingtheU.S.exitfromthedeal,EuropeanshaveunifiedtosavetheJCPOA.ThepoliticalresolveoftheEUistoimplementtheJCPOAandtocontinuethecooperationbetweenEuropeancompaniesandtheIslamicrepublic,hesaid.TheU.S.exitfromthedealhascausedproblemstoEurope,however,theEU'smessageistoprotecttheaccordanditsimplementation,headded.Earlierintheday,firstViceSpeakeroftheIranianParliamentAliMotahharisaidthatIraniangovernmentissatisfiedwiththerecenttalkswithitsEuropeanpartnersoverpreservingthenucleardealandsecuringIran'sinterests.Iran'sforeignministerandhisnegotiationteamexpressedtheirsatisfactiononSunday,butsaidthat"everythingdependsontheresultsofthetalksinthenextweeks,"MotahhariwasquotedassayingbyofficialIRNAnewsagency.Motahharimadetheremarksonthesidelinesofaparliamentmeeting,whereZarifbriefedthelawmakersontheongoingtalkswithFrance,Germany,BritainandtheEUForeignPolicyChiefFedericaMogherinioverthefateofthenucleardealafterU.S.withdrawalfromit."ThestepsthattheEuropeanshavetakeninthisregardsofarareacceptable,"headded.OnSaturday,HeadoftheAtomicEnergyOrganizationofIran(AEOI)AliAkbarSalehiurgedtheEuropeancountriestoremaincommittedtotheirpromisesintheIranian2015nucleardeal.SalehiexpressedhopethattheEUfulfillitspledgestosecureIran'sinterests,whichweremadeintherecentmeetingswiththeIraniandelegationinBrussels.SalehimadetheremarksinthejointpressconferencewiththevisitingEU'senergychief.TheEU'seffortstosavethenuclearcontractshowthatthedealisaveryimportantagreementfortheregionandtheworld,Salehisaid.However,iftheEuropeansfailtoundertaketheirobligations,Iranhastopressaheadwithitspeacefulnucleardevelopmentwithfulldetermination,hesaid.TheIranianofficialnotedthattheEUandtheIranianauthoritieshavealsodiscussedtoreplaceU.S.dollarwitheurointheirtradetransactions,andthattheEUhastakeninitialstepsinthisregard.TheU.S.pulloutfromtheIraniannuclearagreement,oncemore,provedtotheworldthatWashingtonisnotreliableinundertakingitsinternationalresponsibilities,saidSalehi.U.S.exitfromthedealmaycausesomeproblems,butitwillnotcauseseriousones,hestressed.Also,Canetestressedthatpreservingthenucleardealisofsignificancetoglobalandregionalpeace.EUhassentamessagetotheIranianfriendsthataslongastheysticktotheagreement,theEuropeanswillremaincommittedtoit,Canetesaid,addingthattheEUblochopestoboosttradewithIran.Besides,Iran'sPetroleumMinisterBijanNamdarZanganehsaidonSaturdaythatIran'soilexportswillnotbeaffectediftheEUrefrainsfromfollowingtheUnitedStatesinimposingneweconomicpressuresontheIslamicrepublic."TheU.S.decisiontowithdrawfromthenucleardealwouldnotaffectIran'soilexportsifEUcouldsalvagethedeal,"ZanganehtoldreportersafterhismeetingwithCanete.TheIranianministercalledforOPECmemberstatestoremainunitedintheirupcomingdecisiontosecuremembers'interestsandmarketstability.U.S.PresidentDonaldTrumpdecidedonMay8toquitIran'snucleardealandvowedtore-imposesanctions,includingoilembargo,onTehran.CanetesaidSaturdaythat"wewillhavetoaskfor(sanction)waivers,forcarve-outsforthe(European)companiesthatmakeinvestments."Besides,SalehisaidthathediscussedreapplyingEuropeanlawof"theblockingstatute"withCaneteonSaturday.IranpushestheEUfortherevivalof"theblockingstatute"whichisa1996regulationthatprohibitsEUcompaniesandcourtsfromcomplyingwithforeignsanctionslawsandstipulatesthatnoforeigncourtjudgmentsbasedontheselawshaveanyeffectintheEU.CanetearrivedinTehranonFridayforatwo-dayvisittoreassureIranthattheEUwantstokeepopentradeandcooperationwithIrandespitetheU.S.decisiontopullout.¡¡¡¡GovernmentstillsupportslegaloutboundinvestmentChina'scross-bordercapitalflowswerestableandbalancedinthefirsthalfofthisyear,"thebestphaseinnearlythreeyears,"whileindividualsdevelopedanincreasedawarenessofhowtouseforeigncurrencylegally,theStateAdministrationofForeignExchange(SAFE)announcedatapressconferenceonThursday.Domesticindividuals'desiretoholdforeigncurrencyhasbeendecreasingingeneral.Inthefirsthalfof2017,individualpurchasesofforeigncurrencyslumpedby4percentyear-on-year,comparedwith14percentgrowthinthesameperiodlastyear,WangChunying,aspokespersonoftheSAFE,saidattheconference.Wangdidn'tdisclosetheexactamountofforeigncurrencypurchasedbyindividualsduringtheperiod.Domesticresidents'foreigncurrencyholdingsfell.7billionyear-on-yearinthefirstsixmonthsthisyear,Wangsaid.LiuXuezhi,asenioranalystatBankofCommunications,saidthatthefiguresshowedtheeffortsofthegovernment'sintensifiedmanagementofthecurrentaccountinrecentmonths.Thecurrentaccountincludesthebalanceoftradeandnettransferpaymentslikethoseinvolvingtourism."Somepeopletransferredmoneyabroadtoengageinoverseasinvestment(inearlierperiods),whichincreasedthepressureofcapitaloutflows.Butthisphenomenoneasedalotafterthegovernmentlaunchedaguidelineinearly2017thatbannedindividualsfromacquiringforeigncurrencytobuypropertiesorinvestinsecuritiesonoffshoremarkets,"LiutoldtheGlobalTimesonThursday.Inthefirstsixmonthsof2017,domesticbankssoldforeignexchangeworth5.95trillionyuan(9billion)andbought5.31trillionyuanworthofforeigncurrency.Chinesebanks'netforeignexchangesettlementdeficitreached.8billion,down46percentonayearlybasis,accordingtodatarevealedbyWangfromtheSAFE.Thesupply-demandbalanceintheforeigncurrencymarkethelpedChina'sforeigncurrencyreservestocontinuerising.AsoftheendofJune,reservesreached.06trillion,up.3billioncomparedwiththeendof2016.Itwasthefifthconsecutivemonthlygaininthereserves.Wangsaidthatcapitaloutflowsvianon-bankinginstitutionsdecreasedalot,whichmeansthatChinahascontinuedtoemergefromthe"shadows"involvingcapitaloutflowsthathoveredoverthenationaround2016.ZhouYu,directoroftheResearchCenterofInternationalFinanceattheShanghaiAcademyofSocialSciences,saidthatapartfromgovernmentmanagement,otherfactorsliketheweakeningdollarandtheimprovingdomesticeconomyhavealsohelpedstabilizetheforeigncurrencymarket.TheUSDollarIndexhaddroppedfrom102attheendof2016to95asof5:56pmBeijingtimeonThursday.China'sGDPgrew6.9percentinthefirsthalfof2017,comparedwith6.8percentgrowthinthefourthquarterof2016."ButIdon'tthinkthatwecancompletelyletourguarddownaboutfuturecapitaloutflows,becausethedollarmightstrengthenagainandtheimpactoftheslumpingrealestatesectoronthedomesticeconomymightbecomeevidentlaterthisyear,"ZhoutoldtheGlobalTimesonThursday.Liusaidthat"instabilityfactors"inChina'sforeigncurrencymarket,suchasdomesticeconomicinstabilityorexternalpressurefromastrongerdollar,aredecreasingandtheforeigncurrencysituationwillimprovefurther.WangnotedthattheSAFE'spolicyinvolvingcurrencymovementshasbeenconsistent,anditwillinsistuponsupportinglegaloutbounddirectinvestmentandpromotingtheconvenienceofoverseastradeandinvestmentwhilebeingalerttopossibleinvestmentrisks.AccordingtoLiu,thegovernmentshouldconsidereasingitsgriponforeigncurrencymanagement,sincethepressureofcapitaloutflowshaseased.Healsosaidthatmeasuresshouldbetakentowardreformsinvolvingthecapitalaccountsuchasspeedingupthebondconnectprogram.¡¡¡¡PoliticalsympathyfromEuropewithIran'snucleardealis"notenough"andtheyshouldtakemore"practicalsteps"toguaranteeIran'seconomicinterestsfromthedeal,IranianForeignMinisterMohammadJavadZarifsaidonSunday."WiththeexitoftheUnitedStatesfromthenuclearagreement,expectationsfromthetheEuropeanUnion(EU)topreservetheachievementsofthedealarehigh,"ZarifmadetheremarksinameetingwiththevisitingEU'sEnergyChiefMiguelAriasCanete."Underthecurrentcircumstances,politicalsupportofEuropetothenukedealisnotsufficient,"Zarifsaid."EUshouldtakefurtherpracticalstepstocontinueeconomiccooperationwithIran,"hesaid,addingthat"EUshouldboostinvestmentsinIran."HeexpresseddoubtthatEurope'scommitmenttoimplementingthedeal,knownasJointComprehensivePlanofAction(JCPOA),isincontradictionwiththewithdrawalofmajorEuropeancompaniesfromIran'sprojectsaftertheUnitedStatespulledout.Forhispart,CanetesaidthatfollowingtheU.S.exitfromthedeal,EuropeanshaveunifiedtosavetheJCPOA.ThepoliticalresolveoftheEUistoimplementtheJCPOAandtocontinuethecooperationbetweenEuropeancompaniesandtheIslamicrepublic,hesaid.TheU.S.exitfromthedealhascausedproblemstoEurope,however,theEU'smessageistoprotecttheaccordanditsimplementation,headded.Earlierintheday,firstViceSpeakeroftheIranianParliamentAliMotahharisaidthatIraniangovernmentissatisfiedwiththerecenttalkswithitsEuropeanpartnersoverpreservingthenucleardealandsecuringIran'sinterests.Iran'sforeignministerandhisnegotiationteamexpressedtheirsatisfactiononSunday,butsaidthat"everythingdependsontheresultsofthetalksinthenextweeks,"MotahhariwasquotedassayingbyofficialIRNAnewsagency.Motahharimadetheremarksonthesidelinesofaparliamentmeeting,whereZarifbriefedthelawmakersontheongoingtalkswithFrance,Germany,BritainandtheEUForeignPolicyChiefFedericaMogherinioverthefateofthenucleardealafterU.S.withdrawalfromit."ThestepsthattheEuropeanshavetakeninthisregardsofarareacceptable,"headded.OnSaturday,HeadoftheAtomicEnergyOrganizationofIran(AEOI)AliAkbarSalehiurgedtheEuropeancountriestoremaincommittedtotheirpromisesintheIranian2015nucleardeal.SalehiexpressedhopethattheEUfulfillitspledgestosecureIran'sinterests,whichweremadeintherecentmeetingswiththeIraniandelegationinBrussels.SalehimadetheremarksinthejointpressconferencewiththevisitingEU'senergychief.TheEU'seffortstosavethenuclearcontractshowthatthedealisaveryimportantagreementfortheregionandtheworld,Salehisaid.However,iftheEuropeansfailtoundertaketheirobligations,Iranhastopressaheadwithitspeacefulnucleardevelopmentwithfulldetermination,hesaid.TheIranianofficialnotedthattheEUandtheIranianauthoritieshavealsodiscussedtoreplaceU.S.dollarwitheurointheirtradetransactions,andthattheEUhastakeninitialstepsinthisregard.TheU.S.pulloutfromtheIraniannuclearagreement,oncemore,provedtotheworldthatWashingtonisnotreliableinundertakingitsinternationalresponsibilities,saidSalehi.U.S.exitfromthedealmaycausesomeproblems,butitwillnotcauseseriousones,hestressed.Also,Canetestressedthatpreservingthenucleardealisofsignificancetoglobalandregionalpeace.EUhassentamessagetotheIranianfriendsthataslongastheysticktotheagreement,theEuropeanswillremaincommittedtoit,Canetesaid,addingthattheEUblochopestoboosttradewithIran.Besides,Iran'sPetroleumMinisterBijanNamdarZanganehsaidonSaturdaythatIran'soilexportswillnotbeaffectediftheEUrefrainsfromfollowingtheUnitedStatesinimposingneweconomicpressuresontheIslamicrepublic."TheU.S.decisiontowithdrawfromthenucleardealwouldnotaffectIran'soilexportsifEUcouldsalvagethedeal,"ZanganehtoldreportersafterhismeetingwithCanete.TheIranianministercalledforOPECmemberstatestoremainunitedintheirupcomingdecisiontosecuremembers'interestsandmarketstability.U.S.PresidentDonaldTrumpdecidedonMay8toquitIran'snucleardealandvowedtore-imposesanctions,includingoilembargo,onTehran.CanetesaidSaturdaythat"wewillhavetoaskfor(sanction)waivers,forcarve-outsforthe(European)companiesthatmakeinvestments."Besides,SalehisaidthathediscussedreapplyingEuropeanlawof"theblockingstatute"withCaneteonSaturday.IranpushestheEUfortherevivalof"theblockingstatute"whichisa1996regulationthatprohibitsEUcompaniesandcourtsfromcomplyingwithforeignsanctionslawsandstipulatesthatnoforeigncourtjudgmentsbasedontheselawshaveanyeffectintheEU.CanetearrivedinTehranonFridayforatwo-dayvisittoreassureIranthattheEUwantstokeepopentradeandcooperationwithIrandespitetheU.S.decisiontopullout.¡¡¡¡

¡¡¡¡PoliticalsympathyfromEuropewithIran'snucleardealis"notenough"andtheyshouldtakemore"practicalsteps"toguaranteeIran'seconomicinterestsfromthedeal,IranianForeignMinisterMohammadJavadZarifsaidonSunday."WiththeexitoftheUnitedStatesfromthenuclearagreement,expectationsfromthetheEuropeanUnion(EU)topreservetheachievementsofthedealarehigh,"ZarifmadetheremarksinameetingwiththevisitingEU'sEnergyChiefMiguelAriasCanete."Underthecurrentcircumstances,politicalsupportofEuropetothenukedealisnotsufficient,"Zarifsaid."EUshouldtakefurtherpracticalstepstocontinueeconomiccooperationwithIran,"hesaid,addingthat"EUshouldboostinvestmentsinIran."HeexpresseddoubtthatEurope'scommitmenttoimplementingthedeal,knownasJointComprehensivePlanofAction(JCPOA),isincontradictionwiththewithdrawalofmajorEuropeancompaniesfromIran'sprojectsaftertheUnitedStatespulledout.Forhispart,CanetesaidthatfollowingtheU.S.exitfromthedeal,EuropeanshaveunifiedtosavetheJCPOA.ThepoliticalresolveoftheEUistoimplementtheJCPOAandtocontinuethecooperationbetweenEuropeancompaniesandtheIslamicrepublic,hesaid.TheU.S.exitfromthedealhascausedproblemstoEurope,however,theEU'smessageistoprotecttheaccordanditsimplementation,headded.Earlierintheday,firstViceSpeakeroftheIranianParliamentAliMotahharisaidthatIraniangovernmentissatisfiedwiththerecenttalkswithitsEuropeanpartnersoverpreservingthenucleardealandsecuringIran'sinterests.Iran'sforeignministerandhisnegotiationteamexpressedtheirsatisfactiononSunday,butsaidthat"everythingdependsontheresultsofthetalksinthenextweeks,"MotahhariwasquotedassayingbyofficialIRNAnewsagency.Motahharimadetheremarksonthesidelinesofaparliamentmeeting,whereZarifbriefedthelawmakersontheongoingtalkswithFrance,Germany,BritainandtheEUForeignPolicyChiefFedericaMogherinioverthefateofthenucleardealafterU.S.withdrawalfromit."ThestepsthattheEuropeanshavetakeninthisregardsofarareacceptable,"headded.OnSaturday,HeadoftheAtomicEnergyOrganizationofIran(AEOI)AliAkbarSalehiurgedtheEuropeancountriestoremaincommittedtotheirpromisesintheIranian2015nucleardeal.SalehiexpressedhopethattheEUfulfillitspledgestosecureIran'sinterests,whichweremadeintherecentmeetingswiththeIraniandelegationinBrussels.SalehimadetheremarksinthejointpressconferencewiththevisitingEU'senergychief.TheEU'seffortstosavethenuclearcontractshowthatthedealisaveryimportantagreementfortheregionandtheworld,Salehisaid.However,iftheEuropeansfailtoundertaketheirobligations,Iranhastopressaheadwithitspeacefulnucleardevelopmentwithfulldetermination,hesaid.TheIranianofficialnotedthattheEUandtheIranianauthoritieshavealsodiscussedtoreplaceU.S.dollarwitheurointheirtradetransactions,andthattheEUhastakeninitialstepsinthisregard.TheU.S.pulloutfromtheIraniannuclearagreement,oncemore,provedtotheworldthatWashingtonisnotreliableinundertakingitsinternationalresponsibilities,saidSalehi.U.S.exitfromthedealmaycausesomeproblems,butitwillnotcauseseriousones,hestressed.Also,Canetestressedthatpreservingthenucleardealisofsignificancetoglobalandregionalpeace.EUhassentamessagetotheIranianfriendsthataslongastheysticktotheagreement,theEuropeanswillremaincommittedtoit,Canetesaid,addingthattheEUblochopestoboosttradewithIran.Besides,Iran'sPetroleumMinisterBijanNamdarZanganehsaidonSaturdaythatIran'soilexportswillnotbeaffectediftheEUrefrainsfromfollowingtheUnitedStatesinimposingneweconomicpressuresontheIslamicrepublic."TheU.S.decisiontowithdrawfromthenucleardealwouldnotaffectIran'soilexportsifEUcouldsalvagethedeal,"ZanganehtoldreportersafterhismeetingwithCanete.TheIranianministercalledforOPECmemberstatestoremainunitedintheirupcomingdecisiontosecuremembers'interestsandmarketstability.U.S.PresidentDonaldTrumpdecidedonMay8toquitIran'snucleardealandvowedtore-imposesanctions,includingoilembargo,onTehran.CanetesaidSaturdaythat"wewillhavetoaskfor(sanction)waivers,forcarve-outsforthe(European)companiesthatmakeinvestments."Besides,SalehisaidthathediscussedreapplyingEuropeanlawof"theblockingstatute"withCaneteonSaturday.IranpushestheEUfortherevivalof"theblockingstatute"whichisa1996regulationthatprohibitsEUcompaniesandcourtsfromcomplyingwithforeignsanctionslawsandstipulatesthatnoforeigncourtjudgmentsbasedontheselawshaveanyeffectintheEU.CanetearrivedinTehranonFridayforatwo-dayvisittoreassureIranthattheEUwantstokeepopentradeandcooperationwithIrandespitetheU.S.decisiontopullout.¡¡¡¡PoliticalsympathyfromEuropewithIran'snucleardealis"notenough"andtheyshouldtakemore"practicalsteps"toguaranteeIran'seconomicinterestsfromthedeal,IranianForeignMinisterMohammadJavadZarifsaidonSunday."WiththeexitoftheUnitedStatesfromthenuclearagreement,expectationsfromthetheEuropeanUnion(EU)topreservetheachievementsofthedealarehigh,"ZarifmadetheremarksinameetingwiththevisitingEU'sEnergyChiefMiguelAriasCanete."Underthecurrentcircumstances,politicalsupportofEuropetothenukedealisnotsufficient,"Zarifsaid."EUshouldtakefurtherpracticalstepstocontinueeconomiccooperationwithIran,"hesaid,addingthat"EUshouldboostinvestmentsinIran."HeexpresseddoubtthatEurope'scommitmenttoimplementingthedeal,knownasJointComprehensivePlanofAction(JCPOA),isincontradictionwiththewithdrawalofmajorEuropeancompaniesfromIran'sprojectsaftertheUnitedStatespulledout.Forhispart,CanetesaidthatfollowingtheU.S.exitfromthedeal,EuropeanshaveunifiedtosavetheJCPOA.ThepoliticalresolveoftheEUistoimplementtheJCPOAandtocontinuethecooperationbetweenEuropeancompaniesandtheIslamicrepublic,hesaid.TheU.S.exitfromthedealhascausedproblemstoEurope,however,theEU'smessageistoprotecttheaccordanditsimplementation,headded.Earlierintheday,firstViceSpeakeroftheIranianParliamentAliMotahharisaidthatIraniangovernmentissatisfiedwiththerecenttalkswithitsEuropeanpartnersoverpreservingthenucleardealandsecuringIran'sinterests.Iran'sforeignministerandhisnegotiationteamexpressedtheirsatisfactiononSunday,butsaidthat"everythingdependsontheresultsofthetalksinthenextweeks,"MotahhariwasquotedassayingbyofficialIRNAnewsagency.Motahharimadetheremarksonthesidelinesofaparliamentmeeting,whereZarifbriefedthelawmakersontheongoingtalkswithFrance,Germany,BritainandtheEUForeignPolicyChiefFedericaMogherinioverthefateofthenucleardealafterU.S.withdrawalfromit."ThestepsthattheEuropeanshavetakeninthisregardsofarareacceptable,"headded.OnSaturday,HeadoftheAtomicEnergyOrganizationofIran(AEOI)AliAkbarSalehiurgedtheEuropeancountriestoremaincommittedtotheirpromisesintheIranian2015nucleardeal.SalehiexpressedhopethattheEUfulfillitspledgestosecureIran'sinterests,whichweremadeintherecentmeetingswiththeIraniandelegationinBrussels.SalehimadetheremarksinthejointpressconferencewiththevisitingEU'senergychief.TheEU'seffortstosavethenuclearcontractshowthatthedealisaveryimportantagreementfortheregionandtheworld,Salehisaid.However,iftheEuropeansfailtoundertaketheirobligations,Iranhastopressaheadwithitspeacefulnucleardevelopmentwithfulldetermination,hesaid.TheIranianofficialnotedthattheEUandtheIranianauthoritieshavealsodiscussedtoreplaceU.S.dollarwitheurointheirtradetransactions,andthattheEUhastakeninitialstepsinthisregard.TheU.S.pulloutfromtheIraniannuclearagreement,oncemore,provedtotheworldthatWashingtonisnotreliableinundertakingitsinternationalresponsibilities,saidSalehi.U.S.exitfromthedealmaycausesomeproblems,butitwillnotcauseseriousones,hestressed.Also,Canetestressedthatpreservingthenucleardealisofsignificancetoglobalandregionalpeace.EUhassentamessagetotheIranianfriendsthataslongastheysticktotheagreement,theEuropeanswillremaincommittedtoit,Canetesaid,addingthattheEUblochopestoboosttradewithIran.Besides,Iran'sPetroleumMinisterBijanNamdarZanganehsaidonSaturdaythatIran'soilexportswillnotbeaffectediftheEUrefrainsfromfollowingtheUnitedStatesinimposingneweconomicpressuresontheIslamicrepublic."TheU.S.decisiontowithdrawfromthenucleardealwouldnotaffectIran'soilexportsifEUcouldsalvagethedeal,"ZanganehtoldreportersafterhismeetingwithCanete.TheIranianministercalledforOPECmemberstatestoremainunitedintheirupcomingdecisiontosecuremembers'interestsandmarketstability.U.S.PresidentDonaldTrumpdecidedonMay8toquitIran'snucleardealandvowedtore-imposesanctions,includingoilembargo,onTehran.CanetesaidSaturdaythat"wewillhavetoaskfor(sanction)waivers,forcarve-outsforthe(European)companiesthatmakeinvestments."Besides,SalehisaidthathediscussedreapplyingEuropeanlawof"theblockingstatute"withCaneteonSaturday.IranpushestheEUfortherevivalof"theblockingstatute"whichisa1996regulationthatprohibitsEUcompaniesandcourtsfromcomplyingwithforeignsanctionslawsandstipulatesthatnoforeigncourtjudgmentsbasedontheselawshaveanyeffectintheEU.CanetearrivedinTehranonFridayforatwo-dayvisittoreassureIranthattheEUwantstokeepopentradeandcooperationwithIrandespitetheU.S.decisiontopullout.¡¡¡¡ChinesescientistshaveidentifiedthesecretofbatsthatharborhighlypathogenicviruseslikeEbola,MarburgandSARScoronavirusbutdonotshowclinicalsignsofdisease.InapaperpublishedonThursdayinthejournalCellHostMicrobe,scientistsattheWuhanInstituteofVirologyinChinafindthatinbats,anantiviralimmunepathwaycalledtheSTING-interferonpathwayisdampened,sobatscanmaintainjustenoughdefenseagainstillnesswithouttriggeringaheightenedimmunereaction."Webelievethereisabalancebetweenbatsandthepathogenstheycarry,"saidthepaper'sseniorauthorZhouPeng."Thisworkdemonstratedthatinordertomaintainabalancewithviruses,batsmayhaveevolvedtodampencertainpathways,"Zhousaid.Accordingtoresearchers,inhumansandothermammals,animmune-basedover-responsetooneoftheseandotherpathogenicvirusescantriggersevereillness.Forexample,inhumans,anactivatedSTINGpathwayislinkedwithsevereautoimmunediseases."Inhumanhistory,wehavebeenchasinginfectiousdiseasesoneafteranother,"saidZhou,"Butbatsappeartobea'super-mammal'tothesedeadlyviruses."ByidentifyingaweakenedbutnotdefunctSTINGpathwayinbats,researchershavesomenewinsightintohowbatsfine-tuneantiviraldefensestobalanceaneffective,butnotanovert,responseagainstviruses.Theyhypothesizethatthisdefensestrategyevolvedaspartofthreeinterconnectedfeaturesofbatbiology:theyareflyingmammals,havealonglifespan,andhostalargeviralreservoir."AdaptationtoflightlikelycausedpositiveselectionofmultiplebatinnateimmuneandDNAdamagerepairgenes,"Zhousaid.TheseadaptationsmayhaveshapedcertainantiviralpathwaysincludingSTING,interferontomakethemgoodviralreservoirhostsandachieveatolerablebalance.ZhoutoldXinhuathatthestudyhasprovidedapossibilitythatpeoplecanlearnfrombatsincombatingvirusalthoughwhetherthismechanismcanbedirectlyusedinhumansisstillunknown.¡¡¡¡

¡¡¡¡TheEuropeanCommissiononFridayproposedactivationofadormantstatutetoshieldEuropeanfirmsdoingbusinesswithIranfromrenewedU.S.sanctions.The1996BlockingStatuteforbidsEUcompaniesfromcomplyingwiththeU.S.sanctions.ThestatutewasoriginallyintroducedinresponsetoU.S.tradeembargoonCubaandsanctionsagainstIranandLibya.Itwasneverenactedasthetransatlanticdisagreementswereironedoutpolitically.TheCommissionalsoproposedto"removeobstaclesfortheEuropeanInvestmentBank(EIB)todecideundertheEUbudgetguaranteetofinanceactivitiesoutsidetheEuropeanUnion,inIran."Inotherwords,theEIBwillbeallowedtosupportEUinvestmentinIran.TheEuropeanParliamentandtheCounciloftheEUwilldecidetoapproveorrejecttheproposalswithintwomonths,aheadofthefirstbatchofU.S.sanctionstakingeffectonAug.6.ThetwoproposalsarethecorepartsoftheCommission'sdecisiontoactonfourfrontsinthefaceofloomingU.S.sanctions.TheCommissionvowedto"continueandstrengthentheongoingsectoralcooperationwith,andassistanceto,Iran,includingintheenergysector,"whichisessentialtotheIranianeconomy.ItremainstobeseenwhetherthewordswilldispelconcernshauntingEuropeanenergygiantslikeTotal,whichonWednesdaysaiditmightnotbeabletocontinueitsgasdevelopmentprojectinIranunlessitgetsawaiverfromtheU.S.toprotectitfromre-imposedsanctions.ToweavethroughtheU.S.-dominatedinternationalbankingsystem,theCommissionsaiditisencouragingmemberstatestoexplorethepossibilityofone-offbanktransferstotheCentralBankofIran.Thisapproach"couldhelpIranianauthoritiestoreceivetheiroil-relatedrevenues,particularlyincaseofU.S.sanctionswhichcouldtargetEUentitiesactiveinoiltransactionswithIran,"theCommissionnoted.ThemovescameontheheelsoftheEU-WesternBalkanssummitinSofia,Bulgaria,duringwhichleadersofmemberstatesthrashedoutaunitedfrontagainstWashington.U.S.PresidentDonaldTrumpdeclaredlastweekthattheUnitedStateswouldwithdrawfromtheIrannucleardeal,claimingthatithadfailedtopreventIranfromdevelopingnuclearweaponsorsupportingterrorismintheregion.U.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinsaidinanannouncementthat"sanctionswillbere-imposedsubjecttocertain90-dayand180-daywind-downperiods."MuchtoEurope'sdispleasure,foreigncompaniesdoingbusinesswithIranarealsointhecrosshairsoftheU.S.sanctions.¡¡¡¡TheEuropeanCommissiononFridayproposedactivationofadormantstatutetoshieldEuropeanfirmsdoingbusinesswithIranfromrenewedU.S.sanctions.The1996BlockingStatuteforbidsEUcompaniesfromcomplyingwiththeU.S.sanctions.ThestatutewasoriginallyintroducedinresponsetoU.S.tradeembargoonCubaandsanctionsagainstIranandLibya.Itwasneverenactedasthetransatlanticdisagreementswereironedoutpolitically.TheCommissionalsoproposedto"removeobstaclesfortheEuropeanInvestmentBank(EIB)todecideundertheEUbudgetguaranteetofinanceactivitiesoutsidetheEuropeanUnion,inIran."Inotherwords,theEIBwillbeallowedtosupportEUinvestmentinIran.TheEuropeanParliamentandtheCounciloftheEUwilldecidetoapproveorrejecttheproposalswithintwomonths,aheadofthefirstbatchofU.S.sanctionstakingeffectonAug.6.ThetwoproposalsarethecorepartsoftheCommission'sdecisiontoactonfourfrontsinthefaceofloomingU.S.sanctions.TheCommissionvowedto"continueandstrengthentheongoingsectoralcooperationwith,andassistanceto,Iran,includingintheenergysector,"whichisessentialtotheIranianeconomy.ItremainstobeseenwhetherthewordswilldispelconcernshauntingEuropeanenergygiantslikeTotal,whichonWednesdaysaiditmightnotbeabletocontinueitsgasdevelopmentprojectinIranunlessitgetsawaiverfromtheU.S.toprotectitfromre-imposedsanctions.ToweavethroughtheU.S.-dominatedinternationalbankingsystem,theCommissionsaiditisencouragingmemberstatestoexplorethepossibilityofone-offbanktransferstotheCentralBankofIran.Thisapproach"couldhelpIranianauthoritiestoreceivetheiroil-relatedrevenues,particularlyincaseofU.S.sanctionswhichcouldtargetEUentitiesactiveinoiltransactionswithIran,"theCommissionnoted.ThemovescameontheheelsoftheEU-WesternBalkanssummitinSofia,Bulgaria,duringwhichleadersofmemberstatesthrashedoutaunitedfrontagainstWashington.U.S.PresidentDonaldTrumpdeclaredlastweekthattheUnitedStateswouldwithdrawfromtheIrannucleardeal,claimingthatithadfailedtopreventIranfromdevelopingnuclearweaponsorsupportingterrorismintheregion.U.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinsaidinanannouncementthat"sanctionswillbere-imposedsubjecttocertain90-dayand180-daywind-downperiods."MuchtoEurope'sdispleasure,foreigncompaniesdoingbusinesswithIranarealsointhecrosshairsoftheU.S.sanctions.¡¡¡¡TheEuropeanCommissiononFridayproposedactivationofadormantstatutetoshieldEuropeanfirmsdoingbusinesswithIranfromrenewedU.S.sanctions.The1996BlockingStatuteforbidsEUcompaniesfromcomplyingwiththeU.S.sanctions.ThestatutewasoriginallyintroducedinresponsetoU.S.tradeembargoonCubaandsanctionsagainstIranandLibya.Itwasneverenactedasthetransatlanticdisagreementswereironedoutpolitically.TheCommissionalsoproposedto"removeobstaclesfortheEuropeanInvestmentBank(EIB)todecideundertheEUbudgetguaranteetofinanceactivitiesoutsidetheEuropeanUnion,inIran."Inotherwords,theEIBwillbeallowedtosupportEUinvestmentinIran.TheEuropeanParliamentandtheCounciloftheEUwilldecidetoapproveorrejecttheproposalswithintwomonths,aheadofthefirstbatchofU.S.sanctionstakingeffectonAug.6.ThetwoproposalsarethecorepartsoftheCommission'sdecisiontoactonfourfrontsinthefaceofloomingU.S.sanctions.TheCommissionvowedto"continueandstrengthentheongoingsectoralcooperationwith,andassistanceto,Iran,includingintheenergysector,"whichisessentialtotheIranianeconomy.ItremainstobeseenwhetherthewordswilldispelconcernshauntingEuropeanenergygiantslikeTotal,whichonWednesdaysaiditmightnotbeabletocontinueitsgasdevelopmentprojectinIranunlessitgetsawaiverfromtheU.S.toprotectitfromre-imposedsanctions.ToweavethroughtheU.S.-dominatedinternationalbankingsystem,theCommissionsaiditisencouragingmemberstatestoexplorethepossibilityofone-offbanktransferstotheCentralBankofIran.Thisapproach"couldhelpIranianauthoritiestoreceivetheiroil-relatedrevenues,particularlyincaseofU.S.sanctionswhichcouldtargetEUentitiesactiveinoiltransactionswithIran,"theCommissionnoted.ThemovescameontheheelsoftheEU-WesternBalkanssummitinSofia,Bulgaria,duringwhichleadersofmemberstatesthrashedoutaunitedfrontagainstWashington.U.S.PresidentDonaldTrumpdeclaredlastweekthattheUnitedStateswouldwithdrawfromtheIrannucleardeal,claimingthatithadfailedtopreventIranfromdevelopingnuclearweaponsorsupportingterrorismintheregion.U.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinsaidinanannouncementthat"sanctionswillbere-imposedsubjecttocertain90-dayand180-daywind-downperiods."MuchtoEurope'sdispleasure,foreigncompaniesdoingbusinesswithIranarealsointhecrosshairsoftheU.S.sanctions.¡¡¡¡

¡¡¡¡ChinesescientistshaveidentifiedthesecretofbatsthatharborhighlypathogenicviruseslikeEbola,MarburgandSARScoronavirusbutdonotshowclinicalsignsofdisease.InapaperpublishedonThursdayinthejournalCellHostMicrobe,scientistsattheWuhanInstituteofVirologyinChinafindthatinbats,anantiviralimmunepathwaycalledtheSTING-interferonpathwayisdampened,sobatscanmaintainjustenoughdefenseagainstillnesswithouttriggeringaheightenedimmunereaction."Webelievethereisabalancebetweenbatsandthepathogenstheycarry,"saidthepaper'sseniorauthorZhouPeng."Thisworkdemonstratedthatinordertomaintainabalancewithviruses,batsmayhaveevolvedtodampencertainpathways,"Zhousaid.Accordingtoresearchers,inhumansandothermammals,animmune-basedover-responsetooneoftheseandotherpathogenicvirusescantriggersevereillness.Forexample,inhumans,anactivatedSTINGpathwayislinkedwithsevereautoimmunediseases."Inhumanhistory,wehavebeenchasinginfectiousdiseasesoneafteranother,"saidZhou,"Butbatsappeartobea'super-mammal'tothesedeadlyviruses."ByidentifyingaweakenedbutnotdefunctSTINGpathwayinbats,researchershavesomenewinsightintohowbatsfine-tuneantiviraldefensestobalanceaneffective,butnotanovert,responseagainstviruses.Theyhypothesizethatthisdefensestrategyevolvedaspartofthreeinterconnectedfeaturesofbatbiology:theyareflyingmammals,havealonglifespan,andhostalargeviralreservoir."AdaptationtoflightlikelycausedpositiveselectionofmultiplebatinnateimmuneandDNAdamagerepairgenes,"Zhousaid.TheseadaptationsmayhaveshapedcertainantiviralpathwaysincludingSTING,interferontomakethemgoodviralreservoirhostsandachieveatolerablebalance.ZhoutoldXinhuathatthestudyhasprovidedapossibilitythatpeoplecanlearnfrombatsincombatingvirusalthoughwhetherthismechanismcanbedirectlyusedinhumansisstillunknown.¡¡¡¡GovernmentstillsupportslegaloutboundinvestmentChina'scross-bordercapitalflowswerestableandbalancedinthefirsthalfofthisyear,"thebestphaseinnearlythreeyears,"whileindividualsdevelopedanincreasedawarenessofhowtouseforeigncurrencylegally,theStateAdministrationofForeignExchange(SAFE)announcedatapressconferenceonThursday.Domesticindividuals'desiretoholdforeigncurrencyhasbeendecreasingingeneral.Inthefirsthalfof2017,individualpurchasesofforeigncurrencyslumpedby4percentyear-on-year,comparedwith14percentgrowthinthesameperiodlastyear,WangChunying,aspokespersonoftheSAFE,saidattheconference.Wangdidn'tdisclosetheexactamountofforeigncurrencypurchasedbyindividualsduringtheperiod.Domesticresidents'foreigncurrencyholdingsfell.7billionyear-on-yearinthefirstsixmonthsthisyear,Wangsaid.LiuXuezhi,asenioranalystatBankofCommunications,saidthatthefiguresshowedtheeffortsofthegovernment'sintensifiedmanagementofthecurrentaccountinrecentmonths.Thecurrentaccountincludesthebalanceoftradeandnettransferpaymentslikethoseinvolvingtourism."Somepeopletransferredmoneyabroadtoengageinoverseasinvestment(inearlierperiods),whichincreasedthepressureofcapitaloutflows.Butthisphenomenoneasedalotafterthegovernmentlaunchedaguidelineinearly2017thatbannedindividualsfromacquiringforeigncurrencytobuypropertiesorinvestinsecuritiesonoffshoremarkets,"LiutoldtheGlobalTimesonThursday.Inthefirstsixmonthsof2017,domesticbankssoldforeignexchangeworth5.95trillionyuan(9billion)andbought5.31trillionyuanworthofforeigncurrency.Chinesebanks'netforeignexchangesettlementdeficitreached.8billion,down46percentonayearlybasis,accordingtodatarevealedbyWangfromtheSAFE.Thesupply-demandbalanceintheforeigncurrencymarkethelpedChina'sforeigncurrencyreservestocontinuerising.AsoftheendofJune,reservesreached.06trillion,up.3billioncomparedwiththeendof2016.Itwasthefifthconsecutivemonthlygaininthereserves.Wangsaidthatcapitaloutflowsvianon-bankinginstitutionsdecreasedalot,whichmeansthatChinahascontinuedtoemergefromthe"shadows"involvingcapitaloutflowsthathoveredoverthenationaround2016.ZhouYu,directoroftheResearchCenterofInternationalFinanceattheShanghaiAcademyofSocialSciences,saidthatapartfromgovernmentmanagement,otherfactorsliketheweakeningdollarandtheimprovingdomesticeconomyhavealsohelpedstabilizetheforeigncurrencymarket.TheUSDollarIndexhaddroppedfrom102attheendof2016to95asof5:56pmBeijingtimeonThursday.China'sGDPgrew6.9percentinthefirsthalfof2017,comparedwith6.8percentgrowthinthefourthquarterof2016."ButIdon'tthinkthatwecancompletelyletourguarddownaboutfuturecapitaloutflows,becausethedollarmightstrengthenagainandtheimpactoftheslumpingrealestatesectoronthedomesticeconomymightbecomeevidentlaterthisyear,"ZhoutoldtheGlobalTimesonThursday.Liusaidthat"instabilityfactors"inChina'sforeigncurrencymarket,suchasdomesticeconomicinstabilityorexternalpressurefromastrongerdollar,aredecreasingandtheforeigncurrencysituationwillimprovefurther.WangnotedthattheSAFE'spolicyinvolvingcurrencymovementshasbeenconsistent,anditwillinsistuponsupportinglegaloutbounddirectinvestmentandpromotingtheconvenienceofoverseastradeandinvestmentwhilebeingalerttopossibleinvestmentrisks.AccordingtoLiu,thegovernmentshouldconsidereasingitsgriponforeigncurrencymanagement,sincethepressureofcapitaloutflowshaseased.Healsosaidthatmeasuresshouldbetakentowardreformsinvolvingthecapitalaccountsuchasspeedingupthebondconnectprogram.¡¡¡¡GovernmentstillsupportslegaloutboundinvestmentChina'scross-bordercapitalflowswerestableandbalancedinthefirsthalfofthisyear,"thebestphaseinnearlythreeyears,"whileindividualsdevelopedanincreasedawarenessofhowtouseforeigncurrencylegally,theStateAdministrationofForeignExchange(SAFE)announcedatapressconferenceonThursday.Domesticindividuals'desiretoholdforeigncurrencyhasbeendecreasingingeneral.Inthefirsthalfof2017,individualpurchasesofforeigncurrencyslumpedby4percentyear-on-year,comparedwith14percentgrowthinthesameperiodlastyear,WangChunying,aspokespersonoftheSAFE,saidattheconference.Wangdidn'tdisclosetheexactamountofforeigncurrencypurchasedbyindividualsduringtheperiod.Domesticresidents'foreigncurrencyholdingsfell.7billionyear-on-yearinthefirstsixmonthsthisyear,Wangsaid.LiuXuezhi,asenioranalystatBankofCommunications,saidthatthefiguresshowedtheeffortsofthegovernment'sintensifiedmanagementofthecurrentaccountinrecentmonths.Thecurrentaccountincludesthebalanceoftradeandnettransferpaymentslikethoseinvolvingtourism."Somepeopletransferredmoneyabroadtoengageinoverseasinvestment(inearlierperiods),whichincreasedthepressureofcapitaloutflows.Butthisphenomenoneasedalotafterthegovernmentlaunchedaguidelineinearly2017thatbannedindividualsfromacquiringforeigncurrencytobuypropertiesorinvestinsecuritiesonoffshoremarkets,"LiutoldtheGlobalTimesonThursday.Inthefirstsixmonthsof2017,domesticbankssoldforeignexchangeworth5.95trillionyuan(9billion)andbought5.31trillionyuanworthofforeigncurrency.Chinesebanks'netforeignexchangesettlementdeficitreached.8billion,down46percentonayearlybasis,accordingtodatarevealedbyWangfromtheSAFE.Thesupply-demandbalanceintheforeigncurrencymarkethelpedChina'sforeigncurrencyreservestocontinuerising.AsoftheendofJune,reservesreached.06trillion,up.3billioncomparedwiththeendof2016.Itwasthefifthconsecutivemonthlygaininthereserves.Wangsaidthatcapitaloutflowsvianon-bankinginstitutionsdecreasedalot,whichmeansthatChinahascontinuedtoemergefromthe"shadows"involvingcapitaloutflowsthathoveredoverthenationaround2016.ZhouYu,directoroftheResearchCenterofInternationalFinanceattheShanghaiAcademyofSocialSciences,saidthatapartfromgovernmentmanagement,otherfactorsliketheweakeningdollarandtheimprovingdomesticeconomyhavealsohelpedstabilizetheforeigncurrencymarket.TheUSDollarIndexhaddroppedfrom102attheendof2016to95asof5:56pmBeijingtimeonThursday.China'sGDPgrew6.9percentinthefirsthalfof2017,comparedwith6.8percentgrowthinthefourthquarterof2016."ButIdon'tthinkthatwecancompletelyletourguarddownaboutfuturecapitaloutflows,becausethedollarmightstrengthenagainandtheimpactoftheslumpingrealestatesectoronthedomesticeconomymightbecomeevidentlaterthisyear,"ZhoutoldtheGlobalTimesonThursday.Liusaidthat"instabilityfactors"inChina'sforeigncurrencymarket,suchasdomesticeconomicinstabilityorexternalpressurefromastrongerdollar,aredecreasingandtheforeigncurrencysituationwillimprovefurther.WangnotedthattheSAFE'spolicyinvolvingcurrencymovementshasbeenconsistent,anditwillinsistuponsupportinglegaloutbounddirectinvestmentandpromotingtheconvenienceofoverseastradeandinvestmentwhilebeingalerttopossibleinvestmentrisks.AccordingtoLiu,thegovernmentshouldconsidereasingitsgriponforeigncurrencymanagement,sincethepressureofcapitaloutflowshaseased.Healsosaidthatmeasuresshouldbetakentowardreformsinvolvingthecapitalaccountsuchasspeedingupthebondconnectprogram.¡¡¡¡

¡¡¡¡TheEuropeanCommissiononFridayproposedactivationofadormantstatutetoshieldEuropeanfirmsdoingbusinesswithIranfromrenewedU.S.sanctions.The1996BlockingStatuteforbidsEUcompaniesfromcomplyingwiththeU.S.sanctions.ThestatutewasoriginallyintroducedinresponsetoU.S.tradeembargoonCubaandsanctionsagainstIranandLibya.Itwasneverenactedasthetransatlanticdisagreementswereironedoutpolitically.TheCommissionalsoproposedto"removeobstaclesfortheEuropeanInvestmentBank(EIB)todecideundertheEUbudgetguaranteetofinanceactivitiesoutsidetheEuropeanUnion,inIran."Inotherwords,theEIBwillbeallowedtosupportEUinvestmentinIran.TheEuropeanParliamentandtheCounciloftheEUwilldecidetoapproveorrejecttheproposalswithintwomonths,aheadofthefirstbatchofU.S.sanctionstakingeffectonAug.6.ThetwoproposalsarethecorepartsoftheCommission'sdecisiontoactonfourfrontsinthefaceofloomingU.S.sanctions.TheCommissionvowedto"continueandstrengthentheongoingsectoralcooperationwith,andassistanceto,Iran,includingintheenergysector,"whichisessentialtotheIranianeconomy.ItremainstobeseenwhetherthewordswilldispelconcernshauntingEuropeanenergygiantslikeTotal,whichonWednesdaysaiditmightnotbeabletocontinueitsgasdevelopmentprojectinIranunlessitgetsawaiverfromtheU.S.toprotectitfromre-imposedsanctions.ToweavethroughtheU.S.-dominatedinternationalbankingsystem,theCommissionsaiditisencouragingmemberstatestoexplorethepossibilityofone-offbanktransferstotheCentralBankofIran.Thisapproach"couldhelpIranianauthoritiestoreceivetheiroil-relatedrevenues,particularlyincaseofU.S.sanctionswhichcouldtargetEUentitiesactiveinoiltransactionswithIran,"theCommissionnoted.ThemovescameontheheelsoftheEU-WesternBalkanssummitinSofia,Bulgaria,duringwhichleadersofmemberstatesthrashedoutaunitedfrontagainstWashington.U.S.PresidentDonaldTrumpdeclaredlastweekthattheUnitedStateswouldwithdrawfromtheIrannucleardeal,claimingthatithadfailedtopreventIranfromdevelopingnuclearweaponsorsupportingterrorismintheregion.U.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinsaidinanannouncementthat"sanctionswillbere-imposedsubjecttocertain90-dayand180-daywind-downperiods."MuchtoEurope'sdispleasure,foreigncompaniesdoingbusinesswithIranarealsointhecrosshairsoftheU.S.sanctions.¡¡¡¡TheEuropeanCommissiononFridayproposedactivationofadormantstatutetoshieldEuropeanfirmsdoingbusinesswithIranfromrenewedU.S.sanctions.The1996BlockingStatuteforbidsEUcompaniesfromcomplyingwiththeU.S.sanctions.ThestatutewasoriginallyintroducedinresponsetoU.S.tradeembargoonCubaandsanctionsagainstIranandLibya.Itwasneverenactedasthetransatlanticdisagreementswereironedoutpolitically.TheCommissionalsoproposedto"removeobstaclesfortheEuropeanInvestmentBank(EIB)todecideundertheEUbudgetguaranteetofinanceactivitiesoutsidetheEuropeanUnion,inIran."Inotherwords,theEIBwillbeallowedtosupportEUinvestmentinIran.TheEuropeanParliamentandtheCounciloftheEUwilldecidetoapproveorrejecttheproposalswithintwomonths,aheadofthefirstbatchofU.S.sanctionstakingeffectonAug.6.ThetwoproposalsarethecorepartsoftheCommission'sdecisiontoactonfourfrontsinthefaceofloomingU.S.sanctions.TheCommissionvowedto"continueandstrengthentheongoingsectoralcooperationwith,andassistanceto,Iran,includingintheenergysector,"whichisessentialtotheIranianeconomy.ItremainstobeseenwhetherthewordswilldispelconcernshauntingEuropeanenergygiantslikeTotal,whichonWednesdaysaiditmightnotbeabletocontinueitsgasdevelopmentprojectinIranunlessitgetsawaiverfromtheU.S.toprotectitfromre-imposedsanctions.ToweavethroughtheU.S.-dominatedinternationalbankingsystem,theCommissionsaiditisencouragingmemberstatestoexplorethepossibilityofone-offbanktransferstotheCentralBankofIran.Thisapproach"couldhelpIranianauthoritiestoreceivetheiroil-relatedrevenues,particularlyincaseofU.S.sanctionswhichcouldtargetEUentitiesactiveinoiltransactionswithIran,"theCommissionnoted.ThemovescameontheheelsoftheEU-WesternBalkanssummitinSofia,Bulgaria,duringwhichleadersofmemberstatesthrashedoutaunitedfrontagainstWashington.U.S.PresidentDonaldTrumpdeclaredlastweekthattheUnitedStateswouldwithdrawfromtheIrannucleardeal,claimingthatithadfailedtopreventIranfromdevelopingnuclearweaponsorsupportingterrorismintheregion.U.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinsaidinanannouncementthat"sanctionswillbere-imposedsubjecttocertain90-dayand180-daywind-downperiods."MuchtoEurope'sdispleasure,foreigncompaniesdoingbusinesswithIranarealsointhecrosshairsoftheU.S.sanctions.¡¡¡¡GovernmentstillsupportslegaloutboundinvestmentChina'scross-bordercapitalflowswerestableandbalancedinthefirsthalfofthisyear,"thebestphaseinnearlythreeyears,"whileindividualsdevelopedanincreasedawarenessofhowtouseforeigncurrencylegally,theStateAdministrationofForeignExchange(SAFE)announcedatapressconferenceonThursday.Domesticindividuals'desiretoholdforeigncurrencyhasbeendecreasingingeneral.Inthefirsthalfof2017,individualpurchasesofforeigncurrencyslumpedby4percentyear-on-year,comparedwith14percentgrowthinthesameperiodlastyear,WangChunying,aspokespersonoftheSAFE,saidattheconference.Wangdidn'tdisclosetheexactamountofforeigncurrencypurchasedbyindividualsduringtheperiod.Domesticresidents'foreigncurrencyholdingsfell.7billionyear-on-yearinthefirstsixmonthsthisyear,Wangsaid.LiuXuezhi,asenioranalystatBankofCommunications,saidthatthefiguresshowedtheeffortsofthegovernment'sintensifiedmanagementofthecurrentaccountinrecentmonths.Thecurrentaccountincludesthebalanceoftradeandnettransferpaymentslikethoseinvolvingtourism."Somepeopletransferredmoneyabroadtoengageinoverseasinvestment(inearlierperiods),whichincreasedthepressureofcapitaloutflows.Butthisphenomenoneasedalotafterthegovernmentlaunchedaguidelineinearly2017thatbannedindividualsfromacquiringforeigncurrencytobuypropertiesorinvestinsecuritiesonoffshoremarkets,"LiutoldtheGlobalTimesonThursday.Inthefirstsixmonthsof2017,domesticbankssoldforeignexchangeworth5.95trillionyuan(9billion)andbought5.31trillionyuanworthofforeigncurrency.Chinesebanks'netforeignexchangesettlementdeficitreached.8billion,down46percentonayearlybasis,accordingtodatarevealedbyWangfromtheSAFE.Thesupply-demandbalanceintheforeigncurrencymarkethelpedChina'sforeigncurrencyreservestocontinuerising.AsoftheendofJune,reservesreached.06trillion,up.3billioncomparedwiththeendof2016.Itwasthefifthconsecutivemonthlygaininthereserves.Wangsaidthatcapitaloutflowsvianon-bankinginstitutionsdecreasedalot,whichmeansthatChinahascontinuedtoemergefromthe"shadows"involvingcapitaloutflowsthathoveredoverthenationaround2016.ZhouYu,directoroftheResearchCenterofInternationalFinanceattheShanghaiAcademyofSocialSciences,saidthatapartfromgovernmentmanagement,otherfactorsliketheweakeningdollarandtheimprovingdomesticeconomyhavealsohelpedstabilizetheforeigncurrencymarket.TheUSDollarIndexhaddroppedfrom102attheendof2016to95asof5:56pmBeijingtimeonThursday.China'sGDPgrew6.9percentinthefirsthalfof2017,comparedwith6.8percentgrowthinthefourthquarterof2016."ButIdon'tthinkthatwecancompletelyletourguarddownaboutfuturecapitaloutflows,becausethedollarmightstrengthenagainandtheimpactoftheslumpingrealestatesectoronthedomesticeconomymightbecomeevidentlaterthisyear,"ZhoutoldtheGlobalTimesonThursday.Liusaidthat"instabilityfactors"inChina'sforeigncurrencymarket,suchasdomesticeconomicinstabilityorexternalpressurefromastrongerdollar,aredecreasingandtheforeigncurrencysituationwillimprovefurther.WangnotedthattheSAFE'spolicyinvolvingcurrencymovementshasbeenconsistent,anditwillinsistuponsupportinglegaloutbounddirectinvestmentandpromotingtheconvenienceofoverseastradeandinvestmentwhilebeingalerttopossibleinvestmentrisks.AccordingtoLiu,thegovernmentshouldconsidereasingitsgriponforeigncurrencymanagement,sincethepressureofcapitaloutflowshaseased.Healsosaidthatmeasuresshouldbetakentowardreformsinvolvingthecapitalaccountsuchasspeedingupthebondconnectprogram.¡¡¡¡

¡¡¡¡ChinesescientistshaveidentifiedthesecretofbatsthatharborhighlypathogenicviruseslikeEbola,MarburgandSARScoronavirusbutdonotshowclinicalsignsofdisease.InapaperpublishedonThursdayinthejournalCellHostMicrobe,scientistsattheWuhanInstituteofVirologyinChinafindthatinbats,anantiviralimmunepathwaycalledtheSTING-interferonpathwayisdampened,sobatscanmaintainjustenoughdefenseagainstillnesswithouttriggeringaheightenedimmunereaction."Webelievethereisabalancebetweenbatsandthepathogenstheycarry,"saidthepaper'sseniorauthorZhouPeng."Thisworkdemonstratedthatinordertomaintainabalancewithviruses,batsmayhaveevolvedtodampencertainpathways,"Zhousaid.Accordingtoresearchers,inhumansandothermammals,animmune-basedover-responsetooneoftheseandotherpathogenicvirusescantriggersevereillness.Forexample,inhumans,anactivatedSTINGpathwayislinkedwithsevereautoimmunediseases."Inhumanhistory,wehavebeenchasinginfectiousdiseasesoneafteranother,"saidZhou,"Butbatsappeartobea'super-mammal'tothesedeadlyviruses."ByidentifyingaweakenedbutnotdefunctSTINGpathwayinbats,researchershavesomenewinsightintohowbatsfine-tuneantiviraldefensestobalanceaneffective,butnotanovert,responseagainstviruses.Theyhypothesizethatthisdefensestrategyevolvedaspartofthreeinterconnectedfeaturesofbatbiology:theyareflyingmammals,havealonglifespan,andhostalargeviralreservoir."AdaptationtoflightlikelycausedpositiveselectionofmultiplebatinnateimmuneandDNAdamagerepairgenes,"Zhousaid.TheseadaptationsmayhaveshapedcertainantiviralpathwaysincludingSTING,interferontomakethemgoodviralreservoirhostsandachieveatolerablebalance.ZhoutoldXinhuathatthestudyhasprovidedapossibilitythatpeoplecanlearnfrombatsincombatingvirusalthoughwhetherthismechanismcanbedirectlyusedinhumansisstillunknown.¡¡¡¡TheEuropeanCommissiononFridayproposedactivationofadormantstatutetoshieldEuropeanfirmsdoingbusinesswithIranfromrenewedU.S.sanctions.The1996BlockingStatuteforbidsEUcompaniesfromcomplyingwiththeU.S.sanctions.ThestatutewasoriginallyintroducedinresponsetoU.S.tradeembargoonCubaandsanctionsagainstIranandLibya.Itwasneverenactedasthetransatlanticdisagreementswereironedoutpolitically.TheCommissionalsoproposedto"removeobstaclesfortheEuropeanInvestmentBank(EIB)todecideundertheEUbudgetguaranteetofinanceactivitiesoutsidetheEuropeanUnion,inIran."Inotherwords,theEIBwillbeallowedtosupportEUinvestmentinIran.TheEuropeanParliamentandtheCounciloftheEUwilldecidetoapproveorrejecttheproposalswithintwomonths,aheadofthefirstbatchofU.S.sanctionstakingeffectonAug.6.ThetwoproposalsarethecorepartsoftheCommission'sdecisiontoactonfourfrontsinthefaceofloomingU.S.sanctions.TheCommissionvowedto"continueandstrengthentheongoingsectoralcooperationwith,andassistanceto,Iran,includingintheenergysector,"whichisessentialtotheIranianeconomy.ItremainstobeseenwhetherthewordswilldispelconcernshauntingEuropeanenergygiantslikeTotal,whichonWednesdaysaiditmightnotbeabletocontinueitsgasdevelopmentprojectinIranunlessitgetsawaiverfromtheU.S.toprotectitfromre-imposedsanctions.ToweavethroughtheU.S.-dominatedinternationalbankingsystem,theCommissionsaiditisencouragingmemberstatestoexplorethepossibilityofone-offbanktransferstotheCentralBankofIran.Thisapproach"couldhelpIranianauthoritiestoreceivetheiroil-relatedrevenues,particularlyincaseofU.S.sanctionswhichcouldtargetEUentitiesactiveinoiltransactionswithIran,"theCommissionnoted.ThemovescameontheheelsoftheEU-WesternBalkanssummitinSofia,Bulgaria,duringwhichleadersofmemberstatesthrashedoutaunitedfrontagainstWashington.U.S.PresidentDonaldTrumpdeclaredlastweekthattheUnitedStateswouldwithdrawfromtheIrannucleardeal,claimingthatithadfailedtopreventIranfromdevelopingnuclearweaponsorsupportingterrorismintheregion.U.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinsaidinanannouncementthat"sanctionswillbere-imposedsubjecttocertain90-dayand180-daywind-downperiods."MuchtoEurope'sdispleasure,foreigncompaniesdoingbusinesswithIranarealsointhecrosshairsoftheU.S.sanctions.¡¡¡¡GovernmentstillsupportslegaloutboundinvestmentChina'scross-bordercapitalflowswerestableandbalancedinthefirsthalfofthisyear,"thebestphaseinnearlythreeyears,"whileindividualsdevelopedanincreasedawarenessofhowtouseforeigncurrencylegally,theStateAdministrationofForeignExchange(SAFE)announcedatapressconferenceonThursday.Domesticindividuals'desiretoholdforeigncurrencyhasbeendecreasingingeneral.Inthefirsthalfof2017,individualpurchasesofforeigncurrencyslumpedby4percentyear-on-year,comparedwith14percentgrowthinthesameperiodlastyear,WangChunying,aspokespersonoftheSAFE,saidattheconference.Wangdidn'tdisclosetheexactamountofforeigncurrencypurchasedbyindividualsduringtheperiod.Domesticresidents'foreigncurrencyholdingsfell.7billionyear-on-yearinthefirstsixmonthsthisyear,Wangsaid.LiuXuezhi,asenioranalystatBankofCommunications,saidthatthefiguresshowedtheeffortsofthegovernment'sintensifiedmanagementofthecurrentaccountinrecentmonths.Thecurrentaccountincludesthebalanceoftradeandnettransferpaymentslikethoseinvolvingtourism."Somepeopletransferredmoneyabroadtoengageinoverseasinvestment(inearlierperiods),whichincreasedthepressureofcapitaloutflows.Butthisphenomenoneasedalotafterthegovernmentlaunchedaguidelineinearly2017thatbannedindividualsfromacquiringforeigncurrencytobuypropertiesorinvestinsecuritiesonoffshoremarkets,"LiutoldtheGlobalTimesonThursday.Inthefirstsixmonthsof2017,domesticbankssoldforeignexchangeworth5.95trillionyuan(9billion)andbought5.31trillionyuanworthofforeigncurrency.Chinesebanks'netforeignexchangesettlementdeficitreached.8billion,down46percentonayearlybasis,accordingtodatarevealedbyWangfromtheSAFE.Thesupply-demandbalanceintheforeigncurrencymarkethelpedChina'sforeigncurrencyreservestocontinuerising.AsoftheendofJune,reservesreached.06trillion,up.3billioncomparedwiththeendof2016.Itwasthefifthconsecutivemonthlygaininthereserves.Wangsaidthatcapitaloutflowsvianon-bankinginstitutionsdecreasedalot,whichmeansthatChinahascontinuedtoemergefromthe"shadows"involvingcapitaloutflowsthathoveredoverthenationaround2016.ZhouYu,directoroftheResearchCenterofInternationalFinanceattheShanghaiAcademyofSocialSciences,saidthatapartfromgovernmentmanagement,otherfactorsliketheweakeningdollarandtheimprovingdomesticeconomyhavealsohelpedstabilizetheforeigncurrencymarket.TheUSDollarIndexhaddroppedfrom102attheendof2016to95asof5:56pmBeijingtimeonThursday.China'sGDPgrew6.9percentinthefirsthalfof2017,comparedwith6.8percentgrowthinthefourthquarterof2016."ButIdon'tthinkthatwecancompletelyletourguarddownaboutfuturecapitaloutflows,becausethedollarmightstrengthenagainandtheimpactoftheslumpingrealestatesectoronthedomesticeconomymightbecomeevidentlaterthisyear,"ZhoutoldtheGlobalTimesonThursday.Liusaidthat"instabilityfactors"inChina'sforeigncurrencymarket,suchasdomesticeconomicinstabilityorexternalpressurefromastrongerdollar,aredecreasingandtheforeigncurrencysituationwillimprovefurther.WangnotedthattheSAFE'spolicyinvolvingcurrencymovementshasbeenconsistent,anditwillinsistuponsupportinglegaloutbounddirectinvestmentandpromotingtheconvenienceofoverseastradeandinvestmentwhilebeingalerttopossibleinvestmentrisks.AccordingtoLiu,thegovernmentshouldconsidereasingitsgriponforeigncurrencymanagement,sincethepressureofcapitaloutflowshaseased.Healsosaidthatmeasuresshouldbetakentowardreformsinvolvingthecapitalaccountsuchasspeedingupthebondconnectprogram.¡¡¡¡

¡¡¡¡ChinesescientistshaveidentifiedthesecretofbatsthatharborhighlypathogenicviruseslikeEbola,MarburgandSARScoronavirusbutdonotshowclinicalsignsofdisease.InapaperpublishedonThursdayinthejournalCellHostMicrobe,scientistsattheWuhanInstituteofVirologyinChinafindthatinbats,anantiviralimmunepathwaycalledtheSTING-interferonpathwayisdampened,sobatscanmaintainjustenoughdefenseagainstillnesswithouttriggeringaheightenedimmunereaction."Webelievethereisabalancebetweenbatsandthepathogenstheycarry,"saidthepaper'sseniorauthorZhouPeng."Thisworkdemonstratedthatinordertomaintainabalancewithviruses,batsmayhaveevolvedtodampencertainpathways,"Zhousaid.Accordingtoresearchers,inhumansandothermammals,animmune-basedover-responsetooneoftheseandotherpathogenicvirusescantriggersevereillness.Forexample,inhumans,anactivatedSTINGpathwayislinkedwithsevereautoimmunediseases."Inhumanhistory,wehavebeenchasinginfectiousdiseasesoneafteranother,"saidZhou,"Butbatsappeartobea'super-mammal'tothesedeadlyviruses."ByidentifyingaweakenedbutnotdefunctSTINGpathwayinbats,researchershavesomenewinsightintohowbatsfine-tuneantiviraldefensestobalanceaneffective,butnotanovert,responseagainstviruses.Theyhypothesizethatthisdefensestrategyevolvedaspartofthreeinterconnectedfeaturesofbatbiology:theyareflyingmammals,havealonglifespan,andhostalargeviralreservoir."AdaptationtoflightlikelycausedpositiveselectionofmultiplebatinnateimmuneandDNAdamagerepairgenes,"Zhousaid.TheseadaptationsmayhaveshapedcertainantiviralpathwaysincludingSTING,interferontomakethemgoodviralreservoirhostsandachieveatolerablebalance.ZhoutoldXinhuathatthestudyhasprovidedapossibilitythatpeoplecanlearnfrombatsincombatingvirusalthoughwhetherthismechanismcanbedirectlyusedinhumansisstillunknown.¡¡¡¡PoliticalsympathyfromEuropewithIran'snucleardealis"notenough"andtheyshouldtakemore"practicalsteps"toguaranteeIran'seconomicinterestsfromthedeal,IranianForeignMinisterMohammadJavadZarifsaidonSunday."WiththeexitoftheUnitedStatesfromthenuclearagreement,expectationsfromthetheEuropeanUnion(EU)topreservetheachievementsofthedealarehigh,"ZarifmadetheremarksinameetingwiththevisitingEU'sEnergyChiefMiguelAriasCanete."Underthecurrentcircumstances,politicalsupportofEuropetothenukedealisnotsufficient,"Zarifsaid."EUshouldtakefurtherpracticalstepstocontinueeconomiccooperationwithIran,"hesaid,addingthat"EUshouldboostinvestmentsinIran."HeexpresseddoubtthatEurope'scommitmenttoimplementingthedeal,knownasJointComprehensivePlanofAction(JCPOA),isincontradictionwiththewithdrawalofmajorEuropeancompaniesfromIran'sprojectsaftertheUnitedStatespulledout.Forhispart,CanetesaidthatfollowingtheU.S.exitfromthedeal,EuropeanshaveunifiedtosavetheJCPOA.ThepoliticalresolveoftheEUistoimplementtheJCPOAandtocontinuethecooperationbetweenEuropeancompaniesandtheIslamicrepublic,hesaid.TheU.S.exitfromthedealhascausedproblemstoEurope,however,theEU'smessageistoprotecttheaccordanditsimplementation,headded.Earlierintheday,firstViceSpeakeroftheIranianParliamentAliMotahharisaidthatIraniangovernmentissatisfiedwiththerecenttalkswithitsEuropeanpartnersoverpreservingthenucleardealandsecuringIran'sinterests.Iran'sforeignministerandhisnegotiationteamexpressedtheirsatisfactiononSunday,butsaidthat"everythingdependsontheresultsofthetalksinthenextweeks,"MotahhariwasquotedassayingbyofficialIRNAnewsagency.Motahharimadetheremarksonthesidelinesofaparliamentmeeting,whereZarifbriefedthelawmakersontheongoingtalkswithFrance,Germany,BritainandtheEUForeignPolicyChiefFedericaMogherinioverthefateofthenucleardealafterU.S.withdrawalfromit."ThestepsthattheEuropeanshavetakeninthisregardsofarareacceptable,"headded.OnSaturday,HeadoftheAtomicEnergyOrganizationofIran(AEOI)AliAkbarSalehiurgedtheEuropeancountriestoremaincommittedtotheirpromisesintheIranian2015nucleardeal.SalehiexpressedhopethattheEUfulfillitspledgestosecureIran'sinterests,whichweremadeintherecentmeetingswiththeIraniandelegationinBrussels.SalehimadetheremarksinthejointpressconferencewiththevisitingEU'senergychief.TheEU'seffortstosavethenuclearcontractshowthatthedealisaveryimportantagreementfortheregionandtheworld,Salehisaid.However,iftheEuropeansfailtoundertaketheirobligations,Iranhastopressaheadwithitspeacefulnucleardevelopmentwithfulldetermination,hesaid.TheIranianofficialnotedthattheEUandtheIranianauthoritieshavealsodiscussedtoreplaceU.S.dollarwitheurointheirtradetransactions,andthattheEUhastakeninitialstepsinthisregard.TheU.S.pulloutfromtheIraniannuclearagreement,oncemore,provedtotheworldthatWashingtonisnotreliableinundertakingitsinternationalresponsibilities,saidSalehi.U.S.exitfromthedealmaycausesomeproblems,butitwillnotcauseseriousones,hestressed.Also,Canetestressedthatpreservingthenucleardealisofsignificancetoglobalandregionalpeace.EUhassentamessagetotheIranianfriendsthataslongastheysticktotheagreement,theEuropeanswillremaincommittedtoit,Canetesaid,addingthattheEUblochopestoboosttradewithIran.Besides,Iran'sPetroleumMinisterBijanNamdarZanganehsaidonSaturdaythatIran'soilexportswillnotbeaffectediftheEUrefrainsfromfollowingtheUnitedStatesinimposingneweconomicpressuresontheIslamicrepublic."TheU.S.decisiontowithdrawfromthenucleardealwouldnotaffectIran'soilexportsifEUcouldsalvagethedeal,"ZanganehtoldreportersafterhismeetingwithCanete.TheIranianministercalledforOPECmemberstatestoremainunitedintheirupcomingdecisiontosecuremembers'interestsandmarketstability.U.S.PresidentDonaldTrumpdecidedonMay8toquitIran'snucleardealandvowedtore-imposesanctions,includingoilembargo,onTehran.CanetesaidSaturdaythat"wewillhavetoaskfor(sanction)waivers,forcarve-outsforthe(European)companiesthatmakeinvestments."Besides,SalehisaidthathediscussedreapplyingEuropeanlawof"theblockingstatute"withCaneteonSaturday.IranpushestheEUfortherevivalof"theblockingstatute"whichisa1996regulationthatprohibitsEUcompaniesandcourtsfromcomplyingwithforeignsanctionslawsandstipulatesthatnoforeigncourtjudgmentsbasedontheselawshaveanyeffectintheEU.CanetearrivedinTehranonFridayforatwo-dayvisittoreassureIranthattheEUwantstokeepopentradeandcooperationwithIrandespitetheU.S.decisiontopullout.¡¡¡¡GovernmentstillsupportslegaloutboundinvestmentChina'scross-bordercapitalflowswerestableandbalancedinthefirsthalfofthisyear,"thebestphaseinnearlythreeyears,"whileindividualsdevelopedanincreasedawarenessofhowtouseforeigncurrencylegally,theStateAdministrationofForeignExchange(SAFE)announcedatapressconferenceonThursday.Domesticindividuals'desiretoholdforeigncurrencyhasbeendecreasingingeneral.Inthefirsthalfof2017,individualpurchasesofforeigncurrencyslumpedby4percentyear-on-year,comparedwith14percentgrowthinthesameperiodlastyear,WangChunying,aspokespersonoftheSAFE,saidattheconference.Wangdidn'tdisclosetheexactamountofforeigncurrencypurchasedbyindividualsduringtheperiod.Domesticresidents'foreigncurrencyholdingsfell.7billionyear-on-yearinthefirstsixmonthsthisyear,Wangsaid.LiuXuezhi,asenioranalystatBankofCommunications,saidthatthefiguresshowedtheeffortsofthegovernment'sintensifiedmanagementofthecurrentaccountinrecentmonths.Thecurrentaccountincludesthebalanceoftradeandnettransferpaymentslikethoseinvolvingtourism."Somepeopletransferredmoneyabroadtoengageinoverseasinvestment(inearlierperiods),whichincreasedthepressureofcapitaloutflows.Butthisphenomenoneasedalotafterthegovernmentlaunchedaguidelineinearly2017thatbannedindividualsfromacquiringforeigncurrencytobuypropertiesorinvestinsecuritiesonoffshoremarkets,"LiutoldtheGlobalTimesonThursday.Inthefirstsixmonthsof2017,domesticbankssoldforeignexchangeworth5.95trillionyuan(9billion)andbought5.31trillionyuanworthofforeigncurrency.Chinesebanks'netforeignexchangesettlementdeficitreached.8billion,down46percentonayearlybasis,accordingtodatarevealedbyWangfromtheSAFE.Thesupply-demandbalanceintheforeigncurrencymarkethelpedChina'sforeigncurrencyreservestocontinuerising.AsoftheendofJune,reservesreached.06trillion,up.3billioncomparedwiththeendof2016.Itwasthefifthconsecutivemonthlygaininthereserves.Wangsaidthatcapitaloutflowsvianon-bankinginstitutionsdecreasedalot,whichmeansthatChinahascontinuedtoemergefromthe"shadows"involvingcapitaloutflowsthathoveredoverthenationaround2016.ZhouYu,directoroftheResearchCenterofInternationalFinanceattheShanghaiAcademyofSocialSciences,saidthatapartfromgovernmentmanagement,otherfactorsliketheweakeningdollarandtheimprovingdomesticeconomyhavealsohelpedstabilizetheforeigncurrencymarket.TheUSDollarIndexhaddroppedfrom102attheendof2016to95asof5:56pmBeijingtimeonThursday.China'sGDPgrew6.9percentinthefirsthalfof2017,comparedwith6.8percentgrowthinthefourthquarterof2016."ButIdon'tthinkthatwecancompletelyletourguarddownaboutfuturecapitaloutflows,becausethedollarmightstrengthenagainandtheimpactoftheslumpingrealestatesectoronthedomesticeconomymightbecomeevidentlaterthisyear,"ZhoutoldtheGlobalTimesonThursday.Liusaidthat"instabilityfactors"inChina'sforeigncurrencymarket,suchasdomesticeconomicinstabilityorexternalpressurefromastrongerdollar,aredecreasingandtheforeigncurrencysituationwillimprovefurther.WangnotedthattheSAFE'spolicyinvolvingcurrencymovementshasbeenconsistent,anditwillinsistuponsupportinglegaloutbounddirectinvestmentandpromotingtheconvenienceofoverseastradeandinvestmentwhilebeingalerttopossibleinvestmentrisks.AccordingtoLiu,thegovernmentshouldconsidereasingitsgriponforeigncurrencymanagement,sincethepressureofcapitaloutflowshaseased.Healsosaidthatmeasuresshouldbetakentowardreformsinvolvingthecapitalaccountsuchasspeedingupthebondconnectprogram.¡¡¡¡

¡¡¡¡GovernmentstillsupportslegaloutboundinvestmentChina'scross-bordercapitalflowswerestableandbalancedinthefirsthalfofthisyear,"thebestphaseinnearlythreeyears,"whileindividualsdevelopedanincreasedawarenessofhowtouseforeigncurrencylegally,theStateAdministrationofForeignExchange(SAFE)announcedatapressconferenceonThursday.Domesticindividuals'desiretoholdforeigncurrencyhasbeendecreasingingeneral.Inthefirsthalfof2017,individualpurchasesofforeigncurrencyslumpedby4percentyear-on-year,comparedwith14percentgrowthinthesameperiodlastyear,WangChunying,aspokespersonoftheSAFE,saidattheconference.Wangdidn'tdisclosetheexactamountofforeigncurrencypurchasedbyindividualsduringtheperiod.Domesticresidents'foreigncurrencyholdingsfell.7billionyear-on-yearinthefirstsixmonthsthisyear,Wangsaid.LiuXuezhi,asenioranalystatBankofCommunications,saidthatthefiguresshowedtheeffortsofthegovernment'sintensifiedmanagementofthecurrentaccountinrecentmonths.Thecurrentaccountincludesthebalanceoftradeandnettransferpaymentslikethoseinvolvingtourism."Somepeopletransferredmoneyabroadtoengageinoverseasinvestment(inearlierperiods),whichincreasedthepressureofcapitaloutflows.Butthisphenomenoneasedalotafterthegovernmentlaunchedaguidelineinearly2017thatbannedindividualsfromacquiringforeigncurrencytobuypropertiesorinvestinsecuritiesonoffshoremarkets,"LiutoldtheGlobalTimesonThursday.Inthefirstsixmonthsof2017,domesticbankssoldforeignexchangeworth5.95trillionyuan(9billion)andbought5.31trillionyuanworthofforeigncurrency.Chinesebanks'netforeignexchangesettlementdeficitreached.8billion,down46percentonayearlybasis,accordingtodatarevealedbyWangfromtheSAFE.Thesupply-demandbalanceintheforeigncurrencymarkethelpedChina'sforeigncurrencyreservestocontinuerising.AsoftheendofJune,reservesreached.06trillion,up.3billioncomparedwiththeendof2016.Itwasthefifthconsecutivemonthlygaininthereserves.Wangsaidthatcapitaloutflowsvianon-bankinginstitutionsdecreasedalot,whichmeansthatChinahascontinuedtoemergefromthe"shadows"involvingcapitaloutflowsthathoveredoverthenationaround2016.ZhouYu,directoroftheResearchCenterofInternationalFinanceattheShanghaiAcademyofSocialSciences,saidthatapartfromgovernmentmanagement,otherfactorsliketheweakeningdollarandtheimprovingdomesticeconomyhavealsohelpedstabilizetheforeigncurrencymarket.TheUSDollarIndexhaddroppedfrom102attheendof2016to95asof5:56pmBeijingtimeonThursday.China'sGDPgrew6.9percentinthefirsthalfof2017,comparedwith6.8percentgrowthinthefourthquarterof2016."ButIdon'tthinkthatwecancompletelyletourguarddownaboutfuturecapitaloutflows,becausethedollarmightstrengthenagainandtheimpactoftheslumpingrealestatesectoronthedomesticeconomymightbecomeevidentlaterthisyear,"ZhoutoldtheGlobalTimesonThursday.Liusaidthat"instabilityfactors"inChina'sforeigncurrencymarket,suchasdomesticeconomicinstabilityorexternalpressurefromastrongerdollar,aredecreasingandtheforeigncurrencysituationwillimprovefurther.WangnotedthattheSAFE'spolicyinvolvingcurrencymovementshasbeenconsistent,anditwillinsistuponsupportinglegaloutbounddirectinvestmentandpromotingtheconvenienceofoverseastradeandinvestmentwhilebeingalerttopossibleinvestmentrisks.AccordingtoLiu,thegovernmentshouldconsidereasingitsgriponforeigncurrencymanagement,sincethepressureofcapitaloutflowshaseased.Healsosaidthatmeasuresshouldbetakentowardreformsinvolvingthecapitalaccountsuchasspeedingupthebondconnectprogram.¡¡¡¡GovernmentstillsupportslegaloutboundinvestmentChina'scross-bordercapitalflowswerestableandbalancedinthefirsthalfofthisyear,"thebestphaseinnearlythreeyears,"whileindividualsdevelopedanincreasedawarenessofhowtouseforeigncurrencylegally,theStateAdministrationofForeignExchange(SAFE)announcedatapressconferenceonThursday.Domesticindividuals'desiretoholdforeigncurrencyhasbeendecreasingingeneral.Inthefirsthalfof2017,individualpurchasesofforeigncurrencyslumpedby4percentyear-on-year,comparedwith14percentgrowthinthesameperiodlastyear,WangChunying,aspokespersonoftheSAFE,saidattheconference.Wangdidn'tdisclosetheexactamountofforeigncurrencypurchasedbyindividualsduringtheperiod.Domesticresidents'foreigncurrencyholdingsfell.7billionyear-on-yearinthefirstsixmonthsthisyear,Wangsaid.LiuXuezhi,asenioranalystatBankofCommunications,saidthatthefiguresshowedtheeffortsofthegovernment'sintensifiedmanagementofthecurrentaccountinrecentmonths.Thecurrentaccountincludesthebalanceoftradeandnettransferpaymentslikethoseinvolvingtourism."Somepeopletransferredmoneyabroadtoengageinoverseasinvestment(inearlierperiods),whichincreasedthepressureofcapitaloutflows.Butthisphenomenoneasedalotafterthegovernmentlaunchedaguidelineinearly2017thatbannedindividualsfromacquiringforeigncurrencytobuypropertiesorinvestinsecuritiesonoffshoremarkets,"LiutoldtheGlobalTimesonThursday.Inthefirstsixmonthsof2017,domesticbankssoldforeignexchangeworth5.95trillionyuan(9billion)andbought5.31trillionyuanworthofforeigncurrency.Chinesebanks'netforeignexchangesettlementdeficitreached.8billion,down46percentonayearlybasis,accordingtodatarevealedbyWangfromtheSAFE.Thesupply-demandbalanceintheforeigncurrencymarkethelpedChina'sforeigncurrencyreservestocontinuerising.AsoftheendofJune,reservesreached.06trillion,up.3billioncomparedwiththeendof2016.Itwasthefifthconsecutivemonthlygaininthereserves.Wangsaidthatcapitaloutflowsvianon-bankinginstitutionsdecreasedalot,whichmeansthatChinahascontinuedtoemergefromthe"shadows"involvingcapitaloutflowsthathoveredoverthenationaround2016.ZhouYu,directoroftheResearchCenterofInternationalFinanceattheShanghaiAcademyofSocialSciences,saidthatapartfromgovernmentmanagement,otherfactorsliketheweakeningdollarandtheimprovingdomesticeconomyhavealsohelpedstabilizetheforeigncurrencymarket.TheUSDollarIndexhaddroppedfrom102attheendof2016to95asof5:56pmBeijingtimeonThursday.China'sGDPgrew6.9percentinthefirsthalfof2017,comparedwith6.8percentgrowthinthefourthquarterof2016."ButIdon'tthinkthatwecancompletelyletourguarddownaboutfuturecapitaloutflows,becausethedollarmightstrengthenagainandtheimpactoftheslumpingrealestatesectoronthedomesticeconomymightbecomeevidentlaterthisyear,"ZhoutoldtheGlobalTimesonThursday.Liusaidthat"instabilityfactors"inChina'sforeigncurrencymarket,suchasdomesticeconomicinstabilityorexternalpressurefromastrongerdollar,aredecreasingandtheforeigncurrencysituationwillimprovefurther.WangnotedthattheSAFE'spolicyinvolvingcurrencymovementshasbeenconsistent,anditwillinsistuponsupportinglegaloutbounddirectinvestmentandpromotingtheconvenienceofoverseastradeandinvestmentwhilebeingalerttopossibleinvestmentrisks.AccordingtoLiu,thegovernmentshouldconsidereasingitsgriponforeigncurrencymanagement,sincethepressureofcapitaloutflowshaseased.Healsosaidthatmeasuresshouldbetakentowardreformsinvolvingthecapitalaccountsuchasspeedingupthebondconnectprogram.¡¡¡¡PoliticalsympathyfromEuropewithIran'snucleardealis"notenough"andtheyshouldtakemore"practicalsteps"toguaranteeIran'seconomicinterestsfromthedeal,IranianForeignMinisterMohammadJavadZarifsaidonSunday."WiththeexitoftheUnitedStatesfromthenuclearagreement,expectationsfromthetheEuropeanUnion(EU)topreservetheachievementsofthedealarehigh,"ZarifmadetheremarksinameetingwiththevisitingEU'sEnergyChiefMiguelAriasCanete."Underthecurrentcircumstances,politicalsupportofEuropetothenukedealisnotsufficient,"Zarifsaid."EUshouldtakefurtherpracticalstepstocontinueeconomiccooperationwithIran,"hesaid,addingthat"EUshouldboostinvestmentsinIran."HeexpresseddoubtthatEurope'scommitmenttoimplementingthedeal,knownasJointComprehensivePlanofAction(JCPOA),isincontradictionwiththewithdrawalofmajorEuropeancompaniesfromIran'sprojectsaftertheUnitedStatespulledout.Forhispart,CanetesaidthatfollowingtheU.S.exitfromthedeal,EuropeanshaveunifiedtosavetheJCPOA.ThepoliticalresolveoftheEUistoimplementtheJCPOAandtocontinuethecooperationbetweenEuropeancompaniesandtheIslamicrepublic,hesaid.TheU.S.exitfromthedealhascausedproblemstoEurope,however,theEU'smessageistoprotecttheaccordanditsimplementation,headded.Earlierintheday,firstViceSpeakeroftheIranianParliamentAliMotahharisaidthatIraniangovernmentissatisfiedwiththerecenttalkswithitsEuropeanpartnersoverpreservingthenucleardealandsecuringIran'sinterests.Iran'sforeignministerandhisnegotiationteamexpressedtheirsatisfactiononSunday,butsaidthat"everythingdependsontheresultsofthetalksinthenextweeks,"MotahhariwasquotedassayingbyofficialIRNAnewsagency.Motahharimadetheremarksonthesidelinesofaparliamentmeeting,whereZarifbriefedthelawmakersontheongoingtalkswithFrance,Germany,BritainandtheEUForeignPolicyChiefFedericaMogherinioverthefateofthenucleardealafterU.S.withdrawalfromit."ThestepsthattheEuropeanshavetakeninthisregardsofarareacceptable,"headded.OnSaturday,HeadoftheAtomicEnergyOrganizationofIran(AEOI)AliAkbarSalehiurgedtheEuropeancountriestoremaincommittedtotheirpromisesintheIranian2015nucleardeal.SalehiexpressedhopethattheEUfulfillitspledgestosecureIran'sinterests,whichweremadeintherecentmeetingswiththeIraniandelegationinBrussels.SalehimadetheremarksinthejointpressconferencewiththevisitingEU'senergychief.TheEU'seffortstosavethenuclearcontractshowthatthedealisaveryimportantagreementfortheregionandtheworld,Salehisaid.However,iftheEuropeansfailtoundertaketheirobligations,Iranhastopressaheadwithitspeacefulnucleardevelopmentwithfulldetermination,hesaid.TheIranianofficialnotedthattheEUandtheIranianauthoritieshavealsodiscussedtoreplaceU.S.dollarwitheurointheirtradetransactions,andthattheEUhastakeninitialstepsinthisregard.TheU.S.pulloutfromtheIraniannuclearagreement,oncemore,provedtotheworldthatWashingtonisnotreliableinundertakingitsinternationalresponsibilities,saidSalehi.U.S.exitfromthedealmaycausesomeproblems,butitwillnotcauseseriousones,hestressed.Also,Canetestressedthatpreservingthenucleardealisofsignificancetoglobalandregionalpeace.EUhassentamessagetotheIranianfriendsthataslongastheysticktotheagreement,theEuropeanswillremaincommittedtoit,Canetesaid,addingthattheEUblochopestoboosttradewithIran.Besides,Iran'sPetroleumMinisterBijanNamdarZanganehsaidonSaturdaythatIran'soilexportswillnotbeaffectediftheEUrefrainsfromfollowingtheUnitedStatesinimposingneweconomicpressuresontheIslamicrepublic."TheU.S.decisiontowithdrawfromthenucleardealwouldnotaffectIran'soilexportsifEUcouldsalvagethedeal,"ZanganehtoldreportersafterhismeetingwithCanete.TheIranianministercalledforOPECmemberstatestoremainunitedintheirupcomingdecisiontosecuremembers'interestsandmarketstability.U.S.PresidentDonaldTrumpdecidedonMay8toquitIran'snucleardealandvowedtore-imposesanctions,includingoilembargo,onTehran.CanetesaidSaturdaythat"wewillhavetoaskfor(sanction)waivers,forcarve-outsforthe(European)companiesthatmakeinvestments."Besides,SalehisaidthathediscussedreapplyingEuropeanlawof"theblockingstatute"withCaneteonSaturday.IranpushestheEUfortherevivalof"theblockingstatute"whichisa1996regulationthatprohibitsEUcompaniesandcourtsfromcomplyingwithforeignsanctionslawsandstipulatesthatnoforeigncourtjudgmentsbasedontheselawshaveanyeffectintheEU.CanetearrivedinTehranonFridayforatwo-dayvisittoreassureIranthattheEUwantstokeepopentradeandcooperationwithIrandespitetheU.S.decisiontopullout.¡¡¡¡

¡¡¡¡ChinesescientistshaveidentifiedthesecretofbatsthatharborhighlypathogenicviruseslikeEbola,MarburgandSARScoronavirusbutdonotshowclinicalsignsofdisease.InapaperpublishedonThursdayinthejournalCellHostMicrobe,scientistsattheWuhanInstituteofVirologyinChinafindthatinbats,anantiviralimmunepathwaycalledtheSTING-interferonpathwayisdampened,sobatscanmaintainjustenoughdefenseagainstillnesswithouttriggeringaheightenedimmunereaction."Webelievethereisabalancebetweenbatsandthepathogenstheycarry,"saidthepaper'sseniorauthorZhouPeng."Thisworkdemonstratedthatinordertomaintainabalancewithviruses,batsmayhaveevolvedtodampencertainpathways,"Zhousaid.Accordingtoresearchers,inhumansandothermammals,animmune-basedover-responsetooneoftheseandotherpathogenicvirusescantriggersevereillness.Forexample,inhumans,anactivatedSTINGpathwayislinkedwithsevereautoimmunediseases."Inhumanhistory,wehavebeenchasinginfectiousdiseasesoneafteranother,"saidZhou,"Butbatsappeartobea'super-mammal'tothesedeadlyviruses."ByidentifyingaweakenedbutnotdefunctSTINGpathwayinbats,researchershavesomenewinsightintohowbatsfine-tuneantiviraldefensestobalanceaneffective,butnotanovert,responseagainstviruses.Theyhypothesizethatthisdefensestrategyevolvedaspartofthreeinterconnectedfeaturesofbatbiology:theyareflyingmammals,havealonglifespan,andhostalargeviralreservoir."AdaptationtoflightlikelycausedpositiveselectionofmultiplebatinnateimmuneandDNAdamagerepairgenes,"Zhousaid.TheseadaptationsmayhaveshapedcertainantiviralpathwaysincludingSTING,interferontomakethemgoodviralreservoirhostsandachieveatolerablebalance.ZhoutoldXinhuathatthestudyhasprovidedapossibilitythatpeoplecanlearnfrombatsincombatingvirusalthoughwhetherthismechanismcanbedirectlyusedinhumansisstillunknown.¡¡¡¡GovernmentstillsupportslegaloutboundinvestmentChina'scross-bordercapitalflowswerestableandbalancedinthefirsthalfofthisyear,"thebestphaseinnearlythreeyears,"whileindividualsdevelopedanincreasedawarenessofhowtouseforeigncurrencylegally,theStateAdministrationofForeignExchange(SAFE)announcedatapressconferenceonThursday.Domesticindividuals'desiretoholdforeigncurrencyhasbeendecreasingingeneral.Inthefirsthalfof2017,individualpurchasesofforeigncurrencyslumpedby4percentyear-on-year,comparedwith14percentgrowthinthesameperiodlastyear,WangChunying,aspokespersonoftheSAFE,saidattheconference.Wangdidn'tdisclosetheexactamountofforeigncurrencypurchasedbyindividualsduringtheperiod.Domesticresidents'foreigncurrencyholdingsfell.7billionyear-on-yearinthefirstsixmonthsthisyear,Wangsaid.LiuXuezhi,asenioranalystatBankofCommunications,saidthatthefiguresshowedtheeffortsofthegovernment'sintensifiedmanagementofthecurrentaccountinrecentmonths.Thecurrentaccountincludesthebalanceoftradeandnettransferpaymentslikethoseinvolvingtourism."Somepeopletransferredmoneyabroadtoengageinoverseasinvestment(inearlierperiods),whichincreasedthepressureofcapitaloutflows.Butthisphenomenoneasedalotafterthegovernmentlaunchedaguidelineinearly2017thatbannedindividualsfromacquiringforeigncurrencytobuypropertiesorinvestinsecuritiesonoffshoremarkets,"LiutoldtheGlobalTimesonThursday.Inthefirstsixmonthsof2017,domesticbankssoldforeignexchangeworth5.95trillionyuan(9billion)andbought5.31trillionyuanworthofforeigncurrency.Chinesebanks'netforeignexchangesettlementdeficitreached.8billion,down46percentonayearlybasis,accordingtodatarevealedbyWangfromtheSAFE.Thesupply-demandbalanceintheforeigncurrencymarkethelpedChina'sforeigncurrencyreservestocontinuerising.AsoftheendofJune,reservesreached.06trillion,up.3billioncomparedwiththeendof2016.Itwasthefifthconsecutivemonthlygaininthereserves.Wangsaidthatcapitaloutflowsvianon-bankinginstitutionsdecreasedalot,whichmeansthatChinahascontinuedtoemergefromthe"shadows"involvingcapitaloutflowsthathoveredoverthenationaround2016.ZhouYu,directoroftheResearchCenterofInternationalFinanceattheShanghaiAcademyofSocialSciences,saidthatapartfromgovernmentmanagement,otherfactorsliketheweakeningdollarandtheimprovingdomesticeconomyhavealsohelpedstabilizetheforeigncurrencymarket.TheUSDollarIndexhaddroppedfrom102attheendof2016to95asof5:56pmBeijingtimeonThursday.China'sGDPgrew6.9percentinthefirsthalfof2017,comparedwith6.8percentgrowthinthefourthquarterof2016."ButIdon'tthinkthatwecancompletelyletourguarddownaboutfuturecapitaloutflows,becausethedollarmightstrengthenagainandtheimpactoftheslumpingrealestatesectoronthedomesticeconomymightbecomeevidentlaterthisyear,"ZhoutoldtheGlobalTimesonThursday.Liusaidthat"instabilityfactors"inChina'sforeigncurrencymarket,suchasdomesticeconomicinstabilityorexternalpressurefromastrongerdollar,aredecreasingandtheforeigncurrencysituationwillimprovefurther.WangnotedthattheSAFE'spolicyinvolvingcurrencymovementshasbeenconsistent,anditwillinsistuponsupportinglegaloutbounddirectinvestmentandpromotingtheconvenienceofoverseastradeandinvestmentwhilebeingalerttopossibleinvestmentrisks.AccordingtoLiu,thegovernmentshouldconsidereasingitsgriponforeigncurrencymanagement,sincethepressureofcapitaloutflowshaseased.Healsosaidthatmeasuresshouldbetakentowardreformsinvolvingthecapitalaccountsuchasspeedingupthebondconnectprogram.¡¡¡¡ChinesescientistshaveidentifiedthesecretofbatsthatharborhighlypathogenicviruseslikeEbola,MarburgandSARScoronavirusbutdonotshowclinicalsignsofdisease.InapaperpublishedonThursdayinthejournalCellHostMicrobe,scientistsattheWuhanInstituteofVirologyinChinafindthatinbats,anantiviralimmunepathwaycalledtheSTING-interferonpathwayisdampened,sobatscanmaintainjustenoughdefenseagainstillnesswithouttriggeringaheightenedimmunereaction."Webelievethereisabalancebetweenbatsandthepathogenstheycarry,"saidthepaper'sseniorauthorZhouPeng."Thisworkdemonstratedthatinordertomaintainabalancewithviruses,batsmayhaveevolvedtodampencertainpathways,"Zhousaid.Accordingtoresearchers,inhumansandothermammals,animmune-basedover-responsetooneoftheseandotherpathogenicvirusescantriggersevereillness.Forexample,inhumans,anactivatedSTINGpathwayislinkedwithsevereautoimmunediseases."Inhumanhistory,wehavebeenchasinginfectiousdiseasesoneafteranother,"saidZhou,"Butbatsappeartobea'super-mammal'tothesedeadlyviruses."ByidentifyingaweakenedbutnotdefunctSTINGpathwayinbats,researchershavesomenewinsightintohowbatsfine-tuneantiviraldefensestobalanceaneffective,butnotanovert,responseagainstviruses.Theyhypothesizethatthisdefensestrategyevolvedaspartofthreeinterconnectedfeaturesofbatbiology:theyareflyingmammals,havealonglifespan,andhostalargeviralreservoir."AdaptationtoflightlikelycausedpositiveselectionofmultiplebatinnateimmuneandDNAdamagerepairgenes,"Zhousaid.TheseadaptationsmayhaveshapedcertainantiviralpathwaysincludingSTING,interferontomakethemgoodviralreservoirhostsandachieveatolerablebalance.ZhoutoldXinhuathatthestudyhasprovidedapossibilitythatpeoplecanlearnfrombatsincombatingvirusalthoughwhetherthismechanismcanbedirectlyusedinhumansisstillunknown.¡¡¡¡

¡¡¡¡PoliticalsympathyfromEuropewithIran'snucleardealis"notenough"andtheyshouldtakemore"practicalsteps"toguaranteeIran'seconomicinterestsfromthedeal,IranianForeignMinisterMohammadJavadZarifsaidonSunday."WiththeexitoftheUnitedStatesfromthenuclearagreement,expectationsfromthetheEuropeanUnion(EU)topreservetheachievementsofthedealarehigh,"ZarifmadetheremarksinameetingwiththevisitingEU'sEnergyChiefMiguelAriasCanete."Underthecurrentcircumstances,politicalsupportofEuropetothenukedealisnotsufficient,"Zarifsaid."EUshouldtakefurtherpracticalstepstocontinueeconomiccooperationwithIran,"hesaid,addingthat"EUshouldboostinvestmentsinIran."HeexpresseddoubtthatEurope'scommitmenttoimplementingthedeal,knownasJointComprehensivePlanofAction(JCPOA),isincontradictionwiththewithdrawalofmajorEuropeancompaniesfromIran'sprojectsaftertheUnitedStatespulledout.Forhispart,CanetesaidthatfollowingtheU.S.exitfromthedeal,EuropeanshaveunifiedtosavetheJCPOA.ThepoliticalresolveoftheEUistoimplementtheJCPOAandtocontinuethecooperationbetweenEuropeancompaniesandtheIslamicrepublic,hesaid.TheU.S.exitfromthedealhascausedproblemstoEurope,however,theEU'smessageistoprotecttheaccordanditsimplementation,headded.Earlierintheday,firstViceSpeakeroftheIranianParliamentAliMotahharisaidthatIraniangovernmentissatisfiedwiththerecenttalkswithitsEuropeanpartnersoverpreservingthenucleardealandsecuringIran'sinterests.Iran'sforeignministerandhisnegotiationteamexpressedtheirsatisfactiononSunday,butsaidthat"everythingdependsontheresultsofthetalksinthenextweeks,"MotahhariwasquotedassayingbyofficialIRNAnewsagency.Motahharimadetheremarksonthesidelinesofaparliamentmeeting,whereZarifbriefedthelawmakersontheongoingtalkswithFrance,Germany,BritainandtheEUForeignPolicyChiefFedericaMogherinioverthefateofthenucleardealafterU.S.withdrawalfromit."ThestepsthattheEuropeanshavetakeninthisregardsofarareacceptable,"headded.OnSaturday,HeadoftheAtomicEnergyOrganizationofIran(AEOI)AliAkbarSalehiurgedtheEuropeancountriestoremaincommittedtotheirpromisesintheIranian2015nucleardeal.SalehiexpressedhopethattheEUfulfillitspledgestosecureIran'sinterests,whichweremadeintherecentmeetingswiththeIraniandelegationinBrussels.SalehimadetheremarksinthejointpressconferencewiththevisitingEU'senergychief.TheEU'seffortstosavethenuclearcontractshowthatthedealisaveryimportantagreementfortheregionandtheworld,Salehisaid.However,iftheEuropeansfailtoundertaketheirobligations,Iranhastopressaheadwithitspeacefulnucleardevelopmentwithfulldetermination,hesaid.TheIranianofficialnotedthattheEUandtheIranianauthoritieshavealsodiscussedtoreplaceU.S.dollarwitheurointheirtradetransactions,andthattheEUhastakeninitialstepsinthisregard.TheU.S.pulloutfromtheIraniannuclearagreement,oncemore,provedtotheworldthatWashingtonisnotreliableinundertakingitsinternationalresponsibilities,saidSalehi.U.S.exitfromthedealmaycausesomeproblems,butitwillnotcauseseriousones,hestressed.Also,Canetestressedthatpreservingthenucleardealisofsignificancetoglobalandregionalpeace.EUhassentamessagetotheIranianfriendsthataslongastheysticktotheagreement,theEuropeanswillremaincommittedtoit,Canetesaid,addingthattheEUblochopestoboosttradewithIran.Besides,Iran'sPetroleumMinisterBijanNamdarZanganehsaidonSaturdaythatIran'soilexportswillnotbeaffectediftheEUrefrainsfromfollowingtheUnitedStatesinimposingneweconomicpressuresontheIslamicrepublic."TheU.S.decisiontowithdrawfromthenucleardealwouldnotaffectIran'soilexportsifEUcouldsalvagethedeal,"ZanganehtoldreportersafterhismeetingwithCanete.TheIranianministercalledforOPECmemberstatestoremainunitedintheirupcomingdecisiontosecuremembers'interestsandmarketstability.U.S.PresidentDonaldTrumpdecidedonMay8toquitIran'snucleardealandvowedtore-imposesanctions,includingoilembargo,onTehran.CanetesaidSaturdaythat"wewillhavetoaskfor(sanction)waivers,forcarve-outsforthe(European)companiesthatmakeinvestments."Besides,SalehisaidthathediscussedreapplyingEuropeanlawof"theblockingstatute"withCaneteonSaturday.IranpushestheEUfortherevivalof"theblockingstatute"whichisa1996regulationthatprohibitsEUcompaniesandcourtsfromcomplyingwithforeignsanctionslawsandstipulatesthatnoforeigncourtjudgmentsbasedontheselawshaveanyeffectintheEU.CanetearrivedinTehranonFridayforatwo-dayvisittoreassureIranthattheEUwantstokeepopentradeandcooperationwithIrandespitetheU.S.decisiontopullout.¡¡¡¡ChinesescientistshaveidentifiedthesecretofbatsthatharborhighlypathogenicviruseslikeEbola,MarburgandSARScoronavirusbutdonotshowclinicalsignsofdisease.InapaperpublishedonThursdayinthejournalCellHostMicrobe,scientistsattheWuhanInstituteofVirologyinChinafindthatinbats,anantiviralimmunepathwaycalledtheSTING-interferonpathwayisdampened,sobatscanmaintainjustenoughdefenseagainstillnesswithouttriggeringaheightenedimmunereaction."Webelievethereisabalancebetweenbatsandthepathogenstheycarry,"saidthepaper'sseniorauthorZhouPeng."Thisworkdemonstratedthatinordertomaintainabalancewithviruses,batsmayhaveevolvedtodampencertainpathways,"Zhousaid.Accordingtoresearchers,inhumansandothermammals,animmune-basedover-responsetooneoftheseandotherpathogenicvirusescantriggersevereillness.Forexample,inhumans,anactivatedSTINGpathwayislinkedwithsevereautoimmunediseases."Inhumanhistory,wehavebeenchasinginfectiousdiseasesoneafteranother,"saidZhou,"Butbatsappeartobea'super-mammal'tothesedeadlyviruses."ByidentifyingaweakenedbutnotdefunctSTINGpathwayinbats,researchershavesomenewinsightintohowbatsfine-tuneantiviraldefensestobalanceaneffective,butnotanovert,responseagainstviruses.Theyhypothesizethatthisdefensestrategyevolvedaspartofthreeinterconnectedfeaturesofbatbiology:theyareflyingmammals,havealonglifespan,andhostalargeviralreservoir."AdaptationtoflightlikelycausedpositiveselectionofmultiplebatinnateimmuneandDNAdamagerepairgenes,"Zhousaid.TheseadaptationsmayhaveshapedcertainantiviralpathwaysincludingSTING,interferontomakethemgoodviralreservoirhostsandachieveatolerablebalance.ZhoutoldXinhuathatthestudyhasprovidedapossibilitythatpeoplecanlearnfrombatsincombatingvirusalthoughwhetherthismechanismcanbedirectlyusedinhumansisstillunknown.¡¡¡¡GovernmentstillsupportslegaloutboundinvestmentChina'scross-bordercapitalflowswerestableandbalancedinthefirsthalfofthisyear,"thebestphaseinnearlythreeyears,"whileindividualsdevelopedanincreasedawarenessofhowtouseforeigncurrencylegally,theStateAdministrationofForeignExchange(SAFE)announcedatapressconferenceonThursday.Domesticindividuals'desiretoholdforeigncurrencyhasbeendecreasingingeneral.Inthefirsthalfof2017,individualpurchasesofforeigncurrencyslumpedby4percentyear-on-year,comparedwith14percentgrowthinthesameperiodlastyear,WangChunying,aspokespersonoftheSAFE,saidattheconference.Wangdidn'tdisclosetheexactamountofforeigncurrencypurchasedbyindividualsduringtheperiod.Domesticresidents'foreigncurrencyholdingsfell.7billionyear-on-yearinthefirstsixmonthsthisyear,Wangsaid.LiuXuezhi,asenioranalystatBankofCommunications,saidthatthefiguresshowedtheeffortsofthegovernment'sintensifiedmanagementofthecurrentaccountinrecentmonths.Thecurrentaccountincludesthebalanceoftradeandnettransferpaymentslikethoseinvolvingtourism."Somepeopletransferredmoneyabroadtoengageinoverseasinvestment(inearlierperiods),whichincreasedthepressureofcapitaloutflows.Butthisphenomenoneasedalotafterthegovernmentlaunchedaguidelineinearly2017thatbannedindividualsfromacquiringforeigncurrencytobuypropertiesorinvestinsecuritiesonoffshoremarkets,"LiutoldtheGlobalTimesonThursday.Inthefirstsixmonthsof2017,domesticbankssoldforeignexchangeworth5.95trillionyuan(9billion)andbought5.31trillionyuanworthofforeigncurrency.Chinesebanks'netforeignexchangesettlementdeficitreached.8billion,down46percentonayearlybasis,accordingtodatarevealedbyWangfromtheSAFE.Thesupply-demandbalanceintheforeigncurrencymarkethelpedChina'sforeigncurrencyreservestocontinuerising.AsoftheendofJune,reservesreached.06trillion,up.3billioncomparedwiththeendof2016.Itwasthefifthconsecutivemonthlygaininthereserves.Wangsaidthatcapitaloutflowsvianon-bankinginstitutionsdecreasedalot,whichmeansthatChinahascontinuedtoemergefromthe"shadows"involvingcapitaloutflowsthathoveredoverthenationaround2016.ZhouYu,directoroftheResearchCenterofInternationalFinanceattheShanghaiAcademyofSocialSciences,saidthatapartfromgovernmentmanagement,otherfactorsliketheweakeningdollarandtheimprovingdomesticeconomyhavealsohelpedstabilizetheforeigncurrencymarket.TheUSDollarIndexhaddroppedfrom102attheendof2016to95asof5:56pmBeijingtimeonThursday.China'sGDPgrew6.9percentinthefirsthalfof2017,comparedwith6.8percentgrowthinthefourthquarterof2016."ButIdon'tthinkthatwecancompletelyletourguarddownaboutfuturecapitaloutflows,becausethedollarmightstrengthenagainandtheimpactoftheslumpingrealestatesectoronthedomesticeconomymightbecomeevidentlaterthisyear,"ZhoutoldtheGlobalTimesonThursday.Liusaidthat"instabilityfactors"inChina'sforeigncurrencymarket,suchasdomesticeconomicinstabilityorexternalpressurefromastrongerdollar,aredecreasingandtheforeigncurrencysituationwillimprovefurther.WangnotedthattheSAFE'spolicyinvolvingcurrencymovementshasbeenconsistent,anditwillinsistuponsupportinglegaloutbounddirectinvestmentandpromotingtheconvenienceofoverseastradeandinvestmentwhilebeingalerttopossibleinvestmentrisks.AccordingtoLiu,thegovernmentshouldconsidereasingitsgriponforeigncurrencymanagement,sincethepressureofcapitaloutflowshaseased.Healsosaidthatmeasuresshouldbetakentowardreformsinvolvingthecapitalaccountsuchasspeedingupthebondconnectprogram.¡¡¡¡

¡¡¡¡PoliticalsympathyfromEuropewithIran'snucleardealis"notenough"andtheyshouldtakemore"practicalsteps"toguaranteeIran'seconomicinterestsfromthedeal,IranianForeignMinisterMohammadJavadZarifsaidonSunday."WiththeexitoftheUnitedStatesfromthenuclearagreement,expectationsfromthetheEuropeanUnion(EU)topreservetheachievementsofthedealarehigh,"ZarifmadetheremarksinameetingwiththevisitingEU'sEnergyChiefMiguelAriasCanete."Underthecurrentcircumstances,politicalsupportofEuropetothenukedealisnotsufficient,"Zarifsaid."EUshouldtakefurtherpracticalstepstocontinueeconomiccooperationwithIran,"hesaid,addingthat"EUshouldboostinvestmentsinIran."HeexpresseddoubtthatEurope'scommitmenttoimplementingthedeal,knownasJointComprehensivePlanofAction(JCPOA),isincontradictionwiththewithdrawalofmajorEuropeancompaniesfromIran'sprojectsaftertheUnitedStatespulledout.Forhispart,CanetesaidthatfollowingtheU.S.exitfromthedeal,EuropeanshaveunifiedtosavetheJCPOA.ThepoliticalresolveoftheEUistoimplementtheJCPOAandtocontinuethecooperationbetweenEuropeancompaniesandtheIslamicrepublic,hesaid.TheU.S.exitfromthedealhascausedproblemstoEurope,however,theEU'smessageistoprotecttheaccordanditsimplementation,headded.Earlierintheday,firstViceSpeakeroftheIranianParliamentAliMotahharisaidthatIraniangovernmentissatisfiedwiththerecenttalkswithitsEuropeanpartnersoverpreservingthenucleardealandsecuringIran'sinterests.Iran'sforeignministerandhisnegotiationteamexpressedtheirsatisfactiononSunday,butsaidthat"everythingdependsontheresultsofthetalksinthenextweeks,"MotahhariwasquotedassayingbyofficialIRNAnewsagency.Motahharimadetheremarksonthesidelinesofaparliamentmeeting,whereZarifbriefedthelawmakersontheongoingtalkswithFrance,Germany,BritainandtheEUForeignPolicyChiefFedericaMogherinioverthefateofthenucleardealafterU.S.withdrawalfromit."ThestepsthattheEuropeanshavetakeninthisregardsofarareacceptable,"headded.OnSaturday,HeadoftheAtomicEnergyOrganizationofIran(AEOI)AliAkbarSalehiurgedtheEuropeancountriestoremaincommittedtotheirpromisesintheIranian2015nucleardeal.SalehiexpressedhopethattheEUfulfillitspledgestosecureIran'sinterests,whichweremadeintherecentmeetingswiththeIraniandelegationinBrussels.SalehimadetheremarksinthejointpressconferencewiththevisitingEU'senergychief.TheEU'seffortstosavethenuclearcontractshowthatthedealisaveryimportantagreementfortheregionandtheworld,Salehisaid.However,iftheEuropeansfailtoundertaketheirobligations,Iranhastopressaheadwithitspeacefulnucleardevelopmentwithfulldetermination,hesaid.TheIranianofficialnotedthattheEUandtheIranianauthoritieshavealsodiscussedtoreplaceU.S.dollarwitheurointheirtradetransactions,andthattheEUhastakeninitialstepsinthisregard.TheU.S.pulloutfromtheIraniannuclearagreement,oncemore,provedtotheworldthatWashingtonisnotreliableinundertakingitsinternationalresponsibilities,saidSalehi.U.S.exitfromthedealmaycausesomeproblems,butitwillnotcauseseriousones,hestressed.Also,Canetestressedthatpreservingthenucleardealisofsignificancetoglobalandregionalpeace.EUhassentamessagetotheIranianfriendsthataslongastheysticktotheagreement,theEuropeanswillremaincommittedtoit,Canetesaid,addingthattheEUblochopestoboosttradewithIran.Besides,Iran'sPetroleumMinisterBijanNamdarZanganehsaidonSaturdaythatIran'soilexportswillnotbeaffectediftheEUrefrainsfromfollowingtheUnitedStatesinimposingneweconomicpressuresontheIslamicrepublic."TheU.S.decisiontowithdrawfromthenucleardealwouldnotaffectIran'soilexportsifEUcouldsalvagethedeal,"ZanganehtoldreportersafterhismeetingwithCanete.TheIranianministercalledforOPECmemberstatestoremainunitedintheirupcomingdecisiontosecuremembers'interestsandmarketstability.U.S.PresidentDonaldTrumpdecidedonMay8toquitIran'snucleardealandvowedtore-imposesanctions,includingoilembargo,onTehran.CanetesaidSaturdaythat"wewillhavetoaskfor(sanction)waivers,forcarve-outsforthe(European)companiesthatmakeinvestments."Besides,SalehisaidthathediscussedreapplyingEuropeanlawof"theblockingstatute"withCaneteonSaturday.IranpushestheEUfortherevivalof"theblockingstatute"whichisa1996regulationthatprohibitsEUcompaniesandcourtsfromcomplyingwithforeignsanctionslawsandstipulatesthatnoforeigncourtjudgmentsbasedontheselawshaveanyeffectintheEU.CanetearrivedinTehranonFridayforatwo-dayvisittoreassureIranthattheEUwantstokeepopentradeandcooperationwithIrandespitetheU.S.decisiontopullout.¡¡¡¡PoliticalsympathyfromEuropewithIran'snucleardealis"notenough"andtheyshouldtakemore"practicalsteps"toguaranteeIran'seconomicinterestsfromthedeal,IranianForeignMinisterMohammadJavadZarifsaidonSunday."WiththeexitoftheUnitedStatesfromthenuclearagreement,expectationsfromthetheEuropeanUnion(EU)topreservetheachievementsofthedealarehigh,"ZarifmadetheremarksinameetingwiththevisitingEU'sEnergyChiefMiguelAriasCanete."Underthecurrentcircumstances,politicalsupportofEuropetothenukedealisnotsufficient,"Zarifsaid."EUshouldtakefurtherpracticalstepstocontinueeconomiccooperationwithIran,"hesaid,addingthat"EUshouldboostinvestmentsinIran."HeexpresseddoubtthatEurope'scommitmenttoimplementingthedeal,knownasJointComprehensivePlanofAction(JCPOA),isincontradictionwiththewithdrawalofmajorEuropeancompaniesfromIran'sprojectsaftertheUnitedStatespulledout.Forhispart,CanetesaidthatfollowingtheU.S.exitfromthedeal,EuropeanshaveunifiedtosavetheJCPOA.ThepoliticalresolveoftheEUistoimplementtheJCPOAandtocontinuethecooperationbetweenEuropeancompaniesandtheIslamicrepublic,hesaid.TheU.S.exitfromthedealhascausedproblemstoEurope,however,theEU'smessageistoprotecttheaccordanditsimplementation,headded.Earlierintheday,firstViceSpeakeroftheIranianParliamentAliMotahharisaidthatIraniangovernmentissatisfiedwiththerecenttalkswithitsEuropeanpartnersoverpreservingthenucleardealandsecuringIran'sinterests.Iran'sforeignministerandhisnegotiationteamexpressedtheirsatisfactiononSunday,butsaidthat"everythingdependsontheresultsofthetalksinthenextweeks,"MotahhariwasquotedassayingbyofficialIRNAnewsagency.Motahharimadetheremarksonthesidelinesofaparliamentmeeting,whereZarifbriefedthelawmakersontheongoingtalkswithFrance,Germany,BritainandtheEUForeignPolicyChiefFedericaMogherinioverthefateofthenucleardealafterU.S.withdrawalfromit."ThestepsthattheEuropeanshavetakeninthisregardsofarareacceptable,"headded.OnSaturday,HeadoftheAtomicEnergyOrganizationofIran(AEOI)AliAkbarSalehiurgedtheEuropeancountriestoremaincommittedtotheirpromisesintheIranian2015nucleardeal.SalehiexpressedhopethattheEUfulfillitspledgestosecureIran'sinterests,whichweremadeintherecentmeetingswiththeIraniandelegationinBrussels.SalehimadetheremarksinthejointpressconferencewiththevisitingEU'senergychief.TheEU'seffortstosavethenuclearcontractshowthatthedealisaveryimportantagreementfortheregionandtheworld,Salehisaid.However,iftheEuropeansfailtoundertaketheirobligations,Iranhastopressaheadwithitspeacefulnucleardevelopmentwithfulldetermination,hesaid.TheIranianofficialnotedthattheEUandtheIranianauthoritieshavealsodiscussedtoreplaceU.S.dollarwitheurointheirtradetransactions,andthattheEUhastakeninitialstepsinthisregard.TheU.S.pulloutfromtheIraniannuclearagreement,oncemore,provedtotheworldthatWashingtonisnotreliableinundertakingitsinternationalresponsibilities,saidSalehi.U.S.exitfromthedealmaycausesomeproblems,butitwillnotcauseseriousones,hestressed.Also,Canetestressedthatpreservingthenucleardealisofsignificancetoglobalandregionalpeace.EUhassentamessagetotheIranianfriendsthataslongastheysticktotheagreement,theEuropeanswillremaincommittedtoit,Canetesaid,addingthattheEUblochopestoboosttradewithIran.Besides,Iran'sPetroleumMinisterBijanNamdarZanganehsaidonSaturdaythatIran'soilexportswillnotbeaffectediftheEUrefrainsfromfollowingtheUnitedStatesinimposingneweconomicpressuresontheIslamicrepublic."TheU.S.decisiontowithdrawfromthenucleardealwouldnotaffectIran'soilexportsifEUcouldsalvagethedeal,"ZanganehtoldreportersafterhismeetingwithCanete.TheIranianministercalledforOPECmemberstatestoremainunitedintheirupcomingdecisiontosecuremembers'interestsandmarketstability.U.S.PresidentDonaldTrumpdecidedonMay8toquitIran'snucleardealandvowedtore-imposesanctions,includingoilembargo,onTehran.CanetesaidSaturdaythat"wewillhavetoaskfor(sanction)waivers,forcarve-outsforthe(European)companiesthatmakeinvestments."Besides,SalehisaidthathediscussedreapplyingEuropeanlawof"theblockingstatute"withCaneteonSaturday.IranpushestheEUfortherevivalof"theblockingstatute"whichisa1996regulationthatprohibitsEUcompaniesandcourtsfromcomplyingwithforeignsanctionslawsandstipulatesthatnoforeigncourtjudgmentsbasedontheselawshaveanyeffectintheEU.CanetearrivedinTehranonFridayforatwo-dayvisittoreassureIranthattheEUwantstokeepopentradeandcooperationwithIrandespitetheU.S.decisiontopullout.¡¡¡¡ChinesescientistshaveidentifiedthesecretofbatsthatharborhighlypathogenicviruseslikeEbola,MarburgandSARScoronavirusbutdonotshowclinicalsignsofdisease.InapaperpublishedonThursdayinthejournalCellHostMicrobe,scientistsattheWuhanInstituteofVirologyinChinafindthatinbats,anantiviralimmunepathwaycalledtheSTING-interferonpathwayisdampened,sobatscanmaintainjustenoughdefenseagainstillnesswithouttriggeringaheightenedimmunereaction."Webelievethereisabalancebetweenbatsandthepathogenstheycarry,"saidthepaper'sseniorauthorZhouPeng."Thisworkdemonstratedthatinordertomaintainabalancewithviruses,batsmayhaveevolvedtodampencertainpathways,"Zhousaid.Accordingtoresearchers,inhumansandothermammals,animmune-basedover-responsetooneoftheseandotherpathogenicvirusescantriggersevereillness.Forexample,inhumans,anactivatedSTINGpathwayislinkedwithsevereautoimmunediseases."Inhumanhistory,wehavebeenchasinginfectiousdiseasesoneafteranother,"saidZhou,"Butbatsappeartobea'super-mammal'tothesedeadlyviruses."ByidentifyingaweakenedbutnotdefunctSTINGpathwayinbats,researchershavesomenewinsightintohowbatsfine-tuneantiviraldefensestobalanceaneffective,butnotanovert,responseagainstviruses.Theyhypothesizethatthisdefensestrategyevolvedaspartofthreeinterconnectedfeaturesofbatbiology:theyareflyingmammals,havealonglifespan,andhostalargeviralreservoir."AdaptationtoflightlikelycausedpositiveselectionofmultiplebatinnateimmuneandDNAdamagerepairgenes,"Zhousaid.TheseadaptationsmayhaveshapedcertainantiviralpathwaysincludingSTING,interferontomakethemgoodviralreservoirhostsandachieveatolerablebalance.ZhoutoldXinhuathatthestudyhasprovidedapossibilitythatpeoplecanlearnfrombatsincombatingvirusalthoughwhetherthismechanismcanbedirectlyusedinhumansisstillunknown.¡¡¡¡

¡¡¡¡ChinesescientistshaveidentifiedthesecretofbatsthatharborhighlypathogenicviruseslikeEbola,MarburgandSARScoronavirusbutdonotshowclinicalsignsofdisease.InapaperpublishedonThursdayinthejournalCellHostMicrobe,scientistsattheWuhanInstituteofVirologyinChinafindthatinbats,anantiviralimmunepathwaycalledtheSTING-interferonpathwayisdampened,sobatscanmaintainjustenoughdefenseagainstillnesswithouttriggeringaheightenedimmunereaction."Webelievethereisabalancebetweenbatsandthepathogenstheycarry,"saidthepaper'sseniorauthorZhouPeng."Thisworkdemonstratedthatinordertomaintainabalancewithviruses,batsmayhaveevolvedtodampencertainpathways,"Zhousaid.Accordingtoresearchers,inhumansandothermammals,animmune-basedover-responsetooneoftheseandotherpathogenicvirusescantriggersevereillness.Forexample,inhumans,anactivatedSTINGpathwayislinkedwithsevereautoimmunediseases."Inhumanhistory,wehavebeenchasinginfectiousdiseasesoneafteranother,"saidZhou,"Butbatsappeartobea'super-mammal'tothesedeadlyviruses."ByidentifyingaweakenedbutnotdefunctSTINGpathwayinbats,researchershavesomenewinsightintohowbatsfine-tuneantiviraldefensestobalanceaneffective,butnotanovert,responseagainstviruses.Theyhypothesizethatthisdefensestrategyevolvedaspartofthreeinterconnectedfeaturesofbatbiology:theyareflyingmammals,havealonglifespan,andhostalargeviralreservoir."AdaptationtoflightlikelycausedpositiveselectionofmultiplebatinnateimmuneandDNAdamagerepairgenes,"Zhousaid.TheseadaptationsmayhaveshapedcertainantiviralpathwaysincludingSTING,interferontomakethemgoodviralreservoirhostsandachieveatolerablebalance.ZhoutoldXinhuathatthestudyhasprovidedapossibilitythatpeoplecanlearnfrombatsincombatingvirusalthoughwhetherthismechanismcanbedirectlyusedinhumansisstillunknown.¡¡¡¡TheEuropeanCommissiononFridayproposedactivationofadormantstatutetoshieldEuropeanfirmsdoingbusinesswithIranfromrenewedU.S.sanctions.The1996BlockingStatuteforbidsEUcompaniesfromcomplyingwiththeU.S.sanctions.ThestatutewasoriginallyintroducedinresponsetoU.S.tradeembargoonCubaandsanctionsagainstIranandLibya.Itwasneverenactedasthetransatlanticdisagreementswereironedoutpolitically.TheCommissionalsoproposedto"removeobstaclesfortheEuropeanInvestmentBank(EIB)todecideundertheEUbudgetguaranteetofinanceactivitiesoutsidetheEuropeanUnion,inIran."Inotherwords,theEIBwillbeallowedtosupportEUinvestmentinIran.TheEuropeanParliamentandtheCounciloftheEUwilldecidetoapproveorrejecttheproposalswithintwomonths,aheadofthefirstbatchofU.S.sanctionstakingeffectonAug.6.ThetwoproposalsarethecorepartsoftheCommission'sdecisiontoactonfourfrontsinthefaceofloomingU.S.sanctions.TheCommissionvowedto"continueandstrengthentheongoingsectoralcooperationwith,andassistanceto,Iran,includingintheenergysector,"whichisessentialtotheIranianeconomy.ItremainstobeseenwhetherthewordswilldispelconcernshauntingEuropeanenergygiantslikeTotal,whichonWednesdaysaiditmightnotbeabletocontinueitsgasdevelopmentprojectinIranunlessitgetsawaiverfromtheU.S.toprotectitfromre-imposedsanctions.ToweavethroughtheU.S.-dominatedinternationalbankingsystem,theCommissionsaiditisencouragingmemberstatestoexplorethepossibilityofone-offbanktransferstotheCentralBankofIran.Thisapproach"couldhelpIranianauthoritiestoreceivetheiroil-relatedrevenues,particularlyincaseofU.S.sanctionswhichcouldtargetEUentitiesactiveinoiltransactionswithIran,"theCommissionnoted.ThemovescameontheheelsoftheEU-WesternBalkanssummitinSofia,Bulgaria,duringwhichleadersofmemberstatesthrashedoutaunitedfrontagainstWashington.U.S.PresidentDonaldTrumpdeclaredlastweekthattheUnitedStateswouldwithdrawfromtheIrannucleardeal,claimingthatithadfailedtopreventIranfromdevelopingnuclearweaponsorsupportingterrorismintheregion.U.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinsaidinanannouncementthat"sanctionswillbere-imposedsubjecttocertain90-dayand180-daywind-downperiods."MuchtoEurope'sdispleasure,foreigncompaniesdoingbusinesswithIranarealsointhecrosshairsoftheU.S.sanctions.¡¡¡¡PoliticalsympathyfromEuropewithIran'snucleardealis"notenough"andtheyshouldtakemore"practicalsteps"toguaranteeIran'seconomicinterestsfromthedeal,IranianForeignMinisterMohammadJavadZarifsaidonSunday."WiththeexitoftheUnitedStatesfromthenuclearagreement,expectationsfromthetheEuropeanUnion(EU)topreservetheachievementsofthedealarehigh,"ZarifmadetheremarksinameetingwiththevisitingEU'sEnergyChiefMiguelAriasCanete."Underthecurrentcircumstances,politicalsupportofEuropetothenukedealisnotsufficient,"Zarifsaid."EUshouldtakefurtherpracticalstepstocontinueeconomiccooperationwithIran,"hesaid,addingthat"EUshouldboostinvestmentsinIran."HeexpresseddoubtthatEurope'scommitmenttoimplementingthedeal,knownasJointComprehensivePlanofAction(JCPOA),isincontradictionwiththewithdrawalofmajorEuropeancompaniesfromIran'sprojectsaftertheUnitedStatespulledout.Forhispart,CanetesaidthatfollowingtheU.S.exitfromthedeal,EuropeanshaveunifiedtosavetheJCPOA.ThepoliticalresolveoftheEUistoimplementtheJCPOAandtocontinuethecooperationbetweenEuropeancompaniesandtheIslamicrepublic,hesaid.TheU.S.exitfromthedealhascausedproblemstoEurope,however,theEU'smessageistoprotecttheaccordanditsimplementation,headded.Earlierintheday,firstViceSpeakeroftheIranianParliamentAliMotahharisaidthatIraniangovernmentissatisfiedwiththerecenttalkswithitsEuropeanpartnersoverpreservingthenucleardealandsecuringIran'sinterests.Iran'sforeignministerandhisnegotiationteamexpressedtheirsatisfactiononSunday,butsaidthat"everythingdependsontheresultsofthetalksinthenextweeks,"MotahhariwasquotedassayingbyofficialIRNAnewsagency.Motahharimadetheremarksonthesidelinesofaparliamentmeeting,whereZarifbriefedthelawmakersontheongoingtalkswithFrance,Germany,BritainandtheEUForeignPolicyChiefFedericaMogherinioverthefateofthenucleardealafterU.S.withdrawalfromit."ThestepsthattheEuropeanshavetakeninthisregardsofarareacceptable,"headded.OnSaturday,HeadoftheAtomicEnergyOrganizationofIran(AEOI)AliAkbarSalehiurgedtheEuropeancountriestoremaincommittedtotheirpromisesintheIranian2015nucleardeal.SalehiexpressedhopethattheEUfulfillitspledgestosecureIran'sinterests,whichweremadeintherecentmeetingswiththeIraniandelegationinBrussels.SalehimadetheremarksinthejointpressconferencewiththevisitingEU'senergychief.TheEU'seffortstosavethenuclearcontractshowthatthedealisaveryimportantagreementfortheregionandtheworld,Salehisaid.However,iftheEuropeansfailtoundertaketheirobligations,Iranhastopressaheadwithitspeacefulnucleardevelopmentwithfulldetermination,hesaid.TheIranianofficialnotedthattheEUandtheIranianauthoritieshavealsodiscussedtoreplaceU.S.dollarwitheurointheirtradetransactions,andthattheEUhastakeninitialstepsinthisregard.TheU.S.pulloutfromtheIraniannuclearagreement,oncemore,provedtotheworldthatWashingtonisnotreliableinundertakingitsinternationalresponsibilities,saidSalehi.U.S.exitfromthedealmaycausesomeproblems,butitwillnotcauseseriousones,hestressed.Also,Canetestressedthatpreservingthenucleardealisofsignificancetoglobalandregionalpeace.EUhassentamessagetotheIranianfriendsthataslongastheysticktotheagreement,theEuropeanswillremaincommittedtoit,Canetesaid,addingthattheEUblochopestoboosttradewithIran.Besides,Iran'sPetroleumMinisterBijanNamdarZanganehsaidonSaturdaythatIran'soilexportswillnotbeaffectediftheEUrefrainsfromfollowingtheUnitedStatesinimposingneweconomicpressuresontheIslamicrepublic."TheU.S.decisiontowithdrawfromthenucleardealwouldnotaffectIran'soilexportsifEUcouldsalvagethedeal,"ZanganehtoldreportersafterhismeetingwithCanete.TheIranianministercalledforOPECmemberstatestoremainunitedintheirupcomingdecisiontosecuremembers'interestsandmarketstability.U.S.PresidentDonaldTrumpdecidedonMay8toquitIran'snucleardealandvowedtore-imposesanctions,includingoilembargo,onTehran.CanetesaidSaturdaythat"wewillhavetoaskfor(sanction)waivers,forcarve-outsforthe(European)companiesthatmakeinvestments."Besides,SalehisaidthathediscussedreapplyingEuropeanlawof"theblockingstatute"withCaneteonSaturday.IranpushestheEUfortherevivalof"theblockingstatute"whichisa1996regulationthatprohibitsEUcompaniesandcourtsfromcomplyingwithforeignsanctionslawsandstipulatesthatnoforeigncourtjudgmentsbasedontheselawshaveanyeffectintheEU.CanetearrivedinTehranonFridayforatwo-dayvisittoreassureIranthattheEUwantstokeepopentradeandcooperationwithIrandespitetheU.S.decisiontopullout.¡¡¡¡

¡¡¡¡PoliticalsympathyfromEuropewithIran'snucleardealis"notenough"andtheyshouldtakemore"practicalsteps"toguaranteeIran'seconomicinterestsfromthedeal,IranianForeignMinisterMohammadJavadZarifsaidonSunday."WiththeexitoftheUnitedStatesfromthenuclearagreement,expectationsfromthetheEuropeanUnion(EU)topreservetheachievementsofthedealarehigh,"ZarifmadetheremarksinameetingwiththevisitingEU'sEnergyChiefMiguelAriasCanete."Underthecurrentcircumstances,politicalsupportofEuropetothenukedealisnotsufficient,"Zarifsaid."EUshouldtakefurtherpracticalstepstocontinueeconomiccooperationwithIran,"hesaid,addingthat"EUshouldboostinvestmentsinIran."HeexpresseddoubtthatEurope'scommitmenttoimplementingthedeal,knownasJointComprehensivePlanofAction(JCPOA),isincontradictionwiththewithdrawalofmajorEuropeancompaniesfromIran'sprojectsaftertheUnitedStatespulledout.Forhispart,CanetesaidthatfollowingtheU.S.exitfromthedeal,EuropeanshaveunifiedtosavetheJCPOA.ThepoliticalresolveoftheEUistoimplementtheJCPOAandtocontinuethecooperationbetweenEuropeancompaniesandtheIslamicrepublic,hesaid.TheU.S.exitfromthedealhascausedproblemstoEurope,however,theEU'smessageistoprotecttheaccordanditsimplementation,headded.Earlierintheday,firstViceSpeakeroftheIranianParliamentAliMotahharisaidthatIraniangovernmentissatisfiedwiththerecenttalkswithitsEuropeanpartnersoverpreservingthenucleardealandsecuringIran'sinterests.Iran'sforeignministerandhisnegotiationteamexpressedtheirsatisfactiononSunday,butsaidthat"everythingdependsontheresultsofthetalksinthenextweeks,"MotahhariwasquotedassayingbyofficialIRNAnewsagency.Motahharimadetheremarksonthesidelinesofaparliamentmeeting,whereZarifbriefedthelawmakersontheongoingtalkswithFrance,Germany,BritainandtheEUForeignPolicyChiefFedericaMogherinioverthefateofthenucleardealafterU.S.withdrawalfromit."ThestepsthattheEuropeanshavetakeninthisregardsofarareacceptable,"headded.OnSaturday,HeadoftheAtomicEnergyOrganizationofIran(AEOI)AliAkbarSalehiurgedtheEuropeancountriestoremaincommittedtotheirpromisesintheIranian2015nucleardeal.SalehiexpressedhopethattheEUfulfillitspledgestosecureIran'sinterests,whichweremadeintherecentmeetingswiththeIraniandelegationinBrussels.SalehimadetheremarksinthejointpressconferencewiththevisitingEU'senergychief.TheEU'seffortstosavethenuclearcontractshowthatthedealisaveryimportantagreementfortheregionandtheworld,Salehisaid.However,iftheEuropeansfailtoundertaketheirobligations,Iranhastopressaheadwithitspeacefulnucleardevelopmentwithfulldetermination,hesaid.TheIranianofficialnotedthattheEUandtheIranianauthoritieshavealsodiscussedtoreplaceU.S.dollarwitheurointheirtradetransactions,andthattheEUhastakeninitialstepsinthisregard.TheU.S.pulloutfromtheIraniannuclearagreement,oncemore,provedtotheworldthatWashingtonisnotreliableinundertakingitsinternationalresponsibilities,saidSalehi.U.S.exitfromthedealmaycausesomeproblems,butitwillnotcauseseriousones,hestressed.Also,Canetestressedthatpreservingthenucleardealisofsignificancetoglobalandregionalpeace.EUhassentamessagetotheIranianfriendsthataslongastheysticktotheagreement,theEuropeanswillremaincommittedtoit,Canetesaid,addingthattheEUblochopestoboosttradewithIran.Besides,Iran'sPetroleumMinisterBijanNamdarZanganehsaidonSaturdaythatIran'soilexportswillnotbeaffectediftheEUrefrainsfromfollowingtheUnitedStatesinimposingneweconomicpressuresontheIslamicrepublic."TheU.S.decisiontowithdrawfromthenucleardealwouldnotaffectIran'soilexportsifEUcouldsalvagethedeal,"ZanganehtoldreportersafterhismeetingwithCanete.TheIranianministercalledforOPECmemberstatestoremainunitedintheirupcomingdecisiontosecuremembers'interestsandmarketstability.U.S.PresidentDonaldTrumpdecidedonMay8toquitIran'snucleardealandvowedtore-imposesanctions,includingoilembargo,onTehran.CanetesaidSaturdaythat"wewillhavetoaskfor(sanction)waivers,forcarve-outsforthe(European)companiesthatmakeinvestments."Besides,SalehisaidthathediscussedreapplyingEuropeanlawof"theblockingstatute"withCaneteonSaturday.IranpushestheEUfortherevivalof"theblockingstatute"whichisa1996regulationthatprohibitsEUcompaniesandcourtsfromcomplyingwithforeignsanctionslawsandstipulatesthatnoforeigncourtjudgmentsbasedontheselawshaveanyeffectintheEU.CanetearrivedinTehranonFridayforatwo-dayvisittoreassureIranthattheEUwantstokeepopentradeandcooperationwithIrandespitetheU.S.decisiontopullout.¡¡¡¡GovernmentstillsupportslegaloutboundinvestmentChina'scross-bordercapitalflowswerestableandbalancedinthefirsthalfofthisyear,"thebestphaseinnearlythreeyears,"whileindividualsdevelopedanincreasedawarenessofhowtouseforeigncurrencylegally,theStateAdministrationofForeignExchange(SAFE)announcedatapressconferenceonThursday.Domesticindividuals'desiretoholdforeigncurrencyhasbeendecreasingingeneral.Inthefirsthalfof2017,individualpurchasesofforeigncurrencyslumpedby4percentyear-on-year,comparedwith14percentgrowthinthesameperiodlastyear,WangChunying,aspokespersonoftheSAFE,saidattheconference.Wangdidn'tdisclosetheexactamountofforeigncurrencypurchasedbyindividualsduringtheperiod.Domesticresidents'foreigncurrencyholdingsfell.7billionyear-on-yearinthefirstsixmonthsthisyear,Wangsaid.LiuXuezhi,asenioranalystatBankofCommunications,saidthatthefiguresshowedtheeffortsofthegovernment'sintensifiedmanagementofthecurrentaccountinrecentmonths.Thecurrentaccountincludesthebalanceoftradeandnettransferpaymentslikethoseinvolvingtourism."Somepeopletransferredmoneyabroadtoengageinoverseasinvestment(inearlierperiods),whichincreasedthepressureofcapitaloutflows.Butthisphenomenoneasedalotafterthegovernmentlaunchedaguidelineinearly2017thatbannedindividualsfromacquiringforeigncurrencytobuypropertiesorinvestinsecuritiesonoffshoremarkets,"LiutoldtheGlobalTimesonThursday.Inthefirstsixmonthsof2017,domesticbankssoldforeignexchangeworth5.95trillionyuan(9billion)andbought5.31trillionyuanworthofforeigncurrency.Chinesebanks'netforeignexchangesettlementdeficitreached.8billion,down46percentonayearlybasis,accordingtodatarevealedbyWangfromtheSAFE.Thesupply-demandbalanceintheforeigncurrencymarkethelpedChina'sforeigncurrencyreservestocontinuerising.AsoftheendofJune,reservesreached.06trillion,up.3billioncomparedwiththeendof2016.Itwasthefifthconsecutivemonthlygaininthereserves.Wangsaidthatcapitaloutflowsvianon-bankinginstitutionsdecreasedalot,whichmeansthatChinahascontinuedtoemergefromthe"shadows"involvingcapitaloutflowsthathoveredoverthenationaround2016.ZhouYu,directoroftheResearchCenterofInternationalFinanceattheShanghaiAcademyofSocialSciences,saidthatapartfromgovernmentmanagement,otherfactorsliketheweakeningdollarandtheimprovingdomesticeconomyhavealsohelpedstabilizetheforeigncurrencymarket.TheUSDollarIndexhaddroppedfrom102attheendof2016to95asof5:56pmBeijingtimeonThursday.China'sGDPgrew6.9percentinthefirsthalfof2017,comparedwith6.8percentgrowthinthefourthquarterof2016."ButIdon'tthinkthatwecancompletelyletourguarddownaboutfuturecapitaloutflows,becausethedollarmightstrengthenagainandtheimpactoftheslumpingrealestatesectoronthedomesticeconomymightbecomeevidentlaterthisyear,"ZhoutoldtheGlobalTimesonThursday.Liusaidthat"instabilityfactors"inChina'sforeigncurrencymarket,suchasdomesticeconomicinstabilityorexternalpressurefromastrongerdollar,aredecreasingandtheforeigncurrencysituationwillimprovefurther.WangnotedthattheSAFE'spolicyinvolvingcurrencymovementshasbeenconsistent,anditwillinsistuponsupportinglegaloutbounddirectinvestmentandpromotingtheconvenienceofoverseastradeandinvestmentwhilebeingalerttopossibleinvestmentrisks.AccordingtoLiu,thegovernmentshouldconsidereasingitsgriponforeigncurrencymanagement,sincethepressureofcapitaloutflowshaseased.Healsosaidthatmeasuresshouldbetakentowardreformsinvolvingthecapitalaccountsuchasspeedingupthebondconnectprogram.¡¡¡¡GovernmentstillsupportslegaloutboundinvestmentChina'scross-bordercapitalflowswerestableandbalancedinthefirsthalfofthisyear,"thebestphaseinnearlythreeyears,"whileindividualsdevelopedanincreasedawarenessofhowtouseforeigncurrencylegally,theStateAdministrationofForeignExchange(SAFE)announcedatapressconferenceonThursday.Domesticindividuals'desiretoholdforeigncurrencyhasbeendecreasingingeneral.Inthefirsthalfof2017,individualpurchasesofforeigncurrencyslumpedby4percentyear-on-year,comparedwith14percentgrowthinthesameperiodlastyear,WangChunying,aspokespersonoftheSAFE,saidattheconference.Wangdidn'tdisclosetheexactamountofforeigncurrencypurchasedbyindividualsduringtheperiod.Domesticresidents'foreigncurrencyholdingsfell.7billionyear-on-yearinthefirstsixmonthsthisyear,Wangsaid.LiuXuezhi,asenioranalystatBankofCommunications,saidthatthefiguresshowedtheeffortsofthegovernment'sintensifiedmanagementofthecurrentaccountinrecentmonths.Thecurrentaccountincludesthebalanceoftradeandnettransferpaymentslikethoseinvolvingtourism."Somepeopletransferredmoneyabroadtoengageinoverseasinvestment(inearlierperiods),whichincreasedthepressureofcapitaloutflows.Butthisphenomenoneasedalotafterthegovernmentlaunchedaguidelineinearly2017thatbannedindividualsfromacquiringforeigncurrencytobuypropertiesorinvestinsecuritiesonoffshoremarkets,"LiutoldtheGlobalTimesonThursday.Inthefirstsixmonthsof2017,domesticbankssoldforeignexchangeworth5.95trillionyuan(9billion)andbought5.31trillionyuanworthofforeigncurrency.Chinesebanks'netforeignexchangesettlementdeficitreached.8billion,down46percentonayearlybasis,accordingtodatarevealedbyWangfromtheSAFE.Thesupply-demandbalanceintheforeigncurrencymarkethelpedChina'sforeigncurrencyreservestocontinuerising.AsoftheendofJune,reservesreached.06trillion,up.3billioncomparedwiththeendof2016.Itwasthefifthconsecutivemonthlygaininthereserves.Wangsaidthatcapitaloutflowsvianon-bankinginstitutionsdecreasedalot,whichmeansthatChinahascontinuedtoemergefromthe"shadows"involvingcapitaloutflowsthathoveredoverthenationaround2016.ZhouYu,directoroftheResearchCenterofInternationalFinanceattheShanghaiAcademyofSocialSciences,saidthatapartfromgovernmentmanagement,otherfactorsliketheweakeningdollarandtheimprovingdomesticeconomyhavealsohelpedstabilizetheforeigncurrencymarket.TheUSDollarIndexhaddroppedfrom102attheendof2016to95asof5:56pmBeijingtimeonThursday.China'sGDPgrew6.9percentinthefirsthalfof2017,comparedwith6.8percentgrowthinthefourthquarterof2016."ButIdon'tthinkthatwecancompletelyletourguarddownaboutfuturecapitaloutflows,becausethedollarmightstrengthenagainandtheimpactoftheslumpingrealestatesectoronthedomesticeconomymightbecomeevidentlaterthisyear,"ZhoutoldtheGlobalTimesonThursday.Liusaidthat"instabilityfactors"inChina'sforeigncurrencymarket,suchasdomesticeconomicinstabilityorexternalpressurefromastrongerdollar,aredecreasingandtheforeigncurrencysituationwillimprovefurther.WangnotedthattheSAFE'spolicyinvolvingcurrencymovementshasbeenconsistent,anditwillinsistuponsupportinglegaloutbounddirectinvestmentandpromotingtheconvenienceofoverseastradeandinvestmentwhilebeingalerttopossibleinvestmentrisks.AccordingtoLiu,thegovernmentshouldconsidereasingitsgriponforeigncurrencymanagement,sincethepressureofcapitaloutflowshaseased.Healsosaidthatmeasuresshouldbetakentowardreformsinvolvingthecapitalaccountsuchasspeedingupthebondconnectprogram.¡¡¡¡

¡¡¡¡PoliticalsympathyfromEuropewithIran'snucleardealis"notenough"andtheyshouldtakemore"practicalsteps"toguaranteeIran'seconomicinterestsfromthedeal,IranianForeignMinisterMohammadJavadZarifsaidonSunday."WiththeexitoftheUnitedStatesfromthenuclearagreement,expectationsfromthetheEuropeanUnion(EU)topreservetheachievementsofthedealarehigh,"ZarifmadetheremarksinameetingwiththevisitingEU'sEnergyChiefMiguelAriasCanete."Underthecurrentcircumstances,politicalsupportofEuropetothenukedealisnotsufficient,"Zarifsaid."EUshouldtakefurtherpracticalstepstocontinueeconomiccooperationwithIran,"hesaid,addingthat"EUshouldboostinvestmentsinIran."HeexpresseddoubtthatEurope'scommitmenttoimplementingthedeal,knownasJointComprehensivePlanofAction(JCPOA),isincontradictionwiththewithdrawalofmajorEuropeancompaniesfromIran'sprojectsaftertheUnitedStatespulledout.Forhispart,CanetesaidthatfollowingtheU.S.exitfromthedeal,EuropeanshaveunifiedtosavetheJCPOA.ThepoliticalresolveoftheEUistoimplementtheJCPOAandtocontinuethecooperationbetweenEuropeancompaniesandtheIslamicrepublic,hesaid.TheU.S.exitfromthedealhascausedproblemstoEurope,however,theEU'smessageistoprotecttheaccordanditsimplementation,headded.Earlierintheday,firstViceSpeakeroftheIranianParliamentAliMotahharisaidthatIraniangovernmentissatisfiedwiththerecenttalkswithitsEuropeanpartnersoverpreservingthenucleardealandsecuringIran'sinterests.Iran'sforeignministerandhisnegotiationteamexpressedtheirsatisfactiononSunday,butsaidthat"everythingdependsontheresultsofthetalksinthenextweeks,"MotahhariwasquotedassayingbyofficialIRNAnewsagency.Motahharimadetheremarksonthesidelinesofaparliamentmeeting,whereZarifbriefedthelawmakersontheongoingtalkswithFrance,Germany,BritainandtheEUForeignPolicyChiefFedericaMogherinioverthefateofthenucleardealafterU.S.withdrawalfromit."ThestepsthattheEuropeanshavetakeninthisregardsofarareacceptable,"headded.OnSaturday,HeadoftheAtomicEnergyOrganizationofIran(AEOI)AliAkbarSalehiurgedtheEuropeancountriestoremaincommittedtotheirpromisesintheIranian2015nucleardeal.SalehiexpressedhopethattheEUfulfillitspledgestosecureIran'sinterests,whichweremadeintherecentmeetingswiththeIraniandelegationinBrussels.SalehimadetheremarksinthejointpressconferencewiththevisitingEU'senergychief.TheEU'seffortstosavethenuclearcontractshowthatthedealisaveryimportantagreementfortheregionandtheworld,Salehisaid.However,iftheEuropeansfailtoundertaketheirobligations,Iranhastopressaheadwithitspeacefulnucleardevelopmentwithfulldetermination,hesaid.TheIranianofficialnotedthattheEUandtheIranianauthoritieshavealsodiscussedtoreplaceU.S.dollarwitheurointheirtradetransactions,andthattheEUhastakeninitialstepsinthisregard.TheU.S.pulloutfromtheIraniannuclearagreement,oncemore,provedtotheworldthatWashingtonisnotreliableinundertakingitsinternationalresponsibilities,saidSalehi.U.S.exitfromthedealmaycausesomeproblems,butitwillnotcauseseriousones,hestressed.Also,Canetestressedthatpreservingthenucleardealisofsignificancetoglobalandregionalpeace.EUhassentamessagetotheIranianfriendsthataslongastheysticktotheagreement,theEuropeanswillremaincommittedtoit,Canetesaid,addingthattheEUblochopestoboosttradewithIran.Besides,Iran'sPetroleumMinisterBijanNamdarZanganehsaidonSaturdaythatIran'soilexportswillnotbeaffectediftheEUrefrainsfromfollowingtheUnitedStatesinimposingneweconomicpressuresontheIslamicrepublic."TheU.S.decisiontowithdrawfromthenucleardealwouldnotaffectIran'soilexportsifEUcouldsalvagethedeal,"ZanganehtoldreportersafterhismeetingwithCanete.TheIranianministercalledforOPECmemberstatestoremainunitedintheirupcomingdecisiontosecuremembers'interestsandmarketstability.U.S.PresidentDonaldTrumpdecidedonMay8toquitIran'snucleardealandvowedtore-imposesanctions,includingoilembargo,onTehran.CanetesaidSaturdaythat"wewillhavetoaskfor(sanction)waivers,forcarve-outsforthe(European)companiesthatmakeinvestments."Besides,SalehisaidthathediscussedreapplyingEuropeanlawof"theblockingstatute"withCaneteonSaturday.IranpushestheEUfortherevivalof"theblockingstatute"whichisa1996regulationthatprohibitsEUcompaniesandcourtsfromcomplyingwithforeignsanctionslawsandstipulatesthatnoforeigncourtjudgmentsbasedontheselawshaveanyeffectintheEU.CanetearrivedinTehranonFridayforatwo-dayvisittoreassureIranthattheEUwantstokeepopentradeandcooperationwithIrandespitetheU.S.decisiontopullout.¡¡¡¡TheEuropeanCommissiononFridayproposedactivationofadormantstatutetoshieldEuropeanfirmsdoingbusinesswithIranfromrenewedU.S.sanctions.The1996BlockingStatuteforbidsEUcompaniesfromcomplyingwiththeU.S.sanctions.ThestatutewasoriginallyintroducedinresponsetoU.S.tradeembargoonCubaandsanctionsagainstIranandLibya.Itwasneverenactedasthetransatlanticdisagreementswereironedoutpolitically.TheCommissionalsoproposedto"removeobstaclesfortheEuropeanInvestmentBank(EIB)todecideundertheEUbudgetguaranteetofinanceactivitiesoutsidetheEuropeanUnion,inIran."Inotherwords,theEIBwillbeallowedtosupportEUinvestmentinIran.TheEuropeanParliamentandtheCounciloftheEUwilldecidetoapproveorrejecttheproposalswithintwomonths,aheadofthefirstbatchofU.S.sanctionstakingeffectonAug.6.ThetwoproposalsarethecorepartsoftheCommission'sdecisiontoactonfourfrontsinthefaceofloomingU.S.sanctions.TheCommissionvowedto"continueandstrengthentheongoingsectoralcooperationwith,andassistanceto,Iran,includingintheenergysector,"whichisessentialtotheIranianeconomy.ItremainstobeseenwhetherthewordswilldispelconcernshauntingEuropeanenergygiantslikeTotal,whichonWednesdaysaiditmightnotbeabletocontinueitsgasdevelopmentprojectinIranunlessitgetsawaiverfromtheU.S.toprotectitfromre-imposedsanctions.ToweavethroughtheU.S.-dominatedinternationalbankingsystem,theCommissionsaiditisencouragingmemberstatestoexplorethepossibilityofone-offbanktransferstotheCentralBankofIran.Thisapproach"couldhelpIranianauthoritiestoreceivetheiroil-relatedrevenues,particularlyincaseofU.S.sanctionswhichcouldtargetEUentitiesactiveinoiltransactionswithIran,"theCommissionnoted.ThemovescameontheheelsoftheEU-WesternBalkanssummitinSofia,Bulgaria,duringwhichleadersofmemberstatesthrashedoutaunitedfrontagainstWashington.U.S.PresidentDonaldTrumpdeclaredlastweekthattheUnitedStateswouldwithdrawfromtheIrannucleardeal,claimingthatithadfailedtopreventIranfromdevelopingnuclearweaponsorsupportingterrorismintheregion.U.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinsaidinanannouncementthat"sanctionswillbere-imposedsubjecttocertain90-dayand180-daywind-downperiods."MuchtoEurope'sdispleasure,foreigncompaniesdoingbusinesswithIranarealsointhecrosshairsoftheU.S.sanctions.¡¡¡¡ChinesescientistshaveidentifiedthesecretofbatsthatharborhighlypathogenicviruseslikeEbola,MarburgandSARScoronavirusbutdonotshowclinicalsignsofdisease.InapaperpublishedonThursdayinthejournalCellHostMicrobe,scientistsattheWuhanInstituteofVirologyinChinafindthatinbats,anantiviralimmunepathwaycalledtheSTING-interferonpathwayisdampened,sobatscanmaintainjustenoughdefenseagainstillnesswithouttriggeringaheightenedimmunereaction."Webelievethereisabalancebetweenbatsandthepathogenstheycarry,"saidthepaper'sseniorauthorZhouPeng."Thisworkdemonstratedthatinordertomaintainabalancewithviruses,batsmayhaveevolvedtodampencertainpathways,"Zhousaid.Accordingtoresearchers,inhumansandothermammals,animmune-basedover-responsetooneoftheseandotherpathogenicvirusescantriggersevereillness.Forexample,inhumans,anactivatedSTINGpathwayislinkedwithsevereautoimmunediseases."Inhumanhistory,wehavebeenchasinginfectiousdiseasesoneafteranother,"saidZhou,"Butbatsappeartobea'super-mammal'tothesedeadlyviruses."ByidentifyingaweakenedbutnotdefunctSTINGpathwayinbats,researchershavesomenewinsightintohowbatsfine-tuneantiviraldefensestobalanceaneffective,butnotanovert,responseagainstviruses.Theyhypothesizethatthisdefensestrategyevolvedaspartofthreeinterconnectedfeaturesofbatbiology:theyareflyingmammals,havealonglifespan,andhostalargeviralreservoir."AdaptationtoflightlikelycausedpositiveselectionofmultiplebatinnateimmuneandDNAdamagerepairgenes,"Zhousaid.TheseadaptationsmayhaveshapedcertainantiviralpathwaysincludingSTING,interferontomakethemgoodviralreservoirhostsandachieveatolerablebalance.ZhoutoldXinhuathatthestudyhasprovidedapossibilitythatpeoplecanlearnfrombatsincombatingvirusalthoughwhetherthismechanismcanbedirectlyusedinhumansisstillunknown.¡¡¡¡

¡¡¡¡TheEuropeanCommissiononFridayproposedactivationofadormantstatutetoshieldEuropeanfirmsdoingbusinesswithIranfromrenewedU.S.sanctions.The1996BlockingStatuteforbidsEUcompaniesfromcomplyingwiththeU.S.sanctions.ThestatutewasoriginallyintroducedinresponsetoU.S.tradeembargoonCubaandsanctionsagainstIranandLibya.Itwasneverenactedasthetransatlanticdisagreementswereironedoutpolitically.TheCommissionalsoproposedto"removeobstaclesfortheEuropeanInvestmentBank(EIB)todecideundertheEUbudgetguaranteetofinanceactivitiesoutsidetheEuropeanUnion,inIran."Inotherwords,theEIBwillbeallowedtosupportEUinvestmentinIran.TheEuropeanParliamentandtheCounciloftheEUwilldecidetoapproveorrejecttheproposalswithintwomonths,aheadofthefirstbatchofU.S.sanctionstakingeffectonAug.6.ThetwoproposalsarethecorepartsoftheCommission'sdecisiontoactonfourfrontsinthefaceofloomingU.S.sanctions.TheCommissionvowedto"continueandstrengthentheongoingsectoralcooperationwith,andassistanceto,Iran,includingintheenergysector,"whichisessentialtotheIranianeconomy.ItremainstobeseenwhetherthewordswilldispelconcernshauntingEuropeanenergygiantslikeTotal,whichonWednesdaysaiditmightnotbeabletocontinueitsgasdevelopmentprojectinIranunlessitgetsawaiverfromtheU.S.toprotectitfromre-imposedsanctions.ToweavethroughtheU.S.-dominatedinternationalbankingsystem,theCommissionsaiditisencouragingmemberstatestoexplorethepossibilityofone-offbanktransferstotheCentralBankofIran.Thisapproach"couldhelpIranianauthoritiestoreceivetheiroil-relatedrevenues,particularlyincaseofU.S.sanctionswhichcouldtargetEUentitiesactiveinoiltransactionswithIran,"theCommissionnoted.ThemovescameontheheelsoftheEU-WesternBalkanssummitinSofia,Bulgaria,duringwhichleadersofmemberstatesthrashedoutaunitedfrontagainstWashington.U.S.PresidentDonaldTrumpdeclaredlastweekthattheUnitedStateswouldwithdrawfromtheIrannucleardeal,claimingthatithadfailedtopreventIranfromdevelopingnuclearweaponsorsupportingterrorismintheregion.U.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinsaidinanannouncementthat"sanctionswillbere-imposedsubjecttocertain90-dayand180-daywind-downperiods."MuchtoEurope'sdispleasure,foreigncompaniesdoingbusinesswithIranarealsointhecrosshairsoftheU.S.sanctions.¡¡¡¡ChinesescientistshaveidentifiedthesecretofbatsthatharborhighlypathogenicviruseslikeEbola,MarburgandSARScoronavirusbutdonotshowclinicalsignsofdisease.InapaperpublishedonThursdayinthejournalCellHostMicrobe,scientistsattheWuhanInstituteofVirologyinChinafindthatinbats,anantiviralimmunepathwaycalledtheSTING-interferonpathwayisdampened,sobatscanmaintainjustenoughdefenseagainstillnesswithouttriggeringaheightenedimmunereaction."Webelievethereisabalancebetweenbatsandthepathogenstheycarry,"saidthepaper'sseniorauthorZhouPeng."Thisworkdemonstratedthatinordertomaintainabalancewithviruses,batsmayhaveevolvedtodampencertainpathways,"Zhousaid.Accordingtoresearchers,inhumansandothermammals,animmune-basedover-responsetooneoftheseandotherpathogenicvirusescantriggersevereillness.Forexample,inhumans,anactivatedSTINGpathwayislinkedwithsevereautoimmunediseases."Inhumanhistory,wehavebeenchasinginfectiousdiseasesoneafteranother,"saidZhou,"Butbatsappeartobea'super-mammal'tothesedeadlyviruses."ByidentifyingaweakenedbutnotdefunctSTINGpathwayinbats,researchershavesomenewinsightintohowbatsfine-tuneantiviraldefensestobalanceaneffective,butnotanovert,responseagainstviruses.Theyhypothesizethatthisdefensestrategyevolvedaspartofthreeinterconnectedfeaturesofbatbiology:theyareflyingmammals,havealonglifespan,andhostalargeviralreservoir."AdaptationtoflightlikelycausedpositiveselectionofmultiplebatinnateimmuneandDNAdamagerepairgenes,"Zhousaid.TheseadaptationsmayhaveshapedcertainantiviralpathwaysincludingSTING,interferontomakethemgoodviralreservoirhostsandachieveatolerablebalance.ZhoutoldXinhuathatthestudyhasprovidedapossibilitythatpeoplecanlearnfrombatsincombatingvirusalthoughwhetherthismechanismcanbedirectlyusedinhumansisstillunknown.¡¡¡¡GovernmentstillsupportslegaloutboundinvestmentChina'scross-bordercapitalflowswerestableandbalancedinthefirsthalfofthisyear,"thebestphaseinnearlythreeyears,"whileindividualsdevelopedanincreasedawarenessofhowtouseforeigncurrencylegally,theStateAdministrationofForeignExchange(SAFE)announcedatapressconferenceonThursday.Domesticindividuals'desiretoholdforeigncurrencyhasbeendecreasingingeneral.Inthefirsthalfof2017,individualpurchasesofforeigncurrencyslumpedby4percentyear-on-year,comparedwith14percentgrowthinthesameperiodlastyear,WangChunying,aspokespersonoftheSAFE,saidattheconference.Wangdidn'tdisclosetheexactamountofforeigncurrencypurchasedbyindividualsduringtheperiod.Domesticresidents'foreigncurrencyholdingsfell.7billionyear-on-yearinthefirstsixmonthsthisyear,Wangsaid.LiuXuezhi,asenioranalystatBankofCommunications,saidthatthefiguresshowedtheeffortsofthegovernment'sintensifiedmanagementofthecurrentaccountinrecentmonths.Thecurrentaccountincludesthebalanceoftradeandnettransferpaymentslikethoseinvolvingtourism."Somepeopletransferredmoneyabroadtoengageinoverseasinvestment(inearlierperiods),whichincreasedthepressureofcapitaloutflows.Butthisphenomenoneasedalotafterthegovernmentlaunchedaguidelineinearly2017thatbannedindividualsfromacquiringforeigncurrencytobuypropertiesorinvestinsecuritiesonoffshoremarkets,"LiutoldtheGlobalTimesonThursday.Inthefirstsixmonthsof2017,domesticbankssoldforeignexchangeworth5.95trillionyuan(9billion)andbought5.31trillionyuanworthofforeigncurrency.Chinesebanks'netforeignexchangesettlementdeficitreached.8billion,down46percentonayearlybasis,accordingtodatarevealedbyWangfromtheSAFE.Thesupply-demandbalanceintheforeigncurrencymarkethelpedChina'sforeigncurrencyreservestocontinuerising.AsoftheendofJune,reservesreached.06trillion,up.3billioncomparedwiththeendof2016.Itwasthefifthconsecutivemonthlygaininthereserves.Wangsaidthatcapitaloutflowsvianon-bankinginstitutionsdecreasedalot,whichmeansthatChinahascontinuedtoemergefromthe"shadows"involvingcapitaloutflowsthathoveredoverthenationaround2016.ZhouYu,directoroftheResearchCenterofInternationalFinanceattheShanghaiAcademyofSocialSciences,saidthatapartfromgovernmentmanagement,otherfactorsliketheweakeningdollarandtheimprovingdomesticeconomyhavealsohelpedstabilizetheforeigncurrencymarket.TheUSDollarIndexhaddroppedfrom102attheendof2016to95asof5:56pmBeijingtimeonThursday.China'sGDPgrew6.9percentinthefirsthalfof2017,comparedwith6.8percentgrowthinthefourthquarterof2016."ButIdon'tthinkthatwecancompletelyletourguarddownaboutfuturecapitaloutflows,becausethedollarmightstrengthenagainandtheimpactoftheslumpingrealestatesectoronthedomesticeconomymightbecomeevidentlaterthisyear,"ZhoutoldtheGlobalTimesonThursday.Liusaidthat"instabilityfactors"inChina'sforeigncurrencymarket,suchasdomesticeconomicinstabilityorexternalpressurefromastrongerdollar,aredecreasingandtheforeigncurrencysituationwillimprovefurther.WangnotedthattheSAFE'spolicyinvolvingcurrencymovementshasbeenconsistent,anditwillinsistuponsupportinglegaloutbounddirectinvestmentandpromotingtheconvenienceofoverseastradeandinvestmentwhilebeingalerttopossibleinvestmentrisks.AccordingtoLiu,thegovernmentshouldconsidereasingitsgriponforeigncurrencymanagement,sincethepressureofcapitaloutflowshaseased.Healsosaidthatmeasuresshouldbetakentowardreformsinvolvingthecapitalaccountsuchasspeedingupthebondconnectprogram.¡¡¡¡

¡¡¡¡ChinesescientistshaveidentifiedthesecretofbatsthatharborhighlypathogenicviruseslikeEbola,MarburgandSARScoronavirusbutdonotshowclinicalsignsofdisease.InapaperpublishedonThursdayinthejournalCellHostMicrobe,scientistsattheWuhanInstituteofVirologyinChinafindthatinbats,anantiviralimmunepathwaycalledtheSTING-interferonpathwayisdampened,sobatscanmaintainjustenoughdefenseagainstillnesswithouttriggeringaheightenedimmunereaction."Webelievethereisabalancebetweenbatsandthepathogenstheycarry,"saidthepaper'sseniorauthorZhouPeng."Thisworkdemonstratedthatinordertomaintainabalancewithviruses,batsmayhaveevolvedtodampencertainpathways,"Zhousaid.Accordingtoresearchers,inhumansandothermammals,animmune-basedover-responsetooneoftheseandotherpathogenicvirusescantriggersevereillness.Forexample,inhumans,anactivatedSTINGpathwayislinkedwithsevereautoimmunediseases."Inhumanhistory,wehavebeenchasinginfectiousdiseasesoneafteranother,"saidZhou,"Butbatsappeartobea'super-mammal'tothesedeadlyviruses."ByidentifyingaweakenedbutnotdefunctSTINGpathwayinbats,researchershavesomenewinsightintohowbatsfine-tuneantiviraldefensestobalanceaneffective,butnotanovert,responseagainstviruses.Theyhypothesizethatthisdefensestrategyevolvedaspartofthreeinterconnectedfeaturesofbatbiology:theyareflyingmammals,havealonglifespan,andhostalargeviralreservoir."AdaptationtoflightlikelycausedpositiveselectionofmultiplebatinnateimmuneandDNAdamagerepairgenes,"Zhousaid.TheseadaptationsmayhaveshapedcertainantiviralpathwaysincludingSTING,interferontomakethemgoodviralreservoirhostsandachieveatolerablebalance.ZhoutoldXinhuathatthestudyhasprovidedapossibilitythatpeoplecanlearnfrombatsincombatingvirusalthoughwhetherthismechanismcanbedirectlyusedinhumansisstillunknown.¡¡¡¡TheEuropeanCommissiononFridayproposedactivationofadormantstatutetoshieldEuropeanfirmsdoingbusinesswithIranfromrenewedU.S.sanctions.The1996BlockingStatuteforbidsEUcompaniesfromcomplyingwiththeU.S.sanctions.ThestatutewasoriginallyintroducedinresponsetoU.S.tradeembargoonCubaandsanctionsagainstIranandLibya.Itwasneverenactedasthetransatlanticdisagreementswereironedoutpolitically.TheCommissionalsoproposedto"removeobstaclesfortheEuropeanInvestmentBank(EIB)todecideundertheEUbudgetguaranteetofinanceactivitiesoutsidetheEuropeanUnion,inIran."Inotherwords,theEIBwillbeallowedtosupportEUinvestmentinIran.TheEuropeanParliamentandtheCounciloftheEUwilldecidetoapproveorrejecttheproposalswithintwomonths,aheadofthefirstbatchofU.S.sanctionstakingeffectonAug.6.ThetwoproposalsarethecorepartsoftheCommission'sdecisiontoactonfourfrontsinthefaceofloomingU.S.sanctions.TheCommissionvowedto"continueandstrengthentheongoingsectoralcooperationwith,andassistanceto,Iran,includingintheenergysector,"whichisessentialtotheIranianeconomy.ItremainstobeseenwhetherthewordswilldispelconcernshauntingEuropeanenergygiantslikeTotal,whichonWednesdaysaiditmightnotbeabletocontinueitsgasdevelopmentprojectinIranunlessitgetsawaiverfromtheU.S.toprotectitfromre-imposedsanctions.ToweavethroughtheU.S.-dominatedinternationalbankingsystem,theCommissionsaiditisencouragingmemberstatestoexplorethepossibilityofone-offbanktransferstotheCentralBankofIran.Thisapproach"couldhelpIranianauthoritiestoreceivetheiroil-relatedrevenues,particularlyincaseofU.S.sanctionswhichcouldtargetEUentitiesactiveinoiltransactionswithIran,"theCommissionnoted.ThemovescameontheheelsoftheEU-WesternBalkanssummitinSofia,Bulgaria,duringwhichleadersofmemberstatesthrashedoutaunitedfrontagainstWashington.U.S.PresidentDonaldTrumpdeclaredlastweekthattheUnitedStateswouldwithdrawfromtheIrannucleardeal,claimingthatithadfailedtopreventIranfromdevelopingnuclearweaponsorsupportingterrorismintheregion.U.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinsaidinanannouncementthat"sanctionswillbere-imposedsubjecttocertain90-dayand180-daywind-downperiods."MuchtoEurope'sdispleasure,foreigncompaniesdoingbusinesswithIranarealsointhecrosshairsoftheU.S.sanctions.¡¡¡¡GovernmentstillsupportslegaloutboundinvestmentChina'scross-bordercapitalflowswerestableandbalancedinthefirsthalfofthisyear,"thebestphaseinnearlythreeyears,"whileindividualsdevelopedanincreasedawarenessofhowtouseforeigncurrencylegally,theStateAdministrationofForeignExchange(SAFE)announcedatapressconferenceonThursday.Domesticindividuals'desiretoholdforeigncurrencyhasbeendecreasingingeneral.Inthefirsthalfof2017,individualpurchasesofforeigncurrencyslumpedby4percentyear-on-year,comparedwith14percentgrowthinthesameperiodlastyear,WangChunying,aspokespersonoftheSAFE,saidattheconference.Wangdidn'tdisclosetheexactamountofforeigncurrencypurchasedbyindividualsduringtheperiod.Domesticresidents'foreigncurrencyholdingsfell.7billionyear-on-yearinthefirstsixmonthsthisyear,Wangsaid.LiuXuezhi,asenioranalystatBankofCommunications,saidthatthefiguresshowedtheeffortsofthegovernment'sintensifiedmanagementofthecurrentaccountinrecentmonths.Thecurrentaccountincludesthebalanceoftradeandnettransferpaymentslikethoseinvolvingtourism."Somepeopletransferredmoneyabroadtoengageinoverseasinvestment(inearlierperiods),whichincreasedthepressureofcapitaloutflows.Butthisphenomenoneasedalotafterthegovernmentlaunchedaguidelineinearly2017thatbannedindividualsfromacquiringforeigncurrencytobuypropertiesorinvestinsecuritiesonoffshoremarkets,"LiutoldtheGlobalTimesonThursday.Inthefirstsixmonthsof2017,domesticbankssoldforeignexchangeworth5.95trillionyuan(9billion)andbought5.31trillionyuanworthofforeigncurrency.Chinesebanks'netforeignexchangesettlementdeficitreached.8billion,down46percentonayearlybasis,accordingtodatarevealedbyWangfromtheSAFE.Thesupply-demandbalanceintheforeigncurrencymarkethelpedChina'sforeigncurrencyreservestocontinuerising.AsoftheendofJune,reservesreached.06trillion,up.3billioncomparedwiththeendof2016.Itwasthefifthconsecutivemonthlygaininthereserves.Wangsaidthatcapitaloutflowsvianon-bankinginstitutionsdecreasedalot,whichmeansthatChinahascontinuedtoemergefromthe"shadows"involvingcapitaloutflowsthathoveredoverthenationaround2016.ZhouYu,directoroftheResearchCenterofInternationalFinanceattheShanghaiAcademyofSocialSciences,saidthatapartfromgovernmentmanagement,otherfactorsliketheweakeningdollarandtheimprovingdomesticeconomyhavealsohelpedstabilizetheforeigncurrencymarket.TheUSDollarIndexhaddroppedfrom102attheendof2016to95asof5:56pmBeijingtimeonThursday.China'sGDPgrew6.9percentinthefirsthalfof2017,comparedwith6.8percentgrowthinthefourthquarterof2016."ButIdon'tthinkthatwecancompletelyletourguarddownaboutfuturecapitaloutflows,becausethedollarmightstrengthenagainandtheimpactoftheslumpingrealestatesectoronthedomesticeconomymightbecomeevidentlaterthisyear,"ZhoutoldtheGlobalTimesonThursday.Liusaidthat"instabilityfactors"inChina'sforeigncurrencymarket,suchasdomesticeconomicinstabilityorexternalpressurefromastrongerdollar,aredecreasingandtheforeigncurrencysituationwillimprovefurther.WangnotedthattheSAFE'spolicyinvolvingcurrencymovementshasbeenconsistent,anditwillinsistuponsupportinglegaloutbounddirectinvestmentandpromotingtheconvenienceofoverseastradeandinvestmentwhilebeingalerttopossibleinvestmentrisks.AccordingtoLiu,thegovernmentshouldconsidereasingitsgriponforeigncurrencymanagement,sincethepressureofcapitaloutflowshaseased.Healsosaidthatmeasuresshouldbetakentowardreformsinvolvingthecapitalaccountsuchasspeedingupthebondconnectprogram.¡¡¡¡

¡¡¡¡ChinesescientistshaveidentifiedthesecretofbatsthatharborhighlypathogenicviruseslikeEbola,MarburgandSARScoronavirusbutdonotshowclinicalsignsofdisease.InapaperpublishedonThursdayinthejournalCellHostMicrobe,scientistsattheWuhanInstituteofVirologyinChinafindthatinbats,anantiviralimmunepathwaycalledtheSTING-interferonpathwayisdampened,sobatscanmaintainjustenoughdefenseagainstillnesswithouttriggeringaheightenedimmunereaction."Webelievethereisabalancebetweenbatsandthepathogenstheycarry,"saidthepaper'sseniorauthorZhouPeng."Thisworkdemonstratedthatinordertomaintainabalancewithviruses,batsmayhaveevolvedtodampencertainpathways,"Zhousaid.Accordingtoresearchers,inhumansandothermammals,animmune-basedover-responsetooneoftheseandotherpathogenicvirusescantriggersevereillness.Forexample,inhumans,anactivatedSTINGpathwayislinkedwithsevereautoimmunediseases."Inhumanhistory,wehavebeenchasinginfectiousdiseasesoneafteranother,"saidZhou,"Butbatsappeartobea'super-mammal'tothesedeadlyviruses."ByidentifyingaweakenedbutnotdefunctSTINGpathwayinbats,researchershavesomenewinsightintohowbatsfine-tuneantiviraldefensestobalanceaneffective,butnotanovert,responseagainstviruses.Theyhypothesizethatthisdefensestrategyevolvedaspartofthreeinterconnectedfeaturesofbatbiology:theyareflyingmammals,havealonglifespan,andhostalargeviralreservoir."AdaptationtoflightlikelycausedpositiveselectionofmultiplebatinnateimmuneandDNAdamagerepairgenes,"Zhousaid.TheseadaptationsmayhaveshapedcertainantiviralpathwaysincludingSTING,interferontomakethemgoodviralreservoirhostsandachieveatolerablebalance.ZhoutoldXinhuathatthestudyhasprovidedapossibilitythatpeoplecanlearnfrombatsincombatingvirusalthoughwhetherthismechanismcanbedirectlyusedinhumansisstillunknown.¡¡¡¡ChinesescientistshaveidentifiedthesecretofbatsthatharborhighlypathogenicviruseslikeEbola,MarburgandSARScoronavirusbutdonotshowclinicalsignsofdisease.InapaperpublishedonThursdayinthejournalCellHostMicrobe,scientistsattheWuhanInstituteofVirologyinChinafindthatinbats,anantiviralimmunepathwaycalledtheSTING-interferonpathwayisdampened,sobatscanmaintainjustenoughdefenseagainstillnesswithouttriggeringaheightenedimmunereaction."Webelievethereisabalancebetweenbatsandthepathogenstheycarry,"saidthepaper'sseniorauthorZhouPeng."Thisworkdemonstratedthatinordertomaintainabalancewithviruses,batsmayhaveevolvedtodampencertainpathways,"Zhousaid.Accordingtoresearchers,inhumansandothermammals,animmune-basedover-responsetooneoftheseandotherpathogenicvirusescantriggersevereillness.Forexample,inhumans,anactivatedSTINGpathwayislinkedwithsevereautoimmunediseases."Inhumanhistory,wehavebeenchasinginfectiousdiseasesoneafteranother,"saidZhou,"Butbatsappeartobea'super-mammal'tothesedeadlyviruses."ByidentifyingaweakenedbutnotdefunctSTINGpathwayinbats,researchershavesomenewinsightintohowbatsfine-tuneantiviraldefensestobalanceaneffective,butnotanovert,responseagainstviruses.Theyhypothesizethatthisdefensestrategyevolvedaspartofthreeinterconnectedfeaturesofbatbiology:theyareflyingmammals,havealonglifespan,andhostalargeviralreservoir."AdaptationtoflightlikelycausedpositiveselectionofmultiplebatinnateimmuneandDNAdamagerepairgenes,"Zhousaid.TheseadaptationsmayhaveshapedcertainantiviralpathwaysincludingSTING,interferontomakethemgoodviralreservoirhostsandachieveatolerablebalance.ZhoutoldXinhuathatthestudyhasprovidedapossibilitythatpeoplecanlearnfrombatsincombatingvirusalthoughwhetherthismechanismcanbedirectlyusedinhumansisstillunknown.¡¡¡¡GovernmentstillsupportslegaloutboundinvestmentChina'scross-bordercapitalflowswerestableandbalancedinthefirsthalfofthisyear,"thebestphaseinnearlythreeyears,"whileindividualsdevelopedanincreasedawarenessofhowtouseforeigncurrencylegally,theStateAdministrationofForeignExchange(SAFE)announcedatapressconferenceonThursday.Domesticindividuals'desiretoholdforeigncurrencyhasbeendecreasingingeneral.Inthefirsthalfof2017,individualpurchasesofforeigncurrencyslumpedby4percentyear-on-year,comparedwith14percentgrowthinthesameperiodlastyear,WangChunying,aspokespersonoftheSAFE,saidattheconference.Wangdidn'tdisclosetheexactamountofforeigncurrencypurchasedbyindividualsduringtheperiod.Domesticresidents'foreigncurrencyholdingsfell.7billionyear-on-yearinthefirstsixmonthsthisyear,Wangsaid.LiuXuezhi,asenioranalystatBankofCommunications,saidthatthefiguresshowedtheeffortsofthegovernment'sintensifiedmanagementofthecurrentaccountinrecentmonths.Thecurrentaccountincludesthebalanceoftradeandnettransferpaymentslikethoseinvolvingtourism."Somepeopletransferredmoneyabroadtoengageinoverseasinvestment(inearlierperiods),whichincreasedthepressureofcapitaloutflows.Butthisphenomenoneasedalotafterthegovernmentlaunchedaguidelineinearly2017thatbannedindividualsfromacquiringforeigncurrencytobuypropertiesorinvestinsecuritiesonoffshoremarkets,"LiutoldtheGlobalTimesonThursday.Inthefirstsixmonthsof2017,domesticbankssoldforeignexchangeworth5.95trillionyuan(9billion)andbought5.31trillionyuanworthofforeigncurrency.Chinesebanks'netforeignexchangesettlementdeficitreached.8billion,down46percentonayearlybasis,accordingtodatarevealedbyWangfromtheSAFE.Thesupply-demandbalanceintheforeigncurrencymarkethelpedChina'sforeigncurrencyreservestocontinuerising.AsoftheendofJune,reservesreached.06trillion,up.3billioncomparedwiththeendof2016.Itwasthefifthconsecutivemonthlygaininthereserves.Wangsaidthatcapitaloutflowsvianon-bankinginstitutionsdecreasedalot,whichmeansthatChinahascontinuedtoemergefromthe"shadows"involvingcapitaloutflowsthathoveredoverthenationaround2016.ZhouYu,directoroftheResearchCenterofInternationalFinanceattheShanghaiAcademyofSocialSciences,saidthatapartfromgovernmentmanagement,otherfactorsliketheweakeningdollarandtheimprovingdomesticeconomyhavealsohelpedstabilizetheforeigncurrencymarket.TheUSDollarIndexhaddroppedfrom102attheendof2016to95asof5:56pmBeijingtimeonThursday.China'sGDPgrew6.9percentinthefirsthalfof2017,comparedwith6.8percentgrowthinthefourthquarterof2016."ButIdon'tthinkthatwecancompletelyletourguarddownaboutfuturecapitaloutflows,becausethedollarmightstrengthenagainandtheimpactoftheslumpingrealestatesectoronthedomesticeconomymightbecomeevidentlaterthisyear,"ZhoutoldtheGlobalTimesonThursday.Liusaidthat"instabilityfactors"inChina'sforeigncurrencymarket,suchasdomesticeconomicinstabilityorexternalpressurefromastrongerdollar,aredecreasingandtheforeigncurrencysituationwillimprovefurther.WangnotedthattheSAFE'spolicyinvolvingcurrencymovementshasbeenconsistent,anditwillinsistuponsupportinglegaloutbounddirectinvestmentandpromotingtheconvenienceofoverseastradeandinvestmentwhilebeingalerttopossibleinvestmentrisks.AccordingtoLiu,thegovernmentshouldconsidereasingitsgriponforeigncurrencymanagement,sincethepressureofcapitaloutflowshaseased.Healsosaidthatmeasuresshouldbetakentowardreformsinvolvingthecapitalaccountsuchasspeedingupthebondconnectprogram.¡¡¡¡

¡¡¡¡PoliticalsympathyfromEuropewithIran'snucleardealis"notenough"andtheyshouldtakemore"practicalsteps"toguaranteeIran'seconomicinterestsfromthedeal,IranianForeignMinisterMohammadJavadZarifsaidonSunday."WiththeexitoftheUnitedStatesfromthenuclearagreement,expectationsfromthetheEuropeanUnion(EU)topreservetheachievementsofthedealarehigh,"ZarifmadetheremarksinameetingwiththevisitingEU'sEnergyChiefMiguelAriasCanete."Underthecurrentcircumstances,politicalsupportofEuropetothenukedealisnotsufficient,"Zarifsaid."EUshouldtakefurtherpracticalstepstocontinueeconomiccooperationwithIran,"hesaid,addingthat"EUshouldboostinvestmentsinIran."HeexpresseddoubtthatEurope'scommitmenttoimplementingthedeal,knownasJointComprehensivePlanofAction(JCPOA),isincontradictionwiththewithdrawalofmajorEuropeancompaniesfromIran'sprojectsaftertheUnitedStatespulledout.Forhispart,CanetesaidthatfollowingtheU.S.exitfromthedeal,EuropeanshaveunifiedtosavetheJCPOA.ThepoliticalresolveoftheEUistoimplementtheJCPOAandtocontinuethecooperationbetweenEuropeancompaniesandtheIslamicrepublic,hesaid.TheU.S.exitfromthedealhascausedproblemstoEurope,however,theEU'smessageistoprotecttheaccordanditsimplementation,headded.Earlierintheday,firstViceSpeakeroftheIranianParliamentAliMotahharisaidthatIraniangovernmentissatisfiedwiththerecenttalkswithitsEuropeanpartnersoverpreservingthenucleardealandsecuringIran'sinterests.Iran'sforeignministerandhisnegotiationteamexpressedtheirsatisfactiononSunday,butsaidthat"everythingdependsontheresultsofthetalksinthenextweeks,"MotahhariwasquotedassayingbyofficialIRNAnewsagency.Motahharimadetheremarksonthesidelinesofaparliamentmeeting,whereZarifbriefedthelawmakersontheongoingtalkswithFrance,Germany,BritainandtheEUForeignPolicyChiefFedericaMogherinioverthefateofthenucleardealafterU.S.withdrawalfromit."ThestepsthattheEuropeanshavetakeninthisregardsofarareacceptable,"headded.OnSaturday,HeadoftheAtomicEnergyOrganizationofIran(AEOI)AliAkbarSalehiurgedtheEuropeancountriestoremaincommittedtotheirpromisesintheIranian2015nucleardeal.SalehiexpressedhopethattheEUfulfillitspledgestosecureIran'sinterests,whichweremadeintherecentmeetingswiththeIraniandelegationinBrussels.SalehimadetheremarksinthejointpressconferencewiththevisitingEU'senergychief.TheEU'seffortstosavethenuclearcontractshowthatthedealisaveryimportantagreementfortheregionandtheworld,Salehisaid.However,iftheEuropeansfailtoundertaketheirobligations,Iranhastopressaheadwithitspeacefulnucleardevelopmentwithfulldetermination,hesaid.TheIranianofficialnotedthattheEUandtheIranianauthoritieshavealsodiscussedtoreplaceU.S.dollarwitheurointheirtradetransactions,andthattheEUhastakeninitialstepsinthisregard.TheU.S.pulloutfromtheIraniannuclearagreement,oncemore,provedtotheworldthatWashingtonisnotreliableinundertakingitsinternationalresponsibilities,saidSalehi.U.S.exitfromthedealmaycausesomeproblems,butitwillnotcauseseriousones,hestressed.Also,Canetestressedthatpreservingthenucleardealisofsignificancetoglobalandregionalpeace.EUhassentamessagetotheIranianfriendsthataslongastheysticktotheagreement,theEuropeanswillremaincommittedtoit,Canetesaid,addingthattheEUblochopestoboosttradewithIran.Besides,Iran'sPetroleumMinisterBijanNamdarZanganehsaidonSaturdaythatIran'soilexportswillnotbeaffectediftheEUrefrainsfromfollowingtheUnitedStatesinimposingneweconomicpressuresontheIslamicrepublic."TheU.S.decisiontowithdrawfromthenucleardealwouldnotaffectIran'soilexportsifEUcouldsalvagethedeal,"ZanganehtoldreportersafterhismeetingwithCanete.TheIranianministercalledforOPECmemberstatestoremainunitedintheirupcomingdecisiontosecuremembers'interestsandmarketstability.U.S.PresidentDonaldTrumpdecidedonMay8toquitIran'snucleardealandvowedtore-imposesanctions,includingoilembargo,onTehran.CanetesaidSaturdaythat"wewillhavetoaskfor(sanction)waivers,forcarve-outsforthe(European)companiesthatmakeinvestments."Besides,SalehisaidthathediscussedreapplyingEuropeanlawof"theblockingstatute"withCaneteonSaturday.IranpushestheEUfortherevivalof"theblockingstatute"whichisa1996regulationthatprohibitsEUcompaniesandcourtsfromcomplyingwithforeignsanctionslawsandstipulatesthatnoforeigncourtjudgmentsbasedontheselawshaveanyeffectintheEU.CanetearrivedinTehranonFridayforatwo-dayvisittoreassureIranthattheEUwantstokeepopentradeandcooperationwithIrandespitetheU.S.decisiontopullout.¡¡¡¡PoliticalsympathyfromEuropewithIran'snucleardealis"notenough"andtheyshouldtakemore"practicalsteps"toguaranteeIran'seconomicinterestsfromthedeal,IranianForeignMinisterMohammadJavadZarifsaidonSunday."WiththeexitoftheUnitedStatesfromthenuclearagreement,expectationsfromthetheEuropeanUnion(EU)topreservetheachievementsofthedealarehigh,"ZarifmadetheremarksinameetingwiththevisitingEU'sEnergyChiefMiguelAriasCanete."Underthecurrentcircumstances,politicalsupportofEuropetothenukedealisnotsufficient,"Zarifsaid."EUshouldtakefurtherpracticalstepstocontinueeconomiccooperationwithIran,"hesaid,addingthat"EUshouldboostinvestmentsinIran."HeexpresseddoubtthatEurope'scommitmenttoimplementingthedeal,knownasJointComprehensivePlanofAction(JCPOA),isincontradictionwiththewithdrawalofmajorEuropeancompaniesfromIran'sprojectsaftertheUnitedStatespulledout.Forhispart,CanetesaidthatfollowingtheU.S.exitfromthedeal,EuropeanshaveunifiedtosavetheJCPOA.ThepoliticalresolveoftheEUistoimplementtheJCPOAandtocontinuethecooperationbetweenEuropeancompaniesandtheIslamicrepublic,hesaid.TheU.S.exitfromthedealhascausedproblemstoEurope,however,theEU'smessageistoprotecttheaccordanditsimplementation,headded.Earlierintheday,firstViceSpeakeroftheIranianParliamentAliMotahharisaidthatIraniangovernmentissatisfiedwiththerecenttalkswithitsEuropeanpartnersoverpreservingthenucleardealandsecuringIran'sinterests.Iran'sforeignministerandhisnegotiationteamexpressedtheirsatisfactiononSunday,butsaidthat"everythingdependsontheresultsofthetalksinthenextweeks,"MotahhariwasquotedassayingbyofficialIRNAnewsagency.Motahharimadetheremarksonthesidelinesofaparliamentmeeting,whereZarifbriefedthelawmakersontheongoingtalkswithFrance,Germany,BritainandtheEUForeignPolicyChiefFedericaMogherinioverthefateofthenucleardealafterU.S.withdrawalfromit."ThestepsthattheEuropeanshavetakeninthisregardsofarareacceptable,"headded.OnSaturday,HeadoftheAtomicEnergyOrganizationofIran(AEOI)AliAkbarSalehiurgedtheEuropeancountriestoremaincommittedtotheirpromisesintheIranian2015nucleardeal.SalehiexpressedhopethattheEUfulfillitspledgestosecureIran'sinterests,whichweremadeintherecentmeetingswiththeIraniandelegationinBrussels.SalehimadetheremarksinthejointpressconferencewiththevisitingEU'senergychief.TheEU'seffortstosavethenuclearcontractshowthatthedealisaveryimportantagreementfortheregionandtheworld,Salehisaid.However,iftheEuropeansfailtoundertaketheirobligations,Iranhastopressaheadwithitspeacefulnucleardevelopmentwithfulldetermination,hesaid.TheIranianofficialnotedthattheEUandtheIranianauthoritieshavealsodiscussedtoreplaceU.S.dollarwitheurointheirtradetransactions,andthattheEUhastakeninitialstepsinthisregard.TheU.S.pulloutfromtheIraniannuclearagreement,oncemore,provedtotheworldthatWashingtonisnotreliableinundertakingitsinternationalresponsibilities,saidSalehi.U.S.exitfromthedealmaycausesomeproblems,butitwillnotcauseseriousones,hestressed.Also,Canetestressedthatpreservingthenucleardealisofsignificancetoglobalandregionalpeace.EUhassentamessagetotheIranianfriendsthataslongastheysticktotheagreement,theEuropeanswillremaincommittedtoit,Canetesaid,addingthattheEUblochopestoboosttradewithIran.Besides,Iran'sPetroleumMinisterBijanNamdarZanganehsaidonSaturdaythatIran'soilexportswillnotbeaffectediftheEUrefrainsfromfollowingtheUnitedStatesinimposingneweconomicpressuresontheIslamicrepublic."TheU.S.decisiontowithdrawfromthenucleardealwouldnotaffectIran'soilexportsifEUcouldsalvagethedeal,"ZanganehtoldreportersafterhismeetingwithCanete.TheIranianministercalledforOPECmemberstatestoremainunitedintheirupcomingdecisiontosecuremembers'interestsandmarketstability.U.S.PresidentDonaldTrumpdecidedonMay8toquitIran'snucleardealandvowedtore-imposesanctions,includingoilembargo,onTehran.CanetesaidSaturdaythat"wewillhavetoaskfor(sanction)waivers,forcarve-outsforthe(European)companiesthatmakeinvestments."Besides,SalehisaidthathediscussedreapplyingEuropeanlawof"theblockingstatute"withCaneteonSaturday.IranpushestheEUfortherevivalof"theblockingstatute"whichisa1996regulationthatprohibitsEUcompaniesandcourtsfromcomplyingwithforeignsanctionslawsandstipulatesthatnoforeigncourtjudgmentsbasedontheselawshaveanyeffectintheEU.CanetearrivedinTehranonFridayforatwo-dayvisittoreassureIranthattheEUwantstokeepopentradeandcooperationwithIrandespitetheU.S.decisiontopullout.¡¡¡¡TheEuropeanCommissiononFridayproposedactivationofadormantstatutetoshieldEuropeanfirmsdoingbusinesswithIranfromrenewedU.S.sanctions.The1996BlockingStatuteforbidsEUcompaniesfromcomplyingwiththeU.S.sanctions.ThestatutewasoriginallyintroducedinresponsetoU.S.tradeembargoonCubaandsanctionsagainstIranandLibya.Itwasneverenactedasthetransatlanticdisagreementswereironedoutpolitically.TheCommissionalsoproposedto"removeobstaclesfortheEuropeanInvestmentBank(EIB)todecideundertheEUbudgetguaranteetofinanceactivitiesoutsidetheEuropeanUnion,inIran."Inotherwords,theEIBwillbeallowedtosupportEUinvestmentinIran.TheEuropeanParliamentandtheCounciloftheEUwilldecidetoapproveorrejecttheproposalswithintwomonths,aheadofthefirstbatchofU.S.sanctionstakingeffectonAug.6.ThetwoproposalsarethecorepartsoftheCommission'sdecisiontoactonfourfrontsinthefaceofloomingU.S.sanctions.TheCommissionvowedto"continueandstrengthentheongoingsectoralcooperationwith,andassistanceto,Iran,includingintheenergysector,"whichisessentialtotheIranianeconomy.ItremainstobeseenwhetherthewordswilldispelconcernshauntingEuropeanenergygiantslikeTotal,whichonWednesdaysaiditmightnotbeabletocontinueitsgasdevelopmentprojectinIranunlessitgetsawaiverfromtheU.S.toprotectitfromre-imposedsanctions.ToweavethroughtheU.S.-dominatedinternationalbankingsystem,theCommissionsaiditisencouragingmemberstatestoexplorethepossibilityofone-offbanktransferstotheCentralBankofIran.Thisapproach"couldhelpIranianauthoritiestoreceivetheiroil-relatedrevenues,particularlyincaseofU.S.sanctionswhichcouldtargetEUentitiesactiveinoiltransactionswithIran,"theCommissionnoted.ThemovescameontheheelsoftheEU-WesternBalkanssummitinSofia,Bulgaria,duringwhichleadersofmemberstatesthrashedoutaunitedfrontagainstWashington.U.S.PresidentDonaldTrumpdeclaredlastweekthattheUnitedStateswouldwithdrawfromtheIrannucleardeal,claimingthatithadfailedtopreventIranfromdevelopingnuclearweaponsorsupportingterrorismintheregion.U.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinsaidinanannouncementthat"sanctionswillbere-imposedsubjecttocertain90-dayand180-daywind-downperiods."MuchtoEurope'sdispleasure,foreigncompaniesdoingbusinesswithIranarealsointhecrosshairsoftheU.S.sanctions.¡¡¡¡

¡¡¡¡TheEuropeanCommissiononFridayproposedactivationofadormantstatutetoshieldEuropeanfirmsdoingbusinesswithIranfromrenewedU.S.sanctions.The1996BlockingStatuteforbidsEUcompaniesfromcomplyingwiththeU.S.sanctions.ThestatutewasoriginallyintroducedinresponsetoU.S.tradeembargoonCubaandsanctionsagainstIranandLibya.Itwasneverenactedasthetransatlanticdisagreementswereironedoutpolitically.TheCommissionalsoproposedto"removeobstaclesfortheEuropeanInvestmentBank(EIB)todecideundertheEUbudgetguaranteetofinanceactivitiesoutsidetheEuropeanUnion,inIran."Inotherwords,theEIBwillbeallowedtosupportEUinvestmentinIran.TheEuropeanParliamentandtheCounciloftheEUwilldecidetoapproveorrejecttheproposalswithintwomonths,aheadofthefirstbatchofU.S.sanctionstakingeffectonAug.6.ThetwoproposalsarethecorepartsoftheCommission'sdecisiontoactonfourfrontsinthefaceofloomingU.S.sanctions.TheCommissionvowedto"continueandstrengthentheongoingsectoralcooperationwith,andassistanceto,Iran,includingintheenergysector,"whichisessentialtotheIranianeconomy.ItremainstobeseenwhetherthewordswilldispelconcernshauntingEuropeanenergygiantslikeTotal,whichonWednesdaysaiditmightnotbeabletocontinueitsgasdevelopmentprojectinIranunlessitgetsawaiverfromtheU.S.toprotectitfromre-imposedsanctions.ToweavethroughtheU.S.-dominatedinternationalbankingsystem,theCommissionsaiditisencouragingmemberstatestoexplorethepossibilityofone-offbanktransferstotheCentralBankofIran.Thisapproach"couldhelpIranianauthoritiestoreceivetheiroil-relatedrevenues,particularlyincaseofU.S.sanctionswhichcouldtargetEUentitiesactiveinoiltransactionswithIran,"theCommissionnoted.ThemovescameontheheelsoftheEU-WesternBalkanssummitinSofia,Bulgaria,duringwhichleadersofmemberstatesthrashedoutaunitedfrontagainstWashington.U.S.PresidentDonaldTrumpdeclaredlastweekthattheUnitedStateswouldwithdrawfromtheIrannucleardeal,claimingthatithadfailedtopreventIranfromdevelopingnuclearweaponsorsupportingterrorismintheregion.U.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinsaidinanannouncementthat"sanctionswillbere-imposedsubjecttocertain90-dayand180-daywind-downperiods."MuchtoEurope'sdispleasure,foreigncompaniesdoingbusinesswithIranarealsointhecrosshairsoftheU.S.sanctions.¡¡¡¡ChinesescientistshaveidentifiedthesecretofbatsthatharborhighlypathogenicviruseslikeEbola,MarburgandSARScoronavirusbutdonotshowclinicalsignsofdisease.InapaperpublishedonThursdayinthejournalCellHostMicrobe,scientistsattheWuhanInstituteofVirologyinChinafindthatinbats,anantiviralimmunepathwaycalledtheSTING-interferonpathwayisdampened,sobatscanmaintainjustenoughdefenseagainstillnesswithouttriggeringaheightenedimmunereaction."Webelievethereisabalancebetweenbatsandthepathogenstheycarry,"saidthepaper'sseniorauthorZhouPeng."Thisworkdemonstratedthatinordertomaintainabalancewithviruses,batsmayhaveevolvedtodampencertainpathways,"Zhousaid.Accordingtoresearchers,inhumansandothermammals,animmune-basedover-responsetooneoftheseandotherpathogenicvirusescantriggersevereillness.Forexample,inhumans,anactivatedSTINGpathwayislinkedwithsevereautoimmunediseases."Inhumanhistory,wehavebeenchasinginfectiousdiseasesoneafteranother,"saidZhou,"Butbatsappeartobea'super-mammal'tothesedeadlyviruses."ByidentifyingaweakenedbutnotdefunctSTINGpathwayinbats,researchershavesomenewinsightintohowbatsfine-tuneantiviraldefensestobalanceaneffective,butnotanovert,responseagainstviruses.Theyhypothesizethatthisdefensestrategyevolvedaspartofthreeinterconnectedfeaturesofbatbiology:theyareflyingmammals,havealonglifespan,andhostalargeviralreservoir."AdaptationtoflightlikelycausedpositiveselectionofmultiplebatinnateimmuneandDNAdamagerepairgenes,"Zhousaid.TheseadaptationsmayhaveshapedcertainantiviralpathwaysincludingSTING,interferontomakethemgoodviralreservoirhostsandachieveatolerablebalance.ZhoutoldXinhuathatthestudyhasprovidedapossibilitythatpeoplecanlearnfrombatsincombatingvirusalthoughwhetherthismechanismcanbedirectlyusedinhumansisstillunknown.¡¡¡¡PoliticalsympathyfromEuropewithIran'snucleardealis"notenough"andtheyshouldtakemore"practicalsteps"toguaranteeIran'seconomicinterestsfromthedeal,IranianForeignMinisterMohammadJavadZarifsaidonSunday."WiththeexitoftheUnitedStatesfromthenuclearagreement,expectationsfromthetheEuropeanUnion(EU)topreservetheachievementsofthedealarehigh,"ZarifmadetheremarksinameetingwiththevisitingEU'sEnergyChiefMiguelAriasCanete."Underthecurrentcircumstances,politicalsupportofEuropetothenukedealisnotsufficient,"Zarifsaid."EUshouldtakefurtherpracticalstepstocontinueeconomiccooperationwithIran,"hesaid,addingthat"EUshouldboostinvestmentsinIran."HeexpresseddoubtthatEurope'scommitmenttoimplementingthedeal,knownasJointComprehensivePlanofAction(JCPOA),isincontradictionwiththewithdrawalofmajorEuropeancompaniesfromIran'sprojectsaftertheUnitedStatespulledout.Forhispart,CanetesaidthatfollowingtheU.S.exitfromthedeal,EuropeanshaveunifiedtosavetheJCPOA.ThepoliticalresolveoftheEUistoimplementtheJCPOAandtocontinuethecooperationbetweenEuropeancompaniesandtheIslamicrepublic,hesaid.TheU.S.exitfromthedealhascausedproblemstoEurope,however,theEU'smessageistoprotecttheaccordanditsimplementation,headded.Earlierintheday,firstViceSpeakeroftheIranianParliamentAliMotahharisaidthatIraniangovernmentissatisfiedwiththerecenttalkswithitsEuropeanpartnersoverpreservingthenucleardealandsecuringIran'sinterests.Iran'sforeignministerandhisnegotiationteamexpressedtheirsatisfactiononSunday,butsaidthat"everythingdependsontheresultsofthetalksinthenextweeks,"MotahhariwasquotedassayingbyofficialIRNAnewsagency.Motahharimadetheremarksonthesidelinesofaparliamentmeeting,whereZarifbriefedthelawmakersontheongoingtalkswithFrance,Germany,BritainandtheEUForeignPolicyChiefFedericaMogherinioverthefateofthenucleardealafterU.S.withdrawalfromit."ThestepsthattheEuropeanshavetakeninthisregardsofarareacceptable,"headded.OnSaturday,HeadoftheAtomicEnergyOrganizationofIran(AEOI)AliAkbarSalehiurgedtheEuropeancountriestoremaincommittedtotheirpromisesintheIranian2015nucleardeal.SalehiexpressedhopethattheEUfulfillitspledgestosecureIran'sinterests,whichweremadeintherecentmeetingswiththeIraniandelegationinBrussels.SalehimadetheremarksinthejointpressconferencewiththevisitingEU'senergychief.TheEU'seffortstosavethenuclearcontractshowthatthedealisaveryimportantagreementfortheregionandtheworld,Salehisaid.However,iftheEuropeansfailtoundertaketheirobligations,Iranhastopressaheadwithitspeacefulnucleardevelopmentwithfulldetermination,hesaid.TheIranianofficialnotedthattheEUandtheIranianauthoritieshavealsodiscussedtoreplaceU.S.dollarwitheurointheirtradetransactions,andthattheEUhastakeninitialstepsinthisregard.TheU.S.pulloutfromtheIraniannuclearagreement,oncemore,provedtotheworldthatWashingtonisnotreliableinundertakingitsinternationalresponsibilities,saidSalehi.U.S.exitfromthedealmaycausesomeproblems,butitwillnotcauseseriousones,hestressed.Also,Canetestressedthatpreservingthenucleardealisofsignificancetoglobalandregionalpeace.EUhassentamessagetotheIranianfriendsthataslongastheysticktotheagreement,theEuropeanswillremaincommittedtoit,Canetesaid,addingthattheEUblochopestoboosttradewithIran.Besides,Iran'sPetroleumMinisterBijanNamdarZanganehsaidonSaturdaythatIran'soilexportswillnotbeaffectediftheEUrefrainsfromfollowingtheUnitedStatesinimposingneweconomicpressuresontheIslamicrepublic."TheU.S.decisiontowithdrawfromthenucleardealwouldnotaffectIran'soilexportsifEUcouldsalvagethedeal,"ZanganehtoldreportersafterhismeetingwithCanete.TheIranianministercalledforOPECmemberstatestoremainunitedintheirupcomingdecisiontosecuremembers'interestsandmarketstability.U.S.PresidentDonaldTrumpdecidedonMay8toquitIran'snucleardealandvowedtore-imposesanctions,includingoilembargo,onTehran.CanetesaidSaturdaythat"wewillhavetoaskfor(sanction)waivers,forcarve-outsforthe(European)companiesthatmakeinvestments."Besides,SalehisaidthathediscussedreapplyingEuropeanlawof"theblockingstatute"withCaneteonSaturday.IranpushestheEUfortherevivalof"theblockingstatute"whichisa1996regulationthatprohibitsEUcompaniesandcourtsfromcomplyingwithforeignsanctionslawsandstipulatesthatnoforeigncourtjudgmentsbasedontheselawshaveanyeffectintheEU.CanetearrivedinTehranonFridayforatwo-dayvisittoreassureIranthattheEUwantstokeepopentradeandcooperationwithIrandespitetheU.S.decisiontopullout.¡¡¡¡

¡¡¡¡ChinesescientistshaveidentifiedthesecretofbatsthatharborhighlypathogenicviruseslikeEbola,MarburgandSARScoronavirusbutdonotshowclinicalsignsofdisease.InapaperpublishedonThursdayinthejournalCellHostMicrobe,scientistsattheWuhanInstituteofVirologyinChinafindthatinbats,anantiviralimmunepathwaycalledtheSTING-interferonpathwayisdampened,sobatscanmaintainjustenoughdefenseagainstillnesswithouttriggeringaheightenedimmunereaction."Webelievethereisabalancebetweenbatsandthepathogenstheycarry,"saidthepaper'sseniorauthorZhouPeng."Thisworkdemonstratedthatinordertomaintainabalancewithviruses,batsmayhaveevolvedtodampencertainpathways,"Zhousaid.Accordingtoresearchers,inhumansandothermammals,animmune-basedover-responsetooneoftheseandotherpathogenicvirusescantriggersevereillness.Forexample,inhumans,anactivatedSTINGpathwayislinkedwithsevereautoimmunediseases."Inhumanhistory,wehavebeenchasinginfectiousdiseasesoneafteranother,"saidZhou,"Butbatsappeartobea'super-mammal'tothesedeadlyviruses."ByidentifyingaweakenedbutnotdefunctSTINGpathwayinbats,researchershavesomenewinsightintohowbatsfine-tuneantiviraldefensestobalanceaneffective,butnotanovert,responseagainstviruses.Theyhypothesizethatthisdefensestrategyevolvedaspartofthreeinterconnectedfeaturesofbatbiology:theyareflyingmammals,havealonglifespan,andhostalargeviralreservoir."AdaptationtoflightlikelycausedpositiveselectionofmultiplebatinnateimmuneandDNAdamagerepairgenes,"Zhousaid.TheseadaptationsmayhaveshapedcertainantiviralpathwaysincludingSTING,interferontomakethemgoodviralreservoirhostsandachieveatolerablebalance.ZhoutoldXinhuathatthestudyhasprovidedapossibilitythatpeoplecanlearnfrombatsincombatingvirusalthoughwhetherthismechanismcanbedirectlyusedinhumansisstillunknown.¡¡¡¡TheEuropeanCommissiononFridayproposedactivationofadormantstatutetoshieldEuropeanfirmsdoingbusinesswithIranfromrenewedU.S.sanctions.The1996BlockingStatuteforbidsEUcompaniesfromcomplyingwiththeU.S.sanctions.ThestatutewasoriginallyintroducedinresponsetoU.S.tradeembargoonCubaandsanctionsagainstIranandLibya.Itwasneverenactedasthetransatlanticdisagreementswereironedoutpolitically.TheCommissionalsoproposedto"removeobstaclesfortheEuropeanInvestmentBank(EIB)todecideundertheEUbudgetguaranteetofinanceactivitiesoutsidetheEuropeanUnion,inIran."Inotherwords,theEIBwillbeallowedtosupportEUinvestmentinIran.TheEuropeanParliamentandtheCounciloftheEUwilldecidetoapproveorrejecttheproposalswithintwomonths,aheadofthefirstbatchofU.S.sanctionstakingeffectonAug.6.ThetwoproposalsarethecorepartsoftheCommission'sdecisiontoactonfourfrontsinthefaceofloomingU.S.sanctions.TheCommissionvowedto"continueandstrengthentheongoingsectoralcooperationwith,andassistanceto,Iran,includingintheenergysector,"whichisessentialtotheIranianeconomy.ItremainstobeseenwhetherthewordswilldispelconcernshauntingEuropeanenergygiantslikeTotal,whichonWednesdaysaiditmightnotbeabletocontinueitsgasdevelopmentprojectinIranunlessitgetsawaiverfromtheU.S.toprotectitfromre-imposedsanctions.ToweavethroughtheU.S.-dominatedinternationalbankingsystem,theCommissionsaiditisencouragingmemberstatestoexplorethepossibilityofone-offbanktransferstotheCentralBankofIran.Thisapproach"couldhelpIranianauthoritiestoreceivetheiroil-relatedrevenues,particularlyincaseofU.S.sanctionswhichcouldtargetEUentitiesactiveinoiltransactionswithIran,"theCommissionnoted.ThemovescameontheheelsoftheEU-WesternBalkanssummitinSofia,Bulgaria,duringwhichleadersofmemberstatesthrashedoutaunitedfrontagainstWashington.U.S.PresidentDonaldTrumpdeclaredlastweekthattheUnitedStateswouldwithdrawfromtheIrannucleardeal,claimingthatithadfailedtopreventIranfromdevelopingnuclearweaponsorsupportingterrorismintheregion.U.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinsaidinanannouncementthat"sanctionswillbere-imposedsubjecttocertain90-dayand180-daywind-downperiods."MuchtoEurope'sdispleasure,foreigncompaniesdoingbusinesswithIranarealsointhecrosshairsoftheU.S.sanctions.¡¡¡¡TheEuropeanCommissiononFridayproposedactivationofadormantstatutetoshieldEuropeanfirmsdoingbusinesswithIranfromrenewedU.S.sanctions.The1996BlockingStatuteforbidsEUcompaniesfromcomplyingwiththeU.S.sanctions.ThestatutewasoriginallyintroducedinresponsetoU.S.tradeembargoonCubaandsanctionsagainstIranandLibya.Itwasneverenactedasthetransatlanticdisagreementswereironedoutpolitically.TheCommissionalsoproposedto"removeobstaclesfortheEuropeanInvestmentBank(EIB)todecideundertheEUbudgetguaranteetofinanceactivitiesoutsidetheEuropeanUnion,inIran."Inotherwords,theEIBwillbeallowedtosupportEUinvestmentinIran.TheEuropeanParliamentandtheCounciloftheEUwilldecidetoapproveorrejecttheproposalswithintwomonths,aheadofthefirstbatchofU.S.sanctionstakingeffectonAug.6.ThetwoproposalsarethecorepartsoftheCommission'sdecisiontoactonfourfrontsinthefaceofloomingU.S.sanctions.TheCommissionvowedto"continueandstrengthentheongoingsectoralcooperationwith,andassistanceto,Iran,includingintheenergysector,"whichisessentialtotheIranianeconomy.ItremainstobeseenwhetherthewordswilldispelconcernshauntingEuropeanenergygiantslikeTotal,whichonWednesdaysaiditmightnotbeabletocontinueitsgasdevelopmentprojectinIranunlessitgetsawaiverfromtheU.S.toprotectitfromre-imposedsanctions.ToweavethroughtheU.S.-dominatedinternationalbankingsystem,theCommissionsaiditisencouragingmemberstatestoexplorethepossibilityofone-offbanktransferstotheCentralBankofIran.Thisapproach"couldhelpIranianauthoritiestoreceivetheiroil-relatedrevenues,particularlyincaseofU.S.sanctionswhichcouldtargetEUentitiesactiveinoiltransactionswithIran,"theCommissionnoted.ThemovescameontheheelsoftheEU-WesternBalkanssummitinSofia,Bulgaria,duringwhichleadersofmemberstatesthrashedoutaunitedfrontagainstWashington.U.S.PresidentDonaldTrumpdeclaredlastweekthattheUnitedStateswouldwithdrawfromtheIrannucleardeal,claimingthatithadfailedtopreventIranfromdevelopingnuclearweaponsorsupportingterrorismintheregion.U.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinsaidinanannouncementthat"sanctionswillbere-imposedsubjecttocertain90-dayand180-daywind-downperiods."MuchtoEurope'sdispleasure,foreigncompaniesdoingbusinesswithIranarealsointhecrosshairsoftheU.S.sanctions.¡¡¡¡

¡¡¡¡TheEuropeanCommissiononFridayproposedactivationofadormantstatutetoshieldEuropeanfirmsdoingbusinesswithIranfromrenewedU.S.sanctions.The1996BlockingStatuteforbidsEUcompaniesfromcomplyingwiththeU.S.sanctions.ThestatutewasoriginallyintroducedinresponsetoU.S.tradeembargoonCubaandsanctionsagainstIranandLibya.Itwasneverenactedasthetransatlanticdisagreementswereironedoutpolitically.TheCommissionalsoproposedto"removeobstaclesfortheEuropeanInvestmentBank(EIB)todecideundertheEUbudgetguaranteetofinanceactivitiesoutsidetheEuropeanUnion,inIran."Inotherwords,theEIBwillbeallowedtosupportEUinvestmentinIran.TheEuropeanParliamentandtheCounciloftheEUwilldecidetoapproveorrejecttheproposalswithintwomonths,aheadofthefirstbatchofU.S.sanctionstakingeffectonAug.6.ThetwoproposalsarethecorepartsoftheCommission'sdecisiontoactonfourfrontsinthefaceofloomingU.S.sanctions.TheCommissionvowedto"continueandstrengthentheongoingsectoralcooperationwith,andassistanceto,Iran,includingintheenergysector,"whichisessentialtotheIranianeconomy.ItremainstobeseenwhetherthewordswilldispelconcernshauntingEuropeanenergygiantslikeTotal,whichonWednesdaysaiditmightnotbeabletocontinueitsgasdevelopmentprojectinIranunlessitgetsawaiverfromtheU.S.toprotectitfromre-imposedsanctions.ToweavethroughtheU.S.-dominatedinternationalbankingsystem,theCommissionsaiditisencouragingmemberstatestoexplorethepossibilityofone-offbanktransferstotheCentralBankofIran.Thisapproach"couldhelpIranianauthoritiestoreceivetheiroil-relatedrevenues,particularlyincaseofU.S.sanctionswhichcouldtargetEUentitiesactiveinoiltransactionswithIran,"theCommissionnoted.ThemovescameontheheelsoftheEU-WesternBalkanssummitinSofia,Bulgaria,duringwhichleadersofmemberstatesthrashedoutaunitedfrontagainstWashington.U.S.PresidentDonaldTrumpdeclaredlastweekthattheUnitedStateswouldwithdrawfromtheIrannucleardeal,claimingthatithadfailedtopreventIranfromdevelopingnuclearweaponsorsupportingterrorismintheregion.U.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinsaidinanannouncementthat"sanctionswillbere-imposedsubjecttocertain90-dayand180-daywind-downperiods."MuchtoEurope'sdispleasure,foreigncompaniesdoingbusinesswithIranarealsointhecrosshairsoftheU.S.sanctions.¡¡¡¡PoliticalsympathyfromEuropewithIran'snucleardealis"notenough"andtheyshouldtakemore"practicalsteps"toguaranteeIran'seconomicinterestsfromthedeal,IranianForeignMinisterMohammadJavadZarifsaidonSunday."WiththeexitoftheUnitedStatesfromthenuclearagreement,expectationsfromthetheEuropeanUnion(EU)topreservetheachievementsofthedealarehigh,"ZarifmadetheremarksinameetingwiththevisitingEU'sEnergyChiefMiguelAriasCanete."Underthecurrentcircumstances,politicalsupportofEuropetothenukedealisnotsufficient,"Zarifsaid."EUshouldtakefurtherpracticalstepstocontinueeconomiccooperationwithIran,"hesaid,addingthat"EUshouldboostinvestmentsinIran."HeexpresseddoubtthatEurope'scommitmenttoimplementingthedeal,knownasJointComprehensivePlanofAction(JCPOA),isincontradictionwiththewithdrawalofmajorEuropeancompaniesfromIran'sprojectsaftertheUnitedStatespulledout.Forhispart,CanetesaidthatfollowingtheU.S.exitfromthedeal,EuropeanshaveunifiedtosavetheJCPOA.ThepoliticalresolveoftheEUistoimplementtheJCPOAandtocontinuethecooperationbetweenEuropeancompaniesandtheIslamicrepublic,hesaid.TheU.S.exitfromthedealhascausedproblemstoEurope,however,theEU'smessageistoprotecttheaccordanditsimplementation,headded.Earlierintheday,firstViceSpeakeroftheIranianParliamentAliMotahharisaidthatIraniangovernmentissatisfiedwiththerecenttalkswithitsEuropeanpartnersoverpreservingthenucleardealandsecuringIran'sinterests.Iran'sforeignministerandhisnegotiationteamexpressedtheirsatisfactiononSunday,butsaidthat"everythingdependsontheresultsofthetalksinthenextweeks,"MotahhariwasquotedassayingbyofficialIRNAnewsagency.Motahharimadetheremarksonthesidelinesofaparliamentmeeting,whereZarifbriefedthelawmakersontheongoingtalkswithFrance,Germany,BritainandtheEUForeignPolicyChiefFedericaMogherinioverthefateofthenucleardealafterU.S.withdrawalfromit."ThestepsthattheEuropeanshavetakeninthisregardsofarareacceptable,"headded.OnSaturday,HeadoftheAtomicEnergyOrganizationofIran(AEOI)AliAkbarSalehiurgedtheEuropeancountriestoremaincommittedtotheirpromisesintheIranian2015nucleardeal.SalehiexpressedhopethattheEUfulfillitspledgestosecureIran'sinterests,whichweremadeintherecentmeetingswiththeIraniandelegationinBrussels.SalehimadetheremarksinthejointpressconferencewiththevisitingEU'senergychief.TheEU'seffortstosavethenuclearcontractshowthatthedealisaveryimportantagreementfortheregionandtheworld,Salehisaid.However,iftheEuropeansfailtoundertaketheirobligations,Iranhastopressaheadwithitspeacefulnucleardevelopmentwithfulldetermination,hesaid.TheIranianofficialnotedthattheEUandtheIranianauthoritieshavealsodiscussedtoreplaceU.S.dollarwitheurointheirtradetransactions,andthattheEUhastakeninitialstepsinthisregard.TheU.S.pulloutfromtheIraniannuclearagreement,oncemore,provedtotheworldthatWashingtonisnotreliableinundertakingitsinternationalresponsibilities,saidSalehi.U.S.exitfromthedealmaycausesomeproblems,butitwillnotcauseseriousones,hestressed.Also,Canetestressedthatpreservingthenucleardealisofsignificancetoglobalandregionalpeace.EUhassentamessagetotheIranianfriendsthataslongastheysticktotheagreement,theEuropeanswillremaincommittedtoit,Canetesaid,addingthattheEUblochopestoboosttradewithIran.Besides,Iran'sPetroleumMinisterBijanNamdarZanganehsaidonSaturdaythatIran'soilexportswillnotbeaffectediftheEUrefrainsfromfollowingtheUnitedStatesinimposingneweconomicpressuresontheIslamicrepublic."TheU.S.decisiontowithdrawfromthenucleardealwouldnotaffectIran'soilexportsifEUcouldsalvagethedeal,"ZanganehtoldreportersafterhismeetingwithCanete.TheIranianministercalledforOPECmemberstatestoremainunitedintheirupcomingdecisiontosecuremembers'interestsandmarketstability.U.S.PresidentDonaldTrumpdecidedonMay8toquitIran'snucleardealandvowedtore-imposesanctions,includingoilembargo,onTehran.CanetesaidSaturdaythat"wewillhavetoaskfor(sanction)waivers,forcarve-outsforthe(European)companiesthatmakeinvestments."Besides,SalehisaidthathediscussedreapplyingEuropeanlawof"theblockingstatute"withCaneteonSaturday.IranpushestheEUfortherevivalof"theblockingstatute"whichisa1996regulationthatprohibitsEUcompaniesandcourtsfromcomplyingwithforeignsanctionslawsandstipulatesthatnoforeigncourtjudgmentsbasedontheselawshaveanyeffectintheEU.CanetearrivedinTehranonFridayforatwo-dayvisittoreassureIranthattheEUwantstokeepopentradeandcooperationwithIrandespitetheU.S.decisiontopullout.¡¡¡¡GovernmentstillsupportslegaloutboundinvestmentChina'scross-bordercapitalflowswerestableandbalancedinthefirsthalfofthisyear,"thebestphaseinnearlythreeyears,"whileindividualsdevelopedanincreasedawarenessofhowtouseforeigncurrencylegally,theStateAdministrationofForeignExchange(SAFE)announcedatapressconferenceonThursday.Domesticindividuals'desiretoholdforeigncurrencyhasbeendecreasingingeneral.Inthefirsthalfof2017,individualpurchasesofforeigncurrencyslumpedby4percentyear-on-year,comparedwith14percentgrowthinthesameperiodlastyear,WangChunying,aspokespersonoftheSAFE,saidattheconference.Wangdidn'tdisclosetheexactamountofforeigncurrencypurchasedbyindividualsduringtheperiod.Domesticresidents'foreigncurrencyholdingsfell.7billionyear-on-yearinthefirstsixmonthsthisyear,Wangsaid.LiuXuezhi,asenioranalystatBankofCommunications,saidthatthefiguresshowedtheeffortsofthegovernment'sintensifiedmanagementofthecurrentaccountinrecentmonths.Thecurrentaccountincludesthebalanceoftradeandnettransferpaymentslikethoseinvolvingtourism."Somepeopletransferredmoneyabroadtoengageinoverseasinvestment(inearlierperiods),whichincreasedthepressureofcapitaloutflows.Butthisphenomenoneasedalotafterthegovernmentlaunchedaguidelineinearly2017thatbannedindividualsfromacquiringforeigncurrencytobuypropertiesorinvestinsecuritiesonoffshoremarkets,"LiutoldtheGlobalTimesonThursday.Inthefirstsixmonthsof2017,domesticbankssoldforeignexchangeworth5.95trillionyuan(9billion)andbought5.31trillionyuanworthofforeigncurrency.Chinesebanks'netforeignexchangesettlementdeficitreached.8billion,down46percentonayearlybasis,accordingtodatarevealedbyWangfromtheSAFE.Thesupply-demandbalanceintheforeigncurrencymarkethelpedChina'sforeigncurrencyreservestocontinuerising.AsoftheendofJune,reservesreached.06trillion,up.3billioncomparedwiththeendof2016.Itwasthefifthconsecutivemonthlygaininthereserves.Wangsaidthatcapitaloutflowsvianon-bankinginstitutionsdecreasedalot,whichmeansthatChinahascontinuedtoemergefromthe"shadows"involvingcapitaloutflowsthathoveredoverthenationaround2016.ZhouYu,directoroftheResearchCenterofInternationalFinanceattheShanghaiAcademyofSocialSciences,saidthatapartfromgovernmentmanagement,otherfactorsliketheweakeningdollarandtheimprovingdomesticeconomyhavealsohelpedstabilizetheforeigncurrencymarket.TheUSDollarIndexhaddroppedfrom102attheendof2016to95asof5:56pmBeijingtimeonThursday.China'sGDPgrew6.9percentinthefirsthalfof2017,comparedwith6.8percentgrowthinthefourthquarterof2016."ButIdon'tthinkthatwecancompletelyletourguarddownaboutfuturecapitaloutflows,becausethedollarmightstrengthenagainandtheimpactoftheslumpingrealestatesectoronthedomesticeconomymightbecomeevidentlaterthisyear,"ZhoutoldtheGlobalTimesonThursday.Liusaidthat"instabilityfactors"inChina'sforeigncurrencymarket,suchasdomesticeconomicinstabilityorexternalpressurefromastrongerdollar,aredecreasingandtheforeigncurrencysituationwillimprovefurther.WangnotedthattheSAFE'spolicyinvolvingcurrencymovementshasbeenconsistent,anditwillinsistuponsupportinglegaloutbounddirectinvestmentandpromotingtheconvenienceofoverseastradeandinvestmentwhilebeingalerttopossibleinvestmentrisks.AccordingtoLiu,thegovernmentshouldconsidereasingitsgriponforeigncurrencymanagement,sincethepressureofcapitaloutflowshaseased.Healsosaidthatmeasuresshouldbetakentowardreformsinvolvingthecapitalaccountsuchasspeedingupthebondconnectprogram.¡¡¡¡

¡¡¡¡TheEuropeanCommissiononFridayproposedactivationofadormantstatutetoshieldEuropeanfirmsdoingbusinesswithIranfromrenewedU.S.sanctions.The1996BlockingStatuteforbidsEUcompaniesfromcomplyingwiththeU.S.sanctions.ThestatutewasoriginallyintroducedinresponsetoU.S.tradeembargoonCubaandsanctionsagainstIranandLibya.Itwasneverenactedasthetransatlanticdisagreementswereironedoutpolitically.TheCommissionalsoproposedto"removeobstaclesfortheEuropeanInvestmentBank(EIB)todecideundertheEUbudgetguaranteetofinanceactivitiesoutsidetheEuropeanUnion,inIran."Inotherwords,theEIBwillbeallowedtosupportEUinvestmentinIran.TheEuropeanParliamentandtheCounciloftheEUwilldecidetoapproveorrejecttheproposalswithintwomonths,aheadofthefirstbatchofU.S.sanctionstakingeffectonAug.6.ThetwoproposalsarethecorepartsoftheCommission'sdecisiontoactonfourfrontsinthefaceofloomingU.S.sanctions.TheCommissionvowedto"continueandstrengthentheongoingsectoralcooperationwith,andassistanceto,Iran,includingintheenergysector,"whichisessentialtotheIranianeconomy.ItremainstobeseenwhetherthewordswilldispelconcernshauntingEuropeanenergygiantslikeTotal,whichonWednesdaysaiditmightnotbeabletocontinueitsgasdevelopmentprojectinIranunlessitgetsawaiverfromtheU.S.toprotectitfromre-imposedsanctions.ToweavethroughtheU.S.-dominatedinternationalbankingsystem,theCommissionsaiditisencouragingmemberstatestoexplorethepossibilityofone-offbanktransferstotheCentralBankofIran.Thisapproach"couldhelpIranianauthoritiestoreceivetheiroil-relatedrevenues,particularlyincaseofU.S.sanctionswhichcouldtargetEUentitiesactiveinoiltransactionswithIran,"theCommissionnoted.ThemovescameontheheelsoftheEU-WesternBalkanssummitinSofia,Bulgaria,duringwhichleadersofmemberstatesthrashedoutaunitedfrontagainstWashington.U.S.PresidentDonaldTrumpdeclaredlastweekthattheUnitedStateswouldwithdrawfromtheIrannucleardeal,claimingthatithadfailedtopreventIranfromdevelopingnuclearweaponsorsupportingterrorismintheregion.U.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinsaidinanannouncementthat"sanctionswillbere-imposedsubjecttocertain90-dayand180-daywind-downperiods."MuchtoEurope'sdispleasure,foreigncompaniesdoingbusinesswithIranarealsointhecrosshairsoftheU.S.sanctions.¡¡¡¡TheEuropeanCommissiononFridayproposedactivationofadormantstatutetoshieldEuropeanfirmsdoingbusinesswithIranfromrenewedU.S.sanctions.The1996BlockingStatuteforbidsEUcompaniesfromcomplyingwiththeU.S.sanctions.ThestatutewasoriginallyintroducedinresponsetoU.S.tradeembargoonCubaandsanctionsagainstIranandLibya.Itwasneverenactedasthetransatlanticdisagreementswereironedoutpolitically.TheCommissionalsoproposedto"removeobstaclesfortheEuropeanInvestmentBank(EIB)todecideundertheEUbudgetguaranteetofinanceactivitiesoutsidetheEuropeanUnion,inIran."Inotherwords,theEIBwillbeallowedtosupportEUinvestmentinIran.TheEuropeanParliamentandtheCounciloftheEUwilldecidetoapproveorrejecttheproposalswithintwomonths,aheadofthefirstbatchofU.S.sanctionstakingeffectonAug.6.ThetwoproposalsarethecorepartsoftheCommission'sdecisiontoactonfourfrontsinthefaceofloomingU.S.sanctions.TheCommissionvowedto"continueandstrengthentheongoingsectoralcooperationwith,andassistanceto,Iran,includingintheenergysector,"whichisessentialtotheIranianeconomy.ItremainstobeseenwhetherthewordswilldispelconcernshauntingEuropeanenergygiantslikeTotal,whichonWednesdaysaiditmightnotbeabletocontinueitsgasdevelopmentprojectinIranunlessitgetsawaiverfromtheU.S.toprotectitfromre-imposedsanctions.ToweavethroughtheU.S.-dominatedinternationalbankingsystem,theCommissionsaiditisencouragingmemberstatestoexplorethepossibilityofone-offbanktransferstotheCentralBankofIran.Thisapproach"couldhelpIranianauthoritiestoreceivetheiroil-relatedrevenues,particularlyincaseofU.S.sanctionswhichcouldtargetEUentitiesactiveinoiltransactionswithIran,"theCommissionnoted.ThemovescameontheheelsoftheEU-WesternBalkanssummitinSofia,Bulgaria,duringwhichleadersofmemberstatesthrashedoutaunitedfrontagainstWashington.U.S.PresidentDonaldTrumpdeclaredlastweekthattheUnitedStateswouldwithdrawfromtheIrannucleardeal,claimingthatithadfailedtopreventIranfromdevelopingnuclearweaponsorsupportingterrorismintheregion.U.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinsaidinanannouncementthat"sanctionswillbere-imposedsubjecttocertain90-dayand180-daywind-downperiods."MuchtoEurope'sdispleasure,foreigncompaniesdoingbusinesswithIranarealsointhecrosshairsoftheU.S.sanctions.¡¡¡¡GovernmentstillsupportslegaloutboundinvestmentChina'scross-bordercapitalflowswerestableandbalancedinthefirsthalfofthisyear,"thebestphaseinnearlythreeyears,"whileindividualsdevelopedanincreasedawarenessofhowtouseforeigncurrencylegally,theStateAdministrationofForeignExchange(SAFE)announcedatapressconferenceonThursday.Domesticindividuals'desiretoholdforeigncurrencyhasbeendecreasingingeneral.Inthefirsthalfof2017,individualpurchasesofforeigncurrencyslumpedby4percentyear-on-year,comparedwith14percentgrowthinthesameperiodlastyear,WangChunying,aspokespersonoftheSAFE,saidattheconference.Wangdidn'tdisclosetheexactamountofforeigncurrencypurchasedbyindividualsduringtheperiod.Domesticresidents'foreigncurrencyholdingsfell.7billionyear-on-yearinthefirstsixmonthsthisyear,Wangsaid.LiuXuezhi,asenioranalystatBankofCommunications,saidthatthefiguresshowedtheeffortsofthegovernment'sintensifiedmanagementofthecurrentaccountinrecentmonths.Thecurrentaccountincludesthebalanceoftradeandnettransferpaymentslikethoseinvolvingtourism."Somepeopletransferredmoneyabroadtoengageinoverseasinvestment(inearlierperiods),whichincreasedthepressureofcapitaloutflows.Butthisphenomenoneasedalotafterthegovernmentlaunchedaguidelineinearly2017thatbannedindividualsfromacquiringforeigncurrencytobuypropertiesorinvestinsecuritiesonoffshoremarkets,"LiutoldtheGlobalTimesonThursday.Inthefirstsixmonthsof2017,domesticbankssoldforeignexchangeworth5.95trillionyuan(9billion)andbought5.31trillionyuanworthofforeigncurrency.Chinesebanks'netforeignexchangesettlementdeficitreached.8billion,down46percentonayearlybasis,accordingtodatarevealedbyWangfromtheSAFE.Thesupply-demandbalanceintheforeigncurrencymarkethelpedChina'sforeigncurrencyreservestocontinuerising.AsoftheendofJune,reservesreached.06trillion,up.3billioncomparedwiththeendof2016.Itwasthefifthconsecutivemonthlygaininthereserves.Wangsaidthatcapitaloutflowsvianon-bankinginstitutionsdecreasedalot,whichmeansthatChinahascontinuedtoemergefromthe"shadows"involvingcapitaloutflowsthathoveredoverthenationaround2016.ZhouYu,directoroftheResearchCenterofInternationalFinanceattheShanghaiAcademyofSocialSciences,saidthatapartfromgovernmentmanagement,otherfactorsliketheweakeningdollarandtheimprovingdomesticeconomyhavealsohelpedstabilizetheforeigncurrencymarket.TheUSDollarIndexhaddroppedfrom102attheendof2016to95asof5:56pmBeijingtimeonThursday.China'sGDPgrew6.9percentinthefirsthalfof2017,comparedwith6.8percentgrowthinthefourthquarterof2016."ButIdon'tthinkthatwecancompletelyletourguarddownaboutfuturecapitaloutflows,becausethedollarmightstrengthenagainandtheimpactoftheslumpingrealestatesectoronthedomesticeconomymightbecomeevidentlaterthisyear,"ZhoutoldtheGlobalTimesonThursday.Liusaidthat"instabilityfactors"inChina'sforeigncurrencymarket,suchasdomesticeconomicinstabilityorexternalpressurefromastrongerdollar,aredecreasingandtheforeigncurrencysituationwillimprovefurther.WangnotedthattheSAFE'spolicyinvolvingcurrencymovementshasbeenconsistent,anditwillinsistuponsupportinglegaloutbounddirectinvestmentandpromotingtheconvenienceofoverseastradeandinvestmentwhilebeingalerttopossibleinvestmentrisks.AccordingtoLiu,thegovernmentshouldconsidereasingitsgriponforeigncurrencymanagement,sincethepressureofcapitaloutflowshaseased.Healsosaidthatmeasuresshouldbetakentowardreformsinvolvingthecapitalaccountsuchasspeedingupthebondconnectprogram.¡¡¡¡

¡¡¡¡PoliticalsympathyfromEuropewithIran'snucleardealis"notenough"andtheyshouldtakemore"practicalsteps"toguaranteeIran'seconomicinterestsfromthedeal,IranianForeignMinisterMohammadJavadZarifsaidonSunday."WiththeexitoftheUnitedStatesfromthenuclearagreement,expectationsfromthetheEuropeanUnion(EU)topreservetheachievementsofthedealarehigh,"ZarifmadetheremarksinameetingwiththevisitingEU'sEnergyChiefMiguelAriasCanete."Underthecurrentcircumstances,politicalsupportofEuropetothenukedealisnotsufficient,"Zarifsaid."EUshouldtakefurtherpracticalstepstocontinueeconomiccooperationwithIran,"hesaid,addingthat"EUshouldboostinvestmentsinIran."HeexpresseddoubtthatEurope'scommitmenttoimplementingthedeal,knownasJointComprehensivePlanofAction(JCPOA),isincontradictionwiththewithdrawalofmajorEuropeancompaniesfromIran'sprojectsaftertheUnitedStatespulledout.Forhispart,CanetesaidthatfollowingtheU.S.exitfromthedeal,EuropeanshaveunifiedtosavetheJCPOA.ThepoliticalresolveoftheEUistoimplementtheJCPOAandtocontinuethecooperationbetweenEuropeancompaniesandtheIslamicrepublic,hesaid.TheU.S.exitfromthedealhascausedproblemstoEurope,however,theEU'smessageistoprotecttheaccordanditsimplementation,headded.Earlierintheday,firstViceSpeakeroftheIranianParliamentAliMotahharisaidthatIraniangovernmentissatisfiedwiththerecenttalkswithitsEuropeanpartnersoverpreservingthenucleardealandsecuringIran'sinterests.Iran'sforeignministerandhisnegotiationteamexpressedtheirsatisfactiononSunday,butsaidthat"everythingdependsontheresultsofthetalksinthenextweeks,"MotahhariwasquotedassayingbyofficialIRNAnewsagency.Motahharimadetheremarksonthesidelinesofaparliamentmeeting,whereZarifbriefedthelawmakersontheongoingtalkswithFrance,Germany,BritainandtheEUForeignPolicyChiefFedericaMogherinioverthefateofthenucleardealafterU.S.withdrawalfromit."ThestepsthattheEuropeanshavetakeninthisregardsofarareacceptable,"headded.OnSaturday,HeadoftheAtomicEnergyOrganizationofIran(AEOI)AliAkbarSalehiurgedtheEuropeancountriestoremaincommittedtotheirpromisesintheIranian2015nucleardeal.SalehiexpressedhopethattheEUfulfillitspledgestosecureIran'sinterests,whichweremadeintherecentmeetingswiththeIraniandelegationinBrussels.SalehimadetheremarksinthejointpressconferencewiththevisitingEU'senergychief.TheEU'seffortstosavethenuclearcontractshowthatthedealisaveryimportantagreementfortheregionandtheworld,Salehisaid.However,iftheEuropeansfailtoundertaketheirobligations,Iranhastopressaheadwithitspeacefulnucleardevelopmentwithfulldetermination,hesaid.TheIranianofficialnotedthattheEUandtheIranianauthoritieshavealsodiscussedtoreplaceU.S.dollarwitheurointheirtradetransactions,andthattheEUhastakeninitialstepsinthisregard.TheU.S.pulloutfromtheIraniannuclearagreement,oncemore,provedtotheworldthatWashingtonisnotreliableinundertakingitsinternationalresponsibilities,saidSalehi.U.S.exitfromthedealmaycausesomeproblems,butitwillnotcauseseriousones,hestressed.Also,Canetestressedthatpreservingthenucleardealisofsignificancetoglobalandregionalpeace.EUhassentamessagetotheIranianfriendsthataslongastheysticktotheagreement,theEuropeanswillremaincommittedtoit,Canetesaid,addingthattheEUblochopestoboosttradewithIran.Besides,Iran'sPetroleumMinisterBijanNamdarZanganehsaidonSaturdaythatIran'soilexportswillnotbeaffectediftheEUrefrainsfromfollowingtheUnitedStatesinimposingneweconomicpressuresontheIslamicrepublic."TheU.S.decisiontowithdrawfromthenucleardealwouldnotaffectIran'soilexportsifEUcouldsalvagethedeal,"ZanganehtoldreportersafterhismeetingwithCanete.TheIranianministercalledforOPECmemberstatestoremainunitedintheirupcomingdecisiontosecuremembers'interestsandmarketstability.U.S.PresidentDonaldTrumpdecidedonMay8toquitIran'snucleardealandvowedtore-imposesanctions,includingoilembargo,onTehran.CanetesaidSaturdaythat"wewillhavetoaskfor(sanction)waivers,forcarve-outsforthe(European)companiesthatmakeinvestments."Besides,SalehisaidthathediscussedreapplyingEuropeanlawof"theblockingstatute"withCaneteonSaturday.IranpushestheEUfortherevivalof"theblockingstatute"whichisa1996regulationthatprohibitsEUcompaniesandcourtsfromcomplyingwithforeignsanctionslawsandstipulatesthatnoforeigncourtjudgmentsbasedontheselawshaveanyeffectintheEU.CanetearrivedinTehranonFridayforatwo-dayvisittoreassureIranthattheEUwantstokeepopentradeandcooperationwithIrandespitetheU.S.decisiontopullout.¡¡¡¡TheEuropeanCommissiononFridayproposedactivationofadormantstatutetoshieldEuropeanfirmsdoingbusinesswithIranfromrenewedU.S.sanctions.The1996BlockingStatuteforbidsEUcompaniesfromcomplyingwiththeU.S.sanctions.ThestatutewasoriginallyintroducedinresponsetoU.S.tradeembargoonCubaandsanctionsagainstIranandLibya.Itwasneverenactedasthetransatlanticdisagreementswereironedoutpolitically.TheCommissionalsoproposedto"removeobstaclesfortheEuropeanInvestmentBank(EIB)todecideundertheEUbudgetguaranteetofinanceactivitiesoutsidetheEuropeanUnion,inIran."Inotherwords,theEIBwillbeallowedtosupportEUinvestmentinIran.TheEuropeanParliamentandtheCounciloftheEUwilldecidetoapproveorrejecttheproposalswithintwomonths,aheadofthefirstbatchofU.S.sanctionstakingeffectonAug.6.ThetwoproposalsarethecorepartsoftheCommission'sdecisiontoactonfourfrontsinthefaceofloomingU.S.sanctions.TheCommissionvowedto"continueandstrengthentheongoingsectoralcooperationwith,andassistanceto,Iran,includingintheenergysector,"whichisessentialtotheIranianeconomy.ItremainstobeseenwhetherthewordswilldispelconcernshauntingEuropeanenergygiantslikeTotal,whichonWednesdaysaiditmightnotbeabletocontinueitsgasdevelopmentprojectinIranunlessitgetsawaiverfromtheU.S.toprotectitfromre-imposedsanctions.ToweavethroughtheU.S.-dominatedinternationalbankingsystem,theCommissionsaiditisencouragingmemberstatestoexplorethepossibilityofone-offbanktransferstotheCentralBankofIran.Thisapproach"couldhelpIranianauthoritiestoreceivetheiroil-relatedrevenues,particularlyincaseofU.S.sanctionswhichcouldtargetEUentitiesactiveinoiltransactionswithIran,"theCommissionnoted.ThemovescameontheheelsoftheEU-WesternBalkanssummitinSofia,Bulgaria,duringwhichleadersofmemberstatesthrashedoutaunitedfrontagainstWashington.U.S.PresidentDonaldTrumpdeclaredlastweekthattheUnitedStateswouldwithdrawfromtheIrannucleardeal,claimingthatithadfailedtopreventIranfromdevelopingnuclearweaponsorsupportingterrorismintheregion.U.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinsaidinanannouncementthat"sanctionswillbere-imposedsubjecttocertain90-dayand180-daywind-downperiods."MuchtoEurope'sdispleasure,foreigncompaniesdoingbusinesswithIranarealsointhecrosshairsoftheU.S.sanctions.¡¡¡¡PoliticalsympathyfromEuropewithIran'snucleardealis"notenough"andtheyshouldtakemore"practicalsteps"toguaranteeIran'seconomicinterestsfromthedeal,IranianForeignMinisterMohammadJavadZarifsaidonSunday."WiththeexitoftheUnitedStatesfromthenuclearagreement,expectationsfromthetheEuropeanUnion(EU)topreservetheachievementsofthedealarehigh,"ZarifmadetheremarksinameetingwiththevisitingEU'sEnergyChiefMiguelAriasCanete."Underthecurrentcircumstances,politicalsupportofEuropetothenukedealisnotsufficient,"Zarifsaid."EUshouldtakefurtherpracticalstepstocontinueeconomiccooperationwithIran,"hesaid,addingthat"EUshouldboostinvestmentsinIran."HeexpresseddoubtthatEurope'scommitmenttoimplementingthedeal,knownasJointComprehensivePlanofAction(JCPOA),isincontradictionwiththewithdrawalofmajorEuropeancompaniesfromIran'sprojectsaftertheUnitedStatespulledout.Forhispart,CanetesaidthatfollowingtheU.S.exitfromthedeal,EuropeanshaveunifiedtosavetheJCPOA.ThepoliticalresolveoftheEUistoimplementtheJCPOAandtocontinuethecooperationbetweenEuropeancompaniesandtheIslamicrepublic,hesaid.TheU.S.exitfromthedealhascausedproblemstoEurope,however,theEU'smessageistoprotecttheaccordanditsimplementation,headded.Earlierintheday,firstViceSpeakeroftheIranianParliamentAliMotahharisaidthatIraniangovernmentissatisfiedwiththerecenttalkswithitsEuropeanpartnersoverpreservingthenucleardealandsecuringIran'sinterests.Iran'sforeignministerandhisnegotiationteamexpressedtheirsatisfactiononSunday,butsaidthat"everythingdependsontheresultsofthetalksinthenextweeks,"MotahhariwasquotedassayingbyofficialIRNAnewsagency.Motahharimadetheremarksonthesidelinesofaparliamentmeeting,whereZarifbriefedthelawmakersontheongoingtalkswithFrance,Germany,BritainandtheEUForeignPolicyChiefFedericaMogherinioverthefateofthenucleardealafterU.S.withdrawalfromit."ThestepsthattheEuropeanshavetakeninthisregardsofarareacceptable,"headded.OnSaturday,HeadoftheAtomicEnergyOrganizationofIran(AEOI)AliAkbarSalehiurgedtheEuropeancountriestoremaincommittedtotheirpromisesintheIranian2015nucleardeal.SalehiexpressedhopethattheEUfulfillitspledgestosecureIran'sinterests,whichweremadeintherecentmeetingswiththeIraniandelegationinBrussels.SalehimadetheremarksinthejointpressconferencewiththevisitingEU'senergychief.TheEU'seffortstosavethenuclearcontractshowthatthedealisaveryimportantagreementfortheregionandtheworld,Salehisaid.However,iftheEuropeansfailtoundertaketheirobligations,Iranhastopressaheadwithitspeacefulnucleardevelopmentwithfulldetermination,hesaid.TheIranianofficialnotedthattheEUandtheIranianauthoritieshavealsodiscussedtoreplaceU.S.dollarwitheurointheirtradetransactions,andthattheEUhastakeninitialstepsinthisregard.TheU.S.pulloutfromtheIraniannuclearagreement,oncemore,provedtotheworldthatWashingtonisnotreliableinundertakingitsinternationalresponsibilities,saidSalehi.U.S.exitfromthedealmaycausesomeproblems,butitwillnotcauseseriousones,hestressed.Also,Canetestressedthatpreservingthenucleardealisofsignificancetoglobalandregionalpeace.EUhassentamessagetotheIranianfriendsthataslongastheysticktotheagreement,theEuropeanswillremaincommittedtoit,Canetesaid,addingthattheEUblochopestoboosttradewithIran.Besides,Iran'sPetroleumMinisterBijanNamdarZanganehsaidonSaturdaythatIran'soilexportswillnotbeaffectediftheEUrefrainsfromfollowingtheUnitedStatesinimposingneweconomicpressuresontheIslamicrepublic."TheU.S.decisiontowithdrawfromthenucleardealwouldnotaffectIran'soilexportsifEUcouldsalvagethedeal,"ZanganehtoldreportersafterhismeetingwithCanete.TheIranianministercalledforOPECmemberstatestoremainunitedintheirupcomingdecisiontosecuremembers'interestsandmarketstability.U.S.PresidentDonaldTrumpdecidedonMay8toquitIran'snucleardealandvowedtore-imposesanctions,includingoilembargo,onTehran.CanetesaidSaturdaythat"wewillhavetoaskfor(sanction)waivers,forcarve-outsforthe(European)companiesthatmakeinvestments."Besides,SalehisaidthathediscussedreapplyingEuropeanlawof"theblockingstatute"withCaneteonSaturday.IranpushestheEUfortherevivalof"theblockingstatute"whichisa1996regulationthatprohibitsEUcompaniesandcourtsfromcomplyingwithforeignsanctionslawsandstipulatesthatnoforeigncourtjudgmentsbasedontheselawshaveanyeffectintheEU.CanetearrivedinTehranonFridayforatwo-dayvisittoreassureIranthattheEUwantstokeepopentradeandcooperationwithIrandespitetheU.S.decisiontopullout.¡¡¡¡

¡¡¡¡PoliticalsympathyfromEuropewithIran'snucleardealis"notenough"andtheyshouldtakemore"practicalsteps"toguaranteeIran'seconomicinterestsfromthedeal,IranianForeignMinisterMohammadJavadZarifsaidonSunday."WiththeexitoftheUnitedStatesfromthenuclearagreement,expectationsfromthetheEuropeanUnion(EU)topreservetheachievementsofthedealarehigh,"ZarifmadetheremarksinameetingwiththevisitingEU'sEnergyChiefMiguelAriasCanete."Underthecurrentcircumstances,politicalsupportofEuropetothenukedealisnotsufficient,"Zarifsaid."EUshouldtakefurtherpracticalstepstocontinueeconomiccooperationwithIran,"hesaid,addingthat"EUshouldboostinvestmentsinIran."HeexpresseddoubtthatEurope'scommitmenttoimplementingthedeal,knownasJointComprehensivePlanofAction(JCPOA),isincontradictionwiththewithdrawalofmajorEuropeancompaniesfromIran'sprojectsaftertheUnitedStatespulledout.Forhispart,CanetesaidthatfollowingtheU.S.exitfromthedeal,EuropeanshaveunifiedtosavetheJCPOA.ThepoliticalresolveoftheEUistoimplementtheJCPOAandtocontinuethecooperationbetweenEuropeancompaniesandtheIslamicrepublic,hesaid.TheU.S.exitfromthedealhascausedproblemstoEurope,however,theEU'smessageistoprotecttheaccordanditsimplementation,headded.Earlierintheday,firstViceSpeakeroftheIranianParliamentAliMotahharisaidthatIraniangovernmentissatisfiedwiththerecenttalkswithitsEuropeanpartnersoverpreservingthenucleardealandsecuringIran'sinterests.Iran'sforeignministerandhisnegotiationteamexpressedtheirsatisfactiononSunday,butsaidthat"everythingdependsontheresultsofthetalksinthenextweeks,"MotahhariwasquotedassayingbyofficialIRNAnewsagency.Motahharimadetheremarksonthesidelinesofaparliamentmeeting,whereZarifbriefedthelawmakersontheongoingtalkswithFrance,Germany,BritainandtheEUForeignPolicyChiefFedericaMogherinioverthefateofthenucleardealafterU.S.withdrawalfromit."ThestepsthattheEuropeanshavetakeninthisregardsofarareacceptable,"headded.OnSaturday,HeadoftheAtomicEnergyOrganizationofIran(AEOI)AliAkbarSalehiurgedtheEuropeancountriestoremaincommittedtotheirpromisesintheIranian2015nucleardeal.SalehiexpressedhopethattheEUfulfillitspledgestosecureIran'sinterests,whichweremadeintherecentmeetingswiththeIraniandelegationinBrussels.SalehimadetheremarksinthejointpressconferencewiththevisitingEU'senergychief.TheEU'seffortstosavethenuclearcontractshowthatthedealisaveryimportantagreementfortheregionandtheworld,Salehisaid.However,iftheEuropeansfailtoundertaketheirobligations,Iranhastopressaheadwithitspeacefulnucleardevelopmentwithfulldetermination,hesaid.TheIranianofficialnotedthattheEUandtheIranianauthoritieshavealsodiscussedtoreplaceU.S.dollarwitheurointheirtradetransactions,andthattheEUhastakeninitialstepsinthisregard.TheU.S.pulloutfromtheIraniannuclearagreement,oncemore,provedtotheworldthatWashingtonisnotreliableinundertakingitsinternationalresponsibilities,saidSalehi.U.S.exitfromthedealmaycausesomeproblems,butitwillnotcauseseriousones,hestressed.Also,Canetestressedthatpreservingthenucleardealisofsignificancetoglobalandregionalpeace.EUhassentamessagetotheIranianfriendsthataslongastheysticktotheagreement,theEuropeanswillremaincommittedtoit,Canetesaid,addingthattheEUblochopestoboosttradewithIran.Besides,Iran'sPetroleumMinisterBijanNamdarZanganehsaidonSaturdaythatIran'soilexportswillnotbeaffectediftheEUrefrainsfromfollowingtheUnitedStatesinimposingneweconomicpressuresontheIslamicrepublic."TheU.S.decisiontowithdrawfromthenucleardealwouldnotaffectIran'soilexportsifEUcouldsalvagethedeal,"ZanganehtoldreportersafterhismeetingwithCanete.TheIranianministercalledforOPECmemberstatestoremainunitedintheirupcomingdecisiontosecuremembers'interestsandmarketstability.U.S.PresidentDonaldTrumpdecidedonMay8toquitIran'snucleardealandvowedtore-imposesanctions,includingoilembargo,onTehran.CanetesaidSaturdaythat"wewillhavetoaskfor(sanction)waivers,forcarve-outsforthe(European)companiesthatmakeinvestments."Besides,SalehisaidthathediscussedreapplyingEuropeanlawof"theblockingstatute"withCaneteonSaturday.IranpushestheEUfortherevivalof"theblockingstatute"whichisa1996regulationthatprohibitsEUcompaniesandcourtsfromcomplyingwithforeignsanctionslawsandstipulatesthatnoforeigncourtjudgmentsbasedontheselawshaveanyeffectintheEU.CanetearrivedinTehranonFridayforatwo-dayvisittoreassureIranthattheEUwantstokeepopentradeandcooperationwithIrandespitetheU.S.decisiontopullout.¡¡¡¡TheEuropeanCommissiononFridayproposedactivationofadormantstatutetoshieldEuropeanfirmsdoingbusinesswithIranfromrenewedU.S.sanctions.The1996BlockingStatuteforbidsEUcompaniesfromcomplyingwiththeU.S.sanctions.ThestatutewasoriginallyintroducedinresponsetoU.S.tradeembargoonCubaandsanctionsagainstIranandLibya.Itwasneverenactedasthetransatlanticdisagreementswereironedoutpolitically.TheCommissionalsoproposedto"removeobstaclesfortheEuropeanInvestmentBank(EIB)todecideundertheEUbudgetguaranteetofinanceactivitiesoutsidetheEuropeanUnion,inIran."Inotherwords,theEIBwillbeallowedtosupportEUinvestmentinIran.TheEuropeanParliamentandtheCounciloftheEUwilldecidetoapproveorrejecttheproposalswithintwomonths,aheadofthefirstbatchofU.S.sanctionstakingeffectonAug.6.ThetwoproposalsarethecorepartsoftheCommission'sdecisiontoactonfourfrontsinthefaceofloomingU.S.sanctions.TheCommissionvowedto"continueandstrengthentheongoingsectoralcooperationwith,andassistanceto,Iran,includingintheenergysector,"whichisessentialtotheIranianeconomy.ItremainstobeseenwhetherthewordswilldispelconcernshauntingEuropeanenergygiantslikeTotal,whichonWednesdaysaiditmightnotbeabletocontinueitsgasdevelopmentprojectinIranunlessitgetsawaiverfromtheU.S.toprotectitfromre-imposedsanctions.ToweavethroughtheU.S.-dominatedinternationalbankingsystem,theCommissionsaiditisencouragingmemberstatestoexplorethepossibilityofone-offbanktransferstotheCentralBankofIran.Thisapproach"couldhelpIranianauthoritiestoreceivetheiroil-relatedrevenues,particularlyincaseofU.S.sanctionswhichcouldtargetEUentitiesactiveinoiltransactionswithIran,"theCommissionnoted.ThemovescameontheheelsoftheEU-WesternBalkanssummitinSofia,Bulgaria,duringwhichleadersofmemberstatesthrashedoutaunitedfrontagainstWashington.U.S.PresidentDonaldTrumpdeclaredlastweekthattheUnitedStateswouldwithdrawfromtheIrannucleardeal,claimingthatithadfailedtopreventIranfromdevelopingnuclearweaponsorsupportingterrorismintheregion.U.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinsaidinanannouncementthat"sanctionswillbere-imposedsubjecttocertain90-dayand180-daywind-downperiods."MuchtoEurope'sdispleasure,foreigncompaniesdoingbusinesswithIranarealsointhecrosshairsoftheU.S.sanctions.¡¡¡¡GovernmentstillsupportslegaloutboundinvestmentChina'scross-bordercapitalflowswerestableandbalancedinthefirsthalfofthisyear,"thebestphaseinnearlythreeyears,"whileindividualsdevelopedanincreasedawarenessofhowtouseforeigncurrencylegally,theStateAdministrationofForeignExchange(SAFE)announcedatapressconferenceonThursday.Domesticindividuals'desiretoholdforeigncurrencyhasbeendecreasingingeneral.Inthefirsthalfof2017,individualpurchasesofforeigncurrencyslumpedby4percentyear-on-year,comparedwith14percentgrowthinthesameperiodlastyear,WangChunying,aspokespersonoftheSAFE,saidattheconference.Wangdidn'tdisclosetheexactamountofforeigncurrencypurchasedbyindividualsduringtheperiod.Domesticresidents'foreigncurrencyholdingsfell.7billionyear-on-yearinthefirstsixmonthsthisyear,Wangsaid.LiuXuezhi,asenioranalystatBankofCommunications,saidthatthefiguresshowedtheeffortsofthegovernment'sintensifiedmanagementofthecurrentaccountinrecentmonths.Thecurrentaccountincludesthebalanceoftradeandnettransferpaymentslikethoseinvolvingtourism."Somepeopletransferredmoneyabroadtoengageinoverseasinvestment(inearlierperiods),whichincreasedthepressureofcapitaloutflows.Butthisphenomenoneasedalotafterthegovernmentlaunchedaguidelineinearly2017thatbannedindividualsfromacquiringforeigncurrencytobuypropertiesorinvestinsecuritiesonoffshoremarkets,"LiutoldtheGlobalTimesonThursday.Inthefirstsixmonthsof2017,domesticbankssoldforeignexchangeworth5.95trillionyuan(9billion)andbought5.31trillionyuanworthofforeigncurrency.Chinesebanks'netforeignexchangesettlementdeficitreached.8billion,down46percentonayearlybasis,accordingtodatarevealedbyWangfromtheSAFE.Thesupply-demandbalanceintheforeigncurrencymarkethelpedChina'sforeigncurrencyreservestocontinuerising.AsoftheendofJune,reservesreached.06trillion,up.3billioncomparedwiththeendof2016.Itwasthefifthconsecutivemonthlygaininthereserves.Wangsaidthatcapitaloutflowsvianon-bankinginstitutionsdecreasedalot,whichmeansthatChinahascontinuedtoemergefromthe"shadows"involvingcapitaloutflowsthathoveredoverthenationaround2016.ZhouYu,directoroftheResearchCenterofInternationalFinanceattheShanghaiAcademyofSocialSciences,saidthatapartfromgovernmentmanagement,otherfactorsliketheweakeningdollarandtheimprovingdomesticeconomyhavealsohelpedstabilizetheforeigncurrencymarket.TheUSDollarIndexhaddroppedfrom102attheendof2016to95asof5:56pmBeijingtimeonThursday.China'sGDPgrew6.9percentinthefirsthalfof2017,comparedwith6.8percentgrowthinthefourthquarterof2016."ButIdon'tthinkthatwecancompletelyletourguarddownaboutfuturecapitaloutflows,becausethedollarmightstrengthenagainandtheimpactoftheslumpingrealestatesectoronthedomesticeconomymightbecomeevidentlaterthisyear,"ZhoutoldtheGlobalTimesonThursday.Liusaidthat"instabilityfactors"inChina'sforeigncurrencymarket,suchasdomesticeconomicinstabilityorexternalpressurefromastrongerdollar,aredecreasingandtheforeigncurrencysituationwillimprovefurther.WangnotedthattheSAFE'spolicyinvolvingcurrencymovementshasbeenconsistent,anditwillinsistuponsupportinglegaloutbounddirectinvestmentandpromotingtheconvenienceofoverseastradeandinvestmentwhilebeingalerttopossibleinvestmentrisks.AccordingtoLiu,thegovernmentshouldconsidereasingitsgriponforeigncurrencymanagement,sincethepressureofcapitaloutflowshaseased.Healsosaidthatmeasuresshouldbetakentowardreformsinvolvingthecapitalaccountsuchasspeedingupthebondconnectprogram.¡¡¡¡

¡¡¡¡PoliticalsympathyfromEuropewithIran'snucleardealis"notenough"andtheyshouldtakemore"practicalsteps"toguaranteeIran'seconomicinterestsfromthedeal,IranianForeignMinisterMohammadJavadZarifsaidonSunday."WiththeexitoftheUnitedStatesfromthenuclearagreement,expectationsfromthetheEuropeanUnion(EU)topreservetheachievementsofthedealarehigh,"ZarifmadetheremarksinameetingwiththevisitingEU'sEnergyChiefMiguelAriasCanete."Underthecurrentcircumstances,politicalsupportofEuropetothenukedealisnotsufficient,"Zarifsaid."EUshouldtakefurtherpracticalstepstocontinueeconomiccooperationwithIran,"hesaid,addingthat"EUshouldboostinvestmentsinIran."HeexpresseddoubtthatEurope'scommitmenttoimplementingthedeal,knownasJointComprehensivePlanofAction(JCPOA),isincontradictionwiththewithdrawalofmajorEuropeancompaniesfromIran'sprojectsaftertheUnitedStatespulledout.Forhispart,CanetesaidthatfollowingtheU.S.exitfromthedeal,EuropeanshaveunifiedtosavetheJCPOA.ThepoliticalresolveoftheEUistoimplementtheJCPOAandtocontinuethecooperationbetweenEuropeancompaniesandtheIslamicrepublic,hesaid.TheU.S.exitfromthedealhascausedproblemstoEurope,however,theEU'smessageistoprotecttheaccordanditsimplementation,headded.Earlierintheday,firstViceSpeakeroftheIranianParliamentAliMotahharisaidthatIraniangovernmentissatisfiedwiththerecenttalkswithitsEuropeanpartnersoverpreservingthenucleardealandsecuringIran'sinterests.Iran'sforeignministerandhisnegotiationteamexpressedtheirsatisfactiononSunday,butsaidthat"everythingdependsontheresultsofthetalksinthenextweeks,"MotahhariwasquotedassayingbyofficialIRNAnewsagency.Motahharimadetheremarksonthesidelinesofaparliamentmeeting,whereZarifbriefedthelawmakersontheongoingtalkswithFrance,Germany,BritainandtheEUForeignPolicyChiefFedericaMogherinioverthefateofthenucleardealafterU.S.withdrawalfromit."ThestepsthattheEuropeanshavetakeninthisregardsofarareacceptable,"headded.OnSaturday,HeadoftheAtomicEnergyOrganizationofIran(AEOI)AliAkbarSalehiurgedtheEuropeancountriestoremaincommittedtotheirpromisesintheIranian2015nucleardeal.SalehiexpressedhopethattheEUfulfillitspledgestosecureIran'sinterests,whichweremadeintherecentmeetingswiththeIraniandelegationinBrussels.SalehimadetheremarksinthejointpressconferencewiththevisitingEU'senergychief.TheEU'seffortstosavethenuclearcontractshowthatthedealisaveryimportantagreementfortheregionandtheworld,Salehisaid.However,iftheEuropeansfailtoundertaketheirobligations,Iranhastopressaheadwithitspeacefulnucleardevelopmentwithfulldetermination,hesaid.TheIranianofficialnotedthattheEUandtheIranianauthoritieshavealsodiscussedtoreplaceU.S.dollarwitheurointheirtradetransactions,andthattheEUhastakeninitialstepsinthisregard.TheU.S.pulloutfromtheIraniannuclearagreement,oncemore,provedtotheworldthatWashingtonisnotreliableinundertakingitsinternationalresponsibilities,saidSalehi.U.S.exitfromthedealmaycausesomeproblems,butitwillnotcauseseriousones,hestressed.Also,Canetestressedthatpreservingthenucleardealisofsignificancetoglobalandregionalpeace.EUhassentamessagetotheIranianfriendsthataslongastheysticktotheagreement,theEuropeanswillremaincommittedtoit,Canetesaid,addingthattheEUblochopestoboosttradewithIran.Besides,Iran'sPetroleumMinisterBijanNamdarZanganehsaidonSaturdaythatIran'soilexportswillnotbeaffectediftheEUrefrainsfromfollowingtheUnitedStatesinimposingneweconomicpressuresontheIslamicrepublic."TheU.S.decisiontowithdrawfromthenucleardealwouldnotaffectIran'soilexportsifEUcouldsalvagethedeal,"ZanganehtoldreportersafterhismeetingwithCanete.TheIranianministercalledforOPECmemberstatestoremainunitedintheirupcomingdecisiontosecuremembers'interestsandmarketstability.U.S.PresidentDonaldTrumpdecidedonMay8toquitIran'snucleardealandvowedtore-imposesanctions,includingoilembargo,onTehran.CanetesaidSaturdaythat"wewillhavetoaskfor(sanction)waivers,forcarve-outsforthe(European)companiesthatmakeinvestments."Besides,SalehisaidthathediscussedreapplyingEuropeanlawof"theblockingstatute"withCaneteonSaturday.IranpushestheEUfortherevivalof"theblockingstatute"whichisa1996regulationthatprohibitsEUcompaniesandcourtsfromcomplyingwithforeignsanctionslawsandstipulatesthatnoforeigncourtjudgmentsbasedontheselawshaveanyeffectintheEU.CanetearrivedinTehranonFridayforatwo-dayvisittoreassureIranthattheEUwantstokeepopentradeandcooperationwithIrandespitetheU.S.decisiontopullout.¡¡¡¡PoliticalsympathyfromEuropewithIran'snucleardealis"notenough"andtheyshouldtakemore"practicalsteps"toguaranteeIran'seconomicinterestsfromthedeal,IranianForeignMinisterMohammadJavadZarifsaidonSunday."WiththeexitoftheUnitedStatesfromthenuclearagreement,expectationsfromthetheEuropeanUnion(EU)topreservetheachievementsofthedealarehigh,"ZarifmadetheremarksinameetingwiththevisitingEU'sEnergyChiefMiguelAriasCanete."Underthecurrentcircumstances,politicalsupportofEuropetothenukedealisnotsufficient,"Zarifsaid."EUshouldtakefurtherpracticalstepstocontinueeconomiccooperationwithIran,"hesaid,addingthat"EUshouldboostinvestmentsinIran."HeexpresseddoubtthatEurope'scommitmenttoimplementingthedeal,knownasJointComprehensivePlanofAction(JCPOA),isincontradictionwiththewithdrawalofmajorEuropeancompaniesfromIran'sprojectsaftertheUnitedStatespulledout.Forhispart,CanetesaidthatfollowingtheU.S.exitfromthedeal,EuropeanshaveunifiedtosavetheJCPOA.ThepoliticalresolveoftheEUistoimplementtheJCPOAandtocontinuethecooperationbetweenEuropeancompaniesandtheIslamicrepublic,hesaid.TheU.S.exitfromthedealhascausedproblemstoEurope,however,theEU'smessageistoprotecttheaccordanditsimplementation,headded.Earlierintheday,firstViceSpeakeroftheIranianParliamentAliMotahharisaidthatIraniangovernmentissatisfiedwiththerecenttalkswithitsEuropeanpartnersoverpreservingthenucleardealandsecuringIran'sinterests.Iran'sforeignministerandhisnegotiationteamexpressedtheirsatisfactiononSunday,butsaidthat"everythingdependsontheresultsofthetalksinthenextweeks,"MotahhariwasquotedassayingbyofficialIRNAnewsagency.Motahharimadetheremarksonthesidelinesofaparliamentmeeting,whereZarifbriefedthelawmakersontheongoingtalkswithFrance,Germany,BritainandtheEUForeignPolicyChiefFedericaMogherinioverthefateofthenucleardealafterU.S.withdrawalfromit."ThestepsthattheEuropeanshavetakeninthisregardsofarareacceptable,"headded.OnSaturday,HeadoftheAtomicEnergyOrganizationofIran(AEOI)AliAkbarSalehiurgedtheEuropeancountriestoremaincommittedtotheirpromisesintheIranian2015nucleardeal.SalehiexpressedhopethattheEUfulfillitspledgestosecureIran'sinterests,whichweremadeintherecentmeetingswiththeIraniandelegationinBrussels.SalehimadetheremarksinthejointpressconferencewiththevisitingEU'senergychief.TheEU'seffortstosavethenuclearcontractshowthatthedealisaveryimportantagreementfortheregionandtheworld,Salehisaid.However,iftheEuropeansfailtoundertaketheirobligations,Iranhastopressaheadwithitspeacefulnucleardevelopmentwithfulldetermination,hesaid.TheIranianofficialnotedthattheEUandtheIranianauthoritieshavealsodiscussedtoreplaceU.S.dollarwitheurointheirtradetransactions,andthattheEUhastakeninitialstepsinthisregard.TheU.S.pulloutfromtheIraniannuclearagreement,oncemore,provedtotheworldthatWashingtonisnotreliableinundertakingitsinternationalresponsibilities,saidSalehi.U.S.exitfromthedealmaycausesomeproblems,butitwillnotcauseseriousones,hestressed.Also,Canetestressedthatpreservingthenucleardealisofsignificancetoglobalandregionalpeace.EUhassentamessagetotheIranianfriendsthataslongastheysticktotheagreement,theEuropeanswillremaincommittedtoit,Canetesaid,addingthattheEUblochopestoboosttradewithIran.Besides,Iran'sPetroleumMinisterBijanNamdarZanganehsaidonSaturdaythatIran'soilexportswillnotbeaffectediftheEUrefrainsfromfollowingtheUnitedStatesinimposingneweconomicpressuresontheIslamicrepublic."TheU.S.decisiontowithdrawfromthenucleardealwouldnotaffectIran'soilexportsifEUcouldsalvagethedeal,"ZanganehtoldreportersafterhismeetingwithCanete.TheIranianministercalledforOPECmemberstatestoremainunitedintheirupcomingdecisiontosecuremembers'interestsandmarketstability.U.S.PresidentDonaldTrumpdecidedonMay8toquitIran'snucleardealandvowedtore-imposesanctions,includingoilembargo,onTehran.CanetesaidSaturdaythat"wewillhavetoaskfor(sanction)waivers,forcarve-outsforthe(European)companiesthatmakeinvestments."Besides,SalehisaidthathediscussedreapplyingEuropeanlawof"theblockingstatute"withCaneteonSaturday.IranpushestheEUfortherevivalof"theblockingstatute"whichisa1996regulationthatprohibitsEUcompaniesandcourtsfromcomplyingwithforeignsanctionslawsandstipulatesthatnoforeigncourtjudgmentsbasedontheselawshaveanyeffectintheEU.CanetearrivedinTehranonFridayforatwo-dayvisittoreassureIranthattheEUwantstokeepopentradeandcooperationwithIrandespitetheU.S.decisiontopullout.¡¡¡¡TheEuropeanCommissiononFridayproposedactivationofadormantstatutetoshieldEuropeanfirmsdoingbusinesswithIranfromrenewedU.S.sanctions.The1996BlockingStatuteforbidsEUcompaniesfromcomplyingwiththeU.S.sanctions.ThestatutewasoriginallyintroducedinresponsetoU.S.tradeembargoonCubaandsanctionsagainstIranandLibya.Itwasneverenactedasthetransatlanticdisagreementswereironedoutpolitically.TheCommissionalsoproposedto"removeobstaclesfortheEuropeanInvestmentBank(EIB)todecideundertheEUbudgetguaranteetofinanceactivitiesoutsidetheEuropeanUnion,inIran."Inotherwords,theEIBwillbeallowedtosupportEUinvestmentinIran.TheEuropeanParliamentandtheCounciloftheEUwilldecidetoapproveorrejecttheproposalswithintwomonths,aheadofthefirstbatchofU.S.sanctionstakingeffectonAug.6.ThetwoproposalsarethecorepartsoftheCommission'sdecisiontoactonfourfrontsinthefaceofloomingU.S.sanctions.TheCommissionvowedto"continueandstrengthentheongoingsectoralcooperationwith,andassistanceto,Iran,includingintheenergysector,"whichisessentialtotheIranianeconomy.ItremainstobeseenwhetherthewordswilldispelconcernshauntingEuropeanenergygiantslikeTotal,whichonWednesdaysaiditmightnotbeabletocontinueitsgasdevelopmentprojectinIranunlessitgetsawaiverfromtheU.S.toprotectitfromre-imposedsanctions.ToweavethroughtheU.S.-dominatedinternationalbankingsystem,theCommissionsaiditisencouragingmemberstatestoexplorethepossibilityofone-offbanktransferstotheCentralBankofIran.Thisapproach"couldhelpIranianauthoritiestoreceivetheiroil-relatedrevenues,particularlyincaseofU.S.sanctionswhichcouldtargetEUentitiesactiveinoiltransactionswithIran,"theCommissionnoted.ThemovescameontheheelsoftheEU-WesternBalkanssummitinSofia,Bulgaria,duringwhichleadersofmemberstatesthrashedoutaunitedfrontagainstWashington.U.S.PresidentDonaldTrumpdeclaredlastweekthattheUnitedStateswouldwithdrawfromtheIrannucleardeal,claimingthatithadfailedtopreventIranfromdevelopingnuclearweaponsorsupportingterrorismintheregion.U.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinsaidinanannouncementthat"sanctionswillbere-imposedsubjecttocertain90-dayand180-daywind-downperiods."MuchtoEurope'sdispleasure,foreigncompaniesdoingbusinesswithIranarealsointhecrosshairsoftheU.S.sanctions.¡¡¡¡

¡¡¡¡ChinesescientistshaveidentifiedthesecretofbatsthatharborhighlypathogenicviruseslikeEbola,MarburgandSARScoronavirusbutdonotshowclinicalsignsofdisease.InapaperpublishedonThursdayinthejournalCellHostMicrobe,scientistsattheWuhanInstituteofVirologyinChinafindthatinbats,anantiviralimmunepathwaycalledtheSTING-interferonpathwayisdampened,sobatscanmaintainjustenoughdefenseagainstillnesswithouttriggeringaheightenedimmunereaction."Webelievethereisabalancebetweenbatsandthepathogenstheycarry,"saidthepaper'sseniorauthorZhouPeng."Thisworkdemonstratedthatinordertomaintainabalancewithviruses,batsmayhaveevolvedtodampencertainpathways,"Zhousaid.Accordingtoresearchers,inhumansandothermammals,animmune-basedover-responsetooneoftheseandotherpathogenicvirusescantriggersevereillness.Forexample,inhumans,anactivatedSTINGpathwayislinkedwithsevereautoimmunediseases."Inhumanhistory,wehavebeenchasinginfectiousdiseasesoneafteranother,"saidZhou,"Butbatsappeartobea'super-mammal'tothesedeadlyviruses."ByidentifyingaweakenedbutnotdefunctSTINGpathwayinbats,researchershavesomenewinsightintohowbatsfine-tuneantiviraldefensestobalanceaneffective,butnotanovert,responseagainstviruses.Theyhypothesizethatthisdefensestrategyevolvedaspartofthreeinterconnectedfeaturesofbatbiology:theyareflyingmammals,havealonglifespan,andhostalargeviralreservoir."AdaptationtoflightlikelycausedpositiveselectionofmultiplebatinnateimmuneandDNAdamagerepairgenes,"Zhousaid.TheseadaptationsmayhaveshapedcertainantiviralpathwaysincludingSTING,interferontomakethemgoodviralreservoirhostsandachieveatolerablebalance.ZhoutoldXinhuathatthestudyhasprovidedapossibilitythatpeoplecanlearnfrombatsincombatingvirusalthoughwhetherthismechanismcanbedirectlyusedinhumansisstillunknown.¡¡¡¡GovernmentstillsupportslegaloutboundinvestmentChina'scross-bordercapitalflowswerestableandbalancedinthefirsthalfofthisyear,"thebestphaseinnearlythreeyears,"whileindividualsdevelopedanincreasedawarenessofhowtouseforeigncurrencylegally,theStateAdministrationofForeignExchange(SAFE)announcedatapressconferenceonThursday.Domesticindividuals'desiretoholdforeigncurrencyhasbeendecreasingingeneral.Inthefirsthalfof2017,individualpurchasesofforeigncurrencyslumpedby4percentyear-on-year,comparedwith14percentgrowthinthesameperiodlastyear,WangChunying,aspokespersonoftheSAFE,saidattheconference.Wangdidn'tdisclosetheexactamountofforeigncurrencypurchasedbyindividualsduringtheperiod.Domesticresidents'foreigncurrencyholdingsfell.7billionyear-on-yearinthefirstsixmonthsthisyear,Wangsaid.LiuXuezhi,asenioranalystatBankofCommunications,saidthatthefiguresshowedtheeffortsofthegovernment'sintensifiedmanagementofthecurrentaccountinrecentmonths.Thecurrentaccountincludesthebalanceoftradeandnettransferpaymentslikethoseinvolvingtourism."Somepeopletransferredmoneyabroadtoengageinoverseasinvestment(inearlierperiods),whichincreasedthepressureofcapitaloutflows.Butthisphenomenoneasedalotafterthegovernmentlaunchedaguidelineinearly2017thatbannedindividualsfromacquiringforeigncurrencytobuypropertiesorinvestinsecuritiesonoffshoremarkets,"LiutoldtheGlobalTimesonThursday.Inthefirstsixmonthsof2017,domesticbankssoldforeignexchangeworth5.95trillionyuan(9billion)andbought5.31trillionyuanworthofforeigncurrency.Chinesebanks'netforeignexchangesettlementdeficitreached.8billion,down46percentonayearlybasis,accordingtodatarevealedbyWangfromtheSAFE.Thesupply-demandbalanceintheforeigncurrencymarkethelpedChina'sforeigncurrencyreservestocontinuerising.AsoftheendofJune,reservesreached.06trillion,up.3billioncomparedwiththeendof2016.Itwasthefifthconsecutivemonthlygaininthereserves.Wangsaidthatcapitaloutflowsvianon-bankinginstitutionsdecreasedalot,whichmeansthatChinahascontinuedtoemergefromthe"shadows"involvingcapitaloutflowsthathoveredoverthenationaround2016.ZhouYu,directoroftheResearchCenterofInternationalFinanceattheShanghaiAcademyofSocialSciences,saidthatapartfromgovernmentmanagement,otherfactorsliketheweakeningdollarandtheimprovingdomesticeconomyhavealsohelpedstabilizetheforeigncurrencymarket.TheUSDollarIndexhaddroppedfrom102attheendof2016to95asof5:56pmBeijingtimeonThursday.China'sGDPgrew6.9percentinthefirsthalfof2017,comparedwith6.8percentgrowthinthefourthquarterof2016."ButIdon'tthinkthatwecancompletelyletourguarddownaboutfuturecapitaloutflows,becausethedollarmightstrengthenagainandtheimpactoftheslumpingrealestatesectoronthedomesticeconomymightbecomeevidentlaterthisyear,"ZhoutoldtheGlobalTimesonThursday.Liusaidthat"instabilityfactors"inChina'sforeigncurrencymarket,suchasdomesticeconomicinstabilityorexternalpressurefromastrongerdollar,aredecreasingandtheforeigncurrencysituationwillimprovefurther.WangnotedthattheSAFE'spolicyinvolvingcurrencymovementshasbeenconsistent,anditwillinsistuponsupportinglegaloutbounddirectinvestmentandpromotingtheconvenienceofoverseastradeandinvestmentwhilebeingalerttopossibleinvestmentrisks.AccordingtoLiu,thegovernmentshouldconsidereasingitsgriponforeigncurrencymanagement,sincethepressureofcapitaloutflowshaseased.Healsosaidthatmeasuresshouldbetakentowardreformsinvolvingthecapitalaccountsuchasspeedingupthebondconnectprogram.¡¡¡¡PoliticalsympathyfromEuropewithIran'snucleardealis"notenough"andtheyshouldtakemore"practicalsteps"toguaranteeIran'seconomicinterestsfromthedeal,IranianForeignMinisterMohammadJavadZarifsaidonSunday."WiththeexitoftheUnitedStatesfromthenuclearagreement,expectationsfromthetheEuropeanUnion(EU)topreservetheachievementsofthedealarehigh,"ZarifmadetheremarksinameetingwiththevisitingEU'sEnergyChiefMiguelAriasCanete."Underthecurrentcircumstances,politicalsupportofEuropetothenukedealisnotsufficient,"Zarifsaid."EUshouldtakefurtherpracticalstepstocontinueeconomiccooperationwithIran,"hesaid,addingthat"EUshouldboostinvestmentsinIran."HeexpresseddoubtthatEurope'scommitmenttoimplementingthedeal,knownasJointComprehensivePlanofAction(JCPOA),isincontradictionwiththewithdrawalofmajorEuropeancompaniesfromIran'sprojectsaftertheUnitedStatespulledout.Forhispart,CanetesaidthatfollowingtheU.S.exitfromthedeal,EuropeanshaveunifiedtosavetheJCPOA.ThepoliticalresolveoftheEUistoimplementtheJCPOAandtocontinuethecooperationbetweenEuropeancompaniesandtheIslamicrepublic,hesaid.TheU.S.exitfromthedealhascausedproblemstoEurope,however,theEU'smessageistoprotecttheaccordanditsimplementation,headded.Earlierintheday,firstViceSpeakeroftheIranianParliamentAliMotahharisaidthatIraniangovernmentissatisfiedwiththerecenttalkswithitsEuropeanpartnersoverpreservingthenucleardealandsecuringIran'sinterests.Iran'sforeignministerandhisnegotiationteamexpressedtheirsatisfactiononSunday,butsaidthat"everythingdependsontheresultsofthetalksinthenextweeks,"MotahhariwasquotedassayingbyofficialIRNAnewsagency.Motahharimadetheremarksonthesidelinesofaparliamentmeeting,whereZarifbriefedthelawmakersontheongoingtalkswithFrance,Germany,BritainandtheEUForeignPolicyChiefFedericaMogherinioverthefateofthenucleardealafterU.S.withdrawalfromit."ThestepsthattheEuropeanshavetakeninthisregardsofarareacceptable,"headded.OnSaturday,HeadoftheAtomicEnergyOrganizationofIran(AEOI)AliAkbarSalehiurgedtheEuropeancountriestoremaincommittedtotheirpromisesintheIranian2015nucleardeal.SalehiexpressedhopethattheEUfulfillitspledgestosecureIran'sinterests,whichweremadeintherecentmeetingswiththeIraniandelegationinBrussels.SalehimadetheremarksinthejointpressconferencewiththevisitingEU'senergychief.TheEU'seffortstosavethenuclearcontractshowthatthedealisaveryimportantagreementfortheregionandtheworld,Salehisaid.However,iftheEuropeansfailtoundertaketheirobligations,Iranhastopressaheadwithitspeacefulnucleardevelopmentwithfulldetermination,hesaid.TheIranianofficialnotedthattheEUandtheIranianauthoritieshavealsodiscussedtoreplaceU.S.dollarwitheurointheirtradetransactions,andthattheEUhastakeninitialstepsinthisregard.TheU.S.pulloutfromtheIraniannuclearagreement,oncemore,provedtotheworldthatWashingtonisnotreliableinundertakingitsinternationalresponsibilities,saidSalehi.U.S.exitfromthedealmaycausesomeproblems,butitwillnotcauseseriousones,hestressed.Also,Canetestressedthatpreservingthenucleardealisofsignificancetoglobalandregionalpeace.EUhassentamessagetotheIranianfriendsthataslongastheysticktotheagreement,theEuropeanswillremaincommittedtoit,Canetesaid,addingthattheEUblochopestoboosttradewithIran.Besides,Iran'sPetroleumMinisterBijanNamdarZanganehsaidonSaturdaythatIran'soilexportswillnotbeaffectediftheEUrefrainsfromfollowingtheUnitedStatesinimposingneweconomicpressuresontheIslamicrepublic."TheU.S.decisiontowithdrawfromthenucleardealwouldnotaffectIran'soilexportsifEUcouldsalvagethedeal,"ZanganehtoldreportersafterhismeetingwithCanete.TheIranianministercalledforOPECmemberstatestoremainunitedintheirupcomingdecisiontosecuremembers'interestsandmarketstability.U.S.PresidentDonaldTrumpdecidedonMay8toquitIran'snucleardealandvowedtore-imposesanctions,includingoilembargo,onTehran.CanetesaidSaturdaythat"wewillhavetoaskfor(sanction)waivers,forcarve-outsforthe(European)companiesthatmakeinvestments."Besides,SalehisaidthathediscussedreapplyingEuropeanlawof"theblockingstatute"withCaneteonSaturday.IranpushestheEUfortherevivalof"theblockingstatute"whichisa1996regulationthatprohibitsEUcompaniesandcourtsfromcomplyingwithforeignsanctionslawsandstipulatesthatnoforeigncourtjudgmentsbasedontheselawshaveanyeffectintheEU.CanetearrivedinTehranonFridayforatwo-dayvisittoreassureIranthattheEUwantstokeepopentradeandcooperationwithIrandespitetheU.S.decisiontopullout.¡¡¡¡

¡¡¡¡ChinesescientistshaveidentifiedthesecretofbatsthatharborhighlypathogenicviruseslikeEbola,MarburgandSARScoronavirusbutdonotshowclinicalsignsofdisease.InapaperpublishedonThursdayinthejournalCellHostMicrobe,scientistsattheWuhanInstituteofVirologyinChinafindthatinbats,anantiviralimmunepathwaycalledtheSTING-interferonpathwayisdampened,sobatscanmaintainjustenoughdefenseagainstillnesswithouttriggeringaheightenedimmunereaction."Webelievethereisabalancebetweenbatsandthepathogenstheycarry,"saidthepaper'sseniorauthorZhouPeng."Thisworkdemonstratedthatinordertomaintainabalancewithviruses,batsmayhaveevolvedtodampencertainpathways,"Zhousaid.Accordingtoresearchers,inhumansandothermammals,animmune-basedover-responsetooneoftheseandotherpathogenicvirusescantriggersevereillness.Forexample,inhumans,anactivatedSTINGpathwayislinkedwithsevereautoimmunediseases."Inhumanhistory,wehavebeenchasinginfectiousdiseasesoneafteranother,"saidZhou,"Butbatsappeartobea'super-mammal'tothesedeadlyviruses."ByidentifyingaweakenedbutnotdefunctSTINGpathwayinbats,researchershavesomenewinsightintohowbatsfine-tuneantiviraldefensestobalanceaneffective,butnotanovert,responseagainstviruses.Theyhypothesizethatthisdefensestrategyevolvedaspartofthreeinterconnectedfeaturesofbatbiology:theyareflyingmammals,havealonglifespan,andhostalargeviralreservoir."AdaptationtoflightlikelycausedpositiveselectionofmultiplebatinnateimmuneandDNAdamagerepairgenes,"Zhousaid.TheseadaptationsmayhaveshapedcertainantiviralpathwaysincludingSTING,interferontomakethemgoodviralreservoirhostsandachieveatolerablebalance.ZhoutoldXinhuathatthestudyhasprovidedapossibilitythatpeoplecanlearnfrombatsincombatingvirusalthoughwhetherthismechanismcanbedirectlyusedinhumansisstillunknown.¡¡¡¡ChinesescientistshaveidentifiedthesecretofbatsthatharborhighlypathogenicviruseslikeEbola,MarburgandSARScoronavirusbutdonotshowclinicalsignsofdisease.InapaperpublishedonThursdayinthejournalCellHostMicrobe,scientistsattheWuhanInstituteofVirologyinChinafindthatinbats,anantiviralimmunepathwaycalledtheSTING-interferonpathwayisdampened,sobatscanmaintainjustenoughdefenseagainstillnesswithouttriggeringaheightenedimmunereaction."Webelievethereisabalancebetweenbatsandthepathogenstheycarry,"saidthepaper'sseniorauthorZhouPeng."Thisworkdemonstratedthatinordertomaintainabalancewithviruses,batsmayhaveevolvedtodampencertainpathways,"Zhousaid.Accordingtoresearchers,inhumansandothermammals,animmune-basedover-responsetooneoftheseandotherpathogenicvirusescantriggersevereillness.Forexample,inhumans,anactivatedSTINGpathwayislinkedwithsevereautoimmunediseases."Inhumanhistory,wehavebeenchasinginfectiousdiseasesoneafteranother,"saidZhou,"Butbatsappeartobea'super-mammal'tothesedeadlyviruses."ByidentifyingaweakenedbutnotdefunctSTINGpathwayinbats,researchershavesomenewinsightintohowbatsfine-tuneantiviraldefensestobalanceaneffective,butnotanovert,responseagainstviruses.Theyhypothesizethatthisdefensestrategyevolvedaspartofthreeinterconnectedfeaturesofbatbiology:theyareflyingmammals,havealonglifespan,andhostalargeviralreservoir."AdaptationtoflightlikelycausedpositiveselectionofmultiplebatinnateimmuneandDNAdamagerepairgenes,"Zhousaid.TheseadaptationsmayhaveshapedcertainantiviralpathwaysincludingSTING,interferontomakethemgoodviralreservoirhostsandachieveatolerablebalance.ZhoutoldXinhuathatthestudyhasprovidedapossibilitythatpeoplecanlearnfrombatsincombatingvirusalthoughwhetherthismechanismcanbedirectlyusedinhumansisstillunknown.¡¡¡¡PoliticalsympathyfromEuropewithIran'snucleardealis"notenough"andtheyshouldtakemore"practicalsteps"toguaranteeIran'seconomicinterestsfromthedeal,IranianForeignMinisterMohammadJavadZarifsaidonSunday."WiththeexitoftheUnitedStatesfromthenuclearagreement,expectationsfromthetheEuropeanUnion(EU)topreservetheachievementsofthedealarehigh,"ZarifmadetheremarksinameetingwiththevisitingEU'sEnergyChiefMiguelAriasCanete."Underthecurrentcircumstances,politicalsupportofEuropetothenukedealisnotsufficient,"Zarifsaid."EUshouldtakefurtherpracticalstepstocontinueeconomiccooperationwithIran,"hesaid,addingthat"EUshouldboostinvestmentsinIran."HeexpresseddoubtthatEurope'scommitmenttoimplementingthedeal,knownasJointComprehensivePlanofAction(JCPOA),isincontradictionwiththewithdrawalofmajorEuropeancompaniesfromIran'sprojectsaftertheUnitedStatespulledout.Forhispart,CanetesaidthatfollowingtheU.S.exitfromthedeal,EuropeanshaveunifiedtosavetheJCPOA.ThepoliticalresolveoftheEUistoimplementtheJCPOAandtocontinuethecooperationbetweenEuropeancompaniesandtheIslamicrepublic,hesaid.TheU.S.exitfromthedealhascausedproblemstoEurope,however,theEU'smessageistoprotecttheaccordanditsimplementation,headded.Earlierintheday,firstViceSpeakeroftheIranianParliamentAliMotahharisaidthatIraniangovernmentissatisfiedwiththerecenttalkswithitsEuropeanpartnersoverpreservingthenucleardealandsecuringIran'sinterests.Iran'sforeignministerandhisnegotiationteamexpressedtheirsatisfactiononSunday,butsaidthat"everythingdependsontheresultsofthetalksinthenextweeks,"MotahhariwasquotedassayingbyofficialIRNAnewsagency.Motahharimadetheremarksonthesidelinesofaparliamentmeeting,whereZarifbriefedthelawmakersontheongoingtalkswithFrance,Germany,BritainandtheEUForeignPolicyChiefFedericaMogherinioverthefateofthenucleardealafterU.S.withdrawalfromit."ThestepsthattheEuropeanshavetakeninthisregardsofarareacceptable,"headded.OnSaturday,HeadoftheAtomicEnergyOrganizationofIran(AEOI)AliAkbarSalehiurgedtheEuropeancountriestoremaincommittedtotheirpromisesintheIranian2015nucleardeal.SalehiexpressedhopethattheEUfulfillitspledgestosecureIran'sinterests,whichweremadeintherecentmeetingswiththeIraniandelegationinBrussels.SalehimadetheremarksinthejointpressconferencewiththevisitingEU'senergychief.TheEU'seffortstosavethenuclearcontractshowthatthedealisaveryimportantagreementfortheregionandtheworld,Salehisaid.However,iftheEuropeansfailtoundertaketheirobligations,Iranhastopressaheadwithitspeacefulnucleardevelopmentwithfulldetermination,hesaid.TheIranianofficialnotedthattheEUandtheIranianauthoritieshavealsodiscussedtoreplaceU.S.dollarwitheurointheirtradetransactions,andthattheEUhastakeninitialstepsinthisregard.TheU.S.pulloutfromtheIraniannuclearagreement,oncemore,provedtotheworldthatWashingtonisnotreliableinundertakingitsinternationalresponsibilities,saidSalehi.U.S.exitfromthedealmaycausesomeproblems,butitwillnotcauseseriousones,hestressed.Also,Canetestressedthatpreservingthenucleardealisofsignificancetoglobalandregionalpeace.EUhassentamessagetotheIranianfriendsthataslongastheysticktotheagreement,theEuropeanswillremaincommittedtoit,Canetesaid,addingthattheEUblochopestoboosttradewithIran.Besides,Iran'sPetroleumMinisterBijanNamdarZanganehsaidonSaturdaythatIran'soilexportswillnotbeaffectediftheEUrefrainsfromfollowingtheUnitedStatesinimposingneweconomicpressuresontheIslamicrepublic."TheU.S.decisiontowithdrawfromthenucleardealwouldnotaffectIran'soilexportsifEUcouldsalvagethedeal,"ZanganehtoldreportersafterhismeetingwithCanete.TheIranianministercalledforOPECmemberstatestoremainunitedintheirupcomingdecisiontosecuremembers'interestsandmarketstability.U.S.PresidentDonaldTrumpdecidedonMay8toquitIran'snucleardealandvowedtore-imposesanctions,includingoilembargo,onTehran.CanetesaidSaturdaythat"wewillhavetoaskfor(sanction)waivers,forcarve-outsforthe(European)companiesthatmakeinvestments."Besides,SalehisaidthathediscussedreapplyingEuropeanlawof"theblockingstatute"withCaneteonSaturday.IranpushestheEUfortherevivalof"theblockingstatute"whichisa1996regulationthatprohibitsEUcompaniesandcourtsfromcomplyingwithforeignsanctionslawsandstipulatesthatnoforeigncourtjudgmentsbasedontheselawshaveanyeffectintheEU.CanetearrivedinTehranonFridayforatwo-dayvisittoreassureIranthattheEUwantstokeepopentradeandcooperationwithIrandespitetheU.S.decisiontopullout.¡¡¡¡

¡¡¡¡TheEuropeanCommissiononFridayproposedactivationofadormantstatutetoshieldEuropeanfirmsdoingbusinesswithIranfromrenewedU.S.sanctions.The1996BlockingStatuteforbidsEUcompaniesfromcomplyingwiththeU.S.sanctions.ThestatutewasoriginallyintroducedinresponsetoU.S.tradeembargoonCubaandsanctionsagainstIranandLibya.Itwasneverenactedasthetransatlanticdisagreementswereironedoutpolitically.TheCommissionalsoproposedto"removeobstaclesfortheEuropeanInvestmentBank(EIB)todecideundertheEUbudgetguaranteetofinanceactivitiesoutsidetheEuropeanUnion,inIran."Inotherwords,theEIBwillbeallowedtosupportEUinvestmentinIran.TheEuropeanParliamentandtheCounciloftheEUwilldecidetoapproveorrejecttheproposalswithintwomonths,aheadofthefirstbatchofU.S.sanctionstakingeffectonAug.6.ThetwoproposalsarethecorepartsoftheCommission'sdecisiontoactonfourfrontsinthefaceofloomingU.S.sanctions.TheCommissionvowedto"continueandstrengthentheongoingsectoralcooperationwith,andassistanceto,Iran,includingintheenergysector,"whichisessentialtotheIranianeconomy.ItremainstobeseenwhetherthewordswilldispelconcernshauntingEuropeanenergygiantslikeTotal,whichonWednesdaysaiditmightnotbeabletocontinueitsgasdevelopmentprojectinIranunlessitgetsawaiverfromtheU.S.toprotectitfromre-imposedsanctions.ToweavethroughtheU.S.-dominatedinternationalbankingsystem,theCommissionsaiditisencouragingmemberstatestoexplorethepossibilityofone-offbanktransferstotheCentralBankofIran.Thisapproach"couldhelpIranianauthoritiestoreceivetheiroil-relatedrevenues,particularlyincaseofU.S.sanctionswhichcouldtargetEUentitiesactiveinoiltransactionswithIran,"theCommissionnoted.ThemovescameontheheelsoftheEU-WesternBalkanssummitinSofia,Bulgaria,duringwhichleadersofmemberstatesthrashedoutaunitedfrontagainstWashington.U.S.PresidentDonaldTrumpdeclaredlastweekthattheUnitedStateswouldwithdrawfromtheIrannucleardeal,claimingthatithadfailedtopreventIranfromdevelopingnuclearweaponsorsupportingterrorismintheregion.U.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinsaidinanannouncementthat"sanctionswillbere-imposedsubjecttocertain90-dayand180-daywind-downperiods."MuchtoEurope'sdispleasure,foreigncompaniesdoingbusinesswithIranarealsointhecrosshairsoftheU.S.sanctions.¡¡¡¡TheEuropeanCommissiononFridayproposedactivationofadormantstatutetoshieldEuropeanfirmsdoingbusinesswithIranfromrenewedU.S.sanctions.The1996BlockingStatuteforbidsEUcompaniesfromcomplyingwiththeU.S.sanctions.ThestatutewasoriginallyintroducedinresponsetoU.S.tradeembargoonCubaandsanctionsagainstIranandLibya.Itwasneverenactedasthetransatlanticdisagreementswereironedoutpolitically.TheCommissionalsoproposedto"removeobstaclesfortheEuropeanInvestmentBank(EIB)todecideundertheEUbudgetguaranteetofinanceactivitiesoutsidetheEuropeanUnion,inIran."Inotherwords,theEIBwillbeallowedtosupportEUinvestmentinIran.TheEuropeanParliamentandtheCounciloftheEUwilldecidetoapproveorrejecttheproposalswithintwomonths,aheadofthefirstbatchofU.S.sanctionstakingeffectonAug.6.ThetwoproposalsarethecorepartsoftheCommission'sdecisiontoactonfourfrontsinthefaceofloomingU.S.sanctions.TheCommissionvowedto"continueandstrengthentheongoingsectoralcooperationwith,andassistanceto,Iran,includingintheenergysector,"whichisessentialtotheIranianeconomy.ItremainstobeseenwhetherthewordswilldispelconcernshauntingEuropeanenergygiantslikeTotal,whichonWednesdaysaiditmightnotbeabletocontinueitsgasdevelopmentprojectinIranunlessitgetsawaiverfromtheU.S.toprotectitfromre-imposedsanctions.ToweavethroughtheU.S.-dominatedinternationalbankingsystem,theCommissionsaiditisencouragingmemberstatestoexplorethepossibilityofone-offbanktransferstotheCentralBankofIran.Thisapproach"couldhelpIranianauthoritiestoreceivetheiroil-relatedrevenues,particularlyincaseofU.S.sanctionswhichcouldtargetEUentitiesactiveinoiltransactionswithIran,"theCommissionnoted.ThemovescameontheheelsoftheEU-WesternBalkanssummitinSofia,Bulgaria,duringwhichleadersofmemberstatesthrashedoutaunitedfrontagainstWashington.U.S.PresidentDonaldTrumpdeclaredlastweekthattheUnitedStateswouldwithdrawfromtheIrannucleardeal,claimingthatithadfailedtopreventIranfromdevelopingnuclearweaponsorsupportingterrorismintheregion.U.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinsaidinanannouncementthat"sanctionswillbere-imposedsubjecttocertain90-dayand180-daywind-downperiods."MuchtoEurope'sdispleasure,foreigncompaniesdoingbusinesswithIranarealsointhecrosshairsoftheU.S.sanctions.¡¡¡¡ChinesescientistshaveidentifiedthesecretofbatsthatharborhighlypathogenicviruseslikeEbola,MarburgandSARScoronavirusbutdonotshowclinicalsignsofdisease.InapaperpublishedonThursdayinthejournalCellHostMicrobe,scientistsattheWuhanInstituteofVirologyinChinafindthatinbats,anantiviralimmunepathwaycalledtheSTING-interferonpathwayisdampened,sobatscanmaintainjustenoughdefenseagainstillnesswithouttriggeringaheightenedimmunereaction."Webelievethereisabalancebetweenbatsandthepathogenstheycarry,"saidthepaper'sseniorauthorZhouPeng."Thisworkdemonstratedthatinordertomaintainabalancewithviruses,batsmayhaveevolvedtodampencertainpathways,"Zhousaid.Accordingtoresearchers,inhumansandothermammals,animmune-basedover-responsetooneoftheseandotherpathogenicvirusescantriggersevereillness.Forexample,inhumans,anactivatedSTINGpathwayislinkedwithsevereautoimmunediseases."Inhumanhistory,wehavebeenchasinginfectiousdiseasesoneafteranother,"saidZhou,"Butbatsappeartobea'super-mammal'tothesedeadlyviruses."ByidentifyingaweakenedbutnotdefunctSTINGpathwayinbats,researchershavesomenewinsightintohowbatsfine-tuneantiviraldefensestobalanceaneffective,butnotanovert,responseagainstviruses.Theyhypothesizethatthisdefensestrategyevolvedaspartofthreeinterconnectedfeaturesofbatbiology:theyareflyingmammals,havealonglifespan,andhostalargeviralreservoir."AdaptationtoflightlikelycausedpositiveselectionofmultiplebatinnateimmuneandDNAdamagerepairgenes,"Zhousaid.TheseadaptationsmayhaveshapedcertainantiviralpathwaysincludingSTING,interferontomakethemgoodviralreservoirhostsandachieveatolerablebalance.ZhoutoldXinhuathatthestudyhasprovidedapossibilitythatpeoplecanlearnfrombatsincombatingvirusalthoughwhetherthismechanismcanbedirectlyusedinhumansisstillunknown.¡¡¡¡

¡¡¡¡ChinesescientistshaveidentifiedthesecretofbatsthatharborhighlypathogenicviruseslikeEbola,MarburgandSARScoronavirusbutdonotshowclinicalsignsofdisease.InapaperpublishedonThursdayinthejournalCellHostMicrobe,scientistsattheWuhanInstituteofVirologyinChinafindthatinbats,anantiviralimmunepathwaycalledtheSTING-interferonpathwayisdampened,sobatscanmaintainjustenoughdefenseagainstillnesswithouttriggeringaheightenedimmunereaction."Webelievethereisabalancebetweenbatsandthepathogenstheycarry,"saidthepaper'sseniorauthorZhouPeng."Thisworkdemonstratedthatinordertomaintainabalancewithviruses,batsmayhaveevolvedtodampencertainpathways,"Zhousaid.Accordingtoresearchers,inhumansandothermammals,animmune-basedover-responsetooneoftheseandotherpathogenicvirusescantriggersevereillness.Forexample,inhumans,anactivatedSTINGpathwayislinkedwithsevereautoimmunediseases."Inhumanhistory,wehavebeenchasinginfectiousdiseasesoneafteranother,"saidZhou,"Butbatsappeartobea'super-mammal'tothesedeadlyviruses."ByidentifyingaweakenedbutnotdefunctSTINGpathwayinbats,researchershavesomenewinsightintohowbatsfine-tuneantiviraldefensestobalanceaneffective,butnotanovert,responseagainstviruses.Theyhypothesizethatthisdefensestrategyevolvedaspartofthreeinterconnectedfeaturesofbatbiology:theyareflyingmammals,havealonglifespan,andhostalargeviralreservoir."AdaptationtoflightlikelycausedpositiveselectionofmultiplebatinnateimmuneandDNAdamagerepairgenes,"Zhousaid.TheseadaptationsmayhaveshapedcertainantiviralpathwaysincludingSTING,interferontomakethemgoodviralreservoirhostsandachieveatolerablebalance.ZhoutoldXinhuathatthestudyhasprovidedapossibilitythatpeoplecanlearnfrombatsincombatingvirusalthoughwhetherthismechanismcanbedirectlyusedinhumansisstillunknown.¡¡¡¡PoliticalsympathyfromEuropewithIran'snucleardealis"notenough"andtheyshouldtakemore"practicalsteps"toguaranteeIran'seconomicinterestsfromthedeal,IranianForeignMinisterMohammadJavadZarifsaidonSunday."WiththeexitoftheUnitedStatesfromthenuclearagreement,expectationsfromthetheEuropeanUnion(EU)topreservetheachievementsofthedealarehigh,"ZarifmadetheremarksinameetingwiththevisitingEU'sEnergyChiefMiguelAriasCanete."Underthecurrentcircumstances,politicalsupportofEuropetothenukedealisnotsufficient,"Zarifsaid."EUshouldtakefurtherpracticalstepstocontinueeconomiccooperationwithIran,"hesaid,addingthat"EUshouldboostinvestmentsinIran."HeexpresseddoubtthatEurope'scommitmenttoimplementingthedeal,knownasJointComprehensivePlanofAction(JCPOA),isincontradictionwiththewithdrawalofmajorEuropeancompaniesfromIran'sprojectsaftertheUnitedStatespulledout.Forhispart,CanetesaidthatfollowingtheU.S.exitfromthedeal,EuropeanshaveunifiedtosavetheJCPOA.ThepoliticalresolveoftheEUistoimplementtheJCPOAandtocontinuethecooperationbetweenEuropeancompaniesandtheIslamicrepublic,hesaid.TheU.S.exitfromthedealhascausedproblemstoEurope,however,theEU'smessageistoprotecttheaccordanditsimplementation,headded.Earlierintheday,firstViceSpeakeroftheIranianParliamentAliMotahharisaidthatIraniangovernmentissatisfiedwiththerecenttalkswithitsEuropeanpartnersoverpreservingthenucleardealandsecuringIran'sinterests.Iran'sforeignministerandhisnegotiationteamexpressedtheirsatisfactiononSunday,butsaidthat"everythingdependsontheresultsofthetalksinthenextweeks,"MotahhariwasquotedassayingbyofficialIRNAnewsagency.Motahharimadetheremarksonthesidelinesofaparliamentmeeting,whereZarifbriefedthelawmakersontheongoingtalkswithFrance,Germany,BritainandtheEUForeignPolicyChiefFedericaMogherinioverthefateofthenucleardealafterU.S.withdrawalfromit."ThestepsthattheEuropeanshavetakeninthisregardsofarareacceptable,"headded.OnSaturday,HeadoftheAtomicEnergyOrganizationofIran(AEOI)AliAkbarSalehiurgedtheEuropeancountriestoremaincommittedtotheirpromisesintheIranian2015nucleardeal.SalehiexpressedhopethattheEUfulfillitspledgestosecureIran'sinterests,whichweremadeintherecentmeetingswiththeIraniandelegationinBrussels.SalehimadetheremarksinthejointpressconferencewiththevisitingEU'senergychief.TheEU'seffortstosavethenuclearcontractshowthatthedealisaveryimportantagreementfortheregionandtheworld,Salehisaid.However,iftheEuropeansfailtoundertaketheirobligations,Iranhastopressaheadwithitspeacefulnucleardevelopmentwithfulldetermination,hesaid.TheIranianofficialnotedthattheEUandtheIranianauthoritieshavealsodiscussedtoreplaceU.S.dollarwitheurointheirtradetransactions,andthattheEUhastakeninitialstepsinthisregard.TheU.S.pulloutfromtheIraniannuclearagreement,oncemore,provedtotheworldthatWashingtonisnotreliableinundertakingitsinternationalresponsibilities,saidSalehi.U.S.exitfromthedealmaycausesomeproblems,butitwillnotcauseseriousones,hestressed.Also,Canetestressedthatpreservingthenucleardealisofsignificancetoglobalandregionalpeace.EUhassentamessagetotheIranianfriendsthataslongastheysticktotheagreement,theEuropeanswillremaincommittedtoit,Canetesaid,addingthattheEUblochopestoboosttradewithIran.Besides,Iran'sPetroleumMinisterBijanNamdarZanganehsaidonSaturdaythatIran'soilexportswillnotbeaffectediftheEUrefrainsfromfollowingtheUnitedStatesinimposingneweconomicpressuresontheIslamicrepublic."TheU.S.decisiontowithdrawfromthenucleardealwouldnotaffectIran'soilexportsifEUcouldsalvagethedeal,"ZanganehtoldreportersafterhismeetingwithCanete.TheIranianministercalledforOPECmemberstatestoremainunitedintheirupcomingdecisiontosecuremembers'interestsandmarketstability.U.S.PresidentDonaldTrumpdecidedonMay8toquitIran'snucleardealandvowedtore-imposesanctions,includingoilembargo,onTehran.CanetesaidSaturdaythat"wewillhavetoaskfor(sanction)waivers,forcarve-outsforthe(European)companiesthatmakeinvestments."Besides,SalehisaidthathediscussedreapplyingEuropeanlawof"theblockingstatute"withCaneteonSaturday.IranpushestheEUfortherevivalof"theblockingstatute"whichisa1996regulationthatprohibitsEUcompaniesandcourtsfromcomplyingwithforeignsanctionslawsandstipulatesthatnoforeigncourtjudgmentsbasedontheselawshaveanyeffectintheEU.CanetearrivedinTehranonFridayforatwo-dayvisittoreassureIranthattheEUwantstokeepopentradeandcooperationwithIrandespitetheU.S.decisiontopullout.¡¡¡¡PoliticalsympathyfromEuropewithIran'snucleardealis"notenough"andtheyshouldtakemore"practicalsteps"toguaranteeIran'seconomicinterestsfromthedeal,IranianForeignMinisterMohammadJavadZarifsaidonSunday."WiththeexitoftheUnitedStatesfromthenuclearagreement,expectationsfromthetheEuropeanUnion(EU)topreservetheachievementsofthedealarehigh,"ZarifmadetheremarksinameetingwiththevisitingEU'sEnergyChiefMiguelAriasCanete."Underthecurrentcircumstances,politicalsupportofEuropetothenukedealisnotsufficient,"Zarifsaid."EUshouldtakefurtherpracticalstepstocontinueeconomiccooperationwithIran,"hesaid,addingthat"EUshouldboostinvestmentsinIran."HeexpresseddoubtthatEurope'scommitmenttoimplementingthedeal,knownasJointComprehensivePlanofAction(JCPOA),isincontradictionwiththewithdrawalofmajorEuropeancompaniesfromIran'sprojectsaftertheUnitedStatespulledout.Forhispart,CanetesaidthatfollowingtheU.S.exitfromthedeal,EuropeanshaveunifiedtosavetheJCPOA.ThepoliticalresolveoftheEUistoimplementtheJCPOAandtocontinuethecooperationbetweenEuropeancompaniesandtheIslamicrepublic,hesaid.TheU.S.exitfromthedealhascausedproblemstoEurope,however,theEU'smessageistoprotecttheaccordanditsimplementation,headded.Earlierintheday,firstViceSpeakeroftheIranianParliamentAliMotahharisaidthatIraniangovernmentissatisfiedwiththerecenttalkswithitsEuropeanpartnersoverpreservingthenucleardealandsecuringIran'sinterests.Iran'sforeignministerandhisnegotiationteamexpressedtheirsatisfactiononSunday,butsaidthat"everythingdependsontheresultsofthetalksinthenextweeks,"MotahhariwasquotedassayingbyofficialIRNAnewsagency.Motahharimadetheremarksonthesidelinesofaparliamentmeeting,whereZarifbriefedthelawmakersontheongoingtalkswithFrance,Germany,BritainandtheEUForeignPolicyChiefFedericaMogherinioverthefateofthenucleardealafterU.S.withdrawalfromit."ThestepsthattheEuropeanshavetakeninthisregardsofarareacceptable,"headded.OnSaturday,HeadoftheAtomicEnergyOrganizationofIran(AEOI)AliAkbarSalehiurgedtheEuropeancountriestoremaincommittedtotheirpromisesintheIranian2015nucleardeal.SalehiexpressedhopethattheEUfulfillitspledgestosecureIran'sinterests,whichweremadeintherecentmeetingswiththeIraniandelegationinBrussels.SalehimadetheremarksinthejointpressconferencewiththevisitingEU'senergychief.TheEU'seffortstosavethenuclearcontractshowthatthedealisaveryimportantagreementfortheregionandtheworld,Salehisaid.However,iftheEuropeansfailtoundertaketheirobligations,Iranhastopressaheadwithitspeacefulnucleardevelopmentwithfulldetermination,hesaid.TheIranianofficialnotedthattheEUandtheIranianauthoritieshavealsodiscussedtoreplaceU.S.dollarwitheurointheirtradetransactions,andthattheEUhastakeninitialstepsinthisregard.TheU.S.pulloutfromtheIraniannuclearagreement,oncemore,provedtotheworldthatWashingtonisnotreliableinundertakingitsinternationalresponsibilities,saidSalehi.U.S.exitfromthedealmaycausesomeproblems,butitwillnotcauseseriousones,hestressed.Also,Canetestressedthatpreservingthenucleardealisofsignificancetoglobalandregionalpeace.EUhassentamessagetotheIranianfriendsthataslongastheysticktotheagreement,theEuropeanswillremaincommittedtoit,Canetesaid,addingthattheEUblochopestoboosttradewithIran.Besides,Iran'sPetroleumMinisterBijanNamdarZanganehsaidonSaturdaythatIran'soilexportswillnotbeaffectediftheEUrefrainsfromfollowingtheUnitedStatesinimposingneweconomicpressuresontheIslamicrepublic."TheU.S.decisiontowithdrawfromthenucleardealwouldnotaffectIran'soilexportsifEUcouldsalvagethedeal,"ZanganehtoldreportersafterhismeetingwithCanete.TheIranianministercalledforOPECmemberstatestoremainunitedintheirupcomingdecisiontosecuremembers'interestsandmarketstability.U.S.PresidentDonaldTrumpdecidedonMay8toquitIran'snucleardealandvowedtore-imposesanctions,includingoilembargo,onTehran.CanetesaidSaturdaythat"wewillhavetoaskfor(sanction)waivers,forcarve-outsforthe(European)companiesthatmakeinvestments."Besides,SalehisaidthathediscussedreapplyingEuropeanlawof"theblockingstatute"withCaneteonSaturday.IranpushestheEUfortherevivalof"theblockingstatute"whichisa1996regulationthatprohibitsEUcompaniesandcourtsfromcomplyingwithforeignsanctionslawsandstipulatesthatnoforeigncourtjudgmentsbasedontheselawshaveanyeffectintheEU.CanetearrivedinTehranonFridayforatwo-dayvisittoreassureIranthattheEUwantstokeepopentradeandcooperationwithIrandespitetheU.S.decisiontopullout.¡¡¡¡

¡¡¡¡ChinesescientistshaveidentifiedthesecretofbatsthatharborhighlypathogenicviruseslikeEbola,MarburgandSARScoronavirusbutdonotshowclinicalsignsofdisease.InapaperpublishedonThursdayinthejournalCellHostMicrobe,scientistsattheWuhanInstituteofVirologyinChinafindthatinbats,anantiviralimmunepathwaycalledtheSTING-interferonpathwayisdampened,sobatscanmaintainjustenoughdefenseagainstillnesswithouttriggeringaheightenedimmunereaction."Webelievethereisabalancebetweenbatsandthepathogenstheycarry,"saidthepaper'sseniorauthorZhouPeng."Thisworkdemonstratedthatinordertomaintainabalancewithviruses,batsmayhaveevolvedtodampencertainpathways,"Zhousaid.Accordingtoresearchers,inhumansandothermammals,animmune-basedover-responsetooneoftheseandotherpathogenicvirusescantriggersevereillness.Forexample,inhumans,anactivatedSTINGpathwayislinkedwithsevereautoimmunediseases."Inhumanhistory,wehavebeenchasinginfectiousdiseasesoneafteranother,"saidZhou,"Butbatsappeartobea'super-mammal'tothesedeadlyviruses."ByidentifyingaweakenedbutnotdefunctSTINGpathwayinbats,researchershavesomenewinsightintohowbatsfine-tuneantiviraldefensestobalanceaneffective,butnotanovert,responseagainstviruses.Theyhypothesizethatthisdefensestrategyevolvedaspartofthreeinterconnectedfeaturesofbatbiology:theyareflyingmammals,havealonglifespan,andhostalargeviralreservoir."AdaptationtoflightlikelycausedpositiveselectionofmultiplebatinnateimmuneandDNAdamagerepairgenes,"Zhousaid.TheseadaptationsmayhaveshapedcertainantiviralpathwaysincludingSTING,interferontomakethemgoodviralreservoirhostsandachieveatolerablebalance.ZhoutoldXinhuathatthestudyhasprovidedapossibilitythatpeoplecanlearnfrombatsincombatingvirusalthoughwhetherthismechanismcanbedirectlyusedinhumansisstillunknown.¡¡¡¡GovernmentstillsupportslegaloutboundinvestmentChina'scross-bordercapitalflowswerestableandbalancedinthefirsthalfofthisyear,"thebestphaseinnearlythreeyears,"whileindividualsdevelopedanincreasedawarenessofhowtouseforeigncurrencylegally,theStateAdministrationofForeignExchange(SAFE)announcedatapressconferenceonThursday.Domesticindividuals'desiretoholdforeigncurrencyhasbeendecreasingingeneral.Inthefirsthalfof2017,individualpurchasesofforeigncurrencyslumpedby4percentyear-on-year,comparedwith14percentgrowthinthesameperiodlastyear,WangChunying,aspokespersonoftheSAFE,saidattheconference.Wangdidn'tdisclosetheexactamountofforeigncurrencypurchasedbyindividualsduringtheperiod.Domesticresidents'foreigncurrencyholdingsfell.7billionyear-on-yearinthefirstsixmonthsthisyear,Wangsaid.LiuXuezhi,asenioranalystatBankofCommunications,saidthatthefiguresshowedtheeffortsofthegovernment'sintensifiedmanagementofthecurrentaccountinrecentmonths.Thecurrentaccountincludesthebalanceoftradeandnettransferpaymentslikethoseinvolvingtourism."Somepeopletransferredmoneyabroadtoengageinoverseasinvestment(inearlierperiods),whichincreasedthepressureofcapitaloutflows.Butthisphenomenoneasedalotafterthegovernmentlaunchedaguidelineinearly2017thatbannedindividualsfromacquiringforeigncurrencytobuypropertiesorinvestinsecuritiesonoffshoremarkets,"LiutoldtheGlobalTimesonThursday.Inthefirstsixmonthsof2017,domesticbankssoldforeignexchangeworth5.95trillionyuan(9billion)andbought5.31trillionyuanworthofforeigncurrency.Chinesebanks'netforeignexchangesettlementdeficitreached.8billion,down46percentonayearlybasis,accordingtodatarevealedbyWangfromtheSAFE.Thesupply-demandbalanceintheforeigncurrencymarkethelpedChina'sforeigncurrencyreservestocontinuerising.AsoftheendofJune,reservesreached.06trillion,up.3billioncomparedwiththeendof2016.Itwasthefifthconsecutivemonthlygaininthereserves.Wangsaidthatcapitaloutflowsvianon-bankinginstitutionsdecreasedalot,whichmeansthatChinahascontinuedtoemergefromthe"shadows"involvingcapitaloutflowsthathoveredoverthenationaround2016.ZhouYu,directoroftheResearchCenterofInternationalFinanceattheShanghaiAcademyofSocialSciences,saidthatapartfromgovernmentmanagement,otherfactorsliketheweakeningdollarandtheimprovingdomesticeconomyhavealsohelpedstabilizetheforeigncurrencymarket.TheUSDollarIndexhaddroppedfrom102attheendof2016to95asof5:56pmBeijingtimeonThursday.China'sGDPgrew6.9percentinthefirsthalfof2017,comparedwith6.8percentgrowthinthefourthquarterof2016."ButIdon'tthinkthatwecancompletelyletourguarddownaboutfuturecapitaloutflows,becausethedollarmightstrengthenagainandtheimpactoftheslumpingrealestatesectoronthedomesticeconomymightbecomeevidentlaterthisyear,"ZhoutoldtheGlobalTimesonThursday.Liusaidthat"instabilityfactors"inChina'sforeigncurrencymarket,suchasdomesticeconomicinstabilityorexternalpressurefromastrongerdollar,aredecreasingandtheforeigncurrencysituationwillimprovefurther.WangnotedthattheSAFE'spolicyinvolvingcurrencymovementshasbeenconsistent,anditwillinsistuponsupportinglegaloutbounddirectinvestmentandpromotingtheconvenienceofoverseastradeandinvestmentwhilebeingalerttopossibleinvestmentrisks.AccordingtoLiu,thegovernmentshouldconsidereasingitsgriponforeigncurrencymanagement,sincethepressureofcapitaloutflowshaseased.Healsosaidthatmeasuresshouldbetakentowardreformsinvolvingthecapitalaccountsuchasspeedingupthebondconnectprogram.¡¡¡¡PoliticalsympathyfromEuropewithIran'snucleardealis"notenough"andtheyshouldtakemore"practicalsteps"toguaranteeIran'seconomicinterestsfromthedeal,IranianForeignMinisterMohammadJavadZarifsaidonSunday."WiththeexitoftheUnitedStatesfromthenuclearagreement,expectationsfromthetheEuropeanUnion(EU)topreservetheachievementsofthedealarehigh,"ZarifmadetheremarksinameetingwiththevisitingEU'sEnergyChiefMiguelAriasCanete."Underthecurrentcircumstances,politicalsupportofEuropetothenukedealisnotsufficient,"Zarifsaid."EUshouldtakefurtherpracticalstepstocontinueeconomiccooperationwithIran,"hesaid,addingthat"EUshouldboostinvestmentsinIran."HeexpresseddoubtthatEurope'scommitmenttoimplementingthedeal,knownasJointComprehensivePlanofAction(JCPOA),isincontradictionwiththewithdrawalofmajorEuropeancompaniesfromIran'sprojectsaftertheUnitedStatespulledout.Forhispart,CanetesaidthatfollowingtheU.S.exitfromthedeal,EuropeanshaveunifiedtosavetheJCPOA.ThepoliticalresolveoftheEUistoimplementtheJCPOAandtocontinuethecooperationbetweenEuropeancompaniesandtheIslamicrepublic,hesaid.TheU.S.exitfromthedealhascausedproblemstoEurope,however,theEU'smessageistoprotecttheaccordanditsimplementation,headded.Earlierintheday,firstViceSpeakeroftheIranianParliamentAliMotahharisaidthatIraniangovernmentissatisfiedwiththerecenttalkswithitsEuropeanpartnersoverpreservingthenucleardealandsecuringIran'sinterests.Iran'sforeignministerandhisnegotiationteamexpressedtheirsatisfactiononSunday,butsaidthat"everythingdependsontheresultsofthetalksinthenextweeks,"MotahhariwasquotedassayingbyofficialIRNAnewsagency.Motahharimadetheremarksonthesidelinesofaparliamentmeeting,whereZarifbriefedthelawmakersontheongoingtalkswithFrance,Germany,BritainandtheEUForeignPolicyChiefFedericaMogherinioverthefateofthenucleardealafterU.S.withdrawalfromit."ThestepsthattheEuropeanshavetakeninthisregardsofarareacceptable,"headded.OnSaturday,HeadoftheAtomicEnergyOrganizationofIran(AEOI)AliAkbarSalehiurgedtheEuropeancountriestoremaincommittedtotheirpromisesintheIranian2015nucleardeal.SalehiexpressedhopethattheEUfulfillitspledgestosecureIran'sinterests,whichweremadeintherecentmeetingswiththeIraniandelegationinBrussels.SalehimadetheremarksinthejointpressconferencewiththevisitingEU'senergychief.TheEU'seffortstosavethenuclearcontractshowthatthedealisaveryimportantagreementfortheregionandtheworld,Salehisaid.However,iftheEuropeansfailtoundertaketheirobligations,Iranhastopressaheadwithitspeacefulnucleardevelopmentwithfulldetermination,hesaid.TheIranianofficialnotedthattheEUandtheIranianauthoritieshavealsodiscussedtoreplaceU.S.dollarwitheurointheirtradetransactions,andthattheEUhastakeninitialstepsinthisregard.TheU.S.pulloutfromtheIraniannuclearagreement,oncemore,provedtotheworldthatWashingtonisnotreliableinundertakingitsinternationalresponsibilities,saidSalehi.U.S.exitfromthedealmaycausesomeproblems,butitwillnotcauseseriousones,hestressed.Also,Canetestressedthatpreservingthenucleardealisofsignificancetoglobalandregionalpeace.EUhassentamessagetotheIranianfriendsthataslongastheysticktotheagreement,theEuropeanswillremaincommittedtoit,Canetesaid,addingthattheEUblochopestoboosttradewithIran.Besides,Iran'sPetroleumMinisterBijanNamdarZanganehsaidonSaturdaythatIran'soilexportswillnotbeaffectediftheEUrefrainsfromfollowingtheUnitedStatesinimposingneweconomicpressuresontheIslamicrepublic."TheU.S.decisiontowithdrawfromthenucleardealwouldnotaffectIran'soilexportsifEUcouldsalvagethedeal,"ZanganehtoldreportersafterhismeetingwithCanete.TheIranianministercalledforOPECmemberstatestoremainunitedintheirupcomingdecisiontosecuremembers'interestsandmarketstability.U.S.PresidentDonaldTrumpdecidedonMay8toquitIran'snucleardealandvowedtore-imposesanctions,includingoilembargo,onTehran.CanetesaidSaturdaythat"wewillhavetoaskfor(sanction)waivers,forcarve-outsforthe(European)companiesthatmakeinvestments."Besides,SalehisaidthathediscussedreapplyingEuropeanlawof"theblockingstatute"withCaneteonSaturday.IranpushestheEUfortherevivalof"theblockingstatute"whichisa1996regulationthatprohibitsEUcompaniesandcourtsfromcomplyingwithforeignsanctionslawsandstipulatesthatnoforeigncourtjudgmentsbasedontheselawshaveanyeffectintheEU.CanetearrivedinTehranonFridayforatwo-dayvisittoreassureIranthattheEUwantstokeepopentradeandcooperationwithIrandespitetheU.S.decisiontopullout.¡¡¡¡

¡¡¡¡GovernmentstillsupportslegaloutboundinvestmentChina'scross-bordercapitalflowswerestableandbalancedinthefirsthalfofthisyear,"thebestphaseinnearlythreeyears,"whileindividualsdevelopedanincreasedawarenessofhowtouseforeigncurrencylegally,theStateAdministrationofForeignExchange(SAFE)announcedatapressconferenceonThursday.Domesticindividuals'desiretoholdforeigncurrencyhasbeendecreasingingeneral.Inthefirsthalfof2017,individualpurchasesofforeigncurrencyslumpedby4percentyear-on-year,comparedwith14percentgrowthinthesameperiodlastyear,WangChunying,aspokespersonoftheSAFE,saidattheconference.Wangdidn'tdisclosetheexactamountofforeigncurrencypurchasedbyindividualsduringtheperiod.Domesticresidents'foreigncurrencyholdingsfell.7billionyear-on-yearinthefirstsixmonthsthisyear,Wangsaid.LiuXuezhi,asenioranalystatBankofCommunications,saidthatthefiguresshowedtheeffortsofthegovernment'sintensifiedmanagementofthecurrentaccountinrecentmonths.Thecurrentaccountincludesthebalanceoftradeandnettransferpaymentslikethoseinvolvingtourism."Somepeopletransferredmoneyabroadtoengageinoverseasinvestment(inearlierperiods),whichincreasedthepressureofcapitaloutflows.Butthisphenomenoneasedalotafterthegovernmentlaunchedaguidelineinearly2017thatbannedindividualsfromacquiringforeigncurrencytobuypropertiesorinvestinsecuritiesonoffshoremarkets,"LiutoldtheGlobalTimesonThursday.Inthefirstsixmonthsof2017,domesticbankssoldforeignexchangeworth5.95trillionyuan(9billion)andbought5.31trillionyuanworthofforeigncurrency.Chinesebanks'netforeignexchangesettlementdeficitreached.8billion,down46percentonayearlybasis,accordingtodatarevealedbyWangfromtheSAFE.Thesupply-demandbalanceintheforeigncurrencymarkethelpedChina'sforeigncurrencyreservestocontinuerising.AsoftheendofJune,reservesreached.06trillion,up.3billioncomparedwiththeendof2016.Itwasthefifthconsecutivemonthlygaininthereserves.Wangsaidthatcapitaloutflowsvianon-bankinginstitutionsdecreasedalot,whichmeansthatChinahascontinuedtoemergefromthe"shadows"involvingcapitaloutflowsthathoveredoverthenationaround2016.ZhouYu,directoroftheResearchCenterofInternationalFinanceattheShanghaiAcademyofSocialSciences,saidthatapartfromgovernmentmanagement,otherfactorsliketheweakeningdollarandtheimprovingdomesticeconomyhavealsohelpedstabilizetheforeigncurrencymarket.TheUSDollarIndexhaddroppedfrom102attheendof2016to95asof5:56pmBeijingtimeonThursday.China'sGDPgrew6.9percentinthefirsthalfof2017,comparedwith6.8percentgrowthinthefourthquarterof2016."ButIdon'tthinkthatwecancompletelyletourguarddownaboutfuturecapitaloutflows,becausethedollarmightstrengthenagainandtheimpactoftheslumpingrealestatesectoronthedomesticeconomymightbecomeevidentlaterthisyear,"ZhoutoldtheGlobalTimesonThursday.Liusaidthat"instabilityfactors"inChina'sforeigncurrencymarket,suchasdomesticeconomicinstabilityorexternalpressurefromastrongerdollar,aredecreasingandtheforeigncurrencysituationwillimprovefurther.WangnotedthattheSAFE'spolicyinvolvingcurrencymovementshasbeenconsistent,anditwillinsistuponsupportinglegaloutbounddirectinvestmentandpromotingtheconvenienceofoverseastradeandinvestmentwhilebeingalerttopossibleinvestmentrisks.AccordingtoLiu,thegovernmentshouldconsidereasingitsgriponforeigncurrencymanagement,sincethepressureofcapitaloutflowshaseased.Healsosaidthatmeasuresshouldbetakentowardreformsinvolvingthecapitalaccountsuchasspeedingupthebondconnectprogram.¡¡¡¡TheEuropeanCommissiononFridayproposedactivationofadormantstatutetoshieldEuropeanfirmsdoingbusinesswithIranfromrenewedU.S.sanctions.The1996BlockingStatuteforbidsEUcompaniesfromcomplyingwiththeU.S.sanctions.ThestatutewasoriginallyintroducedinresponsetoU.S.tradeembargoonCubaandsanctionsagainstIranandLibya.Itwasneverenactedasthetransatlanticdisagreementswereironedoutpolitically.TheCommissionalsoproposedto"removeobstaclesfortheEuropeanInvestmentBank(EIB)todecideundertheEUbudgetguaranteetofinanceactivitiesoutsidetheEuropeanUnion,inIran."Inotherwords,theEIBwillbeallowedtosupportEUinvestmentinIran.TheEuropeanParliamentandtheCounciloftheEUwilldecidetoapproveorrejecttheproposalswithintwomonths,aheadofthefirstbatchofU.S.sanctionstakingeffectonAug.6.ThetwoproposalsarethecorepartsoftheCommission'sdecisiontoactonfourfrontsinthefaceofloomingU.S.sanctions.TheCommissionvowedto"continueandstrengthentheongoingsectoralcooperationwith,andassistanceto,Iran,includingintheenergysector,"whichisessentialtotheIranianeconomy.ItremainstobeseenwhetherthewordswilldispelconcernshauntingEuropeanenergygiantslikeTotal,whichonWednesdaysaiditmightnotbeabletocontinueitsgasdevelopmentprojectinIranunlessitgetsawaiverfromtheU.S.toprotectitfromre-imposedsanctions.ToweavethroughtheU.S.-dominatedinternationalbankingsystem,theCommissionsaiditisencouragingmemberstatestoexplorethepossibilityofone-offbanktransferstotheCentralBankofIran.Thisapproach"couldhelpIranianauthoritiestoreceivetheiroil-relatedrevenues,particularlyincaseofU.S.sanctionswhichcouldtargetEUentitiesactiveinoiltransactionswithIran,"theCommissionnoted.ThemovescameontheheelsoftheEU-WesternBalkanssummitinSofia,Bulgaria,duringwhichleadersofmemberstatesthrashedoutaunitedfrontagainstWashington.U.S.PresidentDonaldTrumpdeclaredlastweekthattheUnitedStateswouldwithdrawfromtheIrannucleardeal,claimingthatithadfailedtopreventIranfromdevelopingnuclearweaponsorsupportingterrorismintheregion.U.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinsaidinanannouncementthat"sanctionswillbere-imposedsubjecttocertain90-dayand180-daywind-downperiods."MuchtoEurope'sdispleasure,foreigncompaniesdoingbusinesswithIranarealsointhecrosshairsoftheU.S.sanctions.¡¡¡¡ChinesescientistshaveidentifiedthesecretofbatsthatharborhighlypathogenicviruseslikeEbola,MarburgandSARScoronavirusbutdonotshowclinicalsignsofdisease.InapaperpublishedonThursdayinthejournalCellHostMicrobe,scientistsattheWuhanInstituteofVirologyinChinafindthatinbats,anantiviralimmunepathwaycalledtheSTING-interferonpathwayisdampened,sobatscanmaintainjustenoughdefenseagainstillnesswithouttriggeringaheightenedimmunereaction."Webelievethereisabalancebetweenbatsandthepathogenstheycarry,"saidthepaper'sseniorauthorZhouPeng."Thisworkdemonstratedthatinordertomaintainabalancewithviruses,batsmayhaveevolvedtodampencertainpathways,"Zhousaid.Accordingtoresearchers,inhumansandothermammals,animmune-basedover-responsetooneoftheseandotherpathogenicvirusescantriggersevereillness.Forexample,inhumans,anactivatedSTINGpathwayislinkedwithsevereautoimmunediseases."Inhumanhistory,wehavebeenchasinginfectiousdiseasesoneafteranother,"saidZhou,"Butbatsappeartobea'super-mammal'tothesedeadlyviruses."ByidentifyingaweakenedbutnotdefunctSTINGpathwayinbats,researchershavesomenewinsightintohowbatsfine-tuneantiviraldefensestobalanceaneffective,butnotanovert,responseagainstviruses.Theyhypothesizethatthisdefensestrategyevolvedaspartofthreeinterconnectedfeaturesofbatbiology:theyareflyingmammals,havealonglifespan,andhostalargeviralreservoir."AdaptationtoflightlikelycausedpositiveselectionofmultiplebatinnateimmuneandDNAdamagerepairgenes,"Zhousaid.TheseadaptationsmayhaveshapedcertainantiviralpathwaysincludingSTING,interferontomakethemgoodviralreservoirhostsandachieveatolerablebalance.ZhoutoldXinhuathatthestudyhasprovidedapossibilitythatpeoplecanlearnfrombatsincombatingvirusalthoughwhetherthismechanismcanbedirectlyusedinhumansisstillunknown.¡¡¡¡

¡¡¡¡TheEuropeanCommissiononFridayproposedactivationofadormantstatutetoshieldEuropeanfirmsdoingbusinesswithIranfromrenewedU.S.sanctions.The1996BlockingStatuteforbidsEUcompaniesfromcomplyingwiththeU.S.sanctions.ThestatutewasoriginallyintroducedinresponsetoU.S.tradeembargoonCubaandsanctionsagainstIranandLibya.Itwasneverenactedasthetransatlanticdisagreementswereironedoutpolitically.TheCommissionalsoproposedto"removeobstaclesfortheEuropeanInvestmentBank(EIB)todecideundertheEUbudgetguaranteetofinanceactivitiesoutsidetheEuropeanUnion,inIran."Inotherwords,theEIBwillbeallowedtosupportEUinvestmentinIran.TheEuropeanParliamentandtheCounciloftheEUwilldecidetoapproveorrejecttheproposalswithintwomonths,aheadofthefirstbatchofU.S.sanctionstakingeffectonAug.6.ThetwoproposalsarethecorepartsoftheCommission'sdecisiontoactonfourfrontsinthefaceofloomingU.S.sanctions.TheCommissionvowedto"continueandstrengthentheongoingsectoralcooperationwith,andassistanceto,Iran,includingintheenergysector,"whichisessentialtotheIranianeconomy.ItremainstobeseenwhetherthewordswilldispelconcernshauntingEuropeanenergygiantslikeTotal,whichonWednesdaysaiditmightnotbeabletocontinueitsgasdevelopmentprojectinIranunlessitgetsawaiverfromtheU.S.toprotectitfromre-imposedsanctions.ToweavethroughtheU.S.-dominatedinternationalbankingsystem,theCommissionsaiditisencouragingmemberstatestoexplorethepossibilityofone-offbanktransferstotheCentralBankofIran.Thisapproach"couldhelpIranianauthoritiestoreceivetheiroil-relatedrevenues,particularlyincaseofU.S.sanctionswhichcouldtargetEUentitiesactiveinoiltransactionswithIran,"theCommissionnoted.ThemovescameontheheelsoftheEU-WesternBalkanssummitinSofia,Bulgaria,duringwhichleadersofmemberstatesthrashedoutaunitedfrontagainstWashington.U.S.PresidentDonaldTrumpdeclaredlastweekthattheUnitedStateswouldwithdrawfromtheIrannucleardeal,claimingthatithadfailedtopreventIranfromdevelopingnuclearweaponsorsupportingterrorismintheregion.U.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinsaidinanannouncementthat"sanctionswillbere-imposedsubjecttocertain90-dayand180-daywind-downperiods."MuchtoEurope'sdispleasure,foreigncompaniesdoingbusinesswithIranarealsointhecrosshairsoftheU.S.sanctions.¡¡¡¡ChinesescientistshaveidentifiedthesecretofbatsthatharborhighlypathogenicviruseslikeEbola,MarburgandSARScoronavirusbutdonotshowclinicalsignsofdisease.InapaperpublishedonThursdayinthejournalCellHostMicrobe,scientistsattheWuhanInstituteofVirologyinChinafindthatinbats,anantiviralimmunepathwaycalledtheSTING-interferonpathwayisdampened,sobatscanmaintainjustenoughdefenseagainstillnesswithouttriggeringaheightenedimmunereaction."Webelievethereisabalancebetweenbatsandthepathogenstheycarry,"saidthepaper'sseniorauthorZhouPeng."Thisworkdemonstratedthatinordertomaintainabalancewithviruses,batsmayhaveevolvedtodampencertainpathways,"Zhousaid.Accordingtoresearchers,inhumansandothermammals,animmune-basedover-responsetooneoftheseandotherpathogenicvirusescantriggersevereillness.Forexample,inhumans,anactivatedSTINGpathwayislinkedwithsevereautoimmunediseases."Inhumanhistory,wehavebeenchasinginfectiousdiseasesoneafteranother,"saidZhou,"Butbatsappeartobea'super-mammal'tothesedeadlyviruses."ByidentifyingaweakenedbutnotdefunctSTINGpathwayinbats,researchershavesomenewinsightintohowbatsfine-tuneantiviraldefensestobalanceaneffective,butnotanovert,responseagainstviruses.Theyhypothesizethatthisdefensestrategyevolvedaspartofthreeinterconnectedfeaturesofbatbiology:theyareflyingmammals,havealonglifespan,andhostalargeviralreservoir."AdaptationtoflightlikelycausedpositiveselectionofmultiplebatinnateimmuneandDNAdamagerepairgenes,"Zhousaid.TheseadaptationsmayhaveshapedcertainantiviralpathwaysincludingSTING,interferontomakethemgoodviralreservoirhostsandachieveatolerablebalance.ZhoutoldXinhuathatthestudyhasprovidedapossibilitythatpeoplecanlearnfrombatsincombatingvirusalthoughwhetherthismechanismcanbedirectlyusedinhumansisstillunknown.¡¡¡¡GovernmentstillsupportslegaloutboundinvestmentChina'scross-bordercapitalflowswerestableandbalancedinthefirsthalfofthisyear,"thebestphaseinnearlythreeyears,"whileindividualsdevelopedanincreasedawarenessofhowtouseforeigncurrencylegally,theStateAdministrationofForeignExchange(SAFE)announcedatapressconferenceonThursday.Domesticindividuals'desiretoholdforeigncurrencyhasbeendecreasingingeneral.Inthefirsthalfof2017,individualpurchasesofforeigncurrencyslumpedby4percentyear-on-year,comparedwith14percentgrowthinthesameperiodlastyear,WangChunying,aspokespersonoftheSAFE,saidattheconference.Wangdidn'tdisclosetheexactamountofforeigncurrencypurchasedbyindividualsduringtheperiod.Domesticresidents'foreigncurrencyholdingsfell.7billionyear-on-yearinthefirstsixmonthsthisyear,Wangsaid.LiuXuezhi,asenioranalystatBankofCommunications,saidthatthefiguresshowedtheeffortsofthegovernment'sintensifiedmanagementofthecurrentaccountinrecentmonths.Thecurrentaccountincludesthebalanceoftradeandnettransferpaymentslikethoseinvolvingtourism."Somepeopletransferredmoneyabroadtoengageinoverseasinvestment(inearlierperiods),whichincreasedthepressureofcapitaloutflows.Butthisphenomenoneasedalotafterthegovernmentlaunchedaguidelineinearly2017thatbannedindividualsfromacquiringforeigncurrencytobuypropertiesorinvestinsecuritiesonoffshoremarkets,"LiutoldtheGlobalTimesonThursday.Inthefirstsixmonthsof2017,domesticbankssoldforeignexchangeworth5.95trillionyuan(9billion)andbought5.31trillionyuanworthofforeigncurrency.Chinesebanks'netforeignexchangesettlementdeficitreached.8billion,down46percentonayearlybasis,accordingtodatarevealedbyWangfromtheSAFE.Thesupply-demandbalanceintheforeigncurrencymarkethelpedChina'sforeigncurrencyreservestocontinuerising.AsoftheendofJune,reservesreached.06trillion,up.3billioncomparedwiththeendof2016.Itwasthefifthconsecutivemonthlygaininthereserves.Wangsaidthatcapitaloutflowsvianon-bankinginstitutionsdecreasedalot,whichmeansthatChinahascontinuedtoemergefromthe"shadows"involvingcapitaloutflowsthathoveredoverthenationaround2016.ZhouYu,directoroftheResearchCenterofInternationalFinanceattheShanghaiAcademyofSocialSciences,saidthatapartfromgovernmentmanagement,otherfactorsliketheweakeningdollarandtheimprovingdomesticeconomyhavealsohelpedstabilizetheforeigncurrencymarket.TheUSDollarIndexhaddroppedfrom102attheendof2016to95asof5:56pmBeijingtimeonThursday.China'sGDPgrew6.9percentinthefirsthalfof2017,comparedwith6.8percentgrowthinthefourthquarterof2016."ButIdon'tthinkthatwecancompletelyletourguarddownaboutfuturecapitaloutflows,becausethedollarmightstrengthenagainandtheimpactoftheslumpingrealestatesectoronthedomesticeconomymightbecomeevidentlaterthisyear,"ZhoutoldtheGlobalTimesonThursday.Liusaidthat"instabilityfactors"inChina'sforeigncurrencymarket,suchasdomesticeconomicinstabilityorexternalpressurefromastrongerdollar,aredecreasingandtheforeigncurrencysituationwillimprovefurther.WangnotedthattheSAFE'spolicyinvolvingcurrencymovementshasbeenconsistent,anditwillinsistuponsupportinglegaloutbounddirectinvestmentandpromotingtheconvenienceofoverseastradeandinvestmentwhilebeingalerttopossibleinvestmentrisks.AccordingtoLiu,thegovernmentshouldconsidereasingitsgriponforeigncurrencymanagement,sincethepressureofcapitaloutflowshaseased.Healsosaidthatmeasuresshouldbetakentowardreformsinvolvingthecapitalaccountsuchasspeedingupthebondconnectprogram.¡¡¡¡

¡¡¡¡ChinesescientistshaveidentifiedthesecretofbatsthatharborhighlypathogenicviruseslikeEbola,MarburgandSARScoronavirusbutdonotshowclinicalsignsofdisease.InapaperpublishedonThursdayinthejournalCellHostMicrobe,scientistsattheWuhanInstituteofVirologyinChinafindthatinbats,anantiviralimmunepathwaycalledtheSTING-interferonpathwayisdampened,sobatscanmaintainjustenoughdefenseagainstillnesswithouttriggeringaheightenedimmunereaction."Webelievethereisabalancebetweenbatsandthepathogenstheycarry,"saidthepaper'sseniorauthorZhouPeng."Thisworkdemonstratedthatinordertomaintainabalancewithviruses,batsmayhaveevolvedtodampencertainpathways,"Zhousaid.Accordingtoresearchers,inhumansandothermammals,animmune-basedover-responsetooneoftheseandotherpathogenicvirusescantriggersevereillness.Forexample,inhumans,anactivatedSTINGpathwayislinkedwithsevereautoimmunediseases."Inhumanhistory,wehavebeenchasinginfectiousdiseasesoneafteranother,"saidZhou,"Butbatsappeartobea'super-mammal'tothesedeadlyviruses."ByidentifyingaweakenedbutnotdefunctSTINGpathwayinbats,researchershavesomenewinsightintohowbatsfine-tuneantiviraldefensestobalanceaneffective,butnotanovert,responseagainstviruses.Theyhypothesizethatthisdefensestrategyevolvedaspartofthreeinterconnectedfeaturesofbatbiology:theyareflyingmammals,havealonglifespan,andhostalargeviralreservoir."AdaptationtoflightlikelycausedpositiveselectionofmultiplebatinnateimmuneandDNAdamagerepairgenes,"Zhousaid.TheseadaptationsmayhaveshapedcertainantiviralpathwaysincludingSTING,interferontomakethemgoodviralreservoirhostsandachieveatolerablebalance.ZhoutoldXinhuathatthestudyhasprovidedapossibilitythatpeoplecanlearnfrombatsincombatingvirusalthoughwhetherthismechanismcanbedirectlyusedinhumansisstillunknown.¡¡¡¡ChinesescientistshaveidentifiedthesecretofbatsthatharborhighlypathogenicviruseslikeEbola,MarburgandSARScoronavirusbutdonotshowclinicalsignsofdisease.InapaperpublishedonThursdayinthejournalCellHostMicrobe,scientistsattheWuhanInstituteofVirologyinChinafindthatinbats,anantiviralimmunepathwaycalledtheSTING-interferonpathwayisdampened,sobatscanmaintainjustenoughdefenseagainstillnesswithouttriggeringaheightenedimmunereaction."Webelievethereisabalancebetweenbatsandthepathogenstheycarry,"saidthepaper'sseniorauthorZhouPeng."Thisworkdemonstratedthatinordertomaintainabalancewithviruses,batsmayhaveevolvedtodampencertainpathways,"Zhousaid.Accordingtoresearchers,inhumansandothermammals,animmune-basedover-responsetooneoftheseandotherpathogenicvirusescantriggersevereillness.Forexample,inhumans,anactivatedSTINGpathwayislinkedwithsevereautoimmunediseases."Inhumanhistory,wehavebeenchasinginfectiousdiseasesoneafteranother,"saidZhou,"Butbatsappeartobea'super-mammal'tothesedeadlyviruses."ByidentifyingaweakenedbutnotdefunctSTINGpathwayinbats,researchershavesomenewinsightintohowbatsfine-tuneantiviraldefensestobalanceaneffective,butnotanovert,responseagainstviruses.Theyhypothesizethatthisdefensestrategyevolvedaspartofthreeinterconnectedfeaturesofbatbiology:theyareflyingmammals,havealonglifespan,andhostalargeviralreservoir."AdaptationtoflightlikelycausedpositiveselectionofmultiplebatinnateimmuneandDNAdamagerepairgenes,"Zhousaid.TheseadaptationsmayhaveshapedcertainantiviralpathwaysincludingSTING,interferontomakethemgoodviralreservoirhostsandachieveatolerablebalance.ZhoutoldXinhuathatthestudyhasprovidedapossibilitythatpeoplecanlearnfrombatsincombatingvirusalthoughwhetherthismechanismcanbedirectlyusedinhumansisstillunknown.¡¡¡¡TheEuropeanCommissiononFridayproposedactivationofadormantstatutetoshieldEuropeanfirmsdoingbusinesswithIranfromrenewedU.S.sanctions.The1996BlockingStatuteforbidsEUcompaniesfromcomplyingwiththeU.S.sanctions.ThestatutewasoriginallyintroducedinresponsetoU.S.tradeembargoonCubaandsanctionsagainstIranandLibya.Itwasneverenactedasthetransatlanticdisagreementswereironedoutpolitically.TheCommissionalsoproposedto"removeobstaclesfortheEuropeanInvestmentBank(EIB)todecideundertheEUbudgetguaranteetofinanceactivitiesoutsidetheEuropeanUnion,inIran."Inotherwords,theEIBwillbeallowedtosupportEUinvestmentinIran.TheEuropeanParliamentandtheCounciloftheEUwilldecidetoapproveorrejecttheproposalswithintwomonths,aheadofthefirstbatchofU.S.sanctionstakingeffectonAug.6.ThetwoproposalsarethecorepartsoftheCommission'sdecisiontoactonfourfrontsinthefaceofloomingU.S.sanctions.TheCommissionvowedto"continueandstrengthentheongoingsectoralcooperationwith,andassistanceto,Iran,includingintheenergysector,"whichisessentialtotheIranianeconomy.ItremainstobeseenwhetherthewordswilldispelconcernshauntingEuropeanenergygiantslikeTotal,whichonWednesdaysaiditmightnotbeabletocontinueitsgasdevelopmentprojectinIranunlessitgetsawaiverfromtheU.S.toprotectitfromre-imposedsanctions.ToweavethroughtheU.S.-dominatedinternationalbankingsystem,theCommissionsaiditisencouragingmemberstatestoexplorethepossibilityofone-offbanktransferstotheCentralBankofIran.Thisapproach"couldhelpIranianauthoritiestoreceivetheiroil-relatedrevenues,particularlyincaseofU.S.sanctionswhichcouldtargetEUentitiesactiveinoiltransactionswithIran,"theCommissionnoted.ThemovescameontheheelsoftheEU-WesternBalkanssummitinSofia,Bulgaria,duringwhichleadersofmemberstatesthrashedoutaunitedfrontagainstWashington.U.S.PresidentDonaldTrumpdeclaredlastweekthattheUnitedStateswouldwithdrawfromtheIrannucleardeal,claimingthatithadfailedtopreventIranfromdevelopingnuclearweaponsorsupportingterrorismintheregion.U.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinsaidinanannouncementthat"sanctionswillbere-imposedsubjecttocertain90-dayand180-daywind-downperiods."MuchtoEurope'sdispleasure,foreigncompaniesdoingbusinesswithIranarealsointhecrosshairsoftheU.S.sanctions.¡¡¡¡

¡¡¡¡ChinesescientistshaveidentifiedthesecretofbatsthatharborhighlypathogenicviruseslikeEbola,MarburgandSARScoronavirusbutdonotshowclinicalsignsofdisease.InapaperpublishedonThursdayinthejournalCellHostMicrobe,scientistsattheWuhanInstituteofVirologyinChinafindthatinbats,anantiviralimmunepathwaycalledtheSTING-interferonpathwayisdampened,sobatscanmaintainjustenoughdefenseagainstillnesswithouttriggeringaheightenedimmunereaction."Webelievethereisabalancebetweenbatsandthepathogenstheycarry,"saidthepaper'sseniorauthorZhouPeng."Thisworkdemonstratedthatinordertomaintainabalancewithviruses,batsmayhaveevolvedtodampencertainpathways,"Zhousaid.Accordingtoresearchers,inhumansandothermammals,animmune-basedover-responsetooneoftheseandotherpathogenicvirusescantriggersevereillness.Forexample,inhumans,anactivatedSTINGpathwayislinkedwithsevereautoimmunediseases."Inhumanhistory,wehavebeenchasinginfectiousdiseasesoneafteranother,"saidZhou,"Butbatsappeartobea'super-mammal'tothesedeadlyviruses."ByidentifyingaweakenedbutnotdefunctSTINGpathwayinbats,researchershavesomenewinsightintohowbatsfine-tuneantiviraldefensestobalanceaneffective,butnotanovert,responseagainstviruses.Theyhypothesizethatthisdefensestrategyevolvedaspartofthreeinterconnectedfeaturesofbatbiology:theyareflyingmammals,havealonglifespan,andhostalargeviralreservoir."AdaptationtoflightlikelycausedpositiveselectionofmultiplebatinnateimmuneandDNAdamagerepairgenes,"Zhousaid.TheseadaptationsmayhaveshapedcertainantiviralpathwaysincludingSTING,interferontomakethemgoodviralreservoirhostsandachieveatolerablebalance.ZhoutoldXinhuathatthestudyhasprovidedapossibilitythatpeoplecanlearnfrombatsincombatingvirusalthoughwhetherthismechanismcanbedirectlyusedinhumansisstillunknown.¡¡¡¡GovernmentstillsupportslegaloutboundinvestmentChina'scross-bordercapitalflowswerestableandbalancedinthefirsthalfofthisyear,"thebestphaseinnearlythreeyears,"whileindividualsdevelopedanincreasedawarenessofhowtouseforeigncurrencylegally,theStateAdministrationofForeignExchange(SAFE)announcedatapressconferenceonThursday.Domesticindividuals'desiretoholdforeigncurrencyhasbeendecreasingingeneral.Inthefirsthalfof2017,individualpurchasesofforeigncurrencyslumpedby4percentyear-on-year,comparedwith14percentgrowthinthesameperiodlastyear,WangChunying,aspokespersonoftheSAFE,saidattheconference.Wangdidn'tdisclosetheexactamountofforeigncurrencypurchasedbyindividualsduringtheperiod.Domesticresidents'foreigncurrencyholdingsfell.7billionyear-on-yearinthefirstsixmonthsthisyear,Wangsaid.LiuXuezhi,asenioranalystatBankofCommunications,saidthatthefiguresshowedtheeffortsofthegovernment'sintensifiedmanagementofthecurrentaccountinrecentmonths.Thecurrentaccountincludesthebalanceoftradeandnettransferpaymentslikethoseinvolvingtourism."Somepeopletransferredmoneyabroadtoengageinoverseasinvestment(inearlierperiods),whichincreasedthepressureofcapitaloutflows.Butthisphenomenoneasedalotafterthegovernmentlaunchedaguidelineinearly2017thatbannedindividualsfromacquiringforeigncurrencytobuypropertiesorinvestinsecuritiesonoffshoremarkets,"LiutoldtheGlobalTimesonThursday.Inthefirstsixmonthsof2017,domesticbankssoldforeignexchangeworth5.95trillionyuan(9billion)andbought5.31trillionyuanworthofforeigncurrency.Chinesebanks'netforeignexchangesettlementdeficitreached.8billion,down46percentonayearlybasis,accordingtodatarevealedbyWangfromtheSAFE.Thesupply-demandbalanceintheforeigncurrencymarkethelpedChina'sforeigncurrencyreservestocontinuerising.AsoftheendofJune,reservesreached.06trillion,up.3billioncomparedwiththeendof2016.Itwasthefifthconsecutivemonthlygaininthereserves.Wangsaidthatcapitaloutflowsvianon-bankinginstitutionsdecreasedalot,whichmeansthatChinahascontinuedtoemergefromthe"shadows"involvingcapitaloutflowsthathoveredoverthenationaround2016.ZhouYu,directoroftheResearchCenterofInternationalFinanceattheShanghaiAcademyofSocialSciences,saidthatapartfromgovernmentmanagement,otherfactorsliketheweakeningdollarandtheimprovingdomesticeconomyhavealsohelpedstabilizetheforeigncurrencymarket.TheUSDollarIndexhaddroppedfrom102attheendof2016to95asof5:56pmBeijingtimeonThursday.China'sGDPgrew6.9percentinthefirsthalfof2017,comparedwith6.8percentgrowthinthefourthquarterof2016."ButIdon'tthinkthatwecancompletelyletourguarddownaboutfuturecapitaloutflows,becausethedollarmightstrengthenagainandtheimpactoftheslumpingrealestatesectoronthedomesticeconomymightbecomeevidentlaterthisyear,"ZhoutoldtheGlobalTimesonThursday.Liusaidthat"instabilityfactors"inChina'sforeigncurrencymarket,suchasdomesticeconomicinstabilityorexternalpressurefromastrongerdollar,aredecreasingandtheforeigncurrencysituationwillimprovefurther.WangnotedthattheSAFE'spolicyinvolvingcurrencymovementshasbeenconsistent,anditwillinsistuponsupportinglegaloutbounddirectinvestmentandpromotingtheconvenienceofoverseastradeandinvestmentwhilebeingalerttopossibleinvestmentrisks.AccordingtoLiu,thegovernmentshouldconsidereasingitsgriponforeigncurrencymanagement,sincethepressureofcapitaloutflowshaseased.Healsosaidthatmeasuresshouldbetakentowardreformsinvolvingthecapitalaccountsuchasspeedingupthebondconnectprogram.¡¡¡¡PoliticalsympathyfromEuropewithIran'snucleardealis"notenough"andtheyshouldtakemore"practicalsteps"toguaranteeIran'seconomicinterestsfromthedeal,IranianForeignMinisterMohammadJavadZarifsaidonSunday."WiththeexitoftheUnitedStatesfromthenuclearagreement,expectationsfromthetheEuropeanUnion(EU)topreservetheachievementsofthedealarehigh,"ZarifmadetheremarksinameetingwiththevisitingEU'sEnergyChiefMiguelAriasCanete."Underthecurrentcircumstances,politicalsupportofEuropetothenukedealisnotsufficient,"Zarifsaid."EUshouldtakefurtherpracticalstepstocontinueeconomiccooperationwithIran,"hesaid,addingthat"EUshouldboostinvestmentsinIran."HeexpresseddoubtthatEurope'scommitmenttoimplementingthedeal,knownasJointComprehensivePlanofAction(JCPOA),isincontradictionwiththewithdrawalofmajorEuropeancompaniesfromIran'sprojectsaftertheUnitedStatespulledout.Forhispart,CanetesaidthatfollowingtheU.S.exitfromthedeal,EuropeanshaveunifiedtosavetheJCPOA.ThepoliticalresolveoftheEUistoimplementtheJCPOAandtocontinuethecooperationbetweenEuropeancompaniesandtheIslamicrepublic,hesaid.TheU.S.exitfromthedealhascausedproblemstoEurope,however,theEU'smessageistoprotecttheaccordanditsimplementation,headded.Earlierintheday,firstViceSpeakeroftheIranianParliamentAliMotahharisaidthatIraniangovernmentissatisfiedwiththerecenttalkswithitsEuropeanpartnersoverpreservingthenucleardealandsecuringIran'sinterests.Iran'sforeignministerandhisnegotiationteamexpressedtheirsatisfactiononSunday,butsaidthat"everythingdependsontheresultsofthetalksinthenextweeks,"MotahhariwasquotedassayingbyofficialIRNAnewsagency.Motahharimadetheremarksonthesidelinesofaparliamentmeeting,whereZarifbriefedthelawmakersontheongoingtalkswithFrance,Germany,BritainandtheEUForeignPolicyChiefFedericaMogherinioverthefateofthenucleardealafterU.S.withdrawalfromit."ThestepsthattheEuropeanshavetakeninthisregardsofarareacceptable,"headded.OnSaturday,HeadoftheAtomicEnergyOrganizationofIran(AEOI)AliAkbarSalehiurgedtheEuropeancountriestoremaincommittedtotheirpromisesintheIranian2015nucleardeal.SalehiexpressedhopethattheEUfulfillitspledgestosecureIran'sinterests,whichweremadeintherecentmeetingswiththeIraniandelegationinBrussels.SalehimadetheremarksinthejointpressconferencewiththevisitingEU'senergychief.TheEU'seffortstosavethenuclearcontractshowthatthedealisaveryimportantagreementfortheregionandtheworld,Salehisaid.However,iftheEuropeansfailtoundertaketheirobligations,Iranhastopressaheadwithitspeacefulnucleardevelopmentwithfulldetermination,hesaid.TheIranianofficialnotedthattheEUandtheIranianauthoritieshavealsodiscussedtoreplaceU.S.dollarwitheurointheirtradetransactions,andthattheEUhastakeninitialstepsinthisregard.TheU.S.pulloutfromtheIraniannuclearagreement,oncemore,provedtotheworldthatWashingtonisnotreliableinundertakingitsinternationalresponsibilities,saidSalehi.U.S.exitfromthedealmaycausesomeproblems,butitwillnotcauseseriousones,hestressed.Also,Canetestressedthatpreservingthenucleardealisofsignificancetoglobalandregionalpeace.EUhassentamessagetotheIranianfriendsthataslongastheysticktotheagreement,theEuropeanswillremaincommittedtoit,Canetesaid,addingthattheEUblochopestoboosttradewithIran.Besides,Iran'sPetroleumMinisterBijanNamdarZanganehsaidonSaturdaythatIran'soilexportswillnotbeaffectediftheEUrefrainsfromfollowingtheUnitedStatesinimposingneweconomicpressuresontheIslamicrepublic."TheU.S.decisiontowithdrawfromthenucleardealwouldnotaffectIran'soilexportsifEUcouldsalvagethedeal,"ZanganehtoldreportersafterhismeetingwithCanete.TheIranianministercalledforOPECmemberstatestoremainunitedintheirupcomingdecisiontosecuremembers'interestsandmarketstability.U.S.PresidentDonaldTrumpdecidedonMay8toquitIran'snucleardealandvowedtore-imposesanctions,includingoilembargo,onTehran.CanetesaidSaturdaythat"wewillhavetoaskfor(sanction)waivers,forcarve-outsforthe(European)companiesthatmakeinvestments."Besides,SalehisaidthathediscussedreapplyingEuropeanlawof"theblockingstatute"withCaneteonSaturday.IranpushestheEUfortherevivalof"theblockingstatute"whichisa1996regulationthatprohibitsEUcompaniesandcourtsfromcomplyingwithforeignsanctionslawsandstipulatesthatnoforeigncourtjudgmentsbasedontheselawshaveanyeffectintheEU.CanetearrivedinTehranonFridayforatwo-dayvisittoreassureIranthattheEUwantstokeepopentradeandcooperationwithIrandespitetheU.S.decisiontopullout.¡¡¡¡

¡¡¡¡ChinesescientistshaveidentifiedthesecretofbatsthatharborhighlypathogenicviruseslikeEbola,MarburgandSARScoronavirusbutdonotshowclinicalsignsofdisease.InapaperpublishedonThursdayinthejournalCellHostMicrobe,scientistsattheWuhanInstituteofVirologyinChinafindthatinbats,anantiviralimmunepathwaycalledtheSTING-interferonpathwayisdampened,sobatscanmaintainjustenoughdefenseagainstillnesswithouttriggeringaheightenedimmunereaction."Webelievethereisabalancebetweenbatsandthepathogenstheycarry,"saidthepaper'sseniorauthorZhouPeng."Thisworkdemonstratedthatinordertomaintainabalancewithviruses,batsmayhaveevolvedtodampencertainpathways,"Zhousaid.Accordingtoresearchers,inhumansandothermammals,animmune-basedover-responsetooneoftheseandotherpathogenicvirusescantriggersevereillness.Forexample,inhumans,anactivatedSTINGpathwayislinkedwithsevereautoimmunediseases."Inhumanhistory,wehavebeenchasinginfectiousdiseasesoneafteranother,"saidZhou,"Butbatsappeartobea'super-mammal'tothesedeadlyviruses."ByidentifyingaweakenedbutnotdefunctSTINGpathwayinbats,researchershavesomenewinsightintohowbatsfine-tuneantiviraldefensestobalanceaneffective,butnotanovert,responseagainstviruses.Theyhypothesizethatthisdefensestrategyevolvedaspartofthreeinterconnectedfeaturesofbatbiology:theyareflyingmammals,havealonglifespan,andhostalargeviralreservoir."AdaptationtoflightlikelycausedpositiveselectionofmultiplebatinnateimmuneandDNAdamagerepairgenes,"Zhousaid.TheseadaptationsmayhaveshapedcertainantiviralpathwaysincludingSTING,interferontomakethemgoodviralreservoirhostsandachieveatolerablebalance.ZhoutoldXinhuathatthestudyhasprovidedapossibilitythatpeoplecanlearnfrombatsincombatingvirusalthoughwhetherthismechanismcanbedirectlyusedinhumansisstillunknown.¡¡¡¡TheEuropeanCommissiononFridayproposedactivationofadormantstatutetoshieldEuropeanfirmsdoingbusinesswithIranfromrenewedU.S.sanctions.The1996BlockingStatuteforbidsEUcompaniesfromcomplyingwiththeU.S.sanctions.ThestatutewasoriginallyintroducedinresponsetoU.S.tradeembargoonCubaandsanctionsagainstIranandLibya.Itwasneverenactedasthetransatlanticdisagreementswereironedoutpolitically.TheCommissionalsoproposedto"removeobstaclesfortheEuropeanInvestmentBank(EIB)todecideundertheEUbudgetguaranteetofinanceactivitiesoutsidetheEuropeanUnion,inIran."Inotherwords,theEIBwillbeallowedtosupportEUinvestmentinIran.TheEuropeanParliamentandtheCounciloftheEUwilldecidetoapproveorrejecttheproposalswithintwomonths,aheadofthefirstbatchofU.S.sanctionstakingeffectonAug.6.ThetwoproposalsarethecorepartsoftheCommission'sdecisiontoactonfourfrontsinthefaceofloomingU.S.sanctions.TheCommissionvowedto"continueandstrengthentheongoingsectoralcooperationwith,andassistanceto,Iran,includingintheenergysector,"whichisessentialtotheIranianeconomy.ItremainstobeseenwhetherthewordswilldispelconcernshauntingEuropeanenergygiantslikeTotal,whichonWednesdaysaiditmightnotbeabletocontinueitsgasdevelopmentprojectinIranunlessitgetsawaiverfromtheU.S.toprotectitfromre-imposedsanctions.ToweavethroughtheU.S.-dominatedinternationalbankingsystem,theCommissionsaiditisencouragingmemberstatestoexplorethepossibilityofone-offbanktransferstotheCentralBankofIran.Thisapproach"couldhelpIranianauthoritiestoreceivetheiroil-relatedrevenues,particularlyincaseofU.S.sanctionswhichcouldtargetEUentitiesactiveinoiltransactionswithIran,"theCommissionnoted.ThemovescameontheheelsoftheEU-WesternBalkanssummitinSofia,Bulgaria,duringwhichleadersofmemberstatesthrashedoutaunitedfrontagainstWashington.U.S.PresidentDonaldTrumpdeclaredlastweekthattheUnitedStateswouldwithdrawfromtheIrannucleardeal,claimingthatithadfailedtopreventIranfromdevelopingnuclearweaponsorsupportingterrorismintheregion.U.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinsaidinanannouncementthat"sanctionswillbere-imposedsubjecttocertain90-dayand180-daywind-downperiods."MuchtoEurope'sdispleasure,foreigncompaniesdoingbusinesswithIranarealsointhecrosshairsoftheU.S.sanctions.¡¡¡¡PoliticalsympathyfromEuropewithIran'snucleardealis"notenough"andtheyshouldtakemore"practicalsteps"toguaranteeIran'seconomicinterestsfromthedeal,IranianForeignMinisterMohammadJavadZarifsaidonSunday."WiththeexitoftheUnitedStatesfromthenuclearagreement,expectationsfromthetheEuropeanUnion(EU)topreservetheachievementsofthedealarehigh,"ZarifmadetheremarksinameetingwiththevisitingEU'sEnergyChiefMiguelAriasCanete."Underthecurrentcircumstances,politicalsupportofEuropetothenukedealisnotsufficient,"Zarifsaid."EUshouldtakefurtherpracticalstepstocontinueeconomiccooperationwithIran,"hesaid,addingthat"EUshouldboostinvestmentsinIran."HeexpresseddoubtthatEurope'scommitmenttoimplementingthedeal,knownasJointComprehensivePlanofAction(JCPOA),isincontradictionwiththewithdrawalofmajorEuropeancompaniesfromIran'sprojectsaftertheUnitedStatespulledout.Forhispart,CanetesaidthatfollowingtheU.S.exitfromthedeal,EuropeanshaveunifiedtosavetheJCPOA.ThepoliticalresolveoftheEUistoimplementtheJCPOAandtocontinuethecooperationbetweenEuropeancompaniesandtheIslamicrepublic,hesaid.TheU.S.exitfromthedealhascausedproblemstoEurope,however,theEU'smessageistoprotecttheaccordanditsimplementation,headded.Earlierintheday,firstViceSpeakeroftheIranianParliamentAliMotahharisaidthatIraniangovernmentissatisfiedwiththerecenttalkswithitsEuropeanpartnersoverpreservingthenucleardealandsecuringIran'sinterests.Iran'sforeignministerandhisnegotiationteamexpressedtheirsatisfactiononSunday,butsaidthat"everythingdependsontheresultsofthetalksinthenextweeks,"MotahhariwasquotedassayingbyofficialIRNAnewsagency.Motahharimadetheremarksonthesidelinesofaparliamentmeeting,whereZarifbriefedthelawmakersontheongoingtalkswithFrance,Germany,BritainandtheEUForeignPolicyChiefFedericaMogherinioverthefateofthenucleardealafterU.S.withdrawalfromit."ThestepsthattheEuropeanshavetakeninthisregardsofarareacceptable,"headded.OnSaturday,HeadoftheAtomicEnergyOrganizationofIran(AEOI)AliAkbarSalehiurgedtheEuropeancountriestoremaincommittedtotheirpromisesintheIranian2015nucleardeal.SalehiexpressedhopethattheEUfulfillitspledgestosecureIran'sinterests,whichweremadeintherecentmeetingswiththeIraniandelegationinBrussels.SalehimadetheremarksinthejointpressconferencewiththevisitingEU'senergychief.TheEU'seffortstosavethenuclearcontractshowthatthedealisaveryimportantagreementfortheregionandtheworld,Salehisaid.However,iftheEuropeansfailtoundertaketheirobligations,Iranhastopressaheadwithitspeacefulnucleardevelopmentwithfulldetermination,hesaid.TheIranianofficialnotedthattheEUandtheIranianauthoritieshavealsodiscussedtoreplaceU.S.dollarwitheurointheirtradetransactions,andthattheEUhastakeninitialstepsinthisregard.TheU.S.pulloutfromtheIraniannuclearagreement,oncemore,provedtotheworldthatWashingtonisnotreliableinundertakingitsinternationalresponsibilities,saidSalehi.U.S.exitfromthedealmaycausesomeproblems,butitwillnotcauseseriousones,hestressed.Also,Canetestressedthatpreservingthenucleardealisofsignificancetoglobalandregionalpeace.EUhassentamessagetotheIranianfriendsthataslongastheysticktotheagreement,theEuropeanswillremaincommittedtoit,Canetesaid,addingthattheEUblochopestoboosttradewithIran.Besides,Iran'sPetroleumMinisterBijanNamdarZanganehsaidonSaturdaythatIran'soilexportswillnotbeaffectediftheEUrefrainsfromfollowingtheUnitedStatesinimposingneweconomicpressuresontheIslamicrepublic."TheU.S.decisiontowithdrawfromthenucleardealwouldnotaffectIran'soilexportsifEUcouldsalvagethedeal,"ZanganehtoldreportersafterhismeetingwithCanete.TheIranianministercalledforOPECmemberstatestoremainunitedintheirupcomingdecisiontosecuremembers'interestsandmarketstability.U.S.PresidentDonaldTrumpdecidedonMay8toquitIran'snucleardealandvowedtore-imposesanctions,includingoilembargo,onTehran.CanetesaidSaturdaythat"wewillhavetoaskfor(sanction)waivers,forcarve-outsforthe(European)companiesthatmakeinvestments."Besides,SalehisaidthathediscussedreapplyingEuropeanlawof"theblockingstatute"withCaneteonSaturday.IranpushestheEUfortherevivalof"theblockingstatute"whichisa1996regulationthatprohibitsEUcompaniesandcourtsfromcomplyingwithforeignsanctionslawsandstipulatesthatnoforeigncourtjudgmentsbasedontheselawshaveanyeffectintheEU.CanetearrivedinTehranonFridayforatwo-dayvisittoreassureIranthattheEUwantstokeepopentradeandcooperationwithIrandespitetheU.S.decisiontopullout.¡¡¡¡

¡¡¡¡GovernmentstillsupportslegaloutboundinvestmentChina'scross-bordercapitalflowswerestableandbalancedinthefirsthalfofthisyear,"thebestphaseinnearlythreeyears,"whileindividualsdevelopedanincreasedawarenessofhowtouseforeigncurrencylegally,theStateAdministrationofForeignExchange(SAFE)announcedatapressconferenceonThursday.Domesticindividuals'desiretoholdforeigncurrencyhasbeendecreasingingeneral.Inthefirsthalfof2017,individualpurchasesofforeigncurrencyslumpedby4percentyear-on-year,comparedwith14percentgrowthinthesameperiodlastyear,WangChunying,aspokespersonoftheSAFE,saidattheconference.Wangdidn'tdisclosetheexactamountofforeigncurrencypurchasedbyindividualsduringtheperiod.Domesticresidents'foreigncurrencyholdingsfell.7billionyear-on-yearinthefirstsixmonthsthisyear,Wangsaid.LiuXuezhi,asenioranalystatBankofCommunications,saidthatthefiguresshowedtheeffortsofthegovernment'sintensifiedmanagementofthecurrentaccountinrecentmonths.Thecurrentaccountincludesthebalanceoftradeandnettransferpaymentslikethoseinvolvingtourism."Somepeopletransferredmoneyabroadtoengageinoverseasinvestment(inearlierperiods),whichincreasedthepressureofcapitaloutflows.Butthisphenomenoneasedalotafterthegovernmentlaunchedaguidelineinearly2017thatbannedindividualsfromacquiringforeigncurrencytobuypropertiesorinvestinsecuritiesonoffshoremarkets,"LiutoldtheGlobalTimesonThursday.Inthefirstsixmonthsof2017,domesticbankssoldforeignexchangeworth5.95trillionyuan(9billion)andbought5.31trillionyuanworthofforeigncurrency.Chinesebanks'netforeignexchangesettlementdeficitreached.8billion,down46percentonayearlybasis,accordingtodatarevealedbyWangfromtheSAFE.Thesupply-demandbalanceintheforeigncurrencymarkethelpedChina'sforeigncurrencyreservestocontinuerising.AsoftheendofJune,reservesreached.06trillion,up.3billioncomparedwiththeendof2016.Itwasthefifthconsecutivemonthlygaininthereserves.Wangsaidthatcapitaloutflowsvianon-bankinginstitutionsdecreasedalot,whichmeansthatChinahascontinuedtoemergefromthe"shadows"involvingcapitaloutflowsthathoveredoverthenationaround2016.ZhouYu,directoroftheResearchCenterofInternationalFinanceattheShanghaiAcademyofSocialSciences,saidthatapartfromgovernmentmanagement,otherfactorsliketheweakeningdollarandtheimprovingdomesticeconomyhavealsohelpedstabilizetheforeigncurrencymarket.TheUSDollarIndexhaddroppedfrom102attheendof2016to95asof5:56pmBeijingtimeonThursday.China'sGDPgrew6.9percentinthefirsthalfof2017,comparedwith6.8percentgrowthinthefourthquarterof2016."ButIdon'tthinkthatwecancompletelyletourguarddownaboutfuturecapitaloutflows,becausethedollarmightstrengthenagainandtheimpactoftheslumpingrealestatesectoronthedomesticeconomymightbecomeevidentlaterthisyear,"ZhoutoldtheGlobalTimesonThursday.Liusaidthat"instabilityfactors"inChina'sforeigncurrencymarket,suchasdomesticeconomicinstabilityorexternalpressurefromastrongerdollar,aredecreasingandtheforeigncurrencysituationwillimprovefurther.WangnotedthattheSAFE'spolicyinvolvingcurrencymovementshasbeenconsistent,anditwillinsistuponsupportinglegaloutbounddirectinvestmentandpromotingtheconvenienceofoverseastradeandinvestmentwhilebeingalerttopossibleinvestmentrisks.AccordingtoLiu,thegovernmentshouldconsidereasingitsgriponforeigncurrencymanagement,sincethepressureofcapitaloutflowshaseased.Healsosaidthatmeasuresshouldbetakentowardreformsinvolvingthecapitalaccountsuchasspeedingupthebondconnectprogram.¡¡¡¡GovernmentstillsupportslegaloutboundinvestmentChina'scross-bordercapitalflowswerestableandbalancedinthefirsthalfofthisyear,"thebestphaseinnearlythreeyears,"whileindividualsdevelopedanincreasedawarenessofhowtouseforeigncurrencylegally,theStateAdministrationofForeignExchange(SAFE)announcedatapressconferenceonThursday.Domesticindividuals'desiretoholdforeigncurrencyhasbeendecreasingingeneral.Inthefirsthalfof2017,individualpurchasesofforeigncurrencyslumpedby4percentyear-on-year,comparedwith14percentgrowthinthesameperiodlastyear,WangChunying,aspokespersonoftheSAFE,saidattheconference.Wangdidn'tdisclosetheexactamountofforeigncurrencypurchasedbyindividualsduringtheperiod.Domesticresidents'foreigncurrencyholdingsfell.7billionyear-on-yearinthefirstsixmonthsthisyear,Wangsaid.LiuXuezhi,asenioranalystatBankofCommunications,saidthatthefiguresshowedtheeffortsofthegovernment'sintensifiedmanagementofthecurrentaccountinrecentmonths.Thecurrentaccountincludesthebalanceoftradeandnettransferpaymentslikethoseinvolvingtourism."Somepeopletransferredmoneyabroadtoengageinoverseasinvestment(inearlierperiods),whichincreasedthepressureofcapitaloutflows.Butthisphenomenoneasedalotafterthegovernmentlaunchedaguidelineinearly2017thatbannedindividualsfromacquiringforeigncurrencytobuypropertiesorinvestinsecuritiesonoffshoremarkets,"LiutoldtheGlobalTimesonThursday.Inthefirstsixmonthsof2017,domesticbankssoldforeignexchangeworth5.95trillionyuan(9billion)andbought5.31trillionyuanworthofforeigncurrency.Chinesebanks'netforeignexchangesettlementdeficitreached.8billion,down46percentonayearlybasis,accordingtodatarevealedbyWangfromtheSAFE.Thesupply-demandbalanceintheforeigncurrencymarkethelpedChina'sforeigncurrencyreservestocontinuerising.AsoftheendofJune,reservesreached.06trillion,up.3billioncomparedwiththeendof2016.Itwasthefifthconsecutivemonthlygaininthereserves.Wangsaidthatcapitaloutflowsvianon-bankinginstitutionsdecreasedalot,whichmeansthatChinahascontinuedtoemergefromthe"shadows"involvingcapitaloutflowsthathoveredoverthenationaround2016.ZhouYu,directoroftheResearchCenterofInternationalFinanceattheShanghaiAcademyofSocialSciences,saidthatapartfromgovernmentmanagement,otherfactorsliketheweakeningdollarandtheimprovingdomesticeconomyhavealsohelpedstabilizetheforeigncurrencymarket.TheUSDollarIndexhaddroppedfrom102attheendof2016to95asof5:56pmBeijingtimeonThursday.China'sGDPgrew6.9percentinthefirsthalfof2017,comparedwith6.8percentgrowthinthefourthquarterof2016."ButIdon'tthinkthatwecancompletelyletourguarddownaboutfuturecapitaloutflows,becausethedollarmightstrengthenagainandtheimpactoftheslumpingrealestatesectoronthedomesticeconomymightbecomeevidentlaterthisyear,"ZhoutoldtheGlobalTimesonThursday.Liusaidthat"instabilityfactors"inChina'sforeigncurrencymarket,suchasdomesticeconomicinstabilityorexternalpressurefromastrongerdollar,aredecreasingandtheforeigncurrencysituationwillimprovefurther.WangnotedthattheSAFE'spolicyinvolvingcurrencymovementshasbeenconsistent,anditwillinsistuponsupportinglegaloutbounddirectinvestmentandpromotingtheconvenienceofoverseastradeandinvestmentwhilebeingalerttopossibleinvestmentrisks.AccordingtoLiu,thegovernmentshouldconsidereasingitsgriponforeigncurrencymanagement,sincethepressureofcapitaloutflowshaseased.Healsosaidthatmeasuresshouldbetakentowardreformsinvolvingthecapitalaccountsuchasspeedingupthebondconnectprogram.¡¡¡¡GovernmentstillsupportslegaloutboundinvestmentChina'scross-bordercapitalflowswerestableandbalancedinthefirsthalfofthisyear,"thebestphaseinnearlythreeyears,"whileindividualsdevelopedanincreasedawarenessofhowtouseforeigncurrencylegally,theStateAdministrationofForeignExchange(SAFE)announcedatapressconferenceonThursday.Domesticindividuals'desiretoholdforeigncurrencyhasbeendecreasingingeneral.Inthefirsthalfof2017,individualpurchasesofforeigncurrencyslumpedby4percentyear-on-year,comparedwith14percentgrowthinthesameperiodlastyear,WangChunying,aspokespersonoftheSAFE,saidattheconference.Wangdidn'tdisclosetheexactamountofforeigncurrencypurchasedbyindividualsduringtheperiod.Domesticresidents'foreigncurrencyholdingsfell.7billionyear-on-yearinthefirstsixmonthsthisyear,Wangsaid.LiuXuezhi,asenioranalystatBankofCommunications,saidthatthefiguresshowedtheeffortsofthegovernment'sintensifiedmanagementofthecurrentaccountinrecentmonths.Thecurrentaccountincludesthebalanceoftradeandnettransferpaymentslikethoseinvolvingtourism."Somepeopletransferredmoneyabroadtoengageinoverseasinvestment(inearlierperiods),whichincreasedthepressureofcapitaloutflows.Butthisphenomenoneasedalotafterthegovernmentlaunchedaguidelineinearly2017thatbannedindividualsfromacquiringforeigncurrencytobuypropertiesorinvestinsecuritiesonoffshoremarkets,"LiutoldtheGlobalTimesonThursday.Inthefirstsixmonthsof2017,domesticbankssoldforeignexchangeworth5.95trillionyuan(9billion)andbought5.31trillionyuanworthofforeigncurrency.Chinesebanks'netforeignexchangesettlementdeficitreached.8billion,down46percentonayearlybasis,accordingtodatarevealedbyWangfromtheSAFE.Thesupply-demandbalanceintheforeigncurrencymarkethelpedChina'sforeigncurrencyreservestocontinuerising.AsoftheendofJune,reservesreached.06trillion,up.3billioncomparedwiththeendof2016.Itwasthefifthconsecutivemonthlygaininthereserves.Wangsaidthatcapitaloutflowsvianon-bankinginstitutionsdecreasedalot,whichmeansthatChinahascontinuedtoemergefromthe"shadows"involvingcapitaloutflowsthathoveredoverthenationaround2016.ZhouYu,directoroftheResearchCenterofInternationalFinanceattheShanghaiAcademyofSocialSciences,saidthatapartfromgovernmentmanagement,otherfactorsliketheweakeningdollarandtheimprovingdomesticeconomyhavealsohelpedstabilizetheforeigncurrencymarket.TheUSDollarIndexhaddroppedfrom102attheendof2016to95asof5:56pmBeijingtimeonThursday.China'sGDPgrew6.9percentinthefirsthalfof2017,comparedwith6.8percentgrowthinthefourthquarterof2016."ButIdon'tthinkthatwecancompletelyletourguarddownaboutfuturecapitaloutflows,becausethedollarmightstrengthenagainandtheimpactoftheslumpingrealestatesectoronthedomesticeconomymightbecomeevidentlaterthisyear,"ZhoutoldtheGlobalTimesonThursday.Liusaidthat"instabilityfactors"inChina'sforeigncurrencymarket,suchasdomesticeconomicinstabilityorexternalpressurefromastrongerdollar,aredecreasingandtheforeigncurrencysituationwillimprovefurther.WangnotedthattheSAFE'spolicyinvolvingcurrencymovementshasbeenconsistent,anditwillinsistuponsupportinglegaloutbounddirectinvestmentandpromotingtheconvenienceofoverseastradeandinvestmentwhilebeingalerttopossibleinvestmentrisks.AccordingtoLiu,thegovernmentshouldconsidereasingitsgriponforeigncurrencymanagement,sincethepressureofcapitaloutflowshaseased.Healsosaidthatmeasuresshouldbetakentowardreformsinvolvingthecapitalaccountsuchasspeedingupthebondconnectprogram.¡¡¡¡

¡¡¡¡GovernmentstillsupportslegaloutboundinvestmentChina'scross-bordercapitalflowswerestableandbalancedinthefirsthalfofthisyear,"thebestphaseinnearlythreeyears,"whileindividualsdevelopedanincreasedawarenessofhowtouseforeigncurrencylegally,theStateAdministrationofForeignExchange(SAFE)announcedatapressconferenceonThursday.Domesticindividuals'desiretoholdforeigncurrencyhasbeendecreasingingeneral.Inthefirsthalfof2017,individualpurchasesofforeigncurrencyslumpedby4percentyear-on-year,comparedwith14percentgrowthinthesameperiodlastyear,WangChunying,aspokespersonoftheSAFE,saidattheconference.Wangdidn'tdisclosetheexactamountofforeigncurrencypurchasedbyindividualsduringtheperiod.Domesticresidents'foreigncurrencyholdingsfell.7billionyear-on-yearinthefirstsixmonthsthisyear,Wangsaid.LiuXuezhi,asenioranalystatBankofCommunications,saidthatthefiguresshowedtheeffortsofthegovernment'sintensifiedmanagementofthecurrentaccountinrecentmonths.Thecurrentaccountincludesthebalanceoftradeandnettransferpaymentslikethoseinvolvingtourism."Somepeopletransferredmoneyabroadtoengageinoverseasinvestment(inearlierperiods),whichincreasedthepressureofcapitaloutflows.Butthisphenomenoneasedalotafterthegovernmentlaunchedaguidelineinearly2017thatbannedindividualsfromacquiringforeigncurrencytobuypropertiesorinvestinsecuritiesonoffshoremarkets,"LiutoldtheGlobalTimesonThursday.Inthefirstsixmonthsof2017,domesticbankssoldforeignexchangeworth5.95trillionyuan(9billion)andbought5.31trillionyuanworthofforeigncurrency.Chinesebanks'netforeignexchangesettlementdeficitreached.8billion,down46percentonayearlybasis,accordingtodatarevealedbyWangfromtheSAFE.Thesupply-demandbalanceintheforeigncurrencymarkethelpedChina'sforeigncurrencyreservestocontinuerising.AsoftheendofJune,reservesreached.06trillion,up.3billioncomparedwiththeendof2016.Itwasthefifthconsecutivemonthlygaininthereserves.Wangsaidthatcapitaloutflowsvianon-bankinginstitutionsdecreasedalot,whichmeansthatChinahascontinuedtoemergefromthe"shadows"involvingcapitaloutflowsthathoveredoverthenationaround2016.ZhouYu,directoroftheResearchCenterofInternationalFinanceattheShanghaiAcademyofSocialSciences,saidthatapartfromgovernmentmanagement,otherfactorsliketheweakeningdollarandtheimprovingdomesticeconomyhavealsohelpedstabilizetheforeigncurrencymarket.TheUSDollarIndexhaddroppedfrom102attheendof2016to95asof5:56pmBeijingtimeonThursday.China'sGDPgrew6.9percentinthefirsthalfof2017,comparedwith6.8percentgrowthinthefourthquarterof2016."ButIdon'tthinkthatwecancompletelyletourguarddownaboutfuturecapitaloutflows,becausethedollarmightstrengthenagainandtheimpactoftheslumpingrealestatesectoronthedomesticeconomymightbecomeevidentlaterthisyear,"ZhoutoldtheGlobalTimesonThursday.Liusaidthat"instabilityfactors"inChina'sforeigncurrencymarket,suchasdomesticeconomicinstabilityorexternalpressurefromastrongerdollar,aredecreasingandtheforeigncurrencysituationwillimprovefurther.WangnotedthattheSAFE'spolicyinvolvingcurrencymovementshasbeenconsistent,anditwillinsistuponsupportinglegaloutbounddirectinvestmentandpromotingtheconvenienceofoverseastradeandinvestmentwhilebeingalerttopossibleinvestmentrisks.AccordingtoLiu,thegovernmentshouldconsidereasingitsgriponforeigncurrencymanagement,sincethepressureofcapitaloutflowshaseased.Healsosaidthatmeasuresshouldbetakentowardreformsinvolvingthecapitalaccountsuchasspeedingupthebondconnectprogram.¡¡¡¡PoliticalsympathyfromEuropewithIran'snucleardealis"notenough"andtheyshouldtakemore"practicalsteps"toguaranteeIran'seconomicinterestsfromthedeal,IranianForeignMinisterMohammadJavadZarifsaidonSunday."WiththeexitoftheUnitedStatesfromthenuclearagreement,expectationsfromthetheEuropeanUnion(EU)topreservetheachievementsofthedealarehigh,"ZarifmadetheremarksinameetingwiththevisitingEU'sEnergyChiefMiguelAriasCanete."Underthecurrentcircumstances,politicalsupportofEuropetothenukedealisnotsufficient,"Zarifsaid."EUshouldtakefurtherpracticalstepstocontinueeconomiccooperationwithIran,"hesaid,addingthat"EUshouldboostinvestmentsinIran."HeexpresseddoubtthatEurope'scommitmenttoimplementingthedeal,knownasJointComprehensivePlanofAction(JCPOA),isincontradictionwiththewithdrawalofmajorEuropeancompaniesfromIran'sprojectsaftertheUnitedStatespulledout.Forhispart,CanetesaidthatfollowingtheU.S.exitfromthedeal,EuropeanshaveunifiedtosavetheJCPOA.ThepoliticalresolveoftheEUistoimplementtheJCPOAandtocontinuethecooperationbetweenEuropeancompaniesandtheIslamicrepublic,hesaid.TheU.S.exitfromthedealhascausedproblemstoEurope,however,theEU'smessageistoprotecttheaccordanditsimplementation,headded.Earlierintheday,firstViceSpeakeroftheIranianParliamentAliMotahharisaidthatIraniangovernmentissatisfiedwiththerecenttalkswithitsEuropeanpartnersoverpreservingthenucleardealandsecuringIran'sinterests.Iran'sforeignministerandhisnegotiationteamexpressedtheirsatisfactiononSunday,butsaidthat"everythingdependsontheresultsofthetalksinthenextweeks,"MotahhariwasquotedassayingbyofficialIRNAnewsagency.Motahharimadetheremarksonthesidelinesofaparliamentmeeting,whereZarifbriefedthelawmakersontheongoingtalkswithFrance,Germany,BritainandtheEUForeignPolicyChiefFedericaMogherinioverthefateofthenucleardealafterU.S.withdrawalfromit."ThestepsthattheEuropeanshavetakeninthisregardsofarareacceptable,"headded.OnSaturday,HeadoftheAtomicEnergyOrganizationofIran(AEOI)AliAkbarSalehiurgedtheEuropeancountriestoremaincommittedtotheirpromisesintheIranian2015nucleardeal.SalehiexpressedhopethattheEUfulfillitspledgestosecureIran'sinterests,whichweremadeintherecentmeetingswiththeIraniandelegationinBrussels.SalehimadetheremarksinthejointpressconferencewiththevisitingEU'senergychief.TheEU'seffortstosavethenuclearcontractshowthatthedealisaveryimportantagreementfortheregionandtheworld,Salehisaid.However,iftheEuropeansfailtoundertaketheirobligations,Iranhastopressaheadwithitspeacefulnucleardevelopmentwithfulldetermination,hesaid.TheIranianofficialnotedthattheEUandtheIranianauthoritieshavealsodiscussedtoreplaceU.S.dollarwitheurointheirtradetransactions,andthattheEUhastakeninitialstepsinthisregard.TheU.S.pulloutfromtheIraniannuclearagreement,oncemore,provedtotheworldthatWashingtonisnotreliableinundertakingitsinternationalresponsibilities,saidSalehi.U.S.exitfromthedealmaycausesomeproblems,butitwillnotcauseseriousones,hestressed.Also,Canetestressedthatpreservingthenucleardealisofsignificancetoglobalandregionalpeace.EUhassentamessagetotheIranianfriendsthataslongastheysticktotheagreement,theEuropeanswillremaincommittedtoit,Canetesaid,addingthattheEUblochopestoboosttradewithIran.Besides,Iran'sPetroleumMinisterBijanNamdarZanganehsaidonSaturdaythatIran'soilexportswillnotbeaffectediftheEUrefrainsfromfollowingtheUnitedStatesinimposingneweconomicpressuresontheIslamicrepublic."TheU.S.decisiontowithdrawfromthenucleardealwouldnotaffectIran'soilexportsifEUcouldsalvagethedeal,"ZanganehtoldreportersafterhismeetingwithCanete.TheIranianministercalledforOPECmemberstatestoremainunitedintheirupcomingdecisiontosecuremembers'interestsandmarketstability.U.S.PresidentDonaldTrumpdecidedonMay8toquitIran'snucleardealandvowedtore-imposesanctions,includingoilembargo,onTehran.CanetesaidSaturdaythat"wewillhavetoaskfor(sanction)waivers,forcarve-outsforthe(European)companiesthatmakeinvestments."Besides,SalehisaidthathediscussedreapplyingEuropeanlawof"theblockingstatute"withCaneteonSaturday.IranpushestheEUfortherevivalof"theblockingstatute"whichisa1996regulationthatprohibitsEUcompaniesandcourtsfromcomplyingwithforeignsanctionslawsandstipulatesthatnoforeigncourtjudgmentsbasedontheselawshaveanyeffectintheEU.CanetearrivedinTehranonFridayforatwo-dayvisittoreassureIranthattheEUwantstokeepopentradeandcooperationwithIrandespitetheU.S.decisiontopullout.¡¡¡¡TheEuropeanCommissiononFridayproposedactivationofadormantstatutetoshieldEuropeanfirmsdoingbusinesswithIranfromrenewedU.S.sanctions.The1996BlockingStatuteforbidsEUcompaniesfromcomplyingwiththeU.S.sanctions.ThestatutewasoriginallyintroducedinresponsetoU.S.tradeembargoonCubaandsanctionsagainstIranandLibya.Itwasneverenactedasthetransatlanticdisagreementswereironedoutpolitically.TheCommissionalsoproposedto"removeobstaclesfortheEuropeanInvestmentBank(EIB)todecideundertheEUbudgetguaranteetofinanceactivitiesoutsidetheEuropeanUnion,inIran."Inotherwords,theEIBwillbeallowedtosupportEUinvestmentinIran.TheEuropeanParliamentandtheCounciloftheEUwilldecidetoapproveorrejecttheproposalswithintwomonths,aheadofthefirstbatchofU.S.sanctionstakingeffectonAug.6.ThetwoproposalsarethecorepartsoftheCommission'sdecisiontoactonfourfrontsinthefaceofloomingU.S.sanctions.TheCommissionvowedto"continueandstrengthentheongoingsectoralcooperationwith,andassistanceto,Iran,includingintheenergysector,"whichisessentialtotheIranianeconomy.ItremainstobeseenwhetherthewordswilldispelconcernshauntingEuropeanenergygiantslikeTotal,whichonWednesdaysaiditmightnotbeabletocontinueitsgasdevelopmentprojectinIranunlessitgetsawaiverfromtheU.S.toprotectitfromre-imposedsanctions.ToweavethroughtheU.S.-dominatedinternationalbankingsystem,theCommissionsaiditisencouragingmemberstatestoexplorethepossibilityofone-offbanktransferstotheCentralBankofIran.Thisapproach"couldhelpIranianauthoritiestoreceivetheiroil-relatedrevenues,particularlyincaseofU.S.sanctionswhichcouldtargetEUentitiesactiveinoiltransactionswithIran,"theCommissionnoted.ThemovescameontheheelsoftheEU-WesternBalkanssummitinSofia,Bulgaria,duringwhichleadersofmemberstatesthrashedoutaunitedfrontagainstWashington.U.S.PresidentDonaldTrumpdeclaredlastweekthattheUnitedStateswouldwithdrawfromtheIrannucleardeal,claimingthatithadfailedtopreventIranfromdevelopingnuclearweaponsorsupportingterrorismintheregion.U.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinsaidinanannouncementthat"sanctionswillbere-imposedsubjecttocertain90-dayand180-daywind-downperiods."MuchtoEurope'sdispleasure,foreigncompaniesdoingbusinesswithIranarealsointhecrosshairsoftheU.S.sanctions.¡¡¡¡

¡¡¡¡GovernmentstillsupportslegaloutboundinvestmentChina'scross-bordercapitalflowswerestableandbalancedinthefirsthalfofthisyear,"thebestphaseinnearlythreeyears,"whileindividualsdevelopedanincreasedawarenessofhowtouseforeigncurrencylegally,theStateAdministrationofForeignExchange(SAFE)announcedatapressconferenceonThursday.Domesticindividuals'desiretoholdforeigncurrencyhasbeendecreasingingeneral.Inthefirsthalfof2017,individualpurchasesofforeigncurrencyslumpedby4percentyear-on-year,comparedwith14percentgrowthinthesameperiodlastyear,WangChunying,aspokespersonoftheSAFE,saidattheconference.Wangdidn'tdisclosetheexactamountofforeigncurrencypurchasedbyindividualsduringtheperiod.Domesticresidents'foreigncurrencyholdingsfell.7billionyear-on-yearinthefirstsixmonthsthisyear,Wangsaid.LiuXuezhi,asenioranalystatBankofCommunications,saidthatthefiguresshowedtheeffortsofthegovernment'sintensifiedmanagementofthecurrentaccountinrecentmonths.Thecurrentaccountincludesthebalanceoftradeandnettransferpaymentslikethoseinvolvingtourism."Somepeopletransferredmoneyabroadtoengageinoverseasinvestment(inearlierperiods),whichincreasedthepressureofcapitaloutflows.Butthisphenomenoneasedalotafterthegovernmentlaunchedaguidelineinearly2017thatbannedindividualsfromacquiringforeigncurrencytobuypropertiesorinvestinsecuritiesonoffshoremarkets,"LiutoldtheGlobalTimesonThursday.Inthefirstsixmonthsof2017,domesticbankssoldforeignexchangeworth5.95trillionyuan(9billion)andbought5.31trillionyuanworthofforeigncurrency.Chinesebanks'netforeignexchangesettlementdeficitreached.8billion,down46percentonayearlybasis,accordingtodatarevealedbyWangfromtheSAFE.Thesupply-demandbalanceintheforeigncurrencymarkethelpedChina'sforeigncurrencyreservestocontinuerising.AsoftheendofJune,reservesreached.06trillion,up.3billioncomparedwiththeendof2016.Itwasthefifthconsecutivemonthlygaininthereserves.Wangsaidthatcapitaloutflowsvianon-bankinginstitutionsdecreasedalot,whichmeansthatChinahascontinuedtoemergefromthe"shadows"involvingcapitaloutflowsthathoveredoverthenationaround2016.ZhouYu,directoroftheResearchCenterofInternationalFinanceattheShanghaiAcademyofSocialSciences,saidthatapartfromgovernmentmanagement,otherfactorsliketheweakeningdollarandtheimprovingdomesticeconomyhavealsohelpedstabilizetheforeigncurrencymarket.TheUSDollarIndexhaddroppedfrom102attheendof2016to95asof5:56pmBeijingtimeonThursday.China'sGDPgrew6.9percentinthefirsthalfof2017,comparedwith6.8percentgrowthinthefourthquarterof2016."ButIdon'tthinkthatwecancompletelyletourguarddownaboutfuturecapitaloutflows,becausethedollarmightstrengthenagainandtheimpactoftheslumpingrealestatesectoronthedomesticeconomymightbecomeevidentlaterthisyear,"ZhoutoldtheGlobalTimesonThursday.Liusaidthat"instabilityfactors"inChina'sforeigncurrencymarket,suchasdomesticeconomicinstabilityorexternalpressurefromastrongerdollar,aredecreasingandtheforeigncurrencysituationwillimprovefurther.WangnotedthattheSAFE'spolicyinvolvingcurrencymovementshasbeenconsistent,anditwillinsistuponsupportinglegaloutbounddirectinvestmentandpromotingtheconvenienceofoverseastradeandinvestmentwhilebeingalerttopossibleinvestmentrisks.AccordingtoLiu,thegovernmentshouldconsidereasingitsgriponforeigncurrencymanagement,sincethepressureofcapitaloutflowshaseased.Healsosaidthatmeasuresshouldbetakentowardreformsinvolvingthecapitalaccountsuchasspeedingupthebondconnectprogram.¡¡¡¡PoliticalsympathyfromEuropewithIran'snucleardealis"notenough"andtheyshouldtakemore"practicalsteps"toguaranteeIran'seconomicinterestsfromthedeal,IranianForeignMinisterMohammadJavadZarifsaidonSunday."WiththeexitoftheUnitedStatesfromthenuclearagreement,expectationsfromthetheEuropeanUnion(EU)topreservetheachievementsofthedealarehigh,"ZarifmadetheremarksinameetingwiththevisitingEU'sEnergyChiefMiguelAriasCanete."Underthecurrentcircumstances,politicalsupportofEuropetothenukedealisnotsufficient,"Zarifsaid."EUshouldtakefurtherpracticalstepstocontinueeconomiccooperationwithIran,"hesaid,addingthat"EUshouldboostinvestmentsinIran."HeexpresseddoubtthatEurope'scommitmenttoimplementingthedeal,knownasJointComprehensivePlanofAction(JCPOA),isincontradictionwiththewithdrawalofmajorEuropeancompaniesfromIran'sprojectsaftertheUnitedStatespulledout.Forhispart,CanetesaidthatfollowingtheU.S.exitfromthedeal,EuropeanshaveunifiedtosavetheJCPOA.ThepoliticalresolveoftheEUistoimplementtheJCPOAandtocontinuethecooperationbetweenEuropeancompaniesandtheIslamicrepublic,hesaid.TheU.S.exitfromthedealhascausedproblemstoEurope,however,theEU'smessageistoprotecttheaccordanditsimplementation,headded.Earlierintheday,firstViceSpeakeroftheIranianParliamentAliMotahharisaidthatIraniangovernmentissatisfiedwiththerecenttalkswithitsEuropeanpartnersoverpreservingthenucleardealandsecuringIran'sinterests.Iran'sforeignministerandhisnegotiationteamexpressedtheirsatisfactiononSunday,butsaidthat"everythingdependsontheresultsofthetalksinthenextweeks,"MotahhariwasquotedassayingbyofficialIRNAnewsagency.Motahharimadetheremarksonthesidelinesofaparliamentmeeting,whereZarifbriefedthelawmakersontheongoingtalkswithFrance,Germany,BritainandtheEUForeignPolicyChiefFedericaMogherinioverthefateofthenucleardealafterU.S.withdrawalfromit."ThestepsthattheEuropeanshavetakeninthisregardsofarareacceptable,"headded.OnSaturday,HeadoftheAtomicEnergyOrganizationofIran(AEOI)AliAkbarSalehiurgedtheEuropeancountriestoremaincommittedtotheirpromisesintheIranian2015nucleardeal.SalehiexpressedhopethattheEUfulfillitspledgestosecureIran'sinterests,whichweremadeintherecentmeetingswiththeIraniandelegationinBrussels.SalehimadetheremarksinthejointpressconferencewiththevisitingEU'senergychief.TheEU'seffortstosavethenuclearcontractshowthatthedealisaveryimportantagreementfortheregionandtheworld,Salehisaid.However,iftheEuropeansfailtoundertaketheirobligations,Iranhastopressaheadwithitspeacefulnucleardevelopmentwithfulldetermination,hesaid.TheIranianofficialnotedthattheEUandtheIranianauthoritieshavealsodiscussedtoreplaceU.S.dollarwitheurointheirtradetransactions,andthattheEUhastakeninitialstepsinthisregard.TheU.S.pulloutfromtheIraniannuclearagreement,oncemore,provedtotheworldthatWashingtonisnotreliableinundertakingitsinternationalresponsibilities,saidSalehi.U.S.exitfromthedealmaycausesomeproblems,butitwillnotcauseseriousones,hestressed.Also,Canetestressedthatpreservingthenucleardealisofsignificancetoglobalandregionalpeace.EUhassentamessagetotheIranianfriendsthataslongastheysticktotheagreement,theEuropeanswillremaincommittedtoit,Canetesaid,addingthattheEUblochopestoboosttradewithIran.Besides,Iran'sPetroleumMinisterBijanNamdarZanganehsaidonSaturdaythatIran'soilexportswillnotbeaffectediftheEUrefrainsfromfollowingtheUnitedStatesinimposingneweconomicpressuresontheIslamicrepublic."TheU.S.decisiontowithdrawfromthenucleardealwouldnotaffectIran'soilexportsifEUcouldsalvagethedeal,"ZanganehtoldreportersafterhismeetingwithCanete.TheIranianministercalledforOPECmemberstatestoremainunitedintheirupcomingdecisiontosecuremembers'interestsandmarketstability.U.S.PresidentDonaldTrumpdecidedonMay8toquitIran'snucleardealandvowedtore-imposesanctions,includingoilembargo,onTehran.CanetesaidSaturdaythat"wewillhavetoaskfor(sanction)waivers,forcarve-outsforthe(European)companiesthatmakeinvestments."Besides,SalehisaidthathediscussedreapplyingEuropeanlawof"theblockingstatute"withCaneteonSaturday.IranpushestheEUfortherevivalof"theblockingstatute"whichisa1996regulationthatprohibitsEUcompaniesandcourtsfromcomplyingwithforeignsanctionslawsandstipulatesthatnoforeigncourtjudgmentsbasedontheselawshaveanyeffectintheEU.CanetearrivedinTehranonFridayforatwo-dayvisittoreassureIranthattheEUwantstokeepopentradeandcooperationwithIrandespitetheU.S.decisiontopullout.¡¡¡¡GovernmentstillsupportslegaloutboundinvestmentChina'scross-bordercapitalflowswerestableandbalancedinthefirsthalfofthisyear,"thebestphaseinnearlythreeyears,"whileindividualsdevelopedanincreasedawarenessofhowtouseforeigncurrencylegally,theStateAdministrationofForeignExchange(SAFE)announcedatapressconferenceonThursday.Domesticindividuals'desiretoholdforeigncurrencyhasbeendecreasingingeneral.Inthefirsthalfof2017,individualpurchasesofforeigncurrencyslumpedby4percentyear-on-year,comparedwith14percentgrowthinthesameperiodlastyear,WangChunying,aspokespersonoftheSAFE,saidattheconference.Wangdidn'tdisclosetheexactamountofforeigncurrencypurchasedbyindividualsduringtheperiod.Domesticresidents'foreigncurrencyholdingsfell.7billionyear-on-yearinthefirstsixmonthsthisyear,Wangsaid.LiuXuezhi,asenioranalystatBankofCommunications,saidthatthefiguresshowedtheeffortsofthegovernment'sintensifiedmanagementofthecurrentaccountinrecentmonths.Thecurrentaccountincludesthebalanceoftradeandnettransferpaymentslikethoseinvolvingtourism."Somepeopletransferredmoneyabroadtoengageinoverseasinvestment(inearlierperiods),whichincreasedthepressureofcapitaloutflows.Butthisphenomenoneasedalotafterthegovernmentlaunchedaguidelineinearly2017thatbannedindividualsfromacquiringforeigncurrencytobuypropertiesorinvestinsecuritiesonoffshoremarkets,"LiutoldtheGlobalTimesonThursday.Inthefirstsixmonthsof2017,domesticbankssoldforeignexchangeworth5.95trillionyuan(9billion)andbought5.31trillionyuanworthofforeigncurrency.Chinesebanks'netforeignexchangesettlementdeficitreached.8billion,down46percentonayearlybasis,accordingtodatarevealedbyWangfromtheSAFE.Thesupply-demandbalanceintheforeigncurrencymarkethelpedChina'sforeigncurrencyreservestocontinuerising.AsoftheendofJune,reservesreached.06trillion,up.3billioncomparedwiththeendof2016.Itwasthefifthconsecutivemonthlygaininthereserves.Wangsaidthatcapitaloutflowsvianon-bankinginstitutionsdecreasedalot,whichmeansthatChinahascontinuedtoemergefromthe"shadows"involvingcapitaloutflowsthathoveredoverthenationaround2016.ZhouYu,directoroftheResearchCenterofInternationalFinanceattheShanghaiAcademyofSocialSciences,saidthatapartfromgovernmentmanagement,otherfactorsliketheweakeningdollarandtheimprovingdomesticeconomyhavealsohelpedstabilizetheforeigncurrencymarket.TheUSDollarIndexhaddroppedfrom102attheendof2016to95asof5:56pmBeijingtimeonThursday.China'sGDPgrew6.9percentinthefirsthalfof2017,comparedwith6.8percentgrowthinthefourthquarterof2016."ButIdon'tthinkthatwecancompletelyletourguarddownaboutfuturecapitaloutflows,becausethedollarmightstrengthenagainandtheimpactoftheslumpingrealestatesectoronthedomesticeconomymightbecomeevidentlaterthisyear,"ZhoutoldtheGlobalTimesonThursday.Liusaidthat"instabilityfactors"inChina'sforeigncurrencymarket,suchasdomesticeconomicinstabilityorexternalpressurefromastrongerdollar,aredecreasingandtheforeigncurrencysituationwillimprovefurther.WangnotedthattheSAFE'spolicyinvolvingcurrencymovementshasbeenconsistent,anditwillinsistuponsupportinglegaloutbounddirectinvestmentandpromotingtheconvenienceofoverseastradeandinvestmentwhilebeingalerttopossibleinvestmentrisks.AccordingtoLiu,thegovernmentshouldconsidereasingitsgriponforeigncurrencymanagement,sincethepressureofcapitaloutflowshaseased.Healsosaidthatmeasuresshouldbetakentowardreformsinvolvingthecapitalaccountsuchasspeedingupthebondconnectprogram.¡¡¡¡

¡¡¡¡GovernmentstillsupportslegaloutboundinvestmentChina'scross-bordercapitalflowswerestableandbalancedinthefirsthalfofthisyear,"thebestphaseinnearlythreeyears,"whileindividualsdevelopedanincreasedawarenessofhowtouseforeigncurrencylegally,theStateAdministrationofForeignExchange(SAFE)announcedatapressconferenceonThursday.Domesticindividuals'desiretoholdforeigncurrencyhasbeendecreasingingeneral.Inthefirsthalfof2017,individualpurchasesofforeigncurrencyslumpedby4percentyear-on-year,comparedwith14percentgrowthinthesameperiodlastyear,WangChunying,aspokespersonoftheSAFE,saidattheconference.Wangdidn'tdisclosetheexactamountofforeigncurrencypurchasedbyindividualsduringtheperiod.Domesticresidents'foreigncurrencyholdingsfell.7billionyear-on-yearinthefirstsixmonthsthisyear,Wangsaid.LiuXuezhi,asenioranalystatBankofCommunications,saidthatthefiguresshowedtheeffortsofthegovernment'sintensifiedmanagementofthecurrentaccountinrecentmonths.Thecurrentaccountincludesthebalanceoftradeandnettransferpaymentslikethoseinvolvingtourism."Somepeopletransferredmoneyabroadtoengageinoverseasinvestment(inearlierperiods),whichincreasedthepressureofcapitaloutflows.Butthisphenomenoneasedalotafterthegovernmentlaunchedaguidelineinearly2017thatbannedindividualsfromacquiringforeigncurrencytobuypropertiesorinvestinsecuritiesonoffshoremarkets,"LiutoldtheGlobalTimesonThursday.Inthefirstsixmonthsof2017,domesticbankssoldforeignexchangeworth5.95trillionyuan(9billion)andbought5.31trillionyuanworthofforeigncurrency.Chinesebanks'netforeignexchangesettlementdeficitreached.8billion,down46percentonayearlybasis,accordingtodatarevealedbyWangfromtheSAFE.Thesupply-demandbalanceintheforeigncurrencymarkethelpedChina'sforeigncurrencyreservestocontinuerising.AsoftheendofJune,reservesreached.06trillion,up.3billioncomparedwiththeendof2016.Itwasthefifthconsecutivemonthlygaininthereserves.Wangsaidthatcapitaloutflowsvianon-bankinginstitutionsdecreasedalot,whichmeansthatChinahascontinuedtoemergefromthe"shadows"involvingcapitaloutflowsthathoveredoverthenationaround2016.ZhouYu,directoroftheResearchCenterofInternationalFinanceattheShanghaiAcademyofSocialSciences,saidthatapartfromgovernmentmanagement,otherfactorsliketheweakeningdollarandtheimprovingdomesticeconomyhavealsohelpedstabilizetheforeigncurrencymarket.TheUSDollarIndexhaddroppedfrom102attheendof2016to95asof5:56pmBeijingtimeonThursday.China'sGDPgrew6.9percentinthefirsthalfof2017,comparedwith6.8percentgrowthinthefourthquarterof2016."ButIdon'tthinkthatwecancompletelyletourguarddownaboutfuturecapitaloutflows,becausethedollarmightstrengthenagainandtheimpactoftheslumpingrealestatesectoronthedomesticeconomymightbecomeevidentlaterthisyear,"ZhoutoldtheGlobalTimesonThursday.Liusaidthat"instabilityfactors"inChina'sforeigncurrencymarket,suchasdomesticeconomicinstabilityorexternalpressurefromastrongerdollar,aredecreasingandtheforeigncurrencysituationwillimprovefurther.WangnotedthattheSAFE'spolicyinvolvingcurrencymovementshasbeenconsistent,anditwillinsistuponsupportinglegaloutbounddirectinvestmentandpromotingtheconvenienceofoverseastradeandinvestmentwhilebeingalerttopossibleinvestmentrisks.AccordingtoLiu,thegovernmentshouldconsidereasingitsgriponforeigncurrencymanagement,sincethepressureofcapitaloutflowshaseased.Healsosaidthatmeasuresshouldbetakentowardreformsinvolvingthecapitalaccountsuchasspeedingupthebondconnectprogram.¡¡¡¡GovernmentstillsupportslegaloutboundinvestmentChina'scross-bordercapitalflowswerestableandbalancedinthefirsthalfofthisyear,"thebestphaseinnearlythreeyears,"whileindividualsdevelopedanincreasedawarenessofhowtouseforeigncurrencylegally,theStateAdministrationofForeignExchange(SAFE)announcedatapressconferenceonThursday.Domesticindividuals'desiretoholdforeigncurrencyhasbeendecreasingingeneral.Inthefirsthalfof2017,individualpurchasesofforeigncurrencyslumpedby4percentyear-on-year,comparedwith14percentgrowthinthesameperiodlastyear,WangChunying,aspokespersonoftheSAFE,saidattheconference.Wangdidn'tdisclosetheexactamountofforeigncurrencypurchasedbyindividualsduringtheperiod.Domesticresidents'foreigncurrencyholdingsfell.7billionyear-on-yearinthefirstsixmonthsthisyear,Wangsaid.LiuXuezhi,asenioranalystatBankofCommunications,saidthatthefiguresshowedtheeffortsofthegovernment'sintensifiedmanagementofthecurrentaccountinrecentmonths.Thecurrentaccountincludesthebalanceoftradeandnettransferpaymentslikethoseinvolvingtourism."Somepeopletransferredmoneyabroadtoengageinoverseasinvestment(inearlierperiods),whichincreasedthepressureofcapitaloutflows.Butthisphenomenoneasedalotafterthegovernmentlaunchedaguidelineinearly2017thatbannedindividualsfromacquiringforeigncurrencytobuypropertiesorinvestinsecuritiesonoffshoremarkets,"LiutoldtheGlobalTimesonThursday.Inthefirstsixmonthsof2017,domesticbankssoldforeignexchangeworth5.95trillionyuan(9billion)andbought5.31trillionyuanworthofforeigncurrency.Chinesebanks'netforeignexchangesettlementdeficitreached.8billion,down46percentonayearlybasis,accordingtodatarevealedbyWangfromtheSAFE.Thesupply-demandbalanceintheforeigncurrencymarkethelpedChina'sforeigncurrencyreservestocontinuerising.AsoftheendofJune,reservesreached.06trillion,up.3billioncomparedwiththeendof2016.Itwasthefifthconsecutivemonthlygaininthereserves.Wangsaidthatcapitaloutflowsvianon-bankinginstitutionsdecreasedalot,whichmeansthatChinahascontinuedtoemergefromthe"shadows"involvingcapitaloutflowsthathoveredoverthenationaround2016.ZhouYu,directoroftheResearchCenterofInternationalFinanceattheShanghaiAcademyofSocialSciences,saidthatapartfromgovernmentmanagement,otherfactorsliketheweakeningdollarandtheimprovingdomesticeconomyhavealsohelpedstabilizetheforeigncurrencymarket.TheUSDollarIndexhaddroppedfrom102attheendof2016to95asof5:56pmBeijingtimeonThursday.China'sGDPgrew6.9percentinthefirsthalfof2017,comparedwith6.8percentgrowthinthefourthquarterof2016."ButIdon'tthinkthatwecancompletelyletourguarddownaboutfuturecapitaloutflows,becausethedollarmightstrengthenagainandtheimpactoftheslumpingrealestatesectoronthedomesticeconomymightbecomeevidentlaterthisyear,"ZhoutoldtheGlobalTimesonThursday.Liusaidthat"instabilityfactors"inChina'sforeigncurrencymarket,suchasdomesticeconomicinstabilityorexternalpressurefromastrongerdollar,aredecreasingandtheforeigncurrencysituationwillimprovefurther.WangnotedthattheSAFE'spolicyinvolvingcurrencymovementshasbeenconsistent,anditwillinsistuponsupportinglegaloutbounddirectinvestmentandpromotingtheconvenienceofoverseastradeandinvestmentwhilebeingalerttopossibleinvestmentrisks.AccordingtoLiu,thegovernmentshouldconsidereasingitsgriponforeigncurrencymanagement,sincethepressureofcapitaloutflowshaseased.Healsosaidthatmeasuresshouldbetakentowardreformsinvolvingthecapitalaccountsuchasspeedingupthebondconnectprogram.¡¡¡¡ChinesescientistshaveidentifiedthesecretofbatsthatharborhighlypathogenicviruseslikeEbola,MarburgandSARScoronavirusbutdonotshowclinicalsignsofdisease.InapaperpublishedonThursdayinthejournalCellHostMicrobe,scientistsattheWuhanInstituteofVirologyinChinafindthatinbats,anantiviralimmunepathwaycalledtheSTING-interferonpathwayisdampened,sobatscanmaintainjustenoughdefenseagainstillnesswithouttriggeringaheightenedimmunereaction."Webelievethereisabalancebetweenbatsandthepathogenstheycarry,"saidthepaper'sseniorauthorZhouPeng."Thisworkdemonstratedthatinordertomaintainabalancewithviruses,batsmayhaveevolvedtodampencertainpathways,"Zhousaid.Accordingtoresearchers,inhumansandothermammals,animmune-basedover-responsetooneoftheseandotherpathogenicvirusescantriggersevereillness.Forexample,inhumans,anactivatedSTINGpathwayislinkedwithsevereautoimmunediseases."Inhumanhistory,wehavebeenchasinginfectiousdiseasesoneafteranother,"saidZhou,"Butbatsappeartobea'super-mammal'tothesedeadlyviruses."ByidentifyingaweakenedbutnotdefunctSTINGpathwayinbats,researchershavesomenewinsightintohowbatsfine-tuneantiviraldefensestobalanceaneffective,butnotanovert,responseagainstviruses.Theyhypothesizethatthisdefensestrategyevolvedaspartofthreeinterconnectedfeaturesofbatbiology:theyareflyingmammals,havealonglifespan,andhostalargeviralreservoir."AdaptationtoflightlikelycausedpositiveselectionofmultiplebatinnateimmuneandDNAdamagerepairgenes,"Zhousaid.TheseadaptationsmayhaveshapedcertainantiviralpathwaysincludingSTING,interferontomakethemgoodviralreservoirhostsandachieveatolerablebalance.ZhoutoldXinhuathatthestudyhasprovidedapossibilitythatpeoplecanlearnfrombatsincombatingvirusalthoughwhetherthismechanismcanbedirectlyusedinhumansisstillunknown.¡¡¡¡

¡¡¡¡PoliticalsympathyfromEuropewithIran'snucleardealis"notenough"andtheyshouldtakemore"practicalsteps"toguaranteeIran'seconomicinterestsfromthedeal,IranianForeignMinisterMohammadJavadZarifsaidonSunday."WiththeexitoftheUnitedStatesfromthenuclearagreement,expectationsfromthetheEuropeanUnion(EU)topreservetheachievementsofthedealarehigh,"ZarifmadetheremarksinameetingwiththevisitingEU'sEnergyChiefMiguelAriasCanete."Underthecurrentcircumstances,politicalsupportofEuropetothenukedealisnotsufficient,"Zarifsaid."EUshouldtakefurtherpracticalstepstocontinueeconomiccooperationwithIran,"hesaid,addingthat"EUshouldboostinvestmentsinIran."HeexpresseddoubtthatEurope'scommitmenttoimplementingthedeal,knownasJointComprehensivePlanofAction(JCPOA),isincontradictionwiththewithdrawalofmajorEuropeancompaniesfromIran'sprojectsaftertheUnitedStatespulledout.Forhispart,CanetesaidthatfollowingtheU.S.exitfromthedeal,EuropeanshaveunifiedtosavetheJCPOA.ThepoliticalresolveoftheEUistoimplementtheJCPOAandtocontinuethecooperationbetweenEuropeancompaniesandtheIslamicrepublic,hesaid.TheU.S.exitfromthedealhascausedproblemstoEurope,however,theEU'smessageistoprotecttheaccordanditsimplementation,headded.Earlierintheday,firstViceSpeakeroftheIranianParliamentAliMotahharisaidthatIraniangovernmentissatisfiedwiththerecenttalkswithitsEuropeanpartnersoverpreservingthenucleardealandsecuringIran'sinterests.Iran'sforeignministerandhisnegotiationteamexpressedtheirsatisfactiononSunday,butsaidthat"everythingdependsontheresultsofthetalksinthenextweeks,"MotahhariwasquotedassayingbyofficialIRNAnewsagency.Motahharimadetheremarksonthesidelinesofaparliamentmeeting,whereZarifbriefedthelawmakersontheongoingtalkswithFrance,Germany,BritainandtheEUForeignPolicyChiefFedericaMogherinioverthefateofthenucleardealafterU.S.withdrawalfromit."ThestepsthattheEuropeanshavetakeninthisregardsofarareacceptable,"headded.OnSaturday,HeadoftheAtomicEnergyOrganizationofIran(AEOI)AliAkbarSalehiurgedtheEuropeancountriestoremaincommittedtotheirpromisesintheIranian2015nucleardeal.SalehiexpressedhopethattheEUfulfillitspledgestosecureIran'sinterests,whichweremadeintherecentmeetingswiththeIraniandelegationinBrussels.SalehimadetheremarksinthejointpressconferencewiththevisitingEU'senergychief.TheEU'seffortstosavethenuclearcontractshowthatthedealisaveryimportantagreementfortheregionandtheworld,Salehisaid.However,iftheEuropeansfailtoundertaketheirobligations,Iranhastopressaheadwithitspeacefulnucleardevelopmentwithfulldetermination,hesaid.TheIranianofficialnotedthattheEUandtheIranianauthoritieshavealsodiscussedtoreplaceU.S.dollarwitheurointheirtradetransactions,andthattheEUhastakeninitialstepsinthisregard.TheU.S.pulloutfromtheIraniannuclearagreement,oncemore,provedtotheworldthatWashingtonisnotreliableinundertakingitsinternationalresponsibilities,saidSalehi.U.S.exitfromthedealmaycausesomeproblems,butitwillnotcauseseriousones,hestressed.Also,Canetestressedthatpreservingthenucleardealisofsignificancetoglobalandregionalpeace.EUhassentamessagetotheIranianfriendsthataslongastheysticktotheagreement,theEuropeanswillremaincommittedtoit,Canetesaid,addingthattheEUblochopestoboosttradewithIran.Besides,Iran'sPetroleumMinisterBijanNamdarZanganehsaidonSaturdaythatIran'soilexportswillnotbeaffectediftheEUrefrainsfromfollowingtheUnitedStatesinimposingneweconomicpressuresontheIslamicrepublic."TheU.S.decisiontowithdrawfromthenucleardealwouldnotaffectIran'soilexportsifEUcouldsalvagethedeal,"ZanganehtoldreportersafterhismeetingwithCanete.TheIranianministercalledforOPECmemberstatestoremainunitedintheirupcomingdecisiontosecuremembers'interestsandmarketstability.U.S.PresidentDonaldTrumpdecidedonMay8toquitIran'snucleardealandvowedtore-imposesanctions,includingoilembargo,onTehran.CanetesaidSaturdaythat"wewillhavetoaskfor(sanction)waivers,forcarve-outsforthe(European)companiesthatmakeinvestments."Besides,SalehisaidthathediscussedreapplyingEuropeanlawof"theblockingstatute"withCaneteonSaturday.IranpushestheEUfortherevivalof"theblockingstatute"whichisa1996regulationthatprohibitsEUcompaniesandcourtsfromcomplyingwithforeignsanctionslawsandstipulatesthatnoforeigncourtjudgmentsbasedontheselawshaveanyeffectintheEU.CanetearrivedinTehranonFridayforatwo-dayvisittoreassureIranthattheEUwantstokeepopentradeandcooperationwithIrandespitetheU.S.decisiontopullout.¡¡¡¡TheEuropeanCommissiononFridayproposedactivationofadormantstatutetoshieldEuropeanfirmsdoingbusinesswithIranfromrenewedU.S.sanctions.The1996BlockingStatuteforbidsEUcompaniesfromcomplyingwiththeU.S.sanctions.ThestatutewasoriginallyintroducedinresponsetoU.S.tradeembargoonCubaandsanctionsagainstIranandLibya.Itwasneverenactedasthetransatlanticdisagreementswereironedoutpolitically.TheCommissionalsoproposedto"removeobstaclesfortheEuropeanInvestmentBank(EIB)todecideundertheEUbudgetguaranteetofinanceactivitiesoutsidetheEuropeanUnion,inIran."Inotherwords,theEIBwillbeallowedtosupportEUinvestmentinIran.TheEuropeanParliamentandtheCounciloftheEUwilldecidetoapproveorrejecttheproposalswithintwomonths,aheadofthefirstbatchofU.S.sanctionstakingeffectonAug.6.ThetwoproposalsarethecorepartsoftheCommission'sdecisiontoactonfourfrontsinthefaceofloomingU.S.sanctions.TheCommissionvowedto"continueandstrengthentheongoingsectoralcooperationwith,andassistanceto,Iran,includingintheenergysector,"whichisessentialtotheIranianeconomy.ItremainstobeseenwhetherthewordswilldispelconcernshauntingEuropeanenergygiantslikeTotal,whichonWednesdaysaiditmightnotbeabletocontinueitsgasdevelopmentprojectinIranunlessitgetsawaiverfromtheU.S.toprotectitfromre-imposedsanctions.ToweavethroughtheU.S.-dominatedinternationalbankingsystem,theCommissionsaiditisencouragingmemberstatestoexplorethepossibilityofone-offbanktransferstotheCentralBankofIran.Thisapproach"couldhelpIranianauthoritiestoreceivetheiroil-relatedrevenues,particularlyincaseofU.S.sanctionswhichcouldtargetEUentitiesactiveinoiltransactionswithIran,"theCommissionnoted.ThemovescameontheheelsoftheEU-WesternBalkanssummitinSofia,Bulgaria,duringwhichleadersofmemberstatesthrashedoutaunitedfrontagainstWashington.U.S.PresidentDonaldTrumpdeclaredlastweekthattheUnitedStateswouldwithdrawfromtheIrannucleardeal,claimingthatithadfailedtopreventIranfromdevelopingnuclearweaponsorsupportingterrorismintheregion.U.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinsaidinanannouncementthat"sanctionswillbere-imposedsubjecttocertain90-dayand180-daywind-downperiods."MuchtoEurope'sdispleasure,foreigncompaniesdoingbusinesswithIranarealsointhecrosshairsoftheU.S.sanctions.¡¡¡¡ChinesescientistshaveidentifiedthesecretofbatsthatharborhighlypathogenicviruseslikeEbola,MarburgandSARScoronavirusbutdonotshowclinicalsignsofdisease.InapaperpublishedonThursdayinthejournalCellHostMicrobe,scientistsattheWuhanInstituteofVirologyinChinafindthatinbats,anantiviralimmunepathwaycalledtheSTING-interferonpathwayisdampened,sobatscanmaintainjustenoughdefenseagainstillnesswithouttriggeringaheightenedimmunereaction."Webelievethereisabalancebetweenbatsandthepathogenstheycarry,"saidthepaper'sseniorauthorZhouPeng."Thisworkdemonstratedthatinordertomaintainabalancewithviruses,batsmayhaveevolvedtodampencertainpathways,"Zhousaid.Accordingtoresearchers,inhumansandothermammals,animmune-basedover-responsetooneoftheseandotherpathogenicvirusescantriggersevereillness.Forexample,inhumans,anactivatedSTINGpathwayislinkedwithsevereautoimmunediseases."Inhumanhistory,wehavebeenchasinginfectiousdiseasesoneafteranother,"saidZhou,"Butbatsappeartobea'super-mammal'tothesedeadlyviruses."ByidentifyingaweakenedbutnotdefunctSTINGpathwayinbats,researchershavesomenewinsightintohowbatsfine-tuneantiviraldefensestobalanceaneffective,butnotanovert,responseagainstviruses.Theyhypothesizethatthisdefensestrategyevolvedaspartofthreeinterconnectedfeaturesofbatbiology:theyareflyingmammals,havealonglifespan,andhostalargeviralreservoir."AdaptationtoflightlikelycausedpositiveselectionofmultiplebatinnateimmuneandDNAdamagerepairgenes,"Zhousaid.TheseadaptationsmayhaveshapedcertainantiviralpathwaysincludingSTING,interferontomakethemgoodviralreservoirhostsandachieveatolerablebalance.ZhoutoldXinhuathatthestudyhasprovidedapossibilitythatpeoplecanlearnfrombatsincombatingvirusalthoughwhetherthismechanismcanbedirectlyusedinhumansisstillunknown.¡¡¡¡

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